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  7. <title type="text">Rad Geek People&#039;s Daily</title>
  8. <subtitle type="text">official state media for a secessionist republic of one</subtitle>
  9.  
  10. <updated>2019-08-26T21:21:53Z</updated>
  11.  
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  17. <link rel="license" type="text/html" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/" /> <entry>
  18. <author>
  19. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  20. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  21. </author>
  22. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Clearly Recognizable Lines]]></title>
  23. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/08/26/clearly-recognizable-lines/" />
  24. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9439</id>
  25. <updated>2019-08-26T21:21:53Z</updated>
  26. <published>2019-08-26T21:21:53Z</published>
  27. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  28. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[This past week in Slate (2019-08-19): The Grim Worldview Behind Trump&#8217;s Anti-Immigrant Push, the Hong Kong Protests, and the Kashmir Crisis The upheavals in all of these nations are all connected. By JOSHUA KEATING Also &#8212; according to Keating &#8212; so are the the revocation of birthright citizenship and ethnic cleansing of ethnic Haitians in [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  29. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/08/26/clearly-recognizable-lines/"><![CDATA[<p class="first">This past week in <a href="https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/08/world-governments-borders-trump-hong-kong-protests-kashmir-india.html"><cite>Slate</cite> (2019-08-19)</a>:</p>
  30.  
  31. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  32. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Slate Magazine</h3>
  33. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/08/world-governments-borders-trump-hong-kong-protests-kashmir-india.html"><img src="https://compote.slate.com/images/6522a558-1007-499e-89fd-892e9dc8d045.jpeg?width=780&height=520&rect=1560x1040&offset=0x0" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  34. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/08/world-governments-borders-trump-hong-kong-protests-kashmir-india.html">The Grim Worldview That Explains Trump’s Anti-Immigrant Push, …</a></strong></p>
  35. <p style="margin: 0em;">The world is not as orderly as these governments would like it to be.</p>
  36. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">slate.com</span></p>
  37. <br style="clear: both" />
  38. </div>
  39.  
  40.  
  41.  
  42. <blockquote>
  43.  <h3>The Grim Worldview Behind Trump&#8217;s Anti-Immigrant Push, the Hong Kong Protests, and the Kashmir Crisis</h3>
  44.  
  45.  <p>The upheavals in all of these nations are all connected.</p>
  46.  
  47.  <p>By JOSHUA KEATING</p>
  48. </blockquote>
  49.  
  50. <p>Also &#8212; according to Keating &#8212; so are the the revocation of birthright citizenship and ethnic cleansing of ethnic Haitians in the Dominican Republic, the assaults on Rohingya populations in Myanmar and Bengali Muslims in Assam, the One China policy, fears of renewed troubles on the Irish-Northern Irish border in case of a hard Brexit, and separatist conflicts in Kurdistan and Catalonia.</p>
  51.  
  52. <p>The grim idea that connects them all turns out to be. . . <a href="https://www.cato-unbound.org/2010/09/08/james-c-scott/trouble-view-above?cato-unbound_%28Cato_Unbound%29=">state projects of legibility</a>:</p>
  53.  
  54. <blockquote>
  55.  <p>These stories are all signs that national governments are waging a war against ambiguity—of citizenship, of territorial status—to enforce a rigid and uniform vision of statehood. Those who carry out and defend these policies believe they are enforcing order and protecting their societies from lawlessness, but they’re likely to result in a more chaotic and disordered world. </p>
  56.  
  57.  <p>It’s been 100 years since U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, in the wake of World War I, called for the world’s empires to be broken up into states “along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.”  <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> But the world is not as orderly a place as the 193 different-colored blobs on a world map would suggest. There are patches of land or groups of people that don’t quite fit neatly into the country they’ve been assigned, creating ambiguity—a condition where political sovereignty and citizenship status are ill-defined or even contradictory. These pockets of ambiguity consist of cultural minorities who find themselves on the wrong side of colonial-era borders, or places like Hong Kong that, for historical reasons, have a significantly different political culture from the country they’re now a part of.</p>
  58.  
  59.  <p><strong>Governments don’t like ambiguity when it comes to their territory or citizenry.</strong> In his book <cite>Seeing Like a State</cite>, the anthropologist James Scott describes how modern states strive to make society “legible”: to “arrange the population in ways that simplified the classic state functions of taxation, conscription, and prevention of rebellion.” <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> This desire for “legibility and simplification” is something all modern bureaucracies share. But in this era, governments have found they can use this desire to fuel an ethnic nationalist political project. By enforcing strict legibility and outlawing ambiguity, governments have a ready pretext to keep undesirable foreigners out, demote the status of minority groups, or end special protections for populations who enjoy a certain level of autonomy. This strategy may not be new. But it’s been widely embraced in our era by governments of very different political persuasions. </p>
  60.  
  61.  <p>&#8211;Joshua Keating, <a href="https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/08/world-governments-borders-trump-hong-kong-protests-kashmir-india.html"><cite class="article">The Grim Worldview Behind Trump’s Anti-Immigrant Push, the Hong Kong Protests, and the Kashmir Crisis</cite></a><br><cite class="journal">Slate</cite> (2019-08-19).</p>
  62. </blockquote>
  63.  
  64. <h3>See also.</h3>
  65.  
  66. <ul>
  67. <li><a href="http://c4ss.org/content/21916">Against All Nations and Borders</a> (2013-10-15)</li>
  68. <li><a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2013/07/19/food-beyond-borders/">Food Beyond Borders</a> (2013-07-19)</li>
  69. </ul>
  70.  
  71. ]]></content>
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  75. </entry>
  76. <entry>
  77. <author>
  78. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  79. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  80. </author>
  81. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Things Like This Happen Every Day]]></title>
  82. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/08/19/things-like-this-happen-every-day/" />
  83. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9435</id>
  84. <updated>2019-08-19T17:29:55Z</updated>
  85. <published>2019-08-19T17:29:23Z</published>
  86. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  87. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[But forget the particularities of my case. Here’s the larger point: things like this happen every day, dozens of times a day, in every municipal court in the land. And they happen more often than that in a large number of vehicle stops made on every roadway (and some driveways and parking lots) in the [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  88. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/08/19/things-like-this-happen-every-day/"><![CDATA[<blockquote>
  89.  <p>But forget the particularities of my case. Here’s the larger point: things like this happen every day, dozens of times a day, in every municipal court in the land. And they happen more often than that in a large number of vehicle stops made on every roadway (and some driveways and parking lots) in the land. Huge numbers of traffic cases, along with misdemeanor and petty disorderly persons cases, give the appearance of serving some legitimate “law and order” purpose but are really just legalized and legalistic mumbo-jumbo tied to revenue-generating schemes. Such schemes are themselves driven not only by law enforcement agencies but by the kind of upstanding citizen who demands “government services” without wanting to pay for them.</p>
  90.  
  91.  <p>&#8211;Irfan Khawaja, <a href="https://irfankhawajaphilosopher.com/2019/08/19/cashing-the-check-of-justice/"><cite class="article">Cashing the Check of Justice</cite></a><br><cite class="journal">Policy of Truth</cite> (19-Sextilis-2019)</p>
  92. </blockquote>
  93.  
  94. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  95. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Policy of Truth</h3>
  96. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://irfankhawajaphilosopher.com/2019/08/19/cashing-the-check-of-justice/"><img src="https://irfankhawajaphilosopher.files.wordpress.com/2019/08/appeal1.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  97. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://irfankhawajaphilosopher.com/2019/08/19/cashing-the-check-of-justice/">Cashing the Check of Justice</a></strong></p>
  98. <p style="margin: 0em;">But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportuni…</p>
  99. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Irfan Khawaja @ irfankhawajaphilosopher.com</span></p>
  100. <br style="clear: both" />
  101. </div>
  102.  
  103.  
  104.  
  105. ]]></content>
  106. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/08/19/things-like-this-happen-every-day/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
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  109. </entry>
  110. <entry>
  111. <author>
  112. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  113. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  114. </author>
  115. <title type="html"><![CDATA[The Color of American Citizenship and What Our Founders Had In Mind]]></title>
  116. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/07/16/the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind/" />
  117. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9418</id>
  118. <updated>2019-07-22T14:44:37Z</updated>
  119. <published>2019-07-16T22:00:58Z</published>
  120. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  121. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[Nancy Pelosi hit the news last week when she criticized Donald Trump&#8217;s now-abandoned proposal for a Census citizenship question, and when she described it as motivated by racial resentment: Pelosi Says Trump Seeks to Make America White Again in Census By Steven T. Dennis July 8, 2019, 2:15 PM CDT Updated on July 8, 2019, [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  122. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/07/16/the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind/"><![CDATA[<p class="first">Nancy Pelosi hit the news last week when she <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-07-08/pelosi-trump-s-goal-is-making-america-white-again-with-census">criticized Donald Trump&#8217;s now-abandoned proposal for a Census citizenship question</a>, and when she described it as motivated by racial resentment:</p>
  123.  
  124. <blockquote>
  125.  <h3>Pelosi Says Trump Seeks to <q>Make America White Again</q> in Census</h3>
  126.  
  127.  <p>By Steven T. Dennis<br />
  128.  July 8, 2019, 2:15 PM CDT Updated on July 8, 2019, 4:42 PM CDT</p>
  129.  
  130.  <p>House Speaker Nancy Pelosi accused President Donald Trump’s administration Monday of wanting to <q>make America white again</q> with its plan to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census.</p>
  131.  
  132.  <p><q>You know his hat? <strong><q>Make America white again.</q> They want to make sure that people, certain people, are counted,</strong></q> Pelosi said at a press conference on election security. <strong><q>It’s really disgraceful and it’s not what our founders had in mind.</q></strong></p>
  133.  
  134.  <p>&#8211;Steven T. Dennis, <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-07-08/pelosi-trump-s-goal-is-making-america-white-again-with-census"><cite class="article">Pelosi Says Trump Seeks to <q>Make America White Again</q> in Census</cite></a><br><cite class="journal">Bloomberg</cite>, 8 Quintilis 2019.</p>
  135. </blockquote>
  136.  
  137. <p>It&#8217;s not unusual for me to disagree with Nancy Pelosi about politically salient topics. But let me mention a few things that I certainly agree with her about:</p>
  138.  
  139. <ol>
  140. <li><p>A lot of Trump&#8217;s political proposals coming are, obviously, fundamentally antagonistic to free immigration, hostile to immigrants as people, and harmful to immigrants and their families.</p></li>
  141. <li><p>This proposal for a citizenship question is pretty surely an example of that.<sup>[<a href="#the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-1" class="footnoted" id="to-the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-1">1</a>]</sup> </p></li>
  142. <li><p>A lot of Trump&#8217;s anti-immigrant politics are driven by &#8212; or sold on the basis of &#8212; white racial resentment, and by more or less explicit anxiety about non-white immigrants and large-scale trends in race and demographics. The citizenship question is probably an example of that, too.</p></li>
  143. <li><p>That (#1, #2, and #3) really is disgraceful.</p></li>
  144. </ol>
  145.  
  146. <p>What I have to disagree with, here, is that bit at the end. The bit about <q>what our founders had in mind.</q> It&#8217;s really not that different from what they had in mind at all. It would have been nice, and it would have been better for America and the entire world if the Founders had something very different in mind from immigration policies crafted to <q>Make America White.</q> It would have been nice, but it isn&#8217;t so, and <a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2017/09/22/aspirational-history-and-the-color-of-american-citizenship/">Patriotically Correct aspirational history</a> can&#8217;t make it so.</p>
  147.  
  148. <p>Here&#8217;s what the Founders had in mind: in 1790, when Congress passed the first Naturalization Act for the newly-constituted United States, the language of that act directly stated that immigrants had to be white to become part of the citizenry of America: <a href="http://legallywhite.fair-use.org/wiki/naturalization-act-of-1790/"><q>being a free white person</q></a> was an <em>explicit</em> prerequisite for naturalization. Here&#8217;s where the Founders wrote down what they had, explicitly, in mind:</p>
  149.  
  150. <blockquote>
  151.  <p>Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any alien, <strong>being a free white person,</strong> who shall have resided within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the United States for the term of two years, may be admitted to become a citizen thereof, on application to any common law court of record, in any one of the states wherein he shall have resided for the term of one year at least, and making proof to the satisfaction of such court, that he is a person of good character, and taking the oath or affirmation prescribed by law, to support the constitution of the United States, which oath or affirmation such court shall administer; <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins></p>
  152.  
  153.  <p class="attribution">&#8212;&#8201;<a href="http://rs6.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsl&#038;fileName=001/llsl001.db&#038;recNum=226"><cite class="article">An Act to establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization</cite></a> (March 26, 1790)<br><cite>United States Statutes at Large</cite>, First Congress, Second Session, 103ff. (Source: <a href="http://legallywhite.fair-use.org/wiki/naturalization-act-of-1790/">Legally White: Naturalization Act of 1790</a>)</p>
  154. </blockquote>
  155.  
  156. <p>Every amendment to the Naturalization Act passed from 1790 up until <em>1952</em> repeated the <q>free white person</q> prerequisite formula, or a close variation on it.<sup>[<a href="#the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-2" class="footnoted" id="to-the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-2">2</a>]</sup> </p>
  157.  
  158. <p>The Founders&#8217; generation wrote the prerequisite of being <q>white,</q> quote unquote, over and over again, into constitutions and laws specifying the rights and obligations of citizenship more broadly, at the federal level and at the state level. Skin color prerequisites, nearly identical to the federal prerequisite, were written even more pervasively into the state constitutions and legal codes of antebellum Southern states. For example, in Alabama, the same formulas made white skin color an explicit prerequisite for <a href="http://legallywhite.fair-use.org/wiki/alabama-constitution-of-1819article-iii-section-5">the franchise</a> and for <a href="http://legallywhite.fair-use.org/wiki/alabama-constitution-of-1819article-iii-section-4">political office</a>. At the federal level, to take another example, <a href="http://legallywhite.fair-use.org/wiki/naturalization-act-of-1790/">in 1792 Congress said that the color of your skin (as well as your gender and citizenship) mattered to your eligibility, and obligation, to serve in the militia</a>:</p>
  159.  
  160. <blockquote>
  161.  <p>Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That <strong>each and every free able-bodied white male citizen</strong> of the respective states, resident therein, who is or shall be of the age of eighteen years, and under the age of forty-five years (except as is herein after excepted) shall severally and respectively be enrolled in the militia by the captain or commanding officer of the company, within whose bounds such citizen shall reside, and that within twelve months after the passing of this act. </p>
  162.  
  163.  <p class="attribution">&#8212;&#8201;<a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/United_States_Statutes_at_Large/Volume_1/2nd_Congress/1st_Session/Chapter_33"><cite class="article">An Act more effectually to provide for the National Defence by establishing an Uniform Militia throughout the United States</cite></a> (May 8, 1792)<br><cite>United States Statutes at Large</cite>, First Congress, Second Session, 271-274. (Source: <a href="http://legallywhite.fair-use.org/wiki/uniform-militia-act-of-1792/">Legally White: Uniform Militia Act of 1792</a>). </p>
  164. </blockquote>
  165.  
  166. <p>There is no question that the Founders conceived of the United States government, and framed it explicitly, as a <em>racial state</em>, and that whiteness was an explicit condition on citizenship and political participation. I don&#8217;t mean that a tacit desire to <q>Make America White</q> shows up if you read between the lines of political rhetoric in a slaveholding Republic; I mean that they <em>wrote down the words <q>white person</q></em> in laws as a prerequisite. It directly shaped their conception of citizenship; it was explicitly part of their immigration and naturalization policy. If you weren&#8217;t a <q>white person,</q> you couldn&#8217;t become an American citizen.<sup>[<a href="#the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-3" class="footnoted" id="to-the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-3">3</a>]</sup> That shouldn&#8217;t be very surprising: <q>our Founders</q> founded the United States as a slaveholding nation. Of course what they had in mind closely linked whiteness with immigration and citizenship. What else would you think they <q>had in mind?</q></p>
  167.  
  168. <p>I hope it should go without saying that this is not any kind of argument <em>in favor of</em> racially discriminatory immigration politics, or whites-only naturalization laws, or the desire to whiten or re-whiten the American citizenry. The fact that the United States has a long tradition &#8212; going back to the Founders themselves &#8212; of racially discriminatory immigration and citizenship laws isn&#8217;t any reason to think kindly of the traditional, white supremacist approach. It&#8217;s a reason to think worse of the United States government, to be much more skeptical of traditional American patriotism and veneration or invocation of <q>our Founders</q>, and to put a lot less political weight on <q>what our founders had in mind.</q> Those fellows had some good ideas. They also had some really awful ideas. When it comes to questions of race, or to questions about whiteness and immigration specifically, the bad ideas were pretty prominent. Whatever deeper values Nancy Pelosi might find implicit in the best versions of the Founders&#8217; very best intentions &#8212; and however much she might think or hope that the old racial prerequisite law was an aberration or an inconsistency &#8212; there is just no way that you can reasonably pretend that <q>Make America White Again</q> is something different from what they <q>had in mind</q> when they came together in Congress assembled and wrote laws like the Naturalization Act of 1790. Trump&#8217;s race-baiting immigration politics are certainly <em>disgraceful.</em> But then, so were theirs. You shouldn&#8217;t try to make your political points against the one with this kind of whitewashing of the other, or by substituting this sort of aspirational liberal self-identity in place of the much messier historical fact.</p>
  169.  
  170. <h3>See also.</h3>
  171.  
  172. <ul>
  173. <li><a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2017/09/22/aspirational-history-and-the-color-of-american-citizenship/">GT 2017-09-22: Aspirational history and the Color of American Citizenship</a></li>
  174. <li>Ian F. Haney-Lopez, <a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/404348.White_by_Law"><cite>White By Law: The Legal Construction of Race</cite></a></li>
  175. </ul>
  176.  
  177. <ol class="footnotes">
  178. <li class="footnote" id="the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-1"><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong>In that it seems to be mostly motivated by a political agenda to gather information that would be useful for anti-immigrant politics and for concrete policies to politically disadvantage communities with large immigrant populations (for example, by encouraging Republican-dominated state governments to use the information for apportionment and redistricting of legislative seats). In the current political climate, the question would be intimidating or actually dangerous to immigrants who are asked to fill out Census forms &#8212; and especially to undocumented immigrants. The possibility of real danger is an outside chance, but not a wild speculation. It&#8217;s not necessarily a very auspicious sign when the United States government becomes really interested in finding and counting politically controversial populations. And that information <em>was</em> turned over, at least once in American history, <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130829181345/http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=confirmed-the-us-census-b&amp;sc=I100322">to other branches of the government, who used it to find targeted people and imprison them</a>. The Census Bureau says that there are legal protections in place that prevent them from turning over the information to other branches of the government. But there were supposed to be legal protections in place in 1940, too. The legal protections were repealed in the midst of the war crisis. Maybe the government won&#8217;t ever do it again. But there is not much reason to be very certain about that.<a class="note-return" href="#to-the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-1">&#x21A9;</a></li>
  179. <li class="footnote" id="the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-2"><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong>In 1870, in the wake of the Civil War and Emancipation, Congress began to add <em>other</em> categories of race, color and nationality to make other, non-white groups eligible for naturalization, beginning with <a href="https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Naturalization_Act_of_1870_(US)"><q>aliens of African nativity and &#8230; persons of African descent</q></a> in 1870. But for the next 80 years they continued to use the racial prerequisite as a means to exclude any non-white immigrants who didn&#8217;t fall into one of the favored groups. From 1870 to 1924, they allowed them to immigrate but excluded them from citizenship; after 1924, they excluded them from immigrating at all, as aliens <q>ineligible to citizenship.</q> Throughout those eight decades, a series of <q>prerequisite cases</q> in the federal courts &#8212; beginning with <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_re_Ah_Yup"><cite>In Re Ah Yup</cite></a> &#8212; repeatedly affirmed that being white or non-white absolutely did matter to a person&#8217;s eligibility for American citizenship. The difficult issue that they litigated over and over again was the uncertain or porous legal and social boundaries of who <em>counted</em> as <q>white</q>, or at least as white enough for government work. For example, Chinese and Japanese immigrants did not; <a href="https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/pqitw">Mexican immigrants did</a>. For many immigrant groups, including Arabs and South Asians, different courts made numerous, sometimes inconsistent rulings. A good, standard reference on this series of cases is Ian F. Haney-Lopez&#8217;s <cite><a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/404348.White_by_Law">White By Law: The Legal Construction of Race</a></cite>.<a class="note-return" href="#to-the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-2">&#x21A9;</a></li>
  180. <li class="footnote" id="the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-3"><strong><sup>[3]</sup></strong>A standard historical <q>shit&#8217;s complicated</q> caveat: the Naturalization Act of 1790, and all the later amended acts that kept the <q>free white person</q> formula intact, were laws that governed <em>naturalization</em>, that is, citizenship; they were <em>not</em> &#8212; at the time &#8212; laws that restricted <em>immigration</em>. Until <a href="https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Page_Act_of_1875">1875</a>, the U.S. had no federal laws that restricted free immigration to the United States or prevented aliens from residing in the country. Until <a href="https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration_Act_of_1924">1924</a>, the U.S. had no laws preventing <q>aliens ineligible to citizenship</q> from immigrating to or living in the country. So in the Founders&#8217; day, there were plenty of non-white immigrants who could legally <em>move to</em> and <em>live in</em> the U.S., but who could never become U.S. citizens. That said, there&#8217;s percious little evidence that any of the Founders thought it was particularly <em>desirable</em> for lots of free but non-white immigrants to come to the U.S. It&#8217;s just that the use of large-scale, systematic immigration controls as a means of <em>excluding</em> supposedly undesirable immigrants are really the product of much later generations, and of a much more expansive and centralized national government.<a class="note-return" href="#to-the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind-n-3">&#x21A9;</a></li></ol>
  181. ]]></content>
  182. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/07/16/the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  183. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/07/16/the-color-of-american-citizenship-and-what-our-founders-had-in-mind/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  184. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  185. </entry>
  186. <entry>
  187. <author>
  188. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  189. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  190. </author>
  191. <title type="html"><![CDATA[No Decency]]></title>
  192. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/28/no-decency/" />
  193. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9400</id>
  194. <updated>2019-06-28T16:39:33Z</updated>
  195. <published>2019-06-28T16:24:43Z</published>
  196. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Immigration" label="Immigration"/>
  197. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  198. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  199. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  200. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Contra sequitur" label="Contra sequitur"/>
  201. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[Donald John Trump, 45th and current president of the United States of America, Wednesday, June 26, 2019, speaking to the press: Q. Does the photo of the drowned immigrants cause you to rethink any of your policies? [Donald John Trump]: Well, that’s like I’ve been saying. If they fixed the laws, you wouldn’t have that. [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  202. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/28/no-decency/"><![CDATA[<p><a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-marine-one-departure-50/">Donald John Trump, 45th and current president of the United States of America, Wednesday, June 26, 2019, speaking to the press</a>:</p>
  203.  
  204. <blockquote>
  205.  <p><em><strong>Q.</strong> Does <a href="https://www.jornada.com.mx/sin-fronteras/2019/06/24/migrante-salvadoreno-y-su-hija-mueren-en-el-intento-de-cruzar-a-eu-9107.html">the photo of the drowned immigrants</a><sup>[<a href="#no-decency-n-1" class="footnoted" id="to-no-decency-n-1">1</a>]</sup> cause you to rethink any of your policies?</em></p>
  206.  
  207.  <p>[Donald John Trump]:  Well, that’s like I’ve been saying.  If they fixed the laws, you wouldn’t have that.  People are coming up; they’re running through the Rio Grande.  It’s a rough — it can be a very rough river of sorts.  I mean, there are times when going across the Rio Grande is very, very dangerous, depending on the time of year and the conditions and the rapidity of the water.  And we know that.</p>
  208.  
  209.  <p>And we have many, many guards there, but people go through the guards.  If we had the right laws that the Democrats are not letting us have, those people, they wouldn’t be coming up.  They wouldn’t be trying.</p>
  210.  
  211.  <p>We’re building the wall.  It’s under construction.  It’s — a lot of it is under construction.  We’ll have over 400 miles next year, by the end of the year.</p>
  212.  
  213.  <p>But it’s very important.  They can change it very easily so people don’t come up.  And people won’t get killed.  Women are being raped on the journey up.  You have these caravans.  Women are being raped.  And one of the terrible things: Children are actually being brought into slavedom [<em>sic</em>].  If you look at what’s happening — the cartels and the coyotes, they’re getting rich because the Democrats refuse to change the loopholes.  They refuse to change the asylum.  In one hour, we could have it done.</p>
  214.  
  215.  <p>They want to have open borders, and open borders mean crime.  And open borders mean people drowning in the rivers.  And it’s a very dangerous thing.</p>
  216.  
  217.  <p class="attribution">&#8212;&#8201;<a href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-marine-one-departure-50/">Remarks by President Trump Before Marine One Departure (2019/06/26, 1:30 PM)</a></p>
  218. </blockquote>
  219.  
  220. <p>On the face of it, this is one of the most lunatic statements, one of the most wildly inhuman political responses, and one the most obscene instances of <a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2008/04/05/i_cant/">talking with a corpse in your mouth</a> that I have seen to date from a man and a governmental administration that have spent their time in the White House doing little other than cranking a built-to-purpose outrageous political palaver garbage machine generator.</p>
  221.  
  222. <p>Perhaps it does not need saying that open borders mean precisely that no little girl ever dies drowning in a river again. Because open borders mean that people could and <em>obviously would</em> cross over rivers openly, on bridges or ferries, in cars or boats or machines flying safely through the air. Open borders means <a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2014/11/16/border-ruin-porn/">breezing past long-abandoned checkpoints</a> without fear of criminalization, arrest, internment or deportation. Blaming the deaths of Óscar Alberto Martínez Ramírez, and his daughter Valeria, on <q>open borders</q> is like blaming the Tiananmen Square Massacre on <q>freedom of assembly</q> &#8212; it is insane, because if you had the latter there wouldn&#8217;t be any particular reason for the former; and it is obscene, because it is blaming the victim for a situation that is <em>entirely and only created</em> by Power&#8217;s choice to keep on relentlessly pursuing repressive force. Open borders mean safe and open crossings; they don&#8217;t mean drowning, any more than an open swimming pool does.</p>
  223.  
  224. <p>Perhaps it does not need saying that it is precisely the relentless, maniacal insistence on walling off frontiers and choking off border-crossing that sends families out into the most dangerous, most inaccessible places in order to try with cartels, coyotes, smugglers and the roughest passages that remain. The great crime and the great shame of the Democratic Party is that they have never once called for open borders, and when in control of the presidency they have &#8212; over and over again &#8212; <a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2013/11/26/no-higher-law/">played the leading role in building up the machinery of overregulated immigration, paramilitary border policing, closed crossings and mass deportation</a> that we unhappily live with &#8212; or die at the hands of &#8212; today. Democrats don&#8217;t want to have open borders. I desperately wish they did. I desperately wish they ever had done even one little thing to move in that direction. But they haven&#8217;t, and they don&#8217;t, and they probably never will. So much the shame of Democrats. </p>
  225.  
  226. <p>Bordercrats know this, of course &#8212; they know that <em>if</em> borders actually were open, then people would cross safely, openly and frequently. They know that if borders actually were open, Óscar Alberto Martínez Ramírez, Tania Vanessa Ávalos, and their daughter Valeria would be safe in Texas today, starting out in a new town and looking for work. It is precisely for that reason that they <em>politically oppose</em> open borders &#8212; because they don&#8217;t want that many people crossing the border, or they don&#8217;t want those specific people crossing the border, or they don&#8217;t want some of the people who would cross the border, if the Ramirezes could cross the border, to cross it. That&#8217;s precisely what it means to close or control the border; there is no third alternative. You might openly embrace the misery, suffering and death that results. Or you might <em>acknowledge</em> it, regretfully, as the necessary human cost of your political policy, and of its rigorous enforcement. Perhaps there is a sense in which the desire to <em>shift</em> the blame instead of doing either represents a certain sort of vestigial, suffering sense of decency that even Mr. Trump, at long last, still has left. Perhaps there is a sense. But if so, it doesn&#8217;t matter very much.</p>
  227.  
  228. <h3>See also.</h3>
  229.  
  230. <ul>
  231. <li><a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2008/11/18/contrarium_sequitur/">GT 2008-11-18: Contrarium sequitur</a></li>
  232. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2015/04/03/who-cares/">GT 2015-04-03: Who Cares?</a></li>
  233. </ul>
  234.  
  235. <ol class="footnotes">
  236. <li class="footnote" id="no-decency-n-1"><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong>Their names were <a href="https://www.jornada.com.mx/sin-fronteras/2019/06/24/migrante-salvadoreno-y-su-hija-mueren-en-el-intento-de-cruzar-a-eu-9107.html">Óscar Alberto Martínez Ramírez, and his daughter Valeria</a>. They came from El Salvador. He was 25. She was a little girl, only 1 year, 11 months old. She died trying to reach her father again. He died trying to save his daughter&#8217;s life. They are survived by Tania Vanessa Ávalos, Óscar&#8217;s wife and the little girl&#8217;s mother.<a class="note-return" href="#to-no-decency-n-1">&#x21A9;</a></li></ol>
  237. ]]></content>
  238. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/28/no-decency/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  239. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/28/no-decency/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  240. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  241. </entry>
  242. <entry>
  243. <author>
  244. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  245. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  246. </author>
  247. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Spaghetti Westerosi]]></title>
  248. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/07/spaghetti-westerosi/" />
  249. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9390</id>
  250. <updated>2019-06-07T17:37:09Z</updated>
  251. <published>2019-06-07T17:37:09Z</published>
  252. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  253. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[(via Roderick Long [2019/05/16])]]></summary>
  254. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/07/spaghetti-westerosi/"><![CDATA[<div class="figure">
  255. <iframe width="500" height="281" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/a8haD0CuniE?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe>
  256. <p class="linkroll">(via <a rel="via" href="https://aaeblog.com/2019/05/16/song-of-the-variable-time-unit-5-16-2019-when-you-play-the-game-of-thrones-you-have-a-loaded-gun-or-you-dig/">Roderick Long<span class="for-context"> [2019/05/16]</span></a>)</p>
  257. </div>
  258.  
  259. ]]></content>
  260. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/07/spaghetti-westerosi/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  261. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/06/07/spaghetti-westerosi/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  262. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  263. </entry>
  264. <entry>
  265. <author>
  266. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  267. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  268. </author>
  269. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Market-Women and the Revolutionary Market-Place (Gold Coast/Ghana, 1947-1948)]]></title>
  270. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/04/13/market-women-and-the-revolutionary-market-place-gold-coastghana-1947-1948/" />
  271. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9380</id>
  272. <updated>2019-04-14T00:23:53Z</updated>
  273. <published>2019-04-14T00:23:53Z</published>
  274. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Fellow Workers" label="Fellow Workers"/>
  275. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  276. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  277. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Power to the People" label="Power to the People"/>
  278. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  279. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Africa" label="Africa"/>
  280. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Agora" label="Agora"/>
  281. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="C.L.R. James" label="C.L.R. James"/>
  282. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Ghana" label="Ghana"/>
  283. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Gold Coast" label="Gold Coast"/>
  284. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Kwame Nkrumah" label="Kwame Nkrumah"/>
  285. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="markets" label="markets"/>
  286. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Revolution" label="Revolution"/>
  287. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="What I&#039;m Reading" label="What I&#039;m Reading"/>
  288. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[From C.L.R. James, Nkrumah and the Ghana Revolution (1977/1982): Chapter 3. The People in 1947. .&#160;.&#160;. There was yet another social feature of Gold Coast life, which was specifically African and was to prove of enormous importance to the revolution. For the great mass of the common people the centre of African life has always [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  289. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/04/13/market-women-and-the-revolutionary-market-place-gold-coastghana-1947-1948/"><![CDATA[<p>From C.L.R. James, <a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1797048.Nkrumah_And_The_Ghana_Revolution"><cite>Nkrumah and the Ghana Revolution</cite></a> (1977/1982):</p>
  290.  
  291. <blockquote>
  292.  <h3>Chapter 3. The People in 1947.</h3>
  293.  
  294.  <p><ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> There was yet another social feature of Gold Coast life, which was specifically African and was to prove of enormous importance to the revolution. For the great mass of the common people the centre of African life has always been the market. The Ewe week consisted of four days, the day before market day, market day, the day after market day, and stay at home day. The traders for generations have been the women (<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwame_Nkrumah">Nkrumah&#8217;s</a> mother was a petty trader), and this function has been maintained and developed until today a large proportion of the retail distribution of goods, and the main channel through which the distribution of commodities flows from the big wholesale importers to the private home is the market, in small villages as well as in the big towns such as Accra and Kumasi. Thus in Accra there are thousands of women in action in the market, meeting tens of thousands of their fellow citizens every day. European visitors and officials up to 1947 saw in these markets a primitive and quaint survival in the modern towns. In reality here was, ready formed, a social organisation of immense power, radiating from the centre into every corner and room of the town. [p. 56] Instead of being confined to cooking and washing for their husbands, the market-women met every day, dealing with the European and Syrian traders on the one hand and their masses of fellow citizens on the other. The market was a great centre of gossip, of news and of discussion. Where in many undeveloped communities the women are a drag upon their men-folk, these women, although to a large extent illiterate, were a dynamic element in the population, active, well-informed, acute, and always at the very centre of events.</p>
  295.  
  296.  <h3>Chapter 7. Positive Action.</h3>
  297.  
  298.  <p><ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> [p. 130] In cold blood, writing from documents and information, I find it hard to believe that <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwame_Nkrumah">Nkrumah</a> expected the government to capitulate before the general strike. At best it could be the beginning of a new series of negotiations. At worst, the people might, without or with provocation, lose their control. There would be a horrible massacre. There was another by no means remote possibility. The people might, by the usual combination of force and persuasion, win over the local government forces and repossess themselves of their country and of themselves by force. They were perfectly able to do it.</p>
  299.  
  300.  <p>There were other possibilities. There is no need to go into them. It is enough to understand that we are here in the presence of imponderables. With this objective before them and the people behind them, these young men, now at the climax of a long preparation, did not flinch. They threw down the challenge.</p>
  301.  
  302.  <p>The party had taken no chances. The people were well prepared and knew what they were doing. During December they had been warned, sometimes from the public platform by Nkrumah himself, that they were to save their money and not spend it in Christmas festivities so as to be ready to endure the privations of the coming strike. The cooks of the Europeans found it difficult to buy food in the markets because the market-women were reserving the food [p. 131] for the strike days.</p>
  303.  
  304.  <p>It may seem strange to the Western reader that the party seemed to be able to call a monster meeting at such short notice. The party propaganda vans would tour the city calling the people to the Arena. The market-women could get out thousands of people at the shortest possible notice, and Nkrumah&#8217;s often-repeated statement, <q>the market-women made the party</q>, conveys one of the great truths of the revolution. Here (and in many other places), we get curious reminders and indications of politics in that most political of social formations, the Greek city-state. In his <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_the_Crown">speech on the crown</a>, Demosthenes in <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0072:speech=18:section=169&amp;highlight=marketplace">an enigmatic passage</a> describes how, at the news that Elatea had been taken, the high officials of the assembly went into the market, drove out the people and set fire to the wicker stalls while trumpeters summoned the population to the assembly. This was done from above and it was the last days of the democracy. The market-women in the first days of Gold Coast democracy did it from below.</p>
  305.  
  306.  <p class="attribution">&#8212;&#8201;<a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1797048.Nkrumah_And_The_Ghana_Revolution"><cite>Nkrumah and the Ghana Revolution</cite></a>, 55-56; 130-131.<br>C.L.R. James, 1977.</p>
  307. </blockquote>
  308.  
  309. <h3>See also.</h3>
  310.  
  311. <ul>
  312. <li><a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2013/08/20/other-marketplaces/">GT 2013-08-20: We know other marketplaces.</a></li>
  313. </ul>
  314.  
  315. ]]></content>
  316. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/04/13/market-women-and-the-revolutionary-market-place-gold-coastghana-1947-1948/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  317. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/04/13/market-women-and-the-revolutionary-market-place-gold-coastghana-1947-1948/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  318. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  319. </entry>
  320. <entry>
  321. <author>
  322. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  323. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  324. </author>
  325. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Bolivarian Process, cont&#8217;d: 900]]></title>
  326. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/03/07/bolivarian-process-contd-900/" />
  327. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9377</id>
  328. <updated>2019-03-07T22:23:02Z</updated>
  329. <published>2019-03-07T22:23:02Z</published>
  330. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  331. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Bolivarian Process" label="Bolivarian Process"/>
  332. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Hugo Chavez" label="Hugo Chavez"/>
  333. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Nicolas Maduro" label="Nicolas Maduro"/>
  334. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Venezuela" label="Venezuela"/>
  335. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[]]></summary>
  336. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/03/07/bolivarian-process-contd-900/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  337. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from NPR.org</h3>
  338. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/money/2018/06/19/621570477/the-measure-of-a-tragedy"><img src="https://media.npr.org/assets/img/2018/06/19/900-indicator_wide-60c0eb4cf7037babd7305a60dff2d3f31d514373.jpg?s=1400" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  339. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/money/2018/06/19/621570477/the-measure-of-a-tragedy">The Measure Of A Tragedy</a></strong></p>
  340. <p style="margin: 0em;">Venezuela's economy has collapsed, and the normal economic indicators have gotten so bad they're almost unfathomable. So one economist created an indi…</p>
  341. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">
  342.      Cardiff Garcia
  343.     @ npr.org</span></p>
  344. <br style="clear: both" />
  345. </div>
  346.  
  347.  
  348.  
  349. ]]></content>
  350. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/03/07/bolivarian-process-contd-900/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  351. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2019/03/07/bolivarian-process-contd-900/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  352. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  353. </entry>
  354. <entry>
  355. <author>
  356. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  357. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  358. </author>
  359. <title type="html"><![CDATA[What I&#8217;m Reading: Meghan McCarron, &#8220;The Myth of Authenticity is Killing Tex-Mex&#8221;]]></title>
  360. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/11/21/what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex/" />
  361. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9371</id>
  362. <updated>2018-11-21T15:52:17Z</updated>
  363. <published>2018-11-21T15:48:44Z</published>
  364. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  365. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[O.K., well, no it&#8217;s not, really. Tex-Mex is doing just fine, whether as a culinary scene, a commercial proposition, or a completely ubiquitous cultural contribution. But even if the myth isn&#8217;t killing nada, it&#8217;s still a dumb myth, and it is a reason why a lot of really good Mexican food (and really Mexican Mexican [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  366. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/11/21/what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  367. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Eater</h3>
  368. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://www.eater.com/2018/3/7/17081968/best-food-texas-tex-mex-barbecue"><img src="https://cdn.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/fZj0VkkrqX38ZXPn0_fv1Dj3xB4=/606x774:4513x2820/fit-in/1200x630/cdn.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_asset/file/10350509/MsGsCarneGuisada_McCarron.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  369. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://www.eater.com/2018/3/7/17081968/best-food-texas-tex-mex-barbecue">The Myth of Authenticity Is Killing Tex-Mex</a></strong></p>
  370. <p style="margin: 0em;">EVERYTHING YOU KNOW ABOUT TEX-MEX IS WRONG: Texans will spend hours on a weekend lining up for barbecue, but Tex-Mex is what they’re eating for brea…</p>
  371. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Meghan McCarron @ eater.com</span></p>
  372. <br style="clear: both" />
  373. </div>
  374.  
  375.  
  376.  
  377. <p>O.K., well, no it&#8217;s not, really. Tex-Mex is doing just fine, whether as a culinary scene, a commercial proposition, or a completely ubiquitous cultural contribution.<sup>[<a href="#what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-1" class="footnoted" id="to-what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-1">1</a>]</sup> But even if the myth isn&#8217;t killing nada, it&#8217;s still a dumb myth, and it is a reason why a lot of really good Mexican food (and <a href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2013/07/20/authentic-mexican/">really Mexican Mexican food, for whatever that matters</a>) still sometimes gets undeservedly put down in the weird by-ways of covertly snobby food writing and everyday food talk. I do think that, despite the weird by-ways, on the whole, the understanding of Mexican food, <q>Tex-Mex</q> etc. outside of Texas has gotten noticeably better in the last few years.<sup>[<a href="#what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-2" class="footnoted" id="to-what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-2">2</a>]</sup> Maybe someday soon this kind of article won&#8217;t be necessary. But it&#8217;ll still be pretty funny:</p>
  378.  
  379. <blockquote>
  380.  <p>The future of Tex-Mex is, in many ways, as regional as the cuisine has always been, with approaches and ingredients and ideas traveling all over the state. All of it, however, is cradled in a tortilla. In 2017, Rayo pushed for another replacement for chili as Texas’s state food: <a href="https://www.change.org/p/the-people-of-texas-make-tacos-the-national-food-of-texas">the taco</a>. The proposal made its way to state representative Gina Hinojosa, who <a href="https://austin.eater.com/2017/3/14/14892622/tacos-texas-state-dish?_ga=2.265645263.1760037732.1542812138-1651940094.1542812138">authored a resolution</a> celebrating the diversity of taco styles and fillings, the state’s love of both corn and flour tortillas, as well as the robust war over who invented the breakfast taco, as evidence the taco united all good things in Texas — even brisket.</p>
  381.  
  382.  <p>Just as the chili resolution defined the Texas bowl of red as definitive, the taco resolution employs the requisite Texan swagger so rarely applied to the state’s infinite variety of Mexican food, stating: <strong>“One thing Texans can agree on is that, despite the availability of tacos in the other 49 states, the tastiest tacos can be found in the great State of Texas.”</strong> A state legislature <a href="https://go.redirectingat.com/?id=66960X1516589&amp;xs=1&amp;url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.newyorker.com%2Fmagazine%2F2017%2F07%2F10%2Famericas-future-is-texas">dominated by a Republican party at war with itself</a>, fixated on barring trans people from using public bathrooms and cracking down on cities seeking to protect immigrants, is not likely to enshrine the taco as the state’s official food. But doing so would both capture the 21st century zeitgest of the state, <em>and</em> fulfill one of Texas’s most cherished obsessions: pissing off California.</p>
  383.  
  384.  <p>&#8211;Meghan McCarron, <a href="https://www.eater.com/2018/3/7/17081968/best-food-texas-tex-mex-barbecue"><cite class="article">The Myth of Authenticity Is Killing Tex-Mex</cite></a><br><cite>Eater</cite>, 7 March 2018</p>
  385. </blockquote>
  386.  
  387. <p>It&#8217;s a noble goal.</p>
  388.  
  389. <p class="linkroll">(Hat tip <a rel="via" href="https://aaeblog.com/">Roderick Long</a>.) </p>
  390.  
  391. <h3>See also.</h3>
  392.  
  393. <ul>
  394. <li><a href="//radgeek.com/gt/2013/07/20/authentic-mexican/">GT 2013-07-20: Authentic Mexican cuisine</a></li>
  395. <li><a href="//radgeek.com/gt/2013/07/19/food-beyond-borders/">GT 2013-07-19: Food Beyond Borders</a></li>
  396. <li><a href="//radgeek.com/gt/2008/07/05/whiteness_studies/">GT 2008-07-05: Whiteness studies 103: Ethnic food and authenticity</a></li>
  397. <li><a href="//radgeek.com/gt/2008/10/10/whiteness_studies/">GT 2008-10-10: Whiteness studies 104: Class, cuisine, and authenticity</a></li>
  398. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/04/16/devour-borders/">GT 2014-04-16: Devour Borders</a></li>
  399. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2016/09/05/on-every-corner/">GT 2016-09-05: On. Every. Corner.</a></li>
  400. <li><a href="//radgeek.com/gt/2011/05/09/hipster-jokes/">GT 2011-05-09: The only other known phenomenon of similar density is Four Dollar 40 Night at Babs’ in Ann Arbor, Michigan.</a></li>
  401. </ul>
  402.  
  403. <ol class="footnotes">
  404. <li class="footnote" id="what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-1"><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong>I&#8217;m not sure why it&#8217;s so hard to write an article to the effect that something just isn&#8217;t getting its due, but really, it is valuable and quite important, without then tacking on a bunch of weird additional claims about Crisis and Decline that aren&#8217;t obviously true.<a class="note-return" href="#to-what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-1">&#x21A9;</a></li>
  405. <li class="footnote" id="what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-2"><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong>Partly this is the result of a lot of cultural trends that unsurprisingly accompany the demographic fact of increasingly ubiquitous Mexican-American populations spreading throughout the U.S. The strong trend of the last decade toward hipster spins on regional comfort foods has also helped, and so has the ever-surging stream of young urban professionals flowing through austin and its environs. Plus, you know, tacos, enchiladas, burritos, salsa, etc. are <em>obviously fucken delicious</em>.<a class="note-return" href="#to-what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex-n-2">&#x21A9;</a></li></ol>
  406. ]]></content>
  407. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/11/21/what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  408. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/11/21/what-im-reading-meghan-mccarron-the-myth-of-authenticity-is-killing-tex-mex/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  409. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  410. </entry>
  411. <entry>
  412. <author>
  413. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  414. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  415. </author>
  416. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Chinga la Migra en Tennessee]]></title>
  417. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/09/12/chinga-la-migra-en-tennessee/" />
  418. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9366</id>
  419. <updated>2018-09-12T15:54:48Z</updated>
  420. <published>2018-09-12T15:54:48Z</published>
  421. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  422. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[]]></summary>
  423. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/09/12/chinga-la-migra-en-tennessee/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  424. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from facebook.com</h3>
  425. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/conmijente/videos/vb.446813398834728/963792840470112/?type=2&#038;theater"><img src="https://scontent-lax3-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t15.0-10/p720x720/36183094_963795100469886_8632656395470110720_n.jpg?_nc_cat=0&oh=f78e6335f2fee5f7b039166ad2f3bab7&oe=5C2AC554" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  426. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://www.facebook.com/conmijente/videos/vb.446813398834728/963792840470112/?type=2&#038;theater">Mijente</a></strong></p>
  427. <p style="margin: 0em;">What happens to a small community when over 100 migrant workers are rounded up by ICE in a massive workplace raid?
  428.  
  429. We go to Morrisstown, Tennessee to…</p>
  430. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">facebook.com</span></p>
  431. <br style="clear: both" />
  432. </div>
  433.  
  434.  
  435.  
  436. ]]></content>
  437. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/09/12/chinga-la-migra-en-tennessee/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  438. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/09/12/chinga-la-migra-en-tennessee/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  439. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  440. </entry>
  441. <entry>
  442. <author>
  443. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  444. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  445. </author>
  446. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Extremist Speech Laws]]></title>
  447. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/08/28/extremist-speech-laws/" />
  448. <id>https://radgeek.com/?p=9360</id>
  449. <updated>2018-08-28T18:08:10Z</updated>
  450. <published>2018-08-28T18:06:10Z</published>
  451. <category scheme="https://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  452. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[(The standard objections apply, of course, to the use of meme to mean jokey image-text macro, etc. etc.)]]></summary>
  453. <content type="html" xml:base="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/08/28/extremist-speech-laws/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  454. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from https://www.bbc.co.uk/</h3>
  455. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/blogs-trending-45247879"><img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/1024/branded_news/0547/production/_103115310_nunsedit.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  456. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/blogs-trending-45247879">The memes that might get you jailed in Russia</a></strong></p>
  457. <p style="margin: 0em;">Why sharing a meme could get you put in prison for six years in Russia.</p>
  458. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Olga Robinson @ bbc.co.uk</span></p>
  459. <br style="clear: both" />
  460. </div>
  461.  
  462.  
  463.  
  464. <p>(The <a href="/gt/2005/01/21/friday_antimeme/">standard objections apply</a>, of course, to the use of <a href="/gt/2005/01/21/friday_antimeme/"><q>meme</q></a> to mean <q>jokey image-text macro,</q> etc. etc.)</p>
  465.  
  466. ]]></content>
  467. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/08/28/extremist-speech-laws/#comments" thr:count="1"/>
  468. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="https://radgeek.com/gt/2018/08/28/extremist-speech-laws/feed/" thr:count="1"/>
  469. <thr:total>1</thr:total>
  470. </entry>
  471. </feed>
  472.  

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