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  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><rss xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:content="http://purl.org/rss/1.0/modules/content/" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" version="2.0" xmlns:media="http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/"><channel><title><![CDATA[It's FOSS]]></title><description><![CDATA[Making You a Better Linux User]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/</link><image><url>https://itsfoss.com/favicon.png</url><title>It&apos;s FOSS</title><link>https://itsfoss.com/</link></image><generator>Ghost 5.85</generator><lastBuildDate>Thu, 20 Jun 2024 16:34:19 GMT</lastBuildDate><atom:link href="https://itsfoss.com/rss/" rel="self" type="application/rss+xml"/><ttl>60</ttl><item><title><![CDATA[Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu]]></title><description><![CDATA[Some applications are not displaying their icons in the launcher in Ubuntu? Here's what you can do about it.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/ubuntu-app-icon-missing/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">667414bb3550f8e025a3b658</guid><category><![CDATA[Troubleshoot πŸ”¬]]></category><category><![CDATA[Ubuntu]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Thu, 20 Jun 2024 11:48:42 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/fix-missing-app-icon-ubuntu.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/fix-missing-app-icon-ubuntu.png" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu"><p>Recently I encountered a strange issue in Ubuntu 24.04. </p><p>When I ran some applications, their icons didn&apos;t show in the launcher. Instead, it displayed a gear/settings symbol.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/missing-icons-from-launcher-ubuntu.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="857" height="522" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/missing-icons-from-launcher-ubuntu.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/missing-icons-from-launcher-ubuntu.webp 857w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Some application icons are not shown in the launcher</span></figcaption></figure><p>This was particularly weird because those applications did have icons and the thumbnails were very well displayed in the activity area.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/applications-icons-displayed-in-gnome-activity-menu.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="784" height="240" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/applications-icons-displayed-in-gnome-activity-menu.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/applications-icons-displayed-in-gnome-activity-menu.webp 784w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">But the application icons are properly displayed in GNOME Activity</span></figcaption></figure><p>Even more surprising was that it happened with the Transmission torrent client that comes preinstalled with Ubuntu.</p><p>In this tutorial, I&apos;ll share how I fixed this missing icon issue. But before that, let me discuss what was wrong here.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-red"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F6A7;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">This tutorial is only valid for the GNOME desktop environment.</div></div><h2 id="the-missing-element-mystery">The missing element mystery</h2><p>Alright! Here&apos;s the thing. Every application you install should have a .desktop file that has various information, including the location of the application icon. </p><p>This .desktop file is essential for the desktop integration. Without it, you won&apos;t be able to search for the installed application in the menu, the thumbnail and icons won&apos;t be displayed.</p><p>But in my case, both ONLYOFFICE and Transmission had their desktop files in the <code>/usr/share/applications</code> directory. I even made sure that the icon image file was present.</p><p>It baffled me and I started going through GitHub and forum discussions. This is when I came across <a href="https://askubuntu.com/questions/1251172/active-application-icon-not-shown-on-dock?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">this discussion about missing WM_CLASS property</a> in some KDE applications that caused this issue.</p><p>The applications I was using were not from KDE but this was a step in the right direction. <a href="https://ubuntuhandbook.org/index.php/2024/04/missing-icon-dock-ubuntu-2404/?ref=itsfoss.com">This blog post</a> confirmed my views.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4CB;</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">TLDR</strong></b><br><br>You need to get the WM_CLASS property and update the .desktop file of the application with this value.</div></div><h2 id="fixing-the-missing-application-icons-from-the-launcher-issue">Fixing the missing application icons from the launcher issue</h2><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-yellow"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x270B;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">While I am trying to go in every step in detail, it still involves some effort on your end. This is not run-this-command to fix the issue kind of solution. You have to take my examples as a reference and use them in your scenario. Basic knowledge of the Linux command line is required.</div></div><h3 id="step-0-run-the-applications-in-question">Step 0: Run the applications in question</h3><p>You&apos;ll have to run the applications that have missing icons. It is essential.</p><h3 id="step-1">Step 1: </h3><p>All this is a tad bit easier if you are using Xorg instead of Wayland. Run <code>xprop WM_CLASS</code> command in terminal, the cursor becomes crosshair and you click on the desired application to get its WM_CLASS property.</p><p>But that is not happening here in Wayland, so let&apos;s take the longer route.</p><p>Press Alt + F2 to launch &#x201C;Run a Command&#x201D; dialog. Your keyboard should have a F2 function key. Look for it. Sometimes they need to run in Fn+2 way. I let you discover that.</p><p>Pressing Alt + F2 launches a dialogue box. Enter <code>lg</code> (lowercase LG) here:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/bring-debug-mode-gnome.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="722" height="272" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/bring-debug-mode-gnome.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/bring-debug-mode-gnome.webp 722w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>It will bring up GNOME&#x2019;s integrated debugger and inspector tool. Your mouse and keyboard has limited function at this stage. Here, click on the Window option and it will show the WM_CLASS property for each running application Window.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/get-wm-class-property-gnome.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1200" height="767" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/get-wm-class-property-gnome.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/get-wm-class-property-gnome.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/get-wm-class-property-gnome.webp 1200w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Click to expand if not visible properly</span></figcaption></figure><p>Note that copy-paste didn&apos;t work for me at this stage. I took a screenshot for reference.</p><p>Press Esc to close the debugger.</p><h3 id="step-2-edit-desktop-file">Step 2: Edit .desktop file</h3><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4CB;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">If you don&apos;t have much experience editing config files such as these, make a backup copy of the .desktop file before modifying it.</div></div><p>The next step is to edit the application&apos;s .desktop file. You should find it in the <code>/usr/share/applications</code> directory. If it&apos;s not there, you may try looking for it in <code>~/.local/share/applications</code> and <code>/var/lib/flatpak/exports/share/applications/</code> locations as well.</p><p>Now, you can use Nano to edit files in the terminal. This is the example for me:</p><pre><code>sudo nano /usr/share/applications/onlyoffice-desktopeditors.desktop</code></pre><p><strong>But if you are uncomfortable with that, you can also do it graphically</strong>. Just go to the location of your application&apos;s .desktop file. </p><p>In the file manager, You can click Other Locations and then Ubuntu to access the root directory. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/access-root-directory-ubuntu.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1142" height="703" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/access-root-directory-ubuntu.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/access-root-directory-ubuntu.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/access-root-directory-ubuntu.webp 1142w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>From there, you can go to the user-&gt;share-&gt;applications folder. You could also just enter /usr/share/applications in the address bar of the file manager and access it quickly.</p><p>In here, <strong>under the [Desktop Entry] section</strong>, add a line </p><pre><code>StartupWMClass=Value-you-got-in-previous-step</code></pre><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/editing-deskto-file.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1064" height="592" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/editing-deskto-file.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/editing-deskto-file.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/editing-deskto-file.webp 1064w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Save the file. You&apos;ll have to enter your account password to save the file.</p><p>And the effect is almost immediate. No need to reboot or even log out. The icons get displayed in the launcher almost as soon as you save the file.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/missing-application-icon-fixed-ubuntu.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Fixing Applications Icon Missing from the Launcher in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="851" height="514" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/missing-application-icon-fixed-ubuntu.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/missing-application-icon-fixed-ubuntu.webp 851w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>I experienced that you have limited mouse and keyboard control at this time. The WM Class text could not be copied. So, I took a screenshot and used that screenshot as a reference to see the value and manually type it in.</p><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>It&apos;s good to get the missing icons back. It took some effort, but it taught me a few new things in the process. That&apos;s what I like about troubleshooting. It teaches you stuff that you would have never known otherwise.</p><p>Not sure if I should blame Ubuntu or GNOME. But this is a poor user experience specially when you encounter it with applications that are installed by default.</p><p>&#x1F5E8;&#xFE0F; I hope the tutorial is not overly complicated. Did it help you fix the missing icons problem in Ubuntu? </p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[FOSS Weekly #24.25: New AdΓ©lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More]]></title><description><![CDATA[It's raining new and interesting projects this week.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/newsletter/foss-weekly-24-25/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">66713d57b4ad0522231e76b3</guid><category><![CDATA[Newsletter βœ‰οΈ]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Thu, 20 Jun 2024 04:41:15 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/foss-weekly-24-25.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/foss-weekly-24-25.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><p>An interesting project appeared on my timeline. It&apos;s called Lindroid and it aims to let users run Linux distros inside Android in a new way. Check it out.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/lindroid/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">This Project Lets You Run Linux as an App on Android</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Linux can run in all forms and sizes. And, that&#x2019;s true.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sourav Rudra</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/run-linux-in-android.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><p>By the way, the 12th-anniversary offer of the free &apos;<a href="https://itsfoss.com/plus-member-resources/">Linux for DevOps</a>&apos; ebook is still continuing. 29 new Plus members joined us last week. We are aiming for 50 new members and thus the offer is extended for this one week. </p><p><a href="https://itsfoss.com/#/portal/signup"><strong>Upgrade your membership today</strong></a><strong>, support It&apos;s FOSS, and get a free Linux book &#x1F427;</strong></p><p><strong>&#x1F4AC; Let&apos;s see what else you get in this edition:</strong></p><ul><li>A new independent distro, Ad&#xE9;lie Linux</li><li>Resetting forgotten root password in Ubuntu</li><li>System monitor Mission Center has new updates</li><li>And other Linux news, videos and, of course, memes!</li><li>This edition of FOSS Weekly is supported by <a href="https://www.warp.dev/ai?utm_source=its_foss&amp;utm_medium=newsletter&amp;utm_campaign=agent_mode_launch" rel="noreferrer">Warp</a>.</li></ul><h2 id="%E2%9C%A8-warp-terminal-reimagined">&#x2728; Warp: Terminal Reimagined</h2><p>Built with Rust for Speed, Warp is a new-age terminal emulator with IDE-like features. The new Agent Mode lets you interact with the AI in the natural English language.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://www.warp.dev/ai?utm_source=its_foss&amp;utm_medium=newsletter&amp;utm_campaign=agent_mode_launch"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Agent Mode in Warp AI</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">A command line interface that understands plain English in addition to traditional commands. Use Agent Mode to accomplish multi-step workflows.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://cdn.prod.website-files.com/64b6f3636f598299028e8577/64b6ff9f4bb4e174f770ceb1_Favicon%20-%20Warp.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://cdn.prod.website-files.com/64b6f3636f598299028e8577/66691db921073691873dfd2a_agent-mode-hero.webp" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><p><em>Warp is not open source software.</em></p><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%93%B0-linux-news">&#x1F4F0; Linux news</h2><ul><li>openSUSE Leap 15.6 release is <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/opensuse-leap-15-6-released/?ref=itsfoss.com">good news</a> for system admins.</li><li>SoftMaker&apos;s free (but not open source) offering, FreeOffice 2024 <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/freeoffice-2024/?ref=itsfoss.com">is out</a> now.</li><li>Google is <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/chrome-os-android-linux-kernel/?ref=itsfoss.com">trying to bring</a> ChromeOS and Android closer.</li><li>ActivityWatch has received a <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/activitywatch-0-13-release/?ref=itsfoss.com">new major release</a> after a year.</li><li>Mission Center has become <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/mission-center-services-update/?ref=itsfoss.com">one of the best</a> task managers for desktop Linux with a recent release.</li><li>Databricks had announced <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/databricks-open-sources-unity-catalog/?ref=itsfoss.com">earlier this week</a> that they intend to open-source Unity Catalog. But, it&apos;s not been done yet, we wonder what happened.</li></ul><p>Cinnamon version 6.2 is released ahead of the Linux Mint 22 release.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/cinnamon-6-2/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Cinnamon 6.2 is Ready for Linux Mint 22 With Subtle Feature Additions</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Cinnamon 6.2 isn&#x2019;t a massive upgrade, but it&#x2019;s the one meant for Linux Mint 22. That makes it exciting!</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sourav Rudra</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/cinnamon-6-2-release.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%A0-what-we%E2%80%99re-thinking-about">&#x1F9E0; What we&#x2019;re thinking about</h2><p>Non-skippable ads on YouTube might become <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/google-youtube-ads/?ref=itsfoss.com">a reality</a> soon.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/google-youtube-ads/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Non-Skippable YouTube Ads: Google&#x2019;s New Plan to Kill Open-Source Browser Extensions like SponsorBlock</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Google&#x2019;s back at it again, with a new strategy for YouTube.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sourav Rudra</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/youtube-non-skippable-ads.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%AE-linux-tips-tutorials-and-more">&#x1F9EE; Linux Tips, Tutorials and More</h2><p>If you are <a href="https://itsfoss.com/linux-terminal-basics/">new to the command line</a>, this is the perfect starting point for you.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/linux-terminal-basics/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Linux Command Line Introduction [Free Course]</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Want to know the basics of the Linux command line? Here&#x2019;s a tutorial series with a hands-on approach.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/01/getting-started-with-linux-terminal.webp" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><p>You won&apos;t believe how easy it is as long as you have physical access to the computer. It&apos;s almost the same as <a href="https://itsfoss.com/how-to-hack-ubuntu-password/">resetting forgotten account password</a>.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/ubuntu-reset-lost-root-password/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu [Easily]</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">You had set up root password in Ubuntu but cannot remember it now? Here&#x2019;s how to reset forgotten root password in Ubuntu and hopefully in other Debian-based distros.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/reset-forgotten-root-password-in-ubuntu.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><p>Have young kids at home? This simple trick enables safe internet browsing.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/block-adult-content-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Easily Block Adult Content on Ubuntu and Other Linux</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Change the DNS to OpenDNS&#x2019;s family shield and it will automatically blocks a huge number of adult websites.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/03/block-adult-content-in-linux.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%93%B9-video-tutorial">&#x1F4F9; Video tutorial</h2><p>A few months ago, I made this video that shows how easy it is to install Arch these days.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/WksxVLrALhg?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Installing Arch Linux is Easy and Here&apos;s the Proof!"></iframe></figure><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/@itsfoss?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Subscribe to It&apos;s FOSS YouTube Channel</a></div><h2 id="%E2%9C%A8-project-highlights">&#x2728; Project highlights</h2><p>Tracking expenses <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/paisa-expense-tracker/?ref=itsfoss.com">made intuitive</a> with this open-source expense manager.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/paisa-expense-tracker/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">This Open-Source Expense Manager for Android Looks Sleek!</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">It&#x2019;s all about money with this tracker, and it&#x2019;s very useful.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/paisa-foss.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><p>How about an <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/adelie-linux/?ref=itsfoss.com">independent Linux distro</a> that aims to be a POSIX certified distribution?</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/adelie-linux/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Ad&#xE9;lie Linux is an Intriguing Independent Distribution</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">It&#x2019;s been a while since we checked out an independent Linux distribution. Ad&#xE9;lie Linux sounds interesting.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sourav Rudra</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/adelie-linux-first-look.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%A9-new-quiz">&#x1F9E9; New quiz</h2><p>Can you beat <a href="https://itsfoss.com/quiz/distro-riddles-quiz/">the Riddler</a>? We know Batman can.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/quiz/distro-riddles-quiz/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Batman Saves Linux: Riddles</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Guess the distributions by solving the riddles.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/riddles-of-the-distros.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><h2 id="%F0%9F%92%A1-quick-handy-tip">&#x1F4A1; Quick handy tip</h2><p>On the GNOME Extensions Manager App, you can check whether the installed extensions are compatible with newer GNOME releases.</p><p>Open the app, and from the top-right hamburger menu, select &#x201C;<em>Upgrade Assistant</em>&#x201D;.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/1.png" class="kg-image" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More" loading="lazy" width="1097" height="432" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/1.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/1.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/1.png 1097w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Now, from the new window, select the required GNOME version and click on &#x201C;<em>Check Compatibility</em>&#x201D;.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/2.png" class="kg-image" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More" loading="lazy" width="1097" height="679" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/2.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/2.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/2.png 1097w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>It will give you an overview of your installed extensions and their compatibility with the GNOME version you selected.</p><p>If you don&apos;t know what the Extension Manager is, refer to our <a href="https://itsfoss.com/extension-manager/">detailed guide</a> on it.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/extension-manager/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">&#x2018;Extension Manager&#x2019; App Helps You Install and Manage GNOME Shell Extensions</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Extension Manager is an exciting unofficial alternative to GNOME&#x2019;s official Extensions app to help you manage GNOME shell extensions. Let&#x2019;s take a closer look.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/wordpress/2022/05/extension-manager-ft.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A4%A3-meme-of-the-week">&#x1F923; Meme of the week</h2><p>I have *<em>matured</em>* out of distrohopping. What about you? &#x1F914;</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/itsfoss-memes2.png" class="kg-image" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More" loading="lazy" width="1080" height="1080" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/itsfoss-memes2.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/itsfoss-memes2.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/itsfoss-memes2.png 1080w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%97%93%EF%B8%8F-tech-trivia">&#x1F5D3;&#xFE0F; Tech Trivia</h2><p>June 17, 1980, was the day when the first two video games were copyrighted. Those were Atari&apos;s Asteroids and Lunar Lander.</p><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%91%E2%80%8D%F0%9F%A4%9D%E2%80%8D%F0%9F%A7%91-fossverse-corner">&#x1F9D1;&#x200D;&#x1F91D;&#x200D;&#x1F9D1; FOSSverse corner</h2><p>Pro FOSSer Ernie <a href="https://itsfoss.community/t/microsoft-put-profit-over-security-leaving-customers-vulnerable-to-atack-for-years/12197?ref=itsfoss.com">shares</a> another one of Microsoft&apos;s shady moves.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.community/t/microsoft-put-profit-over-security-leaving-customers-vulnerable-to-atack-for-years/12197?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Microsoft put profit over security, leaving customers vulnerable to atack for years?</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">If you use any Microsoft cloud product that includes AD FS for single-login authentication, read this item, in its entirety! Now! This item describes yet another reason to use open source products, and avoid the closed-source alternatives. My2Cents, Ernie</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/optimized/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c_2_180x180.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS Community</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">ernie</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/original/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><p>Longtime FOSSer, Paul, <a href="https://itsfoss.community/t/linux-puppy-the-saving-tool/12178?ref=itsfoss.com">shares his experience</a> of how he rescued a client&apos;s computer using Puppy Linux.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.community/t/linux-puppy-the-saving-tool/12178?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Linux puppy the saving tool</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Bit of a long story, please bear with me for why. Yesterday had a windows 11 client unable to access her computer, no internet, no one drive and password forgotten. Ok this is not a windows site but relates to how linux can be used. Several years ago, I discovered Linux puppy, it was tiny, took no space, did not need installing, ran direct from usb in memory and you could remove the usb after loading. I down .oaded a copy of the iso and created a boot usb key. Then removed all the stuff I just&#x2026;</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/optimized/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c_2_180x180.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS Community</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">callpaul.eu (Paul)</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/original/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.25: New Ad&#xE9;lie Linux, Lindroid, Arch Install and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%E2%9D%A4%EF%B8%8F-with-love">&#x2764;&#xFE0F; With love</h2><p><strong>Share it with your Linux-using friends</strong>&#xA0;and encourage them to subscribe (hint:&#xA0;<a href="https://itsfoss.com/newsletter/">it&apos;s here</a>).</p><p>Share the articles in Linux Subreddits and community forums.</p><p><a href="https://news.google.com/publications/CAAiENHoh-T8yP9Q8Qywor2dwGkqFAgKIhDR6Ifk_Mj_UPEMsKK9ncBp?ref=itsfoss.com">Follow us on Google News</a>&#xA0;and stay updated in your News feed.</p><p>Opt for&#xA0;<a href="https://itsfoss.com/membership">It&apos;s FOSS Plus membership</a>&#xA0;and support us &#x1F64F;</p><p>Enjoy using Linux &#x1F604;</p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu]]></title><description><![CDATA[You had set up root password in Ubuntu but cannot remember it now? Here's how to reset forgotten root password in Ubuntu and hopefully in other Debian-based distros.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/ubuntu-reset-lost-root-password/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">66711133b4ad0522231e759f</guid><category><![CDATA[Troubleshoot πŸ”¬]]></category><category><![CDATA[Ubuntu]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Tue, 18 Jun 2024 05:59:43 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/reset-forgotten-root-password-in-ubuntu.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/reset-forgotten-root-password-in-ubuntu.png" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu"><p>It&apos;s only human to forget passwords, especially if you are not using it frequently.</p><p>It happens with Ubuntu, Linux, or any other operating system you use. If you don&apos;t use it frequently, you are likely to forget the password.</p><p>I have written about <a href="https://itsfoss.com/how-to-hack-ubuntu-password/">resetting forgotten Ubuntu passwords in the past</a>. It works flawlessly unless you have a root password set.</p><p>In this tutorial, I&apos;ll show you how to set a new root password if you forget the original one.</p><h2 id="resetting-the-forgotten-root-password">Resetting the forgotten root password</h2><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-yellow"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x270B;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">This scenario only works when you have root password set up (do not confuse it with the default admin account with sudo access) and you have physical access to the system.</div></div><p>First thing first, I am talking about the case where you have explicitly set a root password. </p><p>Let me recall <a href="https://itsfoss.com/root-user-ubuntu/">things around the root user in Ubuntu</a>. </p><p><a href="https://itsfoss.com/install-ubuntu/">When you install Ubuntu</a>, you create a user account. This user account has admin access to install and remove software and do all the other administrative tasks with elevated access thanks to the sudo mechanism.</p><p>By default, the root account doesn&apos;t have a password. You use sudo with your main/admin account to do things as root. However, some people explicitly set a root password. </p><p>And this creates a problem when you try to <a href="https://itsfoss.com/how-to-hack-ubuntu-password/">reset forgotten password using the recovery shell as described in this tutorial</a>. You&apos;ll see this error:</p><blockquote>Give root password for maintenance</blockquote><p>Let me show you how to bypass this error and reset the root password.</p><h3 id="step-1-go-to-the-recovery-mode-from-grub-screen">Step 1: Go to the recovery mode from Grub screen</h3><p>When you power on the system, it shows up the grub screen that gives you different options to enter Ubuntu, recovery mode or <a href="https://itsfoss.com/access-uefi-from-linux/">access UEFI settings</a>.</p><p>In here, you use the arrow key to select the <strong>Advanced options for Ubuntu</strong>:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/access-advanced-options-for-ubuntu-from-grub-screen.png" class="kg-image" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="663" height="228" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/access-advanced-options-for-ubuntu-from-grub-screen.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/access-advanced-options-for-ubuntu-from-grub-screen.png 663w"></figure><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-green"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4A1;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">If you don&apos;t see the grub screen, press and hold the Shift key as your system boots.</div></div><p>On the next screen, you should see the available kernel options with their respective recovery mode. You can choose the first entry that has <strong>recovery mode</strong> in it:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/accessing-recovery-mode-ubuntu.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1430" height="373" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/accessing-recovery-mode-ubuntu.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/accessing-recovery-mode-ubuntu.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/accessing-recovery-mode-ubuntu.webp 1430w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><h3 id="step-2-use-dpkg-package-repair-option">Step 2: Use dpkg package repair option</h3><p>The recovery mode gives you various choices. What you need to do here is to go to  <strong>dpkg Repair broken packages</strong> option.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ubuntu-recovery-dpkg-broken-package.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1294" height="633" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/ubuntu-recovery-dpkg-broken-package.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/ubuntu-recovery-dpkg-broken-package.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ubuntu-recovery-dpkg-broken-package.webp 1294w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Press tab key to go to OK and then press enter to confirm your choice.</p><p>Press Yes when you see this next screen:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/using-dpkg-package-repair-option.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1566" height="551" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/using-dpkg-package-repair-option.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/using-dpkg-package-repair-option.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/using-dpkg-package-repair-option.webp 1566w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Important step now</p><p>It will update the package cache and ask you if you want to upgrade. <strong>You have to enter d here</strong> for details.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/get-dpkg-package-details.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1426" height="886" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/get-dpkg-package-details.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/get-dpkg-package-details.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/get-dpkg-package-details.webp 1426w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Enter d for details</span></figcaption></figure><p>While it gives you package details, you get access to write something on the screen here. You have to write:</p><pre><code class="language-\">!/bin/bash</code></pre><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/access-root-shell-ubuntu.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1514" height="551" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/access-root-shell-ubuntu.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/access-root-shell-ubuntu.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/access-root-shell-ubuntu.jpg 1514w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Access root shell in Ubuntu</span></figcaption></figure><p>Press enter and you&apos;ll be in the root shell. That&apos;s a good thing &#x1F604;</p><h3 id="step-3-reset-root-password-from-the-root-shell">Step 3: Reset root password from the root shell</h3><p>Now, you are using the shell as root user. You don&apos;t know the password, so the next step is to <a href="https://linuxhandbook.com/passwd-command/?ref=itsfoss.com">use the passwd command</a> and reset its password:</p><pre><code>passwd</code></pre><p>You&apos;ll be asked to enter the password and then repeat the same password.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4CB;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Nothing is displayed on the screen when you type the password. That&apos;s normal. Just type the password and press enter.</div></div><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/reset-ubuntu-root-password-in-recovery.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Reset Forgotten Root Password in Ubuntu" loading="lazy" width="1482" height="372" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/reset-ubuntu-root-password-in-recovery.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/reset-ubuntu-root-password-in-recovery.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/reset-ubuntu-root-password-in-recovery.webp 1482w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>If you see the &apos;<strong>you </strong>&apos;, you have fulfilled your mission.</p><p>Now to exit this screen, enter the reboot command:</p><pre><code>reboot</code></pre><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>And that&apos;s it. You have successfully used local privilege escalation to reset the forgotten root password in <a href="https://ubuntu.com/?ref=itsfoss.com">Ubuntu</a>. Enjoy &#x1F604; </p><p>Sorry for the poor screenshots. I took it from an actual bare metal system while testing this scenario. As long as you can follow the steps, it should be fine, right?</p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently]]></title><description><![CDATA[No one's happy, but they're here. And, for the sake of it, we take a look at some AI search engine options.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/ai-search-engines/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">66614e44632c1638553a14d9</guid><category><![CDATA[AI πŸ€–]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Community]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Tue, 18 Jun 2024 04:34:31 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ai-search-engines.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ai-search-engines.png" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently"><p>Going through several websites, just to compile the most relevant answer, is often tiresome. So, search engines like Google and Bing came to the rescue. Sure, they may not be privacy-friendly, but they changed how we navigate around the web for information. </p><p>Now, we have numerous options, including <a href="https://itsfoss.com/privacy-search-engines/" rel="noreferrer">privacy-focused search engines</a>, and they have been evolving with various features, including the integration of Artificial Intelligence with the search engine.</p><p><strong>With AI-based search engines, the experience has changed</strong>. </p><p>But are these AI search engines actually worth your time? Or are they a double-edged sword? </p><p>After trying out several of these search engines for myself, I have jotted down my thoughts to answer this question and help you decide the best AI-Based search engine worth trying.</p><h2 id="what-is-an-ai-search-engine-is-it-better"><strong>What is an AI Search Engine? Is it Better?</strong></h2><p>Unlike traditional search engines which run on predefined algorithms and keyword matching, <strong>AI search engines make use of Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Deep Learning</strong> to provide you with a summarized result of your search.</p><p>The search engines already provide you with relevant answers, yes, but with the help of<strong> NLP algorithm </strong>it tries to provide <strong>the best answer out of many potential answers. </strong></p><p>The AI-powered search engine utilizes a Large-Language Model (LLM), which lets you have <strong>conversation interactions through chatbots</strong>, and in some cases, <strong>generate texts</strong> or <strong>summarize </strong>the result for you.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/s4InWsd-J6g?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Search in the Gemini era | Google I/O 2024"></iframe></figure><p>So, with a search engine that features AI capabilities, you can expect benefits like:</p><ul><li><strong>Get summarized information about your search</strong></li><li><strong>Expect highly specific suggestions for your research</strong></li><li><strong>Access extra tools to do more while you search (like notes, chat)</strong></li></ul><p>However, these AI-powered search engines often put forward questionable results. In one widely circulated example, <strong>Google&apos;s AI Overview</strong> suggested <em>using glue to make cheese stick on pizza </em>&#x1F355; by parodying a Reddit comment. This was perhaps a result of Google training their AI model on Reddit&apos;s content &#x1F480;</p><p>Hence, even though these <strong>AI search engines might save you a ton of time, they also require you to verify all the information they provide, making them a double-edged sword</strong>. </p><p>Now that you know the cautions &#x26A0;&#xFE0F; and the benefits of an AI search engine &#x2705;, let me list some of the options that you can try.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-yellow"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x270B;</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Non-FOSS Warning!</strong></b> Most of the options mentioned are not open-source in nature. This is simply a recommendation for Linux web users. We aren&apos;t affiliated with any of the options.</div></div><h2 id="1-perplexica">1. Perplexica </h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/perplexica-screenshot.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1311" height="641" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/perplexica-screenshot.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/perplexica-screenshot.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/perplexica-screenshot.png 1311w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Perplexica is an open-sourced AI search engine built as an alternative to Perplexity AI (a proprietary option listed below). It searches the web and cites sources while providing concise information.</p><p>At its core, Perplexica utilizes <a href="https://github.com/searxng?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">SearxNG</a>, which is a FOSS metasearch engine. Perplexica allows you to use LLMs such as Llama 3 and Mixtral locally. This search engine offers three modes, Copilot, Normal, and Focus mode. The Copilot mode is supposed to be an advanced mode, which is under development.</p><p>The Focus mode offers six different modes of searches (<em>which is what I liked!</em>). When I was stuck with a data analytic problem, the mode allowed me to make a &apos;<strong>Wolfram Alpha</strong>&apos; search, which could solve all calculation and data-related queries. </p><p>Perplexica is completely free and runs purely on donations. You can choose to self-host it on the cloud or run it on your local machine. </p><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Open Source<br>&#x2705; Self-host<br>&#x2705; Support for local LLMs<br>&#x2705; Option to connect to the web<br>&#x2705; Cites sources with answers<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Under Active development</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/ItzCrazyKns/Perplexica?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Perplexica</a></div><h2 id="2-perplexity-ai">2. Perplexity AI</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-131947.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="905" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-131947.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-131947.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-131947.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-131947.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Perplexity is an <strong>interesting AI search engine for research purposes. </strong>A service based on a <strong>freemium model</strong>, utilizing <strong>Anthropic&apos;s Claude 3 Haiku model</strong> and the <strong>company&apos;s very own large language model</strong> (LLM). </p><p>The &apos;Focus&apos; feature, allows users to filter the search to Reddit, YouTube, or academic sources, potentially making the search more effective. One of the things I like about Perplexity AI is it <strong>cites the sources just like Wikipedia</strong>, and that&apos;s a good thing for anyone looking to verify information. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/QfoulVr6UU8?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="&quot;The Know-It-Alls&quot; by Perplexity | Official Trailer HD"></iframe></figure><p>While Perplexity is free to use, by paying <strong>$20/mont</strong>h you get Perplexity Pro with access to&#xA0;GPT-4,&#xA0;Claude 3,&#xA0;Mistral&#xA0;Large,&#xA0;Llama 3&#xA0;and an experimental version of their LLM. Furthermore, you can also upload images and analyze files with the paid version.</p><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Good for research purposes<br>&#x2705; Cites sources with answers<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Not open-source</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.perplexity.ai/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Perplexity AI</a></div><h2 id="3-youcom">3. You.com</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132029.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="912" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132029.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132029.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132029.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132029.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>&apos;The future of search&apos; are words used to describe You.com. While it might have evolved into an AI assistant, it still holds its capabilities as a personalization-focused search engine.<br><br>I like the flexibility to switch between various leading AI models, such as&#xA0;OpenAI&apos;s&#xA0;GPT-4,&#xA0;Anthropic&apos;s&#xA0;Claude&#xA0;series,&#xA0;and more. You need to sign up for a free account to access more models, which is a bummer, but it is what it is.</p><p>You.com is free, but paying <strong>$15/month offers you more LLM options</strong>, lets you upload media for search, and creates more personalization options in general. The only downside I found, was the fact that You.com is less of a search engine and more of a chat-style assistant.</p><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Flexibility to choose between AI models of your choice<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Needs sign up to try more AI models</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://you.com/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">You.com</a></div><h2 id="4-duckduckgo-ai-chat">4. DuckDuckGo AI Chat</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/duckduckgo-ai-chat.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1231" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/duckduckgo-ai-chat.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/duckduckgo-ai-chat.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/duckduckgo-ai-chat.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w2400/2024/06/duckduckgo-ai-chat.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>DuckDuckGo is one of the most privacy-friendly search engines that encourages open-source solutions more than any of its competitors. Its privacy extension, and browser apps are open-source.</p><p>It does not infuse AI summaries in the search results. However, it features an &quot;<strong>AI Chat</strong>&quot;, a private version of ChatGPT. Here, you can select some <a href="https://itsfoss.com/open-source-llms/" rel="noreferrer">open-source LLMs</a> to power your chat experience, which makes it a decent option.</p><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Privacy-focused option<br>&#x2705; Open-source LLMs accessible<br>&#x2705; Completely free<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Under active development (beta)</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://duckduckgo.com/?q=DuckDuckGo&amp;ia=chat&amp;atb=v426-1&amp;ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">DuckDuckGo AI Chat</a></div><p><strong>Suggested Read &#x1F4D6;</strong></p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/open-source-llms/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">14 Top Open Source LLMs For Research and Commercial Use</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">There are hundreds of open-source LLMs, here, we handpick some of the best ones for you to check out.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/open-source-llms.png" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently"></div></a></figure><h2 id="5-bing-ai-or-microsoft-copilot">5. Bing AI or Microsoft Copilot</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132404.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="908" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132404.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132404.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132404.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132404.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Powered by Microsoft, Bing has evolved through many years and was termed &#x201C;Bing Chat&#x201D; with AI capabilities. It has finally reached a point of stability, having become a reliable and smart search engine. Driven by <strong>OpenAI&apos;s GPT-4 model</strong>, later renamed as Copilot, to which does the AI heavy lifting.</p><p>An added benefit is the fact that it comes with an AI image generator for free. This generator based on <strong>DALL-E&apos;s model.</strong> However, it has been criticized for being ridiculously sensitive, with users getting banned on the most random prompts.</p><p>Bing with Copilot offers all of its features for completely free, making that one of its biggest plus points. You can get the Copilot premium for faster responses and integration with Microsoft apps.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.bing.com/chat?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Bing AI</a></div><p><strong>Key Highlights</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Free AI Image Generator<br>&#x2705; Cleaner user experience compared to Google<br>&#x2705; Integration with Microsoft Edge browser<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Relies on OpenAI&apos;s ChatGPT</div></div><h2 id="6-brave-search">6. Brave Search</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132450.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="1018" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132450.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132450.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132450.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132450.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Search engines are popular for tracking and keeping records of your data, and this is where <a href="https://search.brave.com/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Brave Search</a> stands out among its competitors. Brave search offers the <strong>first privacy-preserving</strong> search engine.</p><p>Brave&apos;s AI will provide solutions to your queries and also cite all of its sources. I liked the way Brave AI presents the information using bullet points. And, compared to Google&apos;s AI, it continues to show the search results right below the summary without adding any other elements.</p><p>Unlike most others, Brave boasts an independent search engine and hosts its LLMs for privacy.</p><p>Brave Search is entirely free with the AI features. However, Brave&apos;s Leo AI assistant offers a premium option if you want to use it with the browser.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://search.brave.com/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Brave Search</a></div><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Privacy-focused search engine<br>&#x2705; Brave hosts the LLM models for greater privacy control<br>&#x2705; Integration with Brave web browser<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Not open-source despite Brave&apos;s history with open-source</div></div><p><strong>Suggested Read &#x1F4D6;</strong></p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/brave-search-features/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">10 Awesome Features in Brave Search to Watch Out For</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Brave Search is a privacy-friendly search engine alternative to Google by the creators of Brave Browser. What&#x2019;s there to like about it? Learn more here.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2023/05/brave-features.png" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently"></div></a></figure><h2 id="7-komo-ai">7. Komo AI</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132530.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="920" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132530.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132530.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132530.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132530.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://komo.ai/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Komo</a> provides a bare-bones experience, aiming to cater to the needs of each user differently. </p><p>Using its own trained data, Komo was able to provide a good amount info to my queries. It also provided me with more questions related to my query to help me find more information about the topic right below that. An interesting feature I found was &apos;<strong>opinions</strong>&apos;, which presented more related information to the problem from other sources.</p><p>Komo does allow some of its services for free. You can opt for its basic plan for <strong>$8/month</strong> which allows for unlimited Human opinions from the community, while for <strong>$15/month</strong> you get more customization options available to you.</p><p><strong>Key Highlights</strong>:</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Trained on its dataset<br>&#x2705; Tailored for follow up and more relatable questions to your queries<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Slow to load up<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Weird tone for some search results</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://komo.ai/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Komo AI</a></div><h2 id="8-phind">8. Phind</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132608.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="913" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132608.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132608.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132608.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132608.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://www.phind.com/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Phind</a> is an intelligent search engine specifically focused on developers. It specializes in technical queries.  </p><p>Developed using Amazon Web Services (AWS), It leverages Amazon Elastic computation Cloud (Amazon EC2) for the back-end. I used Phind to help me with all forms of programming problems, and it had respectable answers. You also get code snippets suggested which you can copy to your clipboard.</p><p>Phind&apos;s pro version starts for <strong>$17/month</strong>, expanding the context length and more perks. It also excludes your data when training their bot and can analyze images. </p><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Focused on solving developer problems<br>&#x2705; Integration option with VS Code<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; You need to sign up after a couple of searches</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.phind.com/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Phind</a></div><h2 id="9-google-gemini">9. Google Gemini</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132657.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="914" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132657.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132657.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132657.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132657.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Even though we did talk about Google&apos;s AI generating hilariously inaccurate results before, <a href="https://gemini.google.com/app?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Google Gemini</a> does provide pretty accurate results for some searches.</p><p>If you are using an Android phone, it should be the easy choice, enhancing or replacing Google&apos;s traditional assistant. Google Gemini lets you toggle its integration with services including Maps, Hotels, YouTube, Music, and more. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/google-search-ai.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1267" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/google-search-ai.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/google-search-ai.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/google-search-ai.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/google-search-ai.png 2222w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>You can utilize the Google Gemini AI or enable AI on Google&apos;s search engine using <a href="https://labs.google.com/search?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Search Labs experimental features</a> as shown in the screenshot above.</p><p>You can opt for a paid tier that provides you with access to Gemini Advanced for <strong>$19.99/month</strong>, with Google One benefits like <strong>2 TB storage </strong>and more.</p><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Great for users utilizing Google services<br>&#x2705; Toggle to integrate it with other Google services<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; Sometimes the inaccuracy is wild considering the amount of data Google has access to</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://gemini.google.com/app?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Google Gemini</a></div><h2 id="10-yep">10. Yep</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132734.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently" loading="lazy" width="1919" height="907" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132734.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132734.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132734.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/Screenshot-2024-06-10-132734.png 1919w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Yep provides an unbiased, private search experience that rewards and compensates the makers behind the content.&#xA0;I added it because it is one of the interesting options built by <strong>Ahref</strong> (a popular SEO tool company).</p><p>While the searches aren&apos;t summarized with AI, it offers an AI Chat feature to quickly interact with the chatbot to get information faster when needed.</p><p>Yep&apos;s search engine provides all of its services for completely free.</p><p><strong>Key Highlights:</strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-text">&#x2705; Aims to reward content creators<br>&#x2705; SEO Focused, a refreshing option to Google<br>&#x26A0;&#xFE0F; The AI chat is under active development</div></div><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://yep.com/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Yep</a></div><h2 id="search-engine-ruined-yes-or-no">Search Engine Ruined: Yes or No?</h2><p>AI search engines might not be there yet, but they are definitely getting closer than ever. With advancements in <strong>Machine Learning</strong>, it will not be long before these AI features provide us with near perfect results, saving our time.</p><p>Of course, they do come with plenty of caveats. Hence, it is necessary for companies to keep them optional or let users toggle them and not include them in the default experience.</p><p>&#x1F4AC;<em> What do you think about AI-search engines? Let me know your thoughts below!</em></p>
  2. <!--kg-card-begin: html-->
  3. <h3 id="Swayam"><u>Author Info</u></h3>
  4. <section>
  5. <figure style="float: left; width: 20%; margin-left: 0px; margin-right: 15px;">
  6. <img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/swayam-sai-das-1.jpg" alt="10 AI-based Search Engines I Tested Recently"></figure>
  7. <p>Swayam Sai Das is a student exploring the realms of Linux as an <b>Intern Writer</b> at It&apos;s FOSS. He is dedicated, when trying to push ranks in FPS games and enjoys reading literature classics in an attempt of putting on an academic facade.
  8. </p></section>
  9.  
  10. <!--kg-card-end: html-->
  11. ]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player]]></title><description><![CDATA[The versatile VLC media player also allows you to zoom into a part of the video. Here's how you can do that.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/vlc-zoom-in/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">66308333bdfe6e0b8075cf06</guid><category><![CDATA[VLC]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Sreenath]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Sat, 15 Jun 2024 06:08:48 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/zoom-in-and-out-in-vlc.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/zoom-in-and-out-in-vlc.png" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player"><p>Did you know that VLC can zoom into parts of a video? Yes, zooming into parts of a video can be helpful if you want to look at something closely. </p><p>Let&apos;s take a look at some tricks for effectively zooming into any part of a video playing in the VLC media player.</p><h2 id="method-1-use-the-interactive-zoom-feature">Method 1: Use the interactive zoom feature</h2><p>VLC media player has an interactive zooming feature. But you should use it only when needed.</p><p>First, start playing a video in VLC. Now, look for the &#x201C;Show extended settings&#x201D; button on the bottom control bar.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/click-on-show-extended-settings-button.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player" loading="lazy" width="874" height="628" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/04/click-on-show-extended-settings-button.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/click-on-show-extended-settings-button.png 874w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Show extended settings</span></figcaption></figure><p>You can also get to this setting by going to <strong>Tools &#x21FE; Effects and Filters</strong>, or by pressing <strong>CTRL + E</strong>.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/select-effecs-and-filters.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player" loading="lazy" width="942" height="695" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/04/select-effecs-and-filters.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/select-effecs-and-filters.png 942w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Select Effects and Filters</span></figcaption></figure><p>In the new window, go to the <strong>Video Effects</strong> tab and then select the <strong>Geometry</strong> sub-tab. Here, you will find a checkbox to enable <strong>Interactive Zoom</strong>. Enable it and click the <strong>Close</strong> button.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/enable-the-interactive-zoom-option.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player" loading="lazy" width="1000" height="595" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/04/enable-the-interactive-zoom-option.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/enable-the-interactive-zoom-option.png 1000w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Enable interactive zoom</span></figcaption></figure><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-green"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4A1;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">If you use the <b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Save</strong></b> button, the changes will persist for all future sessions until you turn it off and save.</div></div><p>You will now see a rectangle and an adjacent slider on your video. Also, your video appears to be zoomed in a bit.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/zoom-slider-in-a-video.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player" loading="lazy" width="963" height="669" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/04/zoom-slider-in-a-video.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/zoom-slider-in-a-video.png 963w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Zoom slider in video</span></figcaption></figure><p>The zoom adjust slider is tiny, so you may need to look closely for it. To zoom around the video, just drag the rectangle inside the small area.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-video-card kg-width-regular kg-card-hascaption" data-kg-thumbnail="https://itsfoss.com/content/media/2024/04/zoom-rectangle_thumb.jpg" data-kg-custom-thumbnail>
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  15.                    <button class="kg-video-large-play-icon" aria-label="Play video">
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  21.                <div class="kg-video-player-container kg-video-hide">
  22.                    <div class="kg-video-player">
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  39.                        <button class="kg-video-playback-rate" aria-label="Adjust playback speed">1&#xD7;</button>
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  54.            <figcaption><p><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Zoom around the video using the zoom rectangle</span></p></figcaption>
  55.        </figure><p>If you zoom more into an area, drag the slider up. The size of the rectangle is reduced, and you can fine-control the zoom area.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/zoom-more-into-an-area-in-vlc.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player" loading="lazy" width="965" height="672" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/04/zoom-more-into-an-area-in-vlc.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/zoom-more-into-an-area-in-vlc.png 965w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Adjust zoom depth</span></figcaption></figure><h2 id="method-2-zoom-in-window-mode">Method 2: Zoom in window mode</h2><p>While you are watching videos in windowed mode in VLC, you can quickly switch the resolution to:</p><ul><li>A quarter of the original</li><li>Half of the original</li><li>Original</li><li>Double the original</li></ul><p>To do this, select <strong>Video</strong> from the top menu (or right-click on top of a video area). Then, hover over the <strong>Zoom</strong> option to get the resolutions.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/select-a-resolution.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player" loading="lazy" width="1006" height="683" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/04/select-a-resolution.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/04/select-a-resolution.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/select-a-resolution.png 1006w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Various zoom resolutions available</span></figcaption></figure><p>You can also use the keyboard shortcut CTRL + Z or Shift + Z to switch between the modes. Yes, <a href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-shortcuts/">VLC has plenty of useful keyboard shortcuts</a>.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-red"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F6A7;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">This does not have any effect if the video is in full screen. Moreover, it won&apos;t help if what you want to zoom into a part of the video.</div></div><h2 id="wrapping-up">Wrapping Up</h2><p>There are some other workaround methods, where you will get a zoom-like effect. One of them is to use the VLC video cropping feature, where you can select a particular video cropping preset, and the rest area will be cropped.</p><p>Since the interactive zoom properly covers most of the needs of a user, there seems to be less need for a workaround.</p><p>Want more VLC tips? Here is a quick tutorial on increasing and decreasing the playback speed in the VLC player.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-video-speed/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Increase or Decrease Video Playback Speed in VLC</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Quick VLC tip to help you speed up or slow down the video playback speed.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sreenath</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/vlc-video-increase-decrease-speed.png" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player"></div></a></figure><p>VLC not adjusting with the system dark mode? Take a look at these simple solutions!</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-dark-mode/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Get Dark Mode in VLC on Ubuntu and Other Linux</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Go dark with your favorite media player with these tweaks.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sreenath</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/dark-mode-with-vlc.png" alt="How to Zoom in and out of a Video in VLC Player"></div></a></figure><p>Enjoy using VLC player as much as I do it &#x1F604;</p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It's FOSS]]></title><description><![CDATA[It's FOSS is 12 years old now 🍾]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/newsletter/foss-weekly-24-24/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">666819ffb4ad0522231db33d</guid><category><![CDATA[Newsletter βœ‰οΈ]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Fri, 14 Jun 2024 04:23:30 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/foss-weekly-24-24.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/foss-weekly-24-24.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><p>It&apos;s FOSS turns 12 today &#x1F382;</p><p>I started It&apos;s FOSS as a personal website to share my learning and experience with desktop Linux and open source software. Things have certainly changed in the last 12 years.</p><p>It&apos;s FOSS has been visited over 220 million times since its creation. It has helped countless people with Linux and that&apos;s the best thing of these 12 years.</p><p>With time, we have over 400,000 followers across social media channels like Facebook, Twitter, Mastodon, Telegram, YouTube and Instagram. </p><p>That&apos;s quite an achievement and I would like to thank each and every one of you for helping us reach these milestones &#x1F64F;</p><p>If you would like to share some words of appreciation, the <a href="https://itsfoss.com/testimonial-submission/">testimonial form is here</a>. I also invite your feedback, criticism and suggestions that will help us move forward in the right direction.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-green"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4E3;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">It&apos;s FOSS Plus membership is now available at $24 per year. To celebrate our 12th year, we are giving <a href="https://itsfoss.com/plus-member-resources/" rel="noreferrer">our &apos;Linux for DevOps&apos; book for free</a>. But it&apos;s only applicable if you sign up for Plus membership this week.<br><br><a href="https://itsfoss.com/#/portal/signup" rel="noreferrer">Upgrade your membership here</a>.</div></div><p><strong>&#x1F4AC; Let&apos;s see what else you get in this edition:</strong></p><ul><li>A new Raspberry Pi accessory I tested</li><li>Proton Pass comes to Linux</li><li>VLC keyboard shortcuts</li><li>Amber lang to make bash script &apos;easier&apos;</li><li>GNOME ditching yet another app, in favor of a new one</li><li>And other Linux news, videos and, of course, memes!</li></ul><h2 id="%E2%9C%A8-netdata-open-source-observability-platform">&#x2728; Netdata: Open Source Observability Platform</h2><p><a href="https://www.netdata.cloud/?ref=itsfoss.com">Netdata</a>&#xA0;provides high-fidelity data, real-time visualizations, reliable alerts, anomaly detection for every metric and a monitoring experience that works out of the box. You can self-host it or opt for the managed service.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://www.netdata.cloud/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Netdata: Monitoring and troubleshooting transformed</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Netdata is a distributed real-time, health monitoring platform for systems, hardware, containers &amp; applications, collecting metrics. Zero configuration needed.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://www.netdata.cloud/favicon-32x32.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://www.netdata.cloud/img/og-image.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%93%B0-linux-news">&#x1F4F0; Linux news</h2><p>Plenty of news this week, actually.</p><ul><li>blendOS v4 <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/blendos-v4-release/?ref=itsfoss.com">has arrived</a> with Android app support.</li><li>Proton Pass has <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/proton-pass-linux/?ref=itsfoss.com">finally arrived</a> on Linux with many features.</li><li>StartMail has finally <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/startmail-business/?ref=itsfoss.com">cooked up</a> business plans for their service.</li><li>CachyOS June 2024 is an <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/cachyos-june-2024-release/?ref=itsfoss.com">important release</a> for NVIDIA users.</li><li>Raspberry Pi has introduced a <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/raspberry-pi-ai-kit/?ref=itsfoss.com">new AI kit</a> powered by a Hailo chip.</li><li>TUXEDO is <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/tuxedo-snapdragon-x-elite/?ref=itsfoss.com">putting together</a> the first Snapdragon-powered Linux.</li><li>Stability AI has launched an <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/stability-ai-open-audio/?ref=itsfoss.com">open-source</a> audio generation AI model.</li><li>GNOME is set to ditch Totem with a new &#x201C;<a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/gnome-showtime/?ref=itsfoss.com">Showtime</a>&#x201D; video player.</li><li>openEuler 24.03 LTS is an <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/openeuler-24-03-lts/?ref=itsfoss.com">AI-focused release</a> that makes cloud deployments easy.</li><li>Ubuntu Core 24 is an LTS release with a focus on easy <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/ubuntu-core-24-ai-iot/?ref=itsfoss.com">AI deployments</a> on IoT hardware.</li></ul><p>Apple is engaging in their <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/apple-blocks-utm-se/?ref=itsfoss.com">usual shenanigans</a>. Do they hate FOSS?</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/apple-blocks-utm-se/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Apple Decides to Block Open-Source Emulator App for iOS</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Apple being Apple.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sourav Rudra</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/apple-blocks-opensource-emulator.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><p>The upcoming Debian 13 release is <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/debian-13-tmp-mounting/?ref=itsfoss.com">changing</a> its /tmp behavior.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/debian-13-tmp-mounting/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Debian 13 is Changing the /tmp Behavior</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Debian 13 has decided on a new way to mount the /tmp directory.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sourav Rudra</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/debian-13-to-switch-rambased-temp.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%A0-what-we%E2%80%99re-thinking-about">&#x1F9E0; What we&#x2019;re thinking about</h2><p>Apple has <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/articles/c4nn5mejl89o?ref=itsfoss.com">teamed up</a> with OpenAI to bring the power of ChatGPT to Siri. Elon Musk is <a href="https://x.com/elonmusk/status/1800272349134279011?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">not too happy</a> about that either.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://www.bbc.com/news/articles/c4nn5mejl89o?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Apple Intelligence: ChatGPT coming to iPhones in AI overhaul</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">The company has been slower to roll out generative AI features than rivals including Google and Microsoft.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://www.bbc.com/bbcx/apple-touch-icon.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">BBC News</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/1024/branded_news/1b13/live/1589a5d0-2764-11ef-9d0a-ef8fa1b61375.jpg" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%AE-linux-tips-tutorials-and-more">&#x1F9EE; Linux Tips, Tutorials and More</h2><p>The <a href="https://itsfoss.com/pironman-5-review/">Pironman case</a> is so cool. Actually, it&apos;s more than just another case. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/pironman-5-review/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">It&#x2019;s a cooling case with RGB lighting but it turns your Raspberry Pi into a mini PC.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><p>Here are <a href="https://itsfoss.com/ollama-web-ui-tools/" rel="noreferrer">12 tools</a> that can make your Ollama experience simpler.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/ollama-web-ui-tools/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Don&#x2019;t want to use the CLI for Ollama for interacting with AI models? Fret not, we have some neat Web UI tools that you can use to make it easy!</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ollama-web-ui-tools.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><p>Are you familiar with the <em>tail</em> command?</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/tail-command/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Using tail Command in Linux [5 Examples]</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">The tail command is one of the several ways to display file contents or part of it. You can also live monitor changes made to files with it. Here are some common examples.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sagar Sharma</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2023/06/tail-command-in-linux.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><p>These <a href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-shortcuts/">10 shortcuts</a> are a must if you use VLC.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-shortcuts/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Why move the mouse when you can do it with a few key combinations?</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sreenath</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/vlc-keyboard-shortcuts.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%93%B9-video-tutorial">&#x1F4F9; Video tutorial</h2><p>Here, I show how I replaced one version of Ubuntu with a fresh new install without disturbing the dual boot setup.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/AvKWOhIoOGQ?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Replacing Ubuntu With Newer Version in Dual Boot Setup"></iframe></figure><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/@itsfoss?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Subscribe to It&apos;s FOSS YouTube Channel</a></div><h2 id="%E2%9C%A8-project-highlights">&#x2728; Project highlights</h2><p>Does Bash scripting need an improvement?</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/amber-lang/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">This New Programming Langauge Makes Bash Scripting Easier</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Bash scripting but with high-level scripting syntax for new-age cloud engineers.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/amber-open-source-language.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><p>Authy doesn&apos;t need to be the only authenticator app you ever use. <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/ente-auth/?ref=itsfoss.com">Ente Auth</a> is a beautiful open-source alternative that is not to be missed.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/ente-auth/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">I Discovered a Beautiful Open-Source Authy Replacement for Android</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">How did I miss an outstanding two-factor app? Let me tell you what it is here.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/auth-foss.jpg" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%A9-new-quiz">&#x1F9E9; New quiz</h2><p>Take your terminal skills for a spin with this quiz.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/quiz/linux-terminal-shortcut-quiz/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Linux Terminal Shortcut Quiz</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">If you know the terminal shortcuts, you can save the tux.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/Save-Tux.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><h2 id="%F0%9F%92%A1-quick-handy-tip">&#x1F4A1; Quick handy tip</h2><p>On KDE Plasma, you can set wallpapers from Bing. </p><p>First, right-click on the desktop and select &#x201C;<em>Configure Desktop and Wallpaper</em>&#x201D;. Now, in the wallpaper settings window, set the Wallpaper Type as &#x201C;<em>Picture of the Day</em>&#x201D;.</p><p>Set the provider as Bing and click on &#x201C;<em>Apply</em>&#x201D;.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/apply-bing-wallpaper-kde.png" class="kg-image" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS" loading="lazy" width="1251" height="798" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/apply-bing-wallpaper-kde.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/apply-bing-wallpaper-kde.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/apply-bing-wallpaper-kde.png 1251w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Now, each day, the wallpaper will be updated. You can also set it to update using metered connections like mobile internet by clicking on the checkbox below the provider.</p><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A4%A3-meme-of-the-week">&#x1F923; Meme of the week</h2><p>Bazinga!? How many is too many?</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/meme1.png" class="kg-image" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS" loading="lazy" width="1080" height="1080" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/meme1.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/meme1.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/meme1.png 1080w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%97%93%EF%B8%8F-tech-trivia">&#x1F5D3;&#xFE0F; Tech Trivia</h2><p>On June 8, 1978, Intel introduced the 16-bit 8086 processor, which could go to clock speeds of 10, 8, and 5 MHz.</p><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%91%E2%80%8D%F0%9F%A4%9D%E2%80%8D%F0%9F%A7%91-fossverse-corner">&#x1F9D1;&#x200D;&#x1F91D;&#x200D;&#x1F9D1; FOSSverse corner</h2><p>Our pro FOSSer ernie <a href="https://itsfoss.community/t/new-adventure-challenges-i-overcame/12163?ref=itsfoss.com">shares</a> how Garuda Linux is his new favorite, with a handy tutorial to go along with it.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.community/t/new-adventure-challenges-i-overcame/12163?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">New Adventure, Challenges I overcame</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">I think my new favorite GNU/Linux distribution is Garuda, with either KDE/Plasma, or XFCE desktop environments running. Recently, I embarked on the adventure of installing Windows 11 in a QEMU/KVM virtual machine. I completed the steps in this tutorial. Note that you must complete the steps in the first hyperlinked article to satisfy the requirements enumerated at the beginning of the tutorial. The tutorial assumes that you will be using the graphical &#x2018;Virtual Machine Manager&#x2019; app to create and&#x2026;</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/optimized/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c_2_180x180.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS Community</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">ernie</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/original/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.24: Pironman, VLC Tips, Amber Lang and 12 Years of It&apos;s FOSS"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%E2%9D%A4%EF%B8%8F-with-love">&#x2764;&#xFE0F; With love</h2><p><strong>Share it with your Linux-using friends</strong>&#xA0;and encourage them to subscribe (hint:&#xA0;<a href="https://itsfoss.com/newsletter/">it&apos;s here</a>).</p><p>Share the articles in Linux Subreddits and community forums.</p><p><a href="https://news.google.com/publications/CAAiENHoh-T8yP9Q8Qywor2dwGkqFAgKIhDR6Ifk_Mj_UPEMsKK9ncBp?ref=itsfoss.com">Follow us on Google News</a>&#xA0;and stay updated in your News feed.</p><p>Opt for&#xA0;<a href="https://itsfoss.com/membership">It&apos;s FOSS Plus membership</a>&#xA0;and support us &#x1F64F;</p><p>Enjoy using Linux &#x1F604;</p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[How to Test Microphone on Ubuntu?]]></title><description><![CDATA[Three easy methods to test the microphone on Ubuntu.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/ubuntu-test-microphone/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">66432cf1618ef9a220bf39d3</guid><category><![CDATA[Tutorial]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Ankush Das]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Thu, 13 Jun 2024 11:04:32 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/how-to-test-mic-in-ubuntu.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/how-to-test-mic-in-ubuntu.png" alt="How to Test Microphone on Ubuntu?"><p>You have a microphone input connected to your Ubuntu system. But, before you hop on to that video call or conference call, you want to make sure that it works and detects input?</p><p>Well, that is a good way to ensure you are prepared. So, how do you test the microphone on Ubuntu? Can you listen to what you say, and evaluate if it sounds good enough? How do you know that it works and takes an input at the very least?</p><p>Fret not, there are a couple of ways with which you can test the microphone. Let me highlight the easiest ones here.</p><h2 id="check-the-sound-settings-for-input-activity">Check The Sound Settings for Input Activity</h2><p>If you would rather not hear yourself, and all you want to know if the microphone takes an input (and is actively working), you can head to the &#x201C;<strong>Sound</strong>&#x201D; settings on Ubuntu. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/mic-activity-ubuntu-1.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Test Microphone on Ubuntu?" loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1638" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/mic-activity-ubuntu-1.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/05/mic-activity-ubuntu-1.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/05/mic-activity-ubuntu-1.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/mic-activity-ubuntu-1.png 2198w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Here, you should find an activity indicator (visually, it will look different on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS and Ubuntu 24.04 LTS). But, it does the same job.</p><p>Just speak in to your mic, if you see correct levels of activity, you are good to go. And, in case you do not see the correct input device highlighted, click on the dropdown menu in the input section to select the right one.</p><p>Sometimes, just re-connecting the mic makes it show up here. So, you can do that as well.</p><p>If you want something more meaningful, where you get to hear yourself, you can try installing a tool, like <strong>Audacity</strong>.</p><h2 id="testing-microphone-using-audacity">Testing Microphone Using Audacity</h2><p>Audacity is a free and open-source audio editor (with a few DAW-like features), you can get it installed from the software center (or app center).</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/audacity.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Test Microphone on Ubuntu?" loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1298" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/audacity.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/05/audacity.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/05/audacity.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w2400/2024/05/audacity.png 2400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Once you have it installed, follow the steps below:</p><ol><li>Launch the Audacity app.</li><li>Click on the &quot;<strong>Red</strong>&quot; button to start recording.</li><li>Once you record something (and you see some waves in the visual), stop it, and play it back to hear it. This is how it should look when you have a recording:</li></ol><figure class="kg-card kg-video-card kg-width-regular" data-kg-thumbnail="https://itsfoss.com/content/media/2024/05/audacity-playback_thumb.jpg" data-kg-custom-thumbnail>
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  99.        </figure><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-green"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4A1;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">While you should find your default input device (mic) active for every application, you can always configure and change it individually within the application. </div></div><h2 id="testing-microphone-using-the-command-line">Testing Microphone Using the Command Line</h2><p>If you would rather not install any application, and want to use the terminal, you can easily do that as well.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/mic-input-terminal.png" class="kg-image" alt="How to Test Microphone on Ubuntu?" loading="lazy" width="1732" height="1258" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/mic-input-terminal.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/05/mic-input-terminal.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/05/mic-input-terminal.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/mic-input-terminal.png 1732w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>First, check if your device is listed among the capture hardware devices with this command:</p><pre><code>arecord -l</code></pre><p>If it is visible (<em>mine says &quot;HyperX QuadCast S&quot;</em>), you can initiate a sound check with the following command:</p><pre><code>arecord -f S16_LE -d 10 -r 16000 -B 1 | aplay</code></pre><p>This will take input from your microphone, and play it to you back in real-time. No recording involved. You should be able to hear yourself after you enter the above command. Once done, you can hit <code>CTRL + C</code> and exit the command.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4CB;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">If you have any application running that uses the microphone input, the command will say that the resource is unavailable/locked. So, you must close any application that could be using the mic.</div></div><h2 id="troubleshooting-tips">Troubleshooting Tips</h2><p>If your system does not detect your mic, or you get no input data to the mic listed, you will have to be a bit patient to troubleshoot things.</p><p>The most common trick that I mentioned above is to just re-plug the device. If you have already tried that with no luck, here are a few pointers:</p><ul><li>For Ubuntu 22.04 LTS or older, you will have PulseAudio as the server. I recommend installing <code>pavucontrol</code> from the repositories, and try changing the input/output configuration.</li><li>Sometimes it is an app-specific issue. Check your app configuration (under preferences/audio settings) to find a potential fix.</li><li>You should make sure that the mic works, if it is brand new (or ancient), it would be a good idea to test if it works on a spare system on a different platform. So, you don&apos;t waste countless hours fixing what&apos;s already broken.</li><li>Update your system if you haven&apos;t.</li><li>If you think you have tried everything, you can head to forums like <a href="https://askubuntu.com/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Ask Ubuntu</a>, <a href="https://ubuntuforums.org/index.php?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Ubuntu Forums</a>, or <a href="https://itsfoss.community/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">It&apos;s FOSS community</a> to ask/look for solutions to your problem.</li></ul><p>&#x1F4AC;<em> How do you prefer to test your mic on Linux? Do you prefer installing a tool to help or use the terminal? Let me know in the comments down below!</em></p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used]]></title><description><![CDATA[It's a cooling case with RGB lighting but it turns your Raspberry Pi into a mini PC.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/pironman-5-review/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">66696ef2b4ad0522231db5de</guid><category><![CDATA[Gadgets πŸŽ›οΈ]]></category><category><![CDATA[Review]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Wed, 12 Jun 2024 16:49:23 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5.png" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used"><p>I am not exaggerating when I say that this is the coolest Raspberry Pi accessory I ever used or even seen.</p><p>That&apos;s not because it has a tower cooler with two RGB fans. I mean that&apos;s also a factor but not the only factor here.</p><p>At first look, <a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/products/pironman-5-nvme-m-2-ssd-pcie-mini-pc-case-for-raspberry-pi-5?ref=itsfoss" rel="noreferrer">SunFounder&apos;s Pironman 5</a> looks like a transparent Raspberry 5 case with an active cooler but it is much more than that. It actually turns your single board computer into a mini PC.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-feature-image.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" loading="lazy" width="1200" height="900" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman5-feature-image.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pironman5-feature-image.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-feature-image.jpg 1200w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Let me share more details about this awesome gadget and my experience with it.</p><h2 id="pironman-5-features-more-than-just-a-raspberry-pi-case">Pironman 5 Features: More than just a Raspberry Pi case</h2><p>Let&apos;s see its features and specifications first.</p><p>The Pironman 5 has a part aluminum, part acrylic casing that gives it the feel of a gaming PC in miniature form.</p><p>Of course, the tower cooler and the two RGB fans seems the most attractive visible part of it but there is more to it.</p><p>It enhances the capabilities of your Pi 5 by providing two standard HDMI ports (Pi 5 has micro HDMI slots) and adding NVMe M.2 SSD support.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5-features.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" loading="lazy" width="700" height="700" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman-5-features.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5-features.jpg 700w"></figure><p>On the outer, you have a 0.96&quot; OLED screen that shows the current CPU and RAM usage, CPU temperature, disk storage, and the Pi&apos;s IP address. How cool is that &#x1F60D;</p><p>All the ports you get in your Pi remain accessible from outside the case. The TF card slot, GPIO pins, USB ports, power outlet, etc. It also gives you a power button on the front.</p><p>Now that you know what it does, let me share my experience with it so far.</p><h2 id="getting-pironman-5-ready">Getting Pironman 5 ready</h2><p>Like most of the SunFounder&apos;s gadgets and accessories, Pironman is also a DIY assembly kit. This means that you&apos;ll be getting all the parts and screws and you have to put it together.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-2--1-.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" loading="lazy" width="1200" height="900" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-2--1-.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-2--1-.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-2--1-.jpg 1200w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>At the time of writing this article, there is no official video for Pironman 5 assembly. However, the assembly diagram was more than sufficient for me. Considering that I already experienced their <a href="https://itsfoss.com/raspberry-pi-dog-review/">Pi Dog</a> and <a href="https://itsfoss.com/galaxy-rover/">Galaxy Rover</a> kit, this assembly was a walk in the park. It took me around 40 minutes to assemble it.</p><p>It should not be complicated for most people I believe. If you can assemble Ikea furniture, you could do this one as well. It&apos;s similar but tiny.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-11.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" loading="lazy" width="1200" height="900" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-11.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-11.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-assembly-11.jpg 1200w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>The glass-like transparent display is actually acrylic and I roughed it up a little against the desk and so it has some scratch marks. They are not visible easily but my OCD can spot them from any corner of the room.</p><p>Pironman 5 also has a <a href="https://docs.sunfounder.com/projects/pironman5/en/latest/index.html?ref=itsfoss.com">dedicated document portal</a> which is essential. Why? I tell you in the next section.</p><h2 id="post-assembly-setup-and-configuration">Post assembly setup and configuration</h2><p>When I turned on the Pi inside the Pironman for the first time, I noticed that the OLED screen was not displaying anything. I started doubting the ability of my fat fingers in successfully assemble the kit.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-display.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" loading="lazy" width="1439" height="1163" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman-display.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pironman-display.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-display.jpg 1439w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">The OLED requires additional packages from SunFounder</span></figcaption></figure><p>It was only when I was reading the document portal that I realized that a couple of software setups remained. </p><p>SunFounder provides a <a href="https://docs.sunfounder.com/projects/pironman5/en/latest/set_up_pironman5.html?ref=itsfoss.com#downloading-and-installing-the-pironman5-module">pironman Python module</a> that helps you get the stats on the OLED. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-oled-display.webp" class="kg-image" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" loading="lazy" width="1500" height="1125" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman5-oled-display.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pironman5-oled-display.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman5-oled-display.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Small OLED display to show system resources, CPU temp and IP address</span></figcaption></figure><p>Not only that, you can also configure and control the RGB lighting and fan behavior through it.</p><p>By default, there is a blue light in breathing mode. The RGB fans run when the CPU hits 60 degrees Celsius but that was not happening with Tower Cooler doing a good job of reducing the SoC temperature.</p><p>So, I changed the config and made the RGB fans run at 50 degrees. They look cool after all. The RGB lighting should be synced between the two fans. However, I noticed a slight delay of a second. I&apos;ll see if that can be fixed.</p><p>The RGB lighting and OLED remain on when the Pi is shut down. The documentation mentioned additional steps to deactivate the GPIO power to tackle it.</p><h2 id="my-experience-with-the-pironman-5">My experience with the Pironman 5</h2><p>I was using the official Raspberry Pi 5 active cooler earlier and it did a decent job of keeping the Pi 5 cool.</p><p>Although I didn&apos;t do any benchmarking tests, I feel that Pironman does a better job of keeping the CPU temperature down. That&apos;s the important part, right?</p><p>The fan noise is not that noticeable, primarily because the temperature remains well under control, and hence, the fans don&apos;t run at full speed.</p><p>I have attached an NVMe SSD, which is working as additional storage for now. I will experiment by running the Raspberry Pi OS directly from the SSD.</p><p>The small OLED display is also helpful. If you are running a homelab setup where Pi runs without a dedicated monitor, you can easily see what IP it is using and how much system resources are consumed.</p><p>Pironman also has a browser-based dashboard, available at port number 34001. It allows you to see the system stats. You can even plot graphs with those stats. It also allows changing the Pironman configuration. I used it for lowering the threshold for RGB fans.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-gallery-card kg-width-wide"><div class="kg-gallery-container"><div class="kg-gallery-row"><div class="kg-gallery-image"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard.png" width="1920" height="1080" loading="lazy" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard.png 1920w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></div><div class="kg-gallery-image"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard-graph-1.png" width="1920" height="1080" loading="lazy" alt="This is the Coolest Raspberry Pi 5 Accessory I have Ever Used" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard-graph-1.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard-graph-1.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard-graph-1.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5-dashboard-graph-1.png 1920w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></div></div></div></figure><p>The power button on the front needs to be pressed twice in quick succession to initiate an immediate shutdown. Single press brings the shutdown menu. </p><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>I shared teaser videos on social media platforms. Most people liked Pironman. A few people didn&apos;t like the concept of turning the Pi into a mini PC like this. </p><p>I think that&apos;s subjective. Pironman keeps my Raspberry Pi 5 cool and makes it look cool. I like that. The ability to use standard HDMI and SSD is definitely a plus.</p><p>Overall, I am liking the enhanced Raspberry Pi 5 experience with the Pironman 5. I highly recommend it if you are <a href="https://itsfoss.com/raspberry-pi-5-review/">planning to use your Raspberry Pi 5 as a desktop</a> and if you can afford it.</p><p>Pironman 5 is priced at $79.99, which is reasonable for the features it offers. I have seen regular tower cooler cases in a similar price range. This one additionally provides standard HDMI and SSD abilities. <strong>Note that it doesn&apos;t include a Pi 5</strong>. You have to own that separately.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/products/pironman-5-nvme-m-2-ssd-pcie-mini-pc-case-for-raspberry-pi-5?ref=itsfoss" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Explore Pironman 5</a></div><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-red"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F6A7;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">There is also a <a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/products/raspberry-pi-4-case?ref=itsfoss" rel="noreferrer">Pironman 4 for Raspberry Pi 4</a>. It has similar but not exact the same look and features as the Pironman 5. And they are not compatible with each other. So ensure that you are getting the correct Pironman for your Raspberry Pi.</div></div>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features]]></title><description><![CDATA[These are the browsers on Linux getting buffed with AI features. Yay or nay?]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/ai-browsers/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">665eecfb2abbac058e0141c3</guid><category><![CDATA[AI πŸ€–]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Community]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Mon, 10 Jun 2024 05:44:27 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/best-ai-browsers-for-linuix.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/best-ai-browsers-for-linuix.png" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"><p>A good web browser is one that is stable, safe, and easy to use. An even better web browser is one that has AI implemented in it, giving it more useful features.</p><p>But how will AI help your browsing experience?&#xA0;</p><p>While there are many benefits, the most important of them all is &#x2014; <strong>the way it will save your time</strong>. AI-powered features can make things easy, and speed up your workflow.</p><p>I know, I know, some of you hate the concept of AI in your favorite apps &#x1F614; And, I don&apos;t blame you. But, we can&apos;t dismiss some benefits of having AI-powered features on our browser. </p><p>So, for users who want that, this list is for you &#x1F60A;</p><p>Here, I highlight the five best web browsers that feature some sort of AI in them.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-yellow"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x270B;</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Non-FOSS Warning!</strong></b> Some of the applications mentioned here are not open source. They have been included in the context of Linux usage.</div></div><h2 id="1-brave-browser">1. Brave Browser</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_f7e17ec1.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features" loading="lazy" width="1050" height="748" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_f7e17ec1.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_f7e17ec1.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_f7e17ec1.jpg 1050w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Brave is a popular open-source open web browser that is built on the chromium project, making it compatible with most chrome extensions. </p><p>When it comes to AI, the browser comes with an assistant named <a href="https://brave.com/leo/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Leo</a>, which offers many features. Leo can summarize webpages, and can <strong>get you insights from PDFs, DOCs and more</strong>. However, my primary reason for putting Brave on the list, is the fact that Leo is a brave-hosted model (they don&apos;t rely on any third-party) and it does not retain any information you provide it with. Not to forget, you do not need to sign in.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/C0-tls4U5Rw?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Introducing Leo: Brave&#x2019;s New AI Assistant"></iframe></figure><p>The AI is free for everyone; However, paying will get you additional models, faster responses and early access to new features.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://brave.com/leo/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Brave</a></div><h2 id="2-opera-one">2. Opera One&#xA0;</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_105db7de.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features" loading="lazy" width="1214" height="768" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_105db7de.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_105db7de.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.27.55_105db7de.jpg 1214w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Opera has been around forever. Their latest browser, Opera One, is a combination of fluid UI with smart AI, along with free VPN and ad-blockers.</p><p>Its integrated AI i.e, Aria is based on several popular LLMs like Google&apos;s PaLM or Generative Pre-trained Transformer built by OpenAI. Aria can help you with <strong>writing an email, make a social media post</strong> and summarize all sorts of content. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/5o86UP3wzgM?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Opera - The A.I. Browser"></iframe></figure><p>Additionally, Aria can also help you generate creative ideas, find synonyms and just make your content more refined. The browser also makes it straightforward to access this assistant at any point of time using <strong>CTRL + /.</strong></p><p>Aria is completely free to use and can be accessed by all users alike.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.opera.com/features/aria?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Opera</a></div><h2 id="3-microsoft-edge"><strong>3. Microsoft Edge</strong></h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.34.36_4272dc46.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features" loading="lazy" width="1214" height="768" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.34.36_4272dc46.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.34.36_4272dc46.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/WhatsApp-Image-2024-06-04-at-18.34.36_4272dc46.jpg 1214w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>While it might seem a little ironic to use a <a href="https://itsfoss.com/microsoft-edge-linux/" rel="noreferrer">Microsoft browser on Linux</a>, I can&#x2019;t help but notice that Edge offers too many features to ignore.</p><p>Microsoft&apos;s integrated AI, Copilot, does not just summarize your content. It can help you <strong>compare products, organize your tabs, improve images</strong> and get specific answers based on screenshots. Moreover, the browser allows you to transform your words into a browser theme using AI, and It can also read aloud any form of content. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/JHB0UfP-_2I?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Shop smarter with AI-powered Microsoft Edge"></iframe></figure><p>While Copilot is free for the most part, paying a fee of <strong>$20/user/month</strong> can help you access its features in other Microsoft apps (Excel, Word, PowerPoint). It will also generate faster and more accurate responses.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/edge/download?form=MA13FJ&amp;ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Microsoft Edge</a></div><p><strong>Suggested Read &#x1F4D6;</strong></p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/microsoft-edge-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Install Microsoft Edge Browser on Ubuntu and Other Linux</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Microsoft has overhauled its Edge web browser which is now based on the open source Chromium browser. And the stable version is finally available on Linux.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/wordpress/2019/11/microsoft_edge-browser_linux.jpg" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"></div></a></figure><h2 id="4-wavebox-non-foss"><strong>4. Wavebox (Non-FOSS)</strong></h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/wavebox-trial.png" class="kg-image" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features" loading="lazy" width="1400" height="849" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/wavebox-trial.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/wavebox-trial.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/wavebox-trial.png 1400w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Wavebox is a Chromium-based browser that focuses on improving productivity.</p><p>Wavebox boasts its OpenAI assistant, &apos;Brainbox&apos; and its ResembleAI feature. Brainbox can help you come up with the answers you are looking for. Moreover, you can customize Brainbox&apos;s skills using a simple layout. On the other hand, ResembleAI is a real-time speech-to-speech software that helps you clone your voice and provides you with assistance. </p><p>Unfortunately, Brainbox and ResembleAI are only available in Wavebox&apos;s paid, pro versions. However, you can access it for a 7-day trial period for free. The user experience was pretty sleek (but a bit heavy on resources).</p><p>It&apos;s paid + it is not open-source, I am sure, a lot of you hate it already &#x1F605;  But, let&apos;s appreciate the fact that they offer it for Linux, despite their niche target on the use-case of the browser. Hence, I decided to list it as an interesting addition to try.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://wavebox.io/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Wavebox</a></div><h2 id="5-pinokio-browser"><strong>5. Pinokio Browser</strong></h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pinokio-discover-page-screen.png" class="kg-image" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features" loading="lazy" width="1200" height="898" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pinokio-discover-page-screen.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pinokio-discover-page-screen.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pinokio-discover-page-screen.png 1200w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>&apos;<em>Pinokio is a browser that lets you install, run, and programmatically control ANY application, automatically.</em>&apos;, is how they describe themselves, and they could not be any more accurate. </p><p>Pinokio browser is not your traditional browser with a built-in AI. Instead, it offers you with many scripts, that you can install within the browser and use to interact with AI. &apos;SillyTavern&apos; for example, is a verified script that helps you interact with text generation AIs (LLMs) to chat and roleplay. </p><p>Pinokio is completely free for all. </p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://pinokio.computer/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Pinokio AI Browser</a></div><p><strong>Suggested Read &#x1F4D6;</strong></p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/install-ai-apps-pinokio-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">I Installed AI Apps in a Single Click on My Linux System With Pinokio</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">You can also install AI apps in one-click with Pinokio AI browser.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/ai-generated-penguine-feat.png" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"></div></a></figure><h2 id="wrapping-up"><strong>Wrapping Up</strong></h2><p>AI integration in almost everything we use is inevitable. Web browsers will also evolve with these AI features.</p><p>Maybe, we will have Mozilla add some AI features to stay relevant, who knows? </p><p>If you are experimental and have a system with Nvidia or AMD GPU, <a href="https://itsfoss.com/ollama-setup-linux/">you can run AI locally with Ollama on Linux</a> and then <a href="https://github.com/n4ze3m/page-assist?ref=itsfoss.com">use an extension like Page Assist</a>.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/ollama-setup-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Running AI Locally Using Ollama on Ubuntu Linux</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Running AI locally on Linux because open source empowers us to do so.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/run-ai-locally-in-linux-using-ollama.png" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"></div></a></figure><p>&#x1F4AC;<em> Do you use AI features on your web browser? If so, what do you use it for? Let us know your thoughts in the comments below!</em></p>
  100. <!--kg-card-begin: html-->
  101. <h3 id="Swayam"><u>Author Info</u></h3>
  102. <section>
  103. <figure style="float: left; width: 20%; margin-left: 0px; margin-right: 15px;">
  104. <img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/swayam-sai-das-1.jpg" alt="5 Web Browsers for Linux That Have AI Features"></figure>
  105. <p>Swayam Sai Das is a student exploring the realms of Linux as an <b>Intern Writer</b> at It&apos;s FOSS. He is dedicated, when trying to push ranks in FPS games and enjoys reading literature classics in an attempt of putting on an academic facade.
  106. </p></section>
  107.  
  108. <!--kg-card-end: html-->
  109. ]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro]]></title><description><![CDATA[Why move the mouse when you can do it with a few key combinations?]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/vlc-shortcuts/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">663a519e618ef9a220be7583</guid><category><![CDATA[VLC]]></category><category><![CDATA[Tips πŸ’‘]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Sreenath]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Fri, 07 Jun 2024 10:22:27 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/vlc-keyboard-shortcuts.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/vlc-keyboard-shortcuts.png" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro"><p>VLC is a powerful open-source media player, known for its support for supporting an extensive range of audio and video formats.</p><p>Although VLC is more than just a media player, it is still popular for playing local media on the system.</p><p>Using keyboard shortcuts make things a lot easier in any tool and VLC is no different.</p><p>Here, we will examine some of the common keyboard shortcuts that are helpful while using VLC.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/VLC-Shortcuts-cheatsheet.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro" loading="lazy" width="1920" height="1080" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/VLC-Shortcuts-cheatsheet.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/VLC-Shortcuts-cheatsheet.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/VLC-Shortcuts-cheatsheet.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/VLC-Shortcuts-cheatsheet.png 1920w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><h2 id="pause-and-play">Pause and play</h2><p>In order to pause any media, you can press the <strong>Space</strong> key. Similarly, press the <strong>Space</strong> key to resume playback.</p><table>
  110. <thead>
  111. <tr>
  112. <th>Function</th>
  113. <th>Shortcut</th>
  114. </tr>
  115. </thead>
  116. <tbody>
  117. <tr>
  118. <td>Pause/Resume</td>
  119. <td>Space</td>
  120. </tr>
  121. </tbody>
  122. </table>
  123. <h2 id="control-volume">Control Volume</h2><p>Most system provide a volume slider on the top panel, where we can adjust it by scrolling over it. In VLC, there is a volume button for the purpose.</p><p>Comparing these methods, it is easier to use the keyboard shortcut:</p><table>
  124. <thead>
  125. <tr>
  126. <th>Function</th>
  127. <th>Shortcut</th>
  128. </tr>
  129. </thead>
  130. <tbody>
  131. <tr>
  132. <td>Volume Up</td>
  133. <td>CTRL + Up Arrow Key</td>
  134. </tr>
  135. <tr>
  136. <td>Volume Down</td>
  137. <td>CTRL + Down Arrow Key</td>
  138. </tr>
  139. </tbody>
  140. </table>
  141. <h2 id="mute-and-unmute">Mute and Unmute</h2><p>During media playback, use the <strong>M</strong> key to mute. Press <strong>M</strong> again to unmute.</p><table>
  142. <thead>
  143. <tr>
  144. <th>Function</th>
  145. <th>Shortcut</th>
  146. </tr>
  147. </thead>
  148. <tbody>
  149. <tr>
  150. <td>Mute/Unmute</td>
  151. <td>M</td>
  152. </tr>
  153. </tbody>
  154. </table>
  155. <h2 id="move-forward-or-backward">Move forward or backward</h2><p>Want to move a bit forward or backward while playing a media? better to remember the shortcut! VLC allows several levels of movement, through which you can fine control the time you are skipping.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-green"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4A1;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">You can use the <b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">E</strong></b> key to move one frame forward. This is useful, if you want to take a perfect snapshot of a frame.</div></div><p>It is pretty easy to remember these shortcuts, as we use the Right arrow key to move forward and Left to move backwards. As per context, the additional key changes.</p><table>
  156. <thead>
  157. <tr>
  158. <th>Function</th>
  159. <th>Shortcut</th>
  160. </tr>
  161. </thead>
  162. <tbody>
  163. <tr>
  164. <td>A Very Short backward/forward movement. (3 seconds)</td>
  165. <td>SHIFT + Left/Right</td>
  166. </tr>
  167. <tr>
  168. <td>Short backward/forward movement (10 seconds)</td>
  169. <td>ALT + Left/Right</td>
  170. </tr>
  171. <tr>
  172. <td>Medium backward/forward (60 seconds)</td>
  173. <td>CTRL + Left/Right</td>
  174. </tr>
  175. <tr>
  176. <td>Long backward/forward (300 seconds)</td>
  177. <td>CTRL + ALT +Left/Right</td>
  178. </tr>
  179. </tbody>
  180. </table>
  181. <div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-red"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F6A7;</div><div class="kg-callout-text"><b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">CTRL + ALT + Left/Right </strong></b>in GNOME is used to change workspaces.</div></div><h3 id="change-the-jump-size">Change the jump size</h3><p>You can change the forward and backward jump size. First, go to <strong>Tools &#x2192; Preferences</strong>.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro" loading="lazy" width="1139" height="684" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences.png 1139w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Select Preferences</span></figcaption></figure><p>Here, change the settings mode from Simple to All. This will bring you to advanced settings.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/select-all-for-advaced-settings-2.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro" loading="lazy" width="858" height="794" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/select-all-for-advaced-settings-2.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/select-all-for-advaced-settings-2.png 858w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Select </span><b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">All</strong></b><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;"> for Advanced Settings</span></figcaption></figure><p>In the new advanced settings, go to <strong>Interface &#x2192;Hotkeys</strong> settings. There, you can find the option to adjust navigation lengths. Set it according to your need.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/change-jump-sizes-in-vlc.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro" loading="lazy" width="858" height="793" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/change-jump-sizes-in-vlc.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/change-jump-sizes-in-vlc.png 858w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Change Jump Sizes</span></figcaption></figure><p>Once everything is set, click on Save to confirm the changes.</p><h2 id="go-full-screen">Go full-screen</h2><p>Watch a movie in full-screen? While using VLC, you can press the <strong>F</strong> key to go to full screen.</p><p>Once finished, you can use the <strong>ESC</strong> key to return to windowed mode.</p><table>
  182. <thead>
  183. <tr>
  184. <th>Function</th>
  185. <th>Shortcut</th>
  186. </tr>
  187. </thead>
  188. <tbody>
  189. <tr>
  190. <td>Go full-screen</td>
  191. <td>F</td>
  192. </tr>
  193. <tr>
  194. <td>Exit full-screen</td>
  195. <td>ESC</td>
  196. </tr>
  197. </tbody>
  198. </table>
  199. <div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-green"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4A1;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">While you are in full-screen mode, you can press the <b><strong style="white-space: pre-wrap;">I</strong></b> key to get various controllers.</div></div><h2 id="increasedecrease-the-speed">Increase/decrease the speed</h2><p><a href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-video-speed/" rel="noreferrer">VLC can play your video at different speed rates</a> as you specify. All of those are available through keyboard shortcuts as well.</p><p>Refer to the table below for various speed control shortcuts and their function.</p><table>
  200. <thead>
  201. <tr>
  202. <th>Function</th>
  203. <th>Shortcut</th>
  204. </tr>
  205. </thead>
  206. <tbody>
  207. <tr>
  208. <td>Faster/Slower : 0.5x per key</td>
  209. <td>+ / -</td>
  210. </tr>
  211. <tr>
  212. <td>Fine control speed (faster/slower respectively) : 0.10x per key</td>
  213. <td>] / [</td>
  214. </tr>
  215. <tr>
  216. <td>Normal Rate</td>
  217. <td>=</td>
  218. </tr>
  219. </tbody>
  220. </table>
  221. <h2 id="take-a-snapshot">Take a snapshot</h2><p>Do you want to take a screenshot of the currently playing part of a video? Don&#x2019;t use your system&#x2019;s screenshot tool. Instead, use the VLC snapshot shortcut.</p><table>
  222. <thead>
  223. <tr>
  224. <th>Function</th>
  225. <th>Shortcut</th>
  226. </tr>
  227. </thead>
  228. <tbody>
  229. <tr>
  230. <td>Take a screenshot of the current frame</td>
  231. <td>SHIFT + s</td>
  232. </tr>
  233. </tbody>
  234. </table>
  235. <p>By default, it will save the image to the <code>~/Pictures</code> directory.</p><h2 id="toggle-subtitles">Toggle subtitles</h2><p>In VLC, <a href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-use-subtitles/" rel="noreferrer">if you have set up subtitles</a>, you can toggle them on and off using the shortcut <strong>SHIFT + v</strong>.</p><table>
  236. <thead>
  237. <tr>
  238. <th>Function</th>
  239. <th>Shortcut</th>
  240. </tr>
  241. </thead>
  242. <tbody>
  243. <tr>
  244. <td>Toggle Subtitles</td>
  245. <td>SHIFT + v</td>
  246. </tr>
  247. </tbody>
  248. </table>
  249. <h2 id="sync-subtitles">Sync subtitles</h2><p>If subtitles are a bit out of sync, you can move them forward or backward using these keys:</p><table>
  250. <thead>
  251. <tr>
  252. <th>Function</th>
  253. <th>Shortcut</th>
  254. </tr>
  255. </thead>
  256. <tbody>
  257. <tr>
  258. <td>Delay subtitle</td>
  259. <td>g</td>
  260. </tr>
  261. <tr>
  262. <td>Forward subtitle</td>
  263. <td>h</td>
  264. </tr>
  265. </tbody>
  266. </table>
  267. <h2 id></h2><h2 id="record-a-part-of-video">Record a part of video</h2><p>You can <a href="https://itsfoss.com/vlc-trim-video/" rel="noreferrer">capture a part of the video</a> by recording it using VLC. In order to do the same, first play the video. When the part where you need to start recording comes, use the key <strong>SHIFT + R</strong>. Continue playback and when the end reaches, press the same key combination again.</p><table>
  268. <thead>
  269. <tr>
  270. <th>Function</th>
  271. <th>Shortcut</th>
  272. </tr>
  273. </thead>
  274. <tbody>
  275. <tr>
  276. <td>Start/Stop recording</td>
  277. <td>SHIFT + R</td>
  278. </tr>
  279. </tbody>
  280. </table>
  281. <p>The output will be in .ASF file, which you can convert to MP4 and other formats using VLC itself.</p><h2 id="bonus-keyboard-shortcuts-modifications">Bonus: Keyboard Shortcuts Modifications</h2><p>You can change the default shortcuts to make it more personal. First, open the VLC preferences, by going to <strong>Tools &#x2192; Preferences</strong>.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences-1.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro" loading="lazy" width="1139" height="684" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences-1.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences-1.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/select-vlc-preferences-1.png 1139w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Open VLC Preferences</span></figcaption></figure><p>Inside the window, go to Hotkeys and then double-click on any key shortcut that you want to change. When asked, enter the new key. Click Save to confirm changes.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/change-a-keyboard-shortcut-2.png" class="kg-image" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro" loading="lazy" width="858" height="794" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/05/change-a-keyboard-shortcut-2.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/change-a-keyboard-shortcut-2.png 858w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Change a VLC hotkey</span></figcaption></figure><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>If you love using VLC media player, you&apos;ll love these keyboard shortcuts too, at least some of them.</p><p>If you like them perhaps you&apos;ll like to master more of them.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/ubuntu-shortcuts/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">13 Keyboard Shortcuts Every Ubuntu User Should Know</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Knowing keyboard shortcuts increase your productivity. Here are some useful Ubuntu shortcut keys that will help you use Ubuntu like a pro.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/wordpress/2018/09/ubuntu-keyboard-shortcuts.jpeg" alt="10 VLC Shortcuts to Use it Like a Pro"></div></a></figure><p>&#x1F4AC; Did you find a new favorite VLC shortcut? Which one would it be? Share it in the comments please.</p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft's Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More]]></title><description><![CDATA[Open source to source open. Things have changed.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/newsletter/foss-weekly-24-23/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">665efd152abbac058e01428a</guid><category><![CDATA[Newsletter βœ‰οΈ]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Thu, 06 Jun 2024 04:29:04 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/foss-weekly-24-23.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/foss-weekly-24-23.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><p>A few years back, a reader asked me why there are so many Linux distributions when most of them look similar. I came up with this analogy &#x1F447;</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/what-is-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">What is Linux? Why There are 100&#x2019;s of Linux OS?</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Cannot figure out what is Linux and why there are so many of Linux? This analogy explains things in a simpler manner.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/wordpress/2020/03/too-many-linux-choices.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><p>If you ever find a new Linux user getting confused with this question, please share this article with them.</p><p>Also, It&apos;s FOSS will be turning 12 years next week and I am collecting testimonials. Selected ones will be displayed in a showcase. Please show some appreciation by <a href="https://itsfoss.com/testimonial-submission/">submitting yours here</a>.</p><p><strong>&#x1F4AC; Let&apos;s see what else you get in this edition:</strong></p><ul><li>A new Linux Lite release.</li><li>Generating images using AI on Linux for free.</li><li>Windows Recall is even worse of a privacy nightmare.</li><li>An interesting interview with the founder of SimpleLogin.</li><li>And other Linux news, videos and, of course, memes!</li></ul><h2 id="%E2%9C%A8-crossover-run-supported-windows-software-on-linux">&#x2728; CrossOver: Run supported Windows software on Linux</h2><p>With <a href="https://www.codeweavers.com/?ad=838&amp;ref=itsfoss.com">CrossOver</a>, you can run several, not all, Windows-only software on Linux. Yes, it is like WINE. CrossOver contributes significantly to WINE so you are indirectly supporting WINE development with CrossOver purchase.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://www.codeweavers.com/?ad=838&amp;ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Discover how easy it is to run Windows apps on Mac and Linux with CrossOver.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Don&#x2019;t buy a Windows license, don&#x2019;t reboot or use a virtual machine until you try CrossOver for Mac and Linux. Download a free 14 day trial now and get your Windows apps running on Mac and Linux.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://media.codeweavers.com/pub/crossover/website/images/cw_logo_128.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">CodeWeavers</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Meredith Johnson</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://media.codeweavers.com/pub/crossover/website/images/og-images/og-default.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%93%B0-linux-news">&#x1F4F0; Linux news</h2><ul><li>Internxt has launched a <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/internxt-vpn/?ref=itsfoss.com">free VPN service</a>.</li><li>AI-powered terminal Warp is <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/warp-terminal-linux-arm/?ref=itsfoss.com">now available</a> for Linux ARM.</li><li>You can now generate AI images <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/generate-images-linux-opera-google/?ref=itsfoss.com">for free</a> using Opera on Linux.</li><li>Microsoft&apos;s WSL has <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/wsl-upgrades/?ref=itsfoss.com">new updates</a> that make it easier to use Linux.</li><li>Kdenlive 24.05.0 is here with <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/kdenlive-24-05-release/?ref=itsfoss.com">a focus</a> on social media content creators.</li><li>Linux Lite 7.0 &#x201C;Galena&#x201D; with an Ubuntu 24.04 base was <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/linux-lite-7-0-galena/?ref=itsfoss.com">recently released</a>.</li><li>Rhino Linux has bounced back after reports of developer burnout with a <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/rhino-linux-2024-release/?ref=itsfoss.com">new release</a>.</li></ul><p>Microsoft has <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/microsofts-recall-ai-insecure/?ref=itsfoss.com">messed up</a> big time with their upcoming AI-powered feature called &#x201C;Recall&#x201D;.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/microsofts-recall-ai-insecure/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Microsoft&#x2019;s Recall AI Declared Insecure by Expert Before Launch</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Uh-Oh, Microsoft, it doesn&#x2019;t look like you will be able to earn user&#x2019;s trust with things like this.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sourav Rudra</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/MS-New-Recall-Ai-Feature-Insecure.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><p>We had a very <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/son-simplelogin-proton-interview/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">insightful conversation</a> with Son Nguyen, the founder of SimpleLogin.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/son-simplelogin-proton-interview/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">From SimpleLogin to Proton: Son Nguyen&#x2019;s Journey to Protect Privacy</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">An interview with Son Nguyen, the genius behind SimpleLogin email alias, now working with Proton.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/interview-article-son.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%A0-what-we%E2%80%99re-thinking-about">&#x1F9E0; What we&#x2019;re thinking about</h2><p>What are your thoughts on this <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/open-source-source-available/?ref=itsfoss.com">hotly debated</a> topic?</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/open-source-source-available/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">From Open Source to Source Available: How Things Changed</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Confused? We help you a give you a little clarity on open-source vs source-available.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/open-source-source-available.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%AE-linux-tips-tutorials-and-more">&#x1F9EE; Linux Tips, Tutorials and More</h2><p>Are you familiar with AsciiDoc? If not, this guide can help:</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/asciidoc-guide/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Complete Guide for Using AsciiDoc in Linux</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">This detailed guide discusses the advantages of using AsciiDoc and shows you how to install and use AsciiDoc in Linux.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Sylvain Leroux</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/wordpress/2017/10/asciidoc-tutorial-linux.jpg" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><p>Summer means taking time for some hobbies, like assembling this Arduino-based rover.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/galaxy-rover/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Run Your Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">My summer is going well with these DIY robotics kits.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/galaxy-rvr.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><p>And I share my experience using the Raspberry Pi 5 as a regular computer.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/raspberry-pi-5-review/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Can You Use Raspberry Pi 5 as a Desktop Computer?</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">The short answer is yes. And I am saying that after more than a month of using the Raspberry Pi 5.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/raspberrypi-as-desktop-pc.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%9B%8D%EF%B8%8F-linux-ebook-bundle">&#x1F6CD;&#xFE0F; Linux eBook bundle</h2><p>From the prestigious No Starch Press, a DRM-free eBook bundle covering various aspects of Linux and DevOps. I highly recommend getting it. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://www.humblebundle.com/books/dive-into-dev-ops-no-starch-books?partner=itsfoss&amp;ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Humble Tech Book Bundle: Networking, Sysadmin, and DevOps by No Starch</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">IT pros, this book bundle will get you up to speed with DevOps, teach you Linux tips and tricks, and demystify containerization. Your purchase helps charity!</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://cdn.humblebundle.com/static/hashed/03df0490a53d595fd930f9fff52038366d60a05d.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">Humble Bundle</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://hb.imgix.net/0cdc8072459e5c214ce0dc22c4fb72c32cca3483.jpg?auto=compress,format&amp;h=630&amp;w=1200&amp;s=4c14b2995879f7f7f33f855cb58cbb39" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%93%B9-video-tutorial">&#x1F4F9; Video tutorial</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/DAefcBwVc5I?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Customize GNOME Task Switcher on Linux [And Give it a Different Look]"></iframe></figure><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/@itsfoss?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Subscribe to It&apos;s FOSS YouTube Channel</a></div><hr><h2 id="%E2%9C%A8-project-highlights">&#x2728; Project highlights</h2><p>A <a href="https://news.itsfoss.com/ddg-private-browser/?ref=itsfoss.com">private browser</a> for your Android device is an important privacy tool to have.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://news.itsfoss.com/ddg-private-browser/?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">DDG Private Browser on Android is a Super Privacy Tool That You Didn&#x2019;t Know!</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">The super cool privacy tool for Android.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/08/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS News</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://news.itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/duckduckgo-foss.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><p>This tool lets you <a href="https://itsfoss.com/install-ai-apps-pinokio-linux/">install AI apps</a> effortlessly on Linux.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/install-ai-apps-pinokio-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">I Installed AI Apps in a Single Click on My Linux System With Pinokio</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">You can also install AI apps in one-click with Pinokio AI browser.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/ai-generated-penguine-feat.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%A9-new-quiz">&#x1F9E9; New quiz</h2><p>Can you name them all? &#x1F914;</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/quiz/faces-of-open-source/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Faces of Open Source: Quiz</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Do you know what they&#x2019;re known for? Let&#x2019;s find out.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/open-source-face.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><h2 id="%F0%9F%92%A1-quick-handy-tip">&#x1F4A1; Quick handy tip</h2><p>In file managers, the location bar is editable and supports autocompletion and suggestions.</p><p>First click on the location bar to make it editable, or just press <em>CTRL + L</em> to access the location bar.</p><p>Start typing the address, and if it exists, it will show suggestions in a small dropdown menu. It also respects relative paths.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/file-manager-location-bar-edit.gif" class="kg-image" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More" loading="lazy" width="940" height="516" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/file-manager-location-bar-edit.gif 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/file-manager-location-bar-edit.gif 940w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A4%A3-meme-of-the-week">&#x1F923; Meme of the week</h2><p>Well, the mirror isn&apos;t lying.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/IxgzI9EXPDPF1mkzIRfR-.png" class="kg-image" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More" loading="lazy" width="1080" height="1080" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/IxgzI9EXPDPF1mkzIRfR-.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/IxgzI9EXPDPF1mkzIRfR-.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/IxgzI9EXPDPF1mkzIRfR-.png 1080w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%97%93%EF%B8%8F-tech-trivia">&#x1F5D3;&#xFE0F; Tech Trivia</h2><p>June 1, 1999, was the day when the notorious file sharing service <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napster?ref=itsfoss.com">Napster</a> was released. It became an instant hit, with many users flocking to it to download MP3 files.</p><hr><h2 id="%F0%9F%A7%91%E2%80%8D%F0%9F%A4%9D%E2%80%8D%F0%9F%A7%91-fossverse-corner">&#x1F9D1;&#x200D;&#x1F91D;&#x200D;&#x1F9D1; FOSSverse corner</h2><p>This time, I had <a href="https://itsfoss.community/t/help-its-foss-survive-googles-algorithm-changes-and-ai-overviews/12127?ref=itsfoss.com">a request</a> to convey to my fellow FOSSers.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.community/t/help-its-foss-survive-googles-algorithm-changes-and-ai-overviews/12127?ref=itsfoss.com"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Help It&#x2019;s FOSS Survive Google&#x2019;s Algorithm Changes and AI Overviews</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Hello fellow FOSSers, For the past few months, the world&#x2019;s biggest web search engine, Google, has made several changes to its algorithms. It is pushing AI overview which basically takes content from various websites and displays it in the search results. Google has trained its AI on the website content from all over the world. But they have decided to pay to bigger players like Reddit and StackOverflow, who can sue them. The trouble is that the Google&#x2019;s AI is hallucinating and giving garbage&#x2026;</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/optimized/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c_2_180x180.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS Community</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">abhishek</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.community/uploads/default/original/1X/f274f9749e3fd8b4d6fbae1cf90c5c186d2f699c.png" alt="FOSS Weekly #24.23: Pi 5 as Desktop, Microsoft&apos;s Recall Disaster, Pinokio Browser and More"></div></a></figure><hr><h2 id="%E2%9D%A4%EF%B8%8F-with-love">&#x2764;&#xFE0F; With love</h2><p><strong>Share it with your Linux-using friends</strong>&#xA0;and encourage them to subscribe (hint:&#xA0;<a href="https://itsfoss.com/newsletter/">it&apos;s here</a>).</p><p>Share the articles in Linux Subreddits and community forums.</p><p><a href="https://news.google.com/publications/CAAiENHoh-T8yP9Q8Qywor2dwGkqFAgKIhDR6Ifk_Mj_UPEMsKK9ncBp?ref=itsfoss.com">Follow us on Google News</a>&#xA0;and stay updated in your News feed.</p><p>Opt for&#xA0;<a href="https://itsfoss.com/membership">It&apos;s FOSS Plus membership</a>&#xA0;and support us &#x1F64F;</p><p>Enjoy using Linux &#x1F604;</p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[Can You Use Raspberry Pi 5 as a Desktop Computer?]]></title><description><![CDATA[The short answer is yes. And I am saying that after more than a month of using the Raspberry Pi 5.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/raspberry-pi-5-review/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">666034172abbac058e0146e6</guid><category><![CDATA[Raspberry Pi]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Wed, 05 Jun 2024 12:39:28 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/raspberrypi-as-desktop-pc.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/raspberrypi-as-desktop-pc.png" alt="Can You Use Raspberry Pi 5 as a Desktop Computer?"><p>It&apos;s been several months since Raspberry Pi 5 was first released. I wanted to try it then but getting the latest version of Raspberry Pi has always been tricky.</p><p>So, I shared this problem with Raspberry Pi folks and they were kind enough to send me one.</p><p>But I didn&apos;t start writing a review immediately. I prefer using the devices for a considerable time before sharing my opinion on it.</p><p>And I wanted to use the device as a regular desktop for some time. I mean the Raspberry Pi is not necessarily a low-end device anymore. So why not use it as your regular PC?</p><p>Here&apos;s what I feel about using Pi 5 as a regular computer for the past two months.</p><h2 id="raspberry-pi-5-hardware">Raspberry Pi 5 hardware</h2><p>The Raspberry Pi 5 Kit I received had the following:</p><ul><li>Raspberry Pi 5 8 GB model</li><li>Raspberry Pi keyboard and mouse</li><li>Official power adapter</li><li>Micro HDMI to HDMI cable</li><li>MicroSD card loaded with Raspberry Pi OS</li><li>Official Active Cooler (heatsink and fan)</li></ul><h3 id="official-keyboard-and-mouse-not-needed">Official keyboard and mouse (not needed)</h3><p>While the official keyboard and mouse look cute and blend well with the Raspberry Pi&apos;s red and white branding, I am not a fan of the keyboard.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/raspberry-pi-5-keyboard.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Can You Use Raspberry Pi 5 as a Desktop Computer?" loading="lazy" width="1500" height="1125" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/raspberry-pi-5-keyboard.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/raspberry-pi-5-keyboard.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/raspberry-pi-5-keyboard.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Don&apos;t get me wrong. It&apos;s a decent keyboard for the price tag, but I use a Keychron V6, and it is difficult to have the same feel with non-mechanical keyboards.</p><p>Even if I don&apos;t compare it with a mechanical keyboard, it feels short compared to my Dell keyboard.</p><p>But again, it&apos;s an inexpensive keyboard and doesn&apos;t always come with Pi 5. If you have a regular keyboard at home, you can skip getting the official one.</p><h3 id="official-power-adapter-must-have">Official power adapter (must have)</h3><p>I usually don&apos;t care much about the power adapter with SBCs. They usually work fine with mini-USB or USB-C power adapters that come with smartphones and other devices. My <a href="https://www.armsom.org/sige7?ref=itsfoss.com">Sige7</a> is a beast in specification and works fine with my Galaxy S23 charger.</p><p>But the Pi 5 doesn&apos;t play well with the regular smartphone power adapters. I used my fast charger and Pi 5 started complaining about it. </p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/raspberry-pi-5-power-adapter-issue.png" class="kg-image" alt="Can You Use Raspberry Pi 5 as a Desktop Computer?" loading="lazy" width="883" height="462" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/raspberry-pi-5-power-adapter-issue.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/raspberry-pi-5-power-adapter-issue.png 883w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>It&apos;s a good thing that I got the official power adapter. You should get one, too.</p><h3 id="keeping-the-temperature-in-control-must-have">Keeping the temperature in control (must have)</h3><p>Though I had received the Active Cooler in the package, I started using Pi 5 without it. From my past experience with Pi devices, I knew that it is always better to keep the device cool, one way or another.</p><p>The device heats up quickly, even with a couple of browser tabs open. A heated chip will impact performance and you know it.</p><p>To use the Pi 5 as a desktop, you need to keep the temperature in check. This is where the Active Cooler helped me.</p><p>I <a href="https://itsfoss.com/raspberry-pi-cpu-gpu-temperature/">enabled temperature monitoring on my Pi 5 device</a> and I noticed that the cooler brought the CPU temperature down from 69 degree centigrades to 53 degrees within seconds. I&apos;ll share a video on YouTube about it.</p><p>With the hardware setup done, let&apos;s see how it worked as a regular personal computer.</p><h2 id="experiencing-the-pi-5-as-a-desktop-computer">Experiencing the Pi 5 as a desktop computer</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pi-5-desktop.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Can You Use Raspberry Pi 5 as a Desktop Computer?" loading="lazy" width="1500" height="1125" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/pi-5-desktop.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/pi-5-desktop.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pi-5-desktop.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>Once I had taken care of the heating issue, the next challenge came in the form of browsing the internet.</p><p>Both Firefox and Chromium felt bulky and sluggish. This was especially true with websites with advertisements. With ad-blocker, this issue was mostly solved.</p><p>The default Raspberry Pi OS uses a lightweight PIXEL desktop environment based on LXDE and it does a fair job at that.</p><p>It doesn&apos;t have all the graphical effects you get in GNOME and I feel that it looks a bit outdated but that&apos;s by design. You sacrifice the looks for performance.</p><p>From the alt-tab switcher to pressing the super keys, I missed many GNOME features that I take for granted.</p><p>I used Raspberry Pi for browsing the internet, writing articles and some coding with VS Code. I also added <a href="https://www.seeedstudio.com/Coral-USB-Accelerator-p-2899.html?sensecap_affiliate=YtQVXkS&amp;referring_service=link&amp;ref=itsfoss.com">Coral TPU</a> (partner link) to have some fun with beginner-level AI projects.</p><p>I did notice that the WiFi was a little slow when compared to my TUXEDO or Dell laptops. While I got around 75 Mbps on Pi 5, the other laptops showed over 120 Mbps. It&apos;s not a deal breaker, for sure. </p><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>To conclude, you can use the 8 GB RAM version of Raspberry Pi as a regular desktop computer and use it for browsing the internet, doing some coding, watching online videos and other usual stuff you do on your PC. </p><p>You cannot get the performance of a high-end computer but it gives you a fairly decent experience that can be compared to a i3 processor, mid-end laptop.</p><p>But in any case, you must use a fan and heat sink. Without that, you&apos;ll have a difficult time using the Pi 5 even for simple, less resource-consuming tasks.</p><p>The official Active Cooler is a decent choice. If you can afford $79, you can opt for a better one like <a href="https://itsfoss.com/pironman-5-review/">Pironman 5</a>. It is super cool &#x1F60D;</p><div class="kg-card kg-product-card">
  282.            <div class="kg-product-card-container">
  283.                <img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/pironman-5.webp" width="700" height="700" class="kg-product-card-image" loading="lazy" alt="Can You Use Raspberry Pi 5 as a Desktop Computer?">
  284.                <div class="kg-product-card-title-container">
  285.                    <h4 class="kg-product-card-title"><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Pironman 5 Case With Tower Cooler and Fan</span></h4>
  286.                </div>
  287.                
  288.  
  289.                <div class="kg-product-card-description"><p><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">This dope Raspberry Pi 5 case has a tower cooler and dual RGB fans to keep the device cool. It also extends your Pi 5 with M.2 SSD slot and 2 standard HDMI ports. </span></p></div>
  290.                
  291.                    <a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/products/pironman-5-nvme-m-2-ssd-pcie-mini-pc-case-for-raspberry-pi-5?ref=itsfoss" class="kg-product-card-button kg-product-card-btn-accent" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"><span>Explore Pironman 5</span></a>
  292.                
  293.            </div>
  294.        </div><p>&#x1F5E8;&#xFE0F; Do you use a Raspberry Pi 5? How&apos;s your experience with it?</p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama]]></title><description><![CDATA[Don't want to use the CLI for Ollama for interacting with AI models? Fret not, we have some neat Web UI tools that you can use to make it easy!]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/ollama-web-ui-tools/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">665d97162abbac058e013dd1</guid><category><![CDATA[AI πŸ€–]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Ankush Das]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Wed, 05 Jun 2024 06:49:46 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ollama-web-ui-tools.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ollama-web-ui-tools.png" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama"><p>Ollama is a free and open-source tool that lets users run Large Language Models (LLMs) locally. It makes the AI experience simpler by letting you interact with the LLMs in a hassle-free manner on your machine.</p><p>You can run some of the most popular LLMs and a couple of <a href="https://itsfoss.com/open-source-llms/" rel="noreferrer">open-source LLMs</a> available.</p><p>Unfortunately, it offers a CLI, which may not be everyone&apos;s cup of tea &#x2615; So, you can choose to enhance your experience (and make it easier) by running LLMs locally <strong>using a web user interface</strong>. To accomplish that, you have a few open-source tools that provide a web UI. </p><p>Let me highlight some options here.</p><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-blue"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4CB;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Make sure you have Ollama installed before you try working with the front-end UI. If you do not have Ollama installed, refer to our <a href="https://itsfoss.com/ollama-setup-linux/" rel="noreferrer">Ollama installation guide</a>.</div></div><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/ollama-setup-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">Running AI Locally Using Ollama on Ubuntu Linux</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Running AI locally on Linux because open source empowers us to do so.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/run-ai-locally-in-linux-using-ollama.png" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama"></div></a></figure><h2 id="1-page-assist">1. Page Assist</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/page-assist-extension.png" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="1300" height="713" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/page-assist-extension.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/page-assist-extension.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/page-assist-extension.png 1300w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://github.com/n4ze3m/page-assist?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Page Assist</a> is an interesting <strong>open-source browser extension</strong> that lets you run local AI models. It supports Ollama, and gives you a good amount of control to tweak your experience. You can install it on Chromium-based browsers or Firefox.</p><p>From letting you easily manage the installed models, adding files to analyze or research to be able to enable internet search, it is a convenient way to access LLMs right on your browser.</p><p>You can also decide to share your output with the world using a self-hosted URL (not sure who would want that, but yes).</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/n4ze3m/page-assist?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Page Assist</a></div><h2 id="2-open-webui">2. Open WebUI</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/open_webui_settings-1.png" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="1897" height="918" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/open_webui_settings-1.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/open_webui_settings-1.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/open_webui_settings-1.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/open_webui_settings-1.png 1897w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://github.com/open-webui/open-webui?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Open WebUI</a> is the most <strong>popular and feature-rich solution to get a web UI</strong> for Ollama. The project initially aimed at helping you work with Ollama. But, as it evolved, it wants to be a web UI provider for all kinds of LLM solutions.</p><p>It supports OpenAI-compatible APIs and works entirely offline. You can install it quickly using Docker or Kubernetes. Furthermore, it features a Progressive Web App for mobile, and image generation integrations.</p><p>If you want a web UI for Ollama, I think this is an easy recommendation. However, if you are looking for something different, there are plenty of other options too.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/open-webui/open-webui?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Open WebUI</a></div><h2 id="3-lobe-chat">3. Lobe Chat</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/lobechat-ollama.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="1200" height="451" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/lobechat-ollama.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/lobechat-ollama.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/lobechat-ollama.jpg 1200w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://github.com/lobehub/lobe-chat/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Lobe Chat</a> is a local and privacy-focused ChatGPT-like UI framework.</p><p>You can deploy your private Ollama chat application using Lobe Chat, and it should look pretty sleek. <strong>It is also available as a one-click script</strong> if you use Pinokio, the AI browser.</p><p>Lobe Chat also supports voice conversations and text-to-image generation. Furthermore, you can enhance its capabilities using plugins. It features support for Progressive Web App as well.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/lobehub/lobe-chat/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Lobe Chat</a></div><p><strong>Suggested Read &#x1F4D6;</strong></p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/install-ai-apps-pinokio-linux/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">I Installed AI Apps in a Single Click on My Linux System With Pinokio</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">You can also install AI apps in one-click with Pinokio AI browser.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/ai-generated-penguine-feat.png" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama"></div></a></figure><h2 id="4-text-generation-web-ui">4. Text Generation Web UI</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/text-generation-ui.png" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="1920" height="1080" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/text-generation-ui.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/text-generation-ui.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/text-generation-ui.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/text-generation-ui.png 1920w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>A web UI that focuses entirely on text generation capabilities, built using <strong>Gradio</strong> library, an open-source Python package to help build web UIs for machine learning models.</p><p><a href="https://github.com/oobabooga/text-generation-webui?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Text Generation Web UI</a> features three different interface styles, a traditional chat like mode, a two-column mode, and a notebook-style model. You get OpenAI compatible model support and transformers library integration.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/oobabooga/text-generation-webui?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Text Generation Web UI</a></div><h2 id="5-ollama-ui">5. Ollama UI</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ollama-ui.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="2000" height="953" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/ollama-ui.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/ollama-ui.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/ollama-ui.jpg 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ollama-ui.jpg 2274w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>If you do not need anything fancy, or special integration support, but more of a bare-bones experience with an accessible web UI, <a href="https://github.com/ollama-ui/ollama-ui?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Ollama UI</a> is the one.</p><p>It is <strong>a simple HTML-based UI</strong> that lets you use Ollama on your browser. <strong>You also get a Chrome extension</strong> to use it. As you can see in the screenshot, you get a simple dropdown option to select the model you want to use, and that&apos;s it.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/ollama-ui/ollama-ui?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Ollama UI</a></div><h2 id="6-ollama-gui">6. Ollama GUI</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/ollama-gui-1.png" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="517" height="600"></figure><p>While all the others let you access Ollama and other LLMs irrespective of the platform (on your browser), <a href="https://github.com/enoch1118/ollamaGUI?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Ollama GUI</a> is an app for macOS users.</p><p>The app is free and open-source, <strong>built using SwiftUI framework, </strong>it looks pretty, which is why I didn&apos;t hesitate to add to the list. </p><p>Yes, it may not be a web UI tool that lets you access the model from your phone or any browser, but it is a feasible option for macOS users.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/enoch1118/ollamaGUI?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Ollama GUI</a></div><h2 id="7-lord-of-llms-web-ui">7. Lord of LLMs Web UI</h2><p>A pretty descriptive name, a.k.a., <a href="https://github.com/ParisNeo/lollms-webui?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">LoLLMs Web UI</a> is a decently popular solution for LLMs that includes support for Ollama.</p><p>It supports a range of <strong>abilities that include text generation, image generation, music generation, and more</strong>. You can integrate it with the GitHub repository for quick access and choose from the different personalities offered.</p><p>You can set it up on Linux using the automatic installation script, and that&apos;sprovide-a- an easy to way to get started with it.</p><h2 id="8-librechat">8. LibreChat</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="113" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/YLVUW5UP9N0?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="LibreChat - Enhanced ChatGPT Clone | v0.7.2 Update: @Mentions, Forks, Advanced Global Presets &amp; More"></iframe></figure><p><a href="https://github.com/danny-avila/LibreChat?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">LibreChat</a> is an <a href="https://itsfoss.com/open-source-chatgpt-alternatives/" rel="noreferrer">open-source ChatGPT alternative</a> that you can deploy locally or in the cloud.</p><p>It is compatible with Ollama. You can use <a href="https://itsfoss.com/open-source-llms/" rel="noreferrer">open-source LLMs</a> and popular proprietary models like Google Vertex AI, ChatGPT, and more. It is tailored to be a ChatGPT clone, so you will not find anything unique about the UI offered. But, for some, the familiarity of the UI can help you navigate things better.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/danny-avila/LibreChat?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">LibreChat</a></div><p><strong>Suggested Read &#x1F4D6;</strong></p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/open-source-chatgpt-alternatives/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">13 Best Open Source ChatGPT Alternatives</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Looking for open-source ChatGPT alternatives? We curated some of the best ones for you to take a look at.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Ankush Das</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/01/chatgpt-alternatives.png" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama"></div></a></figure><h2 id="9-minimal-llm-ui">9. Minimal LLM UI</h2><p>Want something basic but capable? </p><p><a href="https://github.com/richawo/minimal-llm-ui?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Minimal LLM UI</a> is an unusual option that provides <strong>a web UI for Ollama using </strong><a href="https://react.dev/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer"><strong>React</strong></a>, aiming to provide you with a clean and modern design.</p><p>You can switch between LLMs, and save your conversation locally using a database.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/richawo/minimal-llm-ui?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Minimal LLM UI</a></div><h2 id="10-enchanted">10. Enchanted</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-embed-card"><iframe width="200" height="150" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/zW3roZ_vM5Q?feature=oembed" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; web-share" referrerpolicy="strict-origin-when-cross-origin" allowfullscreen title="Enchanted v1.4.3"></iframe></figure><p><a href="https://github.com/AugustDev/enchanted?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Enchanted</a> is an open-source app that lets you connect to your private models, compatible with Ollama to get a <strong>seamless experience across the Apple ecosystem</strong> (iOS, macOS, Vision Pro).</p><p>This is a useful tool for users who want the Apple platform support. If you wanted to have a GUI and still have the option to configure a web UI to access on macOS.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/AugustDev/enchanted?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Enchanted</a></div><h2 id="11-mstyapp-non-foss">11. Msty.app (Non-FOSS)</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/msty-feature-refinements-dark.png" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="2000" height="1427" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/msty-feature-refinements-dark.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/msty-feature-refinements-dark.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/msty-feature-refinements-dark.png 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/msty-feature-refinements-dark.png 2270w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://msty.app/?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Msty</a> is a fascinating non-foss app available across multiple platforms, providing you a local-first UI to run AI models or LLMs.</p><p>The highlights of this tool include <strong>conversational branches</strong>, and the ability to add knowledge stacks using Obsidian vaults (and other services).</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://msty.app/?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Msty.app</a></div><h2 id="12-hollama">12. Hollama</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/hollama.png" class="kg-image" alt="12 Tools to Provide a Web UI for Ollama" loading="lazy" width="1280" height="720" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/hollama.png 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/hollama.png 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/hollama.png 1280w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p><a href="https://github.com/fmaclen/hollama?ref=itsfoss.com" rel="noreferrer">Hollama</a> is yet another minimal web UI option that offers a publicly hosted version that does not need you signing up and still be able to use it (data stored locally).</p><p>You can run Hollama locally by using a docker image. Unlike most others, it lacks plenty of features. But, if you only wanted a quick web UI for Ollama, you can try this out.</p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://github.com/fmaclen/hollama?ref=itsfoss.com" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Hollama</a></div><h2 id="wrapping-up">Wrapping Up</h2><p>Considering, we are just getting started with the local and private AI. I am certain that there will be several more tools available that allow us to use Ollama for interesting use-cases.</p><p>For me, <strong>the Page Assist extension seems like a time-saver</strong> (with no setup) which lets me run AI models locally while having the ability to search from the internet.</p><p><em>&#x1F4AC; What is your favorite tool to get a web UI for Ollama? Would you mind sharing how you use Ollama + web UI in your day-to-day life? Use the comments section below and let&apos;s talk!</em></p>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit]]></title><description><![CDATA[My summer is going well with these DIY robotics kits.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/galaxy-rover/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">665d91462abbac058e013d97</guid><category><![CDATA[Gadgets πŸŽ›οΈ]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Tue, 04 Jun 2024 06:21:47 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/galaxy-rvr.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/galaxy-rvr.png" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit"><p><em>Men don&#x2019;t grow up. Their toys get more expensive.</em></p><p>Stereotype? Perhaps. But there is some iota of truth in there, at least for me. Otherwise, I would not be getting excited about gadgets like drones, SBCs, DIY electronics, etc.</p><p>In an earlier article, I shared my experience with a Raspberry Pi powered Robotic dog.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-bookmark-card"><a class="kg-bookmark-container" href="https://itsfoss.com/raspberry-pi-dog-review/"><div class="kg-bookmark-content"><div class="kg-bookmark-title">My Raspberry Pi Turned into a Robo-Dog and I am Loving it</div><div class="kg-bookmark-description">Is it a dog? Is it a robot? It&#x2019;s robo dog and it runs on a Raspberry Pi.</div><div class="kg-bookmark-metadata"><img class="kg-bookmark-icon" src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w256h256/2022/12/android-chrome-192x192.png" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit"><span class="kg-bookmark-author">It&apos;s FOSS</span><span class="kg-bookmark-publisher">Abhishek Prakash</span></div></div><div class="kg-bookmark-thumbnail"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/04/pi-dog-review.webp" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit"></div></a></figure><p>I mentioned that I&apos;d probably <a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/?ref=itsfoss">experiment with some of their other kits</a>. I received the <a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/products/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-mars-rover-kit?ref=itsfoss" rel="noreferrer">GalaxyRVR</a> recently. Here&apos;s my experience with this kit so far.</p><h2 id="sunfounder-galaxyrvr-mars-rover-kit">SunFounder GalaxyRVR Mars Rover Kit</h2><p>The <a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/products/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-mars-rover-kit?ref=itsfoss">SunFounder GalaxyRVR</a> is an Arduino-based Mars rover kit that provides an immersive experience of exploring Mars-like terrains.</p><p>Well, not exactly a Mars-like terrain but you get the gist. It can climb some obstacles easily thanks to its sturdy aluminum alloy frame and rocker-bogie suspension system powered by six motors.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-obstacle.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" loading="lazy" width="700" height="700" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-obstacle.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-obstacle.webp 700w"></figure><p>It can easily walk on diverse surfaces such as sand, rocks, grass, and mud pits.</p><p>GalaxyRVR comes with a solar panel and rechargeable battery. You can use the type-C cable to charge it or leave it under the sun like an actual Mars rover.</p><p>There is an ESP32 CAM to provide you with a first-person view which gives you the rover-like exploration feel.</p><p>Ultrasonic and infrared sensors adds the obstacle avoidance capabilities. The LED on the ESP32 cam lets you run the GlalaxyRVR even in the dark.</p><h2 id="galaxyrvr-assembly-experience">GalaxyRVR assembly experience</h2><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-6.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" loading="lazy" width="1500" height="1125" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-6.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-6.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-6.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">SunFounder&apos;s GalaxyRVR Arduino Assembly Kit</span></figcaption></figure><p>This is an assembly kit, which means you get different parts in a package and have to put them together. I find this DIY approach interesting. When the kit is assembled properly, it gives a sense of achievement.</p><p>There are small parts, lots of screws, some motors and metal and acrylic parts. You also get screw drivers and other necessary tools in the box. </p><p>Compared to the PiDog, the assembly was rather easy this time. <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a1xtgDUEvR0&amp;list=PLwWF-ICTWmB62DgzmHWZwilt0Le4vGFry&amp;ref=itsfoss.com">There are a few videos</a> and I followed it entirely in under two hours. Don&apos;t judge me for that, I was watching cricket match in parallel.</p><p>The <a href="https://docs.sunfounder.com/projects/galaxy-rvr/en/latest/index.html?ref=itsfoss.com">official documentation</a> is also helpful in assembling as well as using the GalaxyRVR.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-7.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" loading="lazy" width="1500" height="1125" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-7.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-7.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-7.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">Assembling the GalaxyRVR following the official tutorial videos</span></figcaption></figure><p>I did not put the solar roof on the Rover. I don&apos;t want to leave it under the sun even if it emulates an actual mars rover.</p><p>Another good thing is that you don&apos;t need to install and upload code. The kit comes with Arduino UNO, which already has the code to run your rover.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card kg-card-hascaption"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-5.webp" class="kg-image" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" loading="lazy" width="1500" height="1125" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-5.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-5.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-5.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"><figcaption><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">And the GalaxyRVR is assembled</span></figcaption></figure><p>So it makes it a kind of plug-and-play device once your device is assembled to play &#x1F604;</p><h2 id="experiencing-the-galaxyrvr">Experiencing the GalaxyRVR </h2><p>The rover is controlled through SunFounder Controller app which is available in Google Play and App Store. You need to switch your mobile device&apos;s wireless network and connect it to the rover&apos;s network.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-image-card"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-controller.jpg" class="kg-image" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" loading="lazy" width="2000" height="896" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-controller.jpg 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-controller.jpg 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1600/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-controller.jpg 1600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/galaxy-rvr-controller.jpg 2000w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></figure><p>From this app, you can control the rover. You can turn the camera on for first person view and move the rover through the virtual joysticks. The feed from the camera is displayed on the controller app screen itself.</p><p>Running the rover is like controlling an RC toy. The rover can actually climb through a few small obstacles, but there is a limit to it, even if it&apos;s a 6x6 vehicle &#x1F604;</p><p>You can also set it into obstacle avoidance mode and let it roam on its own. However, in a diverse environment, it may end up stuck and you&apos;ll have to put it back on a normal path manually. Can&apos;t do that on Mars, can we?</p><p>The controller also allows you to turn the headlights on/off.</p><figure class="kg-card kg-gallery-card kg-width-wide kg-card-hascaption"><div class="kg-gallery-container"><div class="kg-gallery-row"><div class="kg-gallery-image"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-1.webp" width="1500" height="1125" loading="lazy" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-1.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-1.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-1.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></div><div class="kg-gallery-image"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-2.webp" width="1500" height="1125" loading="lazy" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-2.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-2.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-2.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></div><div class="kg-gallery-image"><img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-3.webp" width="1500" height="1068" loading="lazy" alt="Running My Own Mars Rover With This Arduino Kit" srcset="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w600/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-3.webp 600w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/size/w1000/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-3.webp 1000w, https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/06/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-itsfoss-3.webp 1500w" sizes="(min-width: 720px) 720px"></div></div></div><figcaption><p dir="ltr"><span style="white-space: pre-wrap;">GalaxyRVR in action</span></p></figcaption></figure><p>There is also an option to use voice command, however, I didn&apos;t find it particularly enticing. Basically, the SunFounder Controller app integrates with the mobile device&apos;s voice recognition engine. So you say something into your phone and it gets translated to text. But I would have preferred if I was commanding the Rover directly.</p><p>The RGB LED lighting under the rover gives it a good look, specially under the dark circumstances.</p><h2 id="the-next-step-course-mode">The next step: course mode</h2><p>Once you have assembled the rover and played with it, you may find it boring. After all, it looks like a glorified remote-controlled toy.</p><p>But that&apos;s not the case. The official documentation also has a <a href="https://docs.sunfounder.com/projects/galaxy-rvr/en/latest/course_mode.html?ref=itsfoss.com#course-mode">course mode for the rover</a>.</p><p>The course mode has 13 lessons that teach you the rover&apos;s behind-the-scenes mechanism. You&apos;ll learn how the servo motor and other parts work, how to control them using programs, and more.</p><p>You can also program the LED light to change color based on maneuvers and obstacles.</p><p>The learning and fun doesn&apos;t stop with the GalaxyRVR.</p><h2 id="conclusion">Conclusion</h2><p>Basically, it&apos;s like one of those RC monster trucks, but here, you assemble it yourself. Unlike those commercial RC toys, this one has an actual computer on it. If you have some experience with Arduino Uno boards and Python and AI projects, I believe you can put some AI brains on it. </p><p>It is even more useful if you have children in the family. My three-year-old treats it mainly as a toy, but for older kids, this is a learning opportunity.</p><p>Summer is here, and I find that it is the perfect time to engage children in DIY electronics and robotics projects. These projects foster their curiosity and creativity while providing a fun and educational experience. </p><p>Kits like PiDog and GalaxyRVR make it easier to introduce kids to the world of electronics and robotics. </p><p>Additionally, these projects can help children develop a deeper understanding of science and technology, which can have a lasting impact on their future academic and professional pursuits. Just my 2 cents.</p><p><strong><em>The GalaxyRVR costs $129.99 and it comes with Arduino and everything else you would need.</em></strong></p><div class="kg-card kg-button-card kg-align-center"><a href="https://www.sunfounder.com/products/sunfounder-galaxyrvr-mars-rover-kit?ref=itsfoss" class="kg-btn kg-btn-accent">Explore GalaxyRVR</a></div>]]></content:encoded></item><item><title><![CDATA[Install Multiple Python Versions on Ubuntu With Pyenv]]></title><description><![CDATA[The pyenv tool lets you install and use different Python versions on the same system.]]></description><link>https://itsfoss.com/pyenv-ubuntu/</link><guid isPermaLink="false">665997592abbac058e012b88</guid><category><![CDATA[Ubuntu]]></category><dc:creator><![CDATA[Abhishek Prakash]]></dc:creator><pubDate>Fri, 31 May 2024 12:21:33 GMT</pubDate><media:content url="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/install-multiple-python-with-pyenv.png" medium="image"/><content:encoded><![CDATA[<img src="https://itsfoss.com/content/images/2024/05/install-multiple-python-with-pyenv.png" alt="Install Multiple Python Versions on Ubuntu With Pyenv"><p>If you are exploring Python-based projects and packages, you may end up in a situation where you need a different Python version. I faced this situation while trying to <a href="https://coral.ai/docs/accelerator/get-started/?ref=itsfoss.com#2-install-the-pycoral-library">install PyCoral</a> library that works only with Python versions 3.6 to 3.9 and my system had Python 3.11.</p><p>The good thing is that you do not need to uninstall the existing Python version provided by your distribution and install the new one.</p><p>You can have multiple Python versions installed thanks to a tool called <strong>pyenv</strong>. In this tutorial, I&apos;ll show you how to install and use this tool to get more than one Python version simultaneously on your Ubuntu and Debian-based distributions. </p><h2 id="install-pyenv-on-ubuntu">Install pyenv on Ubuntu</h2><p>Since pyenv builds Python from the source, you&#x2019;ll need to install build dependencies to use pyenv. </p><p>On Ubuntu and Debian based distros, you can use this command to get all the necessary packages.</p><pre><code class="language-shell">sudo apt install -y make build-essential libssl-dev zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev wget curl llvm libncurses5-dev
  295. libncursesw5-dev xz-utils tk-dev libffi-dev liblzma-dev python3-openssl</code></pre><p>Some of the above-mentioned packages might already have been installed.</p><p>Once you have the dependencies, you can install pyenv using the <a href="https://github.com/pyenv/pyenv-installer/blob/master/bin/pyenv-installer?ref=itsfoss.com">official script</a>:</p><pre><code>curl https://pyenv.run | bash</code></pre><p>It will download the script and run it. </p><p>When the script ends, it should give you some instructions to follow for loading pyenv automatically. This output is dependent on the shell you use. For me on bash, it showed:</p><pre><code># Load pyenv automatically by appending
  296. # the following to
  297. # ~/.bash_profile if it exists, otherwise ~/.profile (for login shells)
  298. # and ~/.bashrc (for interactive shells) :
  299.  
  300. export PYENV_ROOT=&quot;$HOME/.pyenv&quot;
  301. [[ -d $PYENV_ROOT/bin ]] &amp;&amp; export PATH=&quot;$PYENV_ROOT/bin:$PATH&quot;
  302. eval &quot;$(pyenv init -)&quot;
  303. </code></pre><p>So, I edited the <code>~/.bashrc</code> file and put the mentioned code at the end of it.</p><p>Once done, either reload the shell with the command below or just restart your terminal:</p><pre><code>exec &quot;$SHELL&quot;</code></pre><p>Let&apos;s verify that pyenv is installed on your system by checking the version of pyenv:</p><pre><code>pyenv --version</code></pre><p>If you see a number and not an error, you have pyenv setup on your Ubuntu Linux. It&apos;s time to see how to use it.</p><h2 id="install-different-python-versions-with-pyenv">Install different Python versions with pyenv</h2><p>You can list various Python installations and virtual environments offered by pyenv with this command:</p><pre><code>pyenv --list</code></pre><p>However, it will show a huge output with all the offerings that might not be of interest to you.</p><p>If you are interested in various Python3 versions, use the magic of regex and grep. Let&apos;s say you are interested in Python versions from 3.6 to 3.9. For that, use:</p><pre><code>pyenv install --list | grep &quot; 3\.[6789]&quot;</code></pre><p>It will still be a big list but not as huge as the one you saw before.</p><p>I am doing it to try the Coral projects using the PyCoral libraries and it only works with Python 3.6 to Python 3.9. If I look at the <a href="https://devguide.python.org/versions/?ref=itsfoss.com">status of Python versions</a>, 3.9 seems like a good version to go with. I&apos;ll go with the 3.9.19:</p><pre><code>pyenv install -v 3.9.19</code></pre><p>Since Python is being built from source, it may take some time and the output will be huge. Just ensure that it doesn&apos;t result in error.</p><h3 id="python-version-location">Python version location</h3><p>Different versions of Python you install with pyenv are located in <code>~/.pyenv/versions/</code> directory.</p><pre><code>abhishek@raspberrypi:~ $ ls ~/.pyenv/versions/
  304. 3.9.19
  305. </code></pre><h3 id="listing-installed-python-versions">Listing installed Python versions</h3><p>You can see which additional Python versions with:</p><pre><code>pyenv versions</code></pre><p>This should show the system version (Python version installed by your distro) and the additional versions installed by pyenv:</p><pre><code>* system (set by /home/abhishek/.pyenv/version)
  306.  3.9.19
  307. </code></pre><div class="kg-card kg-callout-card kg-callout-card-green"><div class="kg-callout-emoji">&#x1F4A1;</div><div class="kg-callout-text">Asterisk * in the above command output suggests the currently active Python version.</div></div><h3 id="using-additional-python-versions">Using additional Python versions</h3><p>If you just want to run something with a specific Python version, you can use it like this:</p><pre><code>pyenv exec python3.9.19 test.py</code></pre><p>Alternatively, you can change the default Python version to your choice:</p><pre><code>pyenv global 3.9.19</code></pre><p>You can confirm the active Python version has changed by looking at the entry with * in the versions list:</p><pre><code>abhishek@itsfoss:~ $ pyenv global 3.9.19
  308. abhishek@itsfoss:~ $ pyenv versions    
  309.  system
  310. * 3.9.19 (set by /home/abhishek/.pyenv/version)
  311. abhishek@raspberrypi:~ $
  312. </code></pre><p>Later on, you can switch back to the system version:</p><pre><code>pyenv global system</code></pre><h3 id="removing-addition-python-versions">Removing addition Python versions</h3><p>That&apos;s quite simple as well. You can either remove the its folder:</p><pre><code>rm -rf ~/.pyenv/versions/&lt;python_version_to_delete&gt;
  313. </code></pre><p>Or, use the pyenv command in this fashion:</p><pre><code>pyenv uninstall &lt;python_version&gt;
  314. </code></pre><h3 id="prefer-using-virtual-environments">Prefer using virtual environments </h3><p>Even if you install multiple Python versions, it would be a good idea to In this tutorial, I&apos;ll show you how to install and use this tool to get more than one Python version simultaneously on your Ubuntu and Debian-based distributions.. This way, you won&apos;t be messing up with packages at system level.</p><p>Let&apos;s say I want to use Python 3.9.19 for a project named coral. I&apos;ll create virtual environment for this project (name doesn&apos;t need to match):</p><pre><code>pyenv virtualenv 3.9.19 coral</code></pre><p>And now, I switch to this virtual environment:</p><pre><code>pyenv local coral</code></pre><p>You can verify that a virtual environment is in use:</p><pre><code>abhishek@itsfoss:~ $ pyenv which python
  315. /home/abhishek/.pyenv/versions/coral/bin/python
  316. </code></pre><p>Remember that you can still not use &apos;apt install python-package-name&apos;, hoping that it gets installed with the different Python version in the virtual environment. You&apos;ll have to use pip for this purpose:</p><pre><code>pip install python-package-name</code></pre><p>This will install the mentioned Python package in the specific virtual environment with your specified Python version.</p><p><em>&#x1F4AC; I hope you like this tutorial on managing different Python versions on Ubuntu. Although I am not a Python expert, but I&apos;ll try to help you if you have any questions.</em></p>]]></content:encoded></item></channel></rss>

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