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  11. <title>First Years Children&#8217;s Center</title>
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  14. <description>Scholarship Essay Writing Service</description>
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  16. Wed, 21 Aug 2019 09:37:57 +0000 </lastBuildDate>
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  24. <title>It analyses Harold Innis&#8217; Theory of Media Genesis</title>
  25. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/it-analyses-harold-innis-theory-of-media-genesis/</link>
  26. <pubDate>Tue, 11 Jun 2019 02:33:12 +0000</pubDate>
  27. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  28. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  29.  
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  31. <description><![CDATA[<p>It can be said that community and culture are correlated words defining processes of belonging and sharing knowledge and understanding.  Major relevant theories are from:   Durkheim: community – belonging to a group, sharing an identity through norms and values. Habermas: public sphere – a communicative space for an open public conversation, foundation for democratic [&#8230;]</p>
  32. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/it-analyses-harold-innis-theory-of-media-genesis/">It analyses Harold Innis&#8217; Theory of Media Genesis</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  33. ]]></description>
  34. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>It can<br />
  35. be said that community and culture are correlated words defining processes of<br />
  36. belonging and sharing knowledge and understanding.  Major relevant theories are from:</p>
  37. <p> </p>
  38. <p>Durkheim:<br />
  39. community – belonging to a group, sharing an identity<br />
  40. through norms and values.</p>
  41. <p>Habermas:<br />
  42. public sphere – a communicative space for an open public conversation, foundation<br />
  43. for democratic governance.</p>
  44. <p>(Samms, 2017, Weblearn)</p>
  45. <p> </p>
  46. <p>Where a<br />
  47. social organisation exists, popular appreciation and sharing of beliefs and<br />
  48. attitudes also exist.</p>
  49. <p>However he<br />
  50. Internet phenomenon and its cybernetic interactions&#8217; enabling structures have<br />
  51. revolutionalized the concepts of community and culture transposing their values&#8217;<br />
  52. meanings from localised onto a globalised, boundless and timeless virtual<br />
  53. plane.  In his body of work, Marshal Poe<br />
  54. (2010) analyses Harold Innis&#8217; Theory of Media Genesis and<br />
  55. Effects&#8217; and his<br />
  56. identified five species of culture throughout humanity, the Homo Loquens,<br />
  57. Lector, Scriptor, Videns and Somnians.  A network of connected computers<br />
  58. that decode transfer of data using software like the WWW, running on Web 2.0 cyber structure places the<br />
  59. virtual reality that Harold Innis foresaw as the Homo Somnians Era in the era<br />
  60. of the Internet.  Surfers can access and share cultural dimensions beyond<br />
  61. time in reflection of a global community living in different time zones and<br />
  62. therefore beyond space in the pursuit of enculturation, either on a<br />
  63. professional level as the trigger is a business activity, or on an amateur<br />
  64. plane, when the search is driven by self-growth, personal development and<br />
  65. personal aptitudes.</p>
  66. <p>However<br />
  67. the flat hierarchy to information access and sharing  of the &#8216;virtual container&#8217; web, where storage<br />
  68. and filing of collective assets cannot follow traditional sequential filing,<br />
  69. being information &#8220;scattered&#8221; across a network of servers (e.g. people&#8217;s home<br />
  70. computers), ultimately blurred, thus changed the boundaries between the concept<br />
  71. of professional&#8217;s versus amateur&#8217;s supply and demand.</p>
  72. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/it-analyses-harold-innis-theory-of-media-genesis/">It analyses Harold Innis&#8217; Theory of Media Genesis</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  73. ]]></content:encoded>
  74. </item>
  75. <item>
  76. <title>Based in how they measure career success. Men</title>
  77. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/based-in-how-they-measure-career-success-men/</link>
  78. <pubDate>Tue, 11 Jun 2019 01:55:02 +0000</pubDate>
  79. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  80. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  81.  
  82. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://thebooksummary.com/?p=4</guid>
  83. <description><![CDATA[<p>Based on Amer Al- Manasra (2013) stated that the term of glass ceiling use the described the world in which prejudice blocked access to the best position for women as a well enshrined phenomenon supported by conclusive evidence. From Bombuwela and Alwis (2013) emphasized that glass ceiling global barriers can broadly be divided into three [&#8230;]</p>
  84. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/based-in-how-they-measure-career-success-men/">Based in how they measure career success. Men</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  85. ]]></description>
  86. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Based on Amer Al- Manasra (2013) stated that the term of glass ceiling use the described the world in which prejudice blocked access to the best position for women as a well enshrined phenomenon supported by conclusive evidence. From Bombuwela and Alwis (2013) emphasized that glass ceiling global barriers can broadly be divided into three categories which is namely, individual, societal and organization related barriers. Johns (2013) argued that the &#8216;glass ceiling&#8217; are still exists in our world, despite the numbers of women are rapidly increasing in both participating in the workforce and achieving management positions. However, Sturges (1999) observes that men and women may differ in how they measure career success. Men usually is more focus on external criteria, such as status, power and material success, while women is different from men, women is more focus on internal criteria, such as personal recognition, accomplishment, and also achieving balance in their daily lives. According to Mathenge (2013) stated that female managers remain a small fraction of those in senior positions in every country. They also realise that they have fewer opportunities than men for promotion to senior management  (Wood and Lindorff 2001). Additionally, two-thirds of the women executives surveyed by Russel Reynolds Associates (1990) said they were not actively encouraged to participate in career development activities. Australian women managers encountered problem of lack of career (Dimovski, Skerlavaj and Mok, 2010). This upper-level gender difference results in women is remaining concentrated at the bottom of the career ladder even in female in those areas are traditionally dominated (Githui Donatus Mathenge 2013). According to Linehan, Scullion &#038; Walsh (2001) indicated that before developed for international assignment, female international managers have to conquer many additional overt and covert barriers. The findings of a study by Akpinar-Sposito (2013) show that there is evidence of a glass ceiling for women, but racial inequalities problem among men do not follow a similar pattern. Furthermore, Chenevert and Tremblay (2002) also stated that even if women manager have a high level of education and the desire to reach higher positions, but they face many obstacles, instead of getting ahead as their men partners often do, and that one of the reasons for this is the so-called &#8216;glass ceiling.&#8217; Meyerson and Fletcher (2000) indicate that despite the number of women is rapidly growing in both participating in the workforce and reaching management positions, for the majority the evidence demonstrates that, women advancement to the very highest levels is rare and that the &#8216;glass ceiling&#8217; still exists.</p>
  87. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/based-in-how-they-measure-career-success-men/">Based in how they measure career success. Men</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  88. ]]></content:encoded>
  89. </item>
  90. <item>
  91. <title>Ambitious, in America regarding global affairs, changing the</title>
  92. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/ambitious-in-america-regarding-global-affairs-changing-the/</link>
  93. <pubDate>Tue, 11 Jun 2019 01:16:48 +0000</pubDate>
  94. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  95. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  96.  
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  98. <description><![CDATA[<p>Ambitious, glamorous, brave, and entrepreneurial, early 20th-century American photographer, Margaret Bourke-White was a woman ahead of her time. Known for accomplishing things long before they became the norm, her extensive contributions to industrial photography and international photojournalism were iconic in their influence upon American society. In her autobiography, &#8220;Portrait of Myself&#8221;, she chronicles her journey [&#8230;]</p>
  99. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/ambitious-in-america-regarding-global-affairs-changing-the/">Ambitious, in America regarding global affairs, changing the</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  100. ]]></description>
  101. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Ambitious, glamorous, brave, and entrepreneurial, early 20th-century American photographer, Margaret Bourke-White was a woman ahead of her time. Known for accomplishing things long before they became the norm, her extensive contributions to industrial photography and international photojournalism were iconic in their influence upon American society. In her autobiography, &#8220;Portrait of Myself&#8221;, she chronicles her journey to becoming a pioneering female photographer and photojournalist of such high caliber, writing about everything from significant influences such as family and education, to her most historic accomplishments and death defying experiences as a war correspondent. Her iconic photography helped to shape public perception in America regarding global affairs, changing the very manner in which history is remembered today. Her great success in the industry paved the way for women around the world to view their careers as more than a predetermined role, encouraging a whole generation of women photographers and photojournalists to pursue their dreams.    2.  Shaping InfluencesMargaret Bourke-White was born on June 14th, 1904 in the Bronx, New York to Minnie Bourke White and Joseph Bourke White. Her mother, a dedicated homemaker, was educated at the Pratt Institute in stenography, at a time when educating women was considered unconventional. Because of this she stressed the importance of education to her children, as Bourke-White recalls in her autobiography Portrait of Myself writing, &#8220;When Mother noticed that one of her children had developed some special interest, she had a wise way of leaving books around the house.&#8221;(2) Her father Joseph Bourke White was an engineer who worked with printing presses as well as an avid amateur photographer. Bourke-White recalls memories of this early exposure to photography in her autobiography, writing, &#8220;I am fortunate… for father was an enthusiastic photographer .&#8221;(4)  Her parents were members of the Ethical Culture Society in New York, a religious affiliation that suited the couple&#8217;s somewhat unorthodox ideas including their belief in the full support of education for women. This influenced Bourke-White as she was able to pursue higher education and never felt limited in her role as a woman. In her autobiography she talks of this freedom, writing, &#8220;I pictured myself as the scientist&#8230; doing all the things that women never do&#8221;. (3) She attended Columbia University in 1921, where she became fascinated with photography while taking a course by renowned photographer Clarence H. White. In this class Bourke-White was introduced to Arthur Wesley Dow&#8217;s theories of composition, the influence of which can be seen in the abstract style characterizing her early work. Bourke-White left Columbia after just one semester following her father&#8217;s death, but went on to attend seven other universities before finally completing her studies at Cornell University in 1927. While attending Cornell she began to use her photography to support her education financially. She first found work within the university, photographing the campus and selling her photos. However word of her talent soon got around and she began to receive calls from local architectural and construction firms, asking if she was studying to become a photographer. Bourke-White decided to take her portfolio to York &#038; Sawyer, a large, architectural firm, to see if there was truly a potential career in store for her. After being told by a partner of the firm, that she could &#8221; &#8216;walk into any architectural office and receive work&#8217; &#8220;(246), Bourke-White found the confidence to take up photography as more than just a hobby. She began working for local architectural and construction firms, building her career, not only based upon her talent as a photographer, but also upon an understanding of what her images could do for the corporate identity in industrial America. Bourke-White`s fascination with the industrial world stemmed from her youth. As a young girl she would often accompany her father on visits to factories. she describes such visits in her autobiography writing,&#8221;I saw a foundry for the first time&#8230;To me at that age, the foundry represented the beginning and end of all beauty.&#8221; (225) This fascination for industry from her youth was rekindled through her work in industrial photography as Bourke-White saw true artistry and a subject for her pictures in the factories of industrial America. Her photographs of the Otis Steel Mills in particular, truly cemented and began her career as an industrial photographer. She found great success in the field and was well known throughout her profession. In 1929, Bourke-White was invited to join Fortune magazine as a photographer to document all aspects of business and industry. She accepted and in 1930, she was sent on her first assignment abroad to capture the growing German industry. Greater ambitions however, took her to the Soviet Union, where she became the first foreign journalist allowed to document the country&#8217;s progress. She writes of this in her autobiography stating, &#8220;&#8230; I felt the story of a nation trying to industrialize almost overnight was just cut out for me.&#8221; (312)The emphasis upon human subjects as opposed to machines in her photography from this trip can be seen as a significant step in Bourke-White`s transition from industrial photography to photojournalism, and she returned to the United States with a greater sympathy for the suffering of the American worker.  Combining her growing social conscience with her talented photography, Bourke-White became one of the first four photographers, and only female photographer on the staff of a then newly founded Life magazine. Over the next several decades, the magazine grew to become one of the most influential publications in the world, and Bourke-White&#8217;s focus shifted from photographing industry and design, to the faces and lives of the twentieth century. She documented historically revolutionary events around the world such as the German Raid of Kremlin, the Apartheid in South Africa, and the partition of India and Pakistan. She was alive in a time of rapid industrialization as well as political, scientific, and social advancements around the world, and was present to witness and document it all. As she writes in her autobiography,&#8221;In this experience of mine, there was one continuing marvel: the precision timing running through it all… as all good photographers like to be—in the right place at the right time&#8221;(382).3. WorkAfter moving to what was at the time the nation&#8217;s industrial hub Cleveland, Ohio in 1927, Bourke-White began photographing the city&#8217;s architecture and industry. Her photographs of the Otis Steel Mills in particular, truly cemented and began her career as an industrial photographer.  Despite her success however, Bourke-White faced quite a few obstacles starting out. For starters she was a woman and getting access to the steel factories, where women were not typically allowed was difficult. However even after doing so she ran into technical problems. The black-and-white film used in photography during her time was not sensitive to the red and orange coloring of hot steel, resulting in her photographs developing black. After four to five months of constant experimentation, she finally solved this problem by using a new style of magnesium flare, which produced white light, to light her scenes. Her improved method of lighting earned her national attention as a pioneering figure in industrial photography, and resulted in some of the best steel factory photographs of this era. Such images gained Bourke-White respect in the field of industrial photography and led to numerous corporate commissions, such as in 1929 when the Chrysler Motor Company hired her to photograph their newest skyscraper, where she shot her famous Chrysler Building: Gargoyle outside Margaret Bourke-White&#8217;s Studio (1930) Making a name for herself through such corporate commissions, Bourke-White came to the attention of publishing magnate Henry Luce, who invited her to join the staff of his new magazine, Fortune in 1929. She accepted and became the magazine&#8217;s &#8220;star photographer&#8221; documenting aspects of American business and industry. In 1930, Bourke-White  was sent on her first international assignment to capture the growing German industry. Greater ambitions however, took her to the Soviet Union, where she became the first foreign journalist allowed to document the country&#8217;s progress. Bourke-White returned to the United States with a greater sympathy for the suffering of the American worker, of which was reflected in her apparent transition from industrial photography to photojournalism. With her growing social conscience Bourke-White&#8217;s focus shifted from photographing industry and design, to the faces and lives of the twentieth century. 1936 provided just the outlet, as Bourke-White became one of first four photographers on the staff of Life, a then partner magazine of Fortune started by Henry Luce, which took a human-interest angle. In addition to this she was the only female photographer on the team and it was her photograph of the construction of the Fort Peck Dam in New Deal, Montana that was used on the magazine&#8217;s inaugural edition. In 1940, Bourke-White was the first female war correspondent and the first woman to be allowed to work in combat zones during World War II, and she served as an accredited war correspondent affiliated with both LIFE and the Air Force. Through her dedication to capture the battle in its purest she often found herself in high risk situations. She survived a near death torpedo attack on a ship she was taking to North Africa and accompanied the bombing mission which destroyed the German airfield of El Aouina near Tunis. She was also present her camera in the spring of 1945 when General George Patton and his troops opened the gates of the concentration camp at Buchenwald, revealing the horrors inside to the outside world. It was moments like these, throughout the war, where Bourke-White`s dedication to her her mission to document global happenings and passion for her craft truly resulted in iconic photojournalism. The result of her hard work lead to eye opening first hand accounts through her photography for an international audience to witness. In addition to the happenings of WWII, Bourke-White used her photography to call the attention of the American audience to the sufferings of poverty-stricken and marginalized communities around the globe. December of 1949 she went to South Africa for five months where she recorded the cruelty of apartheid, and in 1952 she went to Korea, focusing her photos on family sorrows arising from the war. Bourke-White used her photography to spread awareness, tell the truth, and inspire change as a true trailblazer of her time.</p>
  102. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/ambitious-in-america-regarding-global-affairs-changing-the/">Ambitious, in America regarding global affairs, changing the</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  103. ]]></content:encoded>
  104. </item>
  105. <item>
  106. <title>The abuse when it looks like the child</title>
  107. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/the-abuse-when-it-looks-like-the-child/</link>
  108. <pubDate>Tue, 11 Jun 2019 00:38:31 +0000</pubDate>
  109. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  110. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  111.  
  112. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://thebooksummary.com/?p=4</guid>
  113. <description><![CDATA[<p>The child abuse problem is spreading through the states and is still going on. This is proving that this is putting a lot of stress to kids all around.The Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline is dedicated to the prevention of child abuse. This has been happening in forged by fire a lot. This shows me [&#8230;]</p>
  114. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/the-abuse-when-it-looks-like-the-child/">The abuse when it looks like the child</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  115. ]]></description>
  116. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>The child abuse problem is spreading through the states and is still going on. This is proving that this is putting a lot of stress to kids all around.The Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline is dedicated to the prevention of child abuse. This has been happening in forged by fire a lot. This shows me that child abuse is very stressful of the things they had to go through. Gerald and Angel had been through alot you could find that around the chapters 10-22 around all those chapters. You can recognize child abuse when it looks like the child is putting at risk. Parents don&#8217;t abuse your children it is very bad for the next generation of kids.It is very bad for kids around a young age you put more stress on them and they already have stress from homework. You can know if they are abuse if they show a lot of emotions. Child abuse is when someone purposely makes a child sick, requiring medical attention, it puts the child in serious danger of injury and unnecessary medical care. This may be due to a mental disorder called factitious disorder imposed on another, such as a parent harming a child. In a chapter around the middle of the book. In forged by fire a quote in the book was &#8220;Touching is good, Telling is bad&#8221; a frase told by jordan when he abused angel by physically touching her. If you anyone being abused go to a adult you can trust fully. Emotional child abuse means injuring a child&#8217;s self-esteem or emotional well-being. It includes verbal and emotional assault — such as continually belittling or berating a child — as well as isolating, ignoring or rejecting a child. A child who&#8217;s being abused may feel guilty, ashamed or confused. He or she may be afraid to tell anyone about the abuse, especially if the abuser is a parent, other relative or family friend. In fact, the child may have an apparent fear of parents, adult caregivers or family friends. In conclusion this shows that child abuse is very bad on children. This is also shows that it can get you into serious trouble. Don&#8217;t abuse your children or friends or someone that you know Child abuse is when a parent or caregiver, whether through action or failing to act, causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child. There are many forms of child maltreatment, including neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, exploitation and emotional abuse. That is what child abuse is and you shouldn&#8217;t do it.</p>
  117. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/the-abuse-when-it-looks-like-the-child/">The abuse when it looks like the child</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  118. ]]></content:encoded>
  119. </item>
  120. <item>
  121. <title>Dans à 10% des enfants guinéens vont dans</title>
  122. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/dans-a-10-des-enfants-guineens-vont-dans/</link>
  123. <pubDate>Tue, 11 Jun 2019 00:00:10 +0000</pubDate>
  124. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  125. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  126.  
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  128. <description><![CDATA[<p>Dans les années 50, malgré le fait que la guinée est toujours une colonie française  et que les meurs, l&#8217;habillement, la langue, le système politique et économique guinéens sont dictés par le régime au pouvoir qu&#8217;est la France, une grande majorité de guinéens ignore encore totalement le system éducatif français. En effet, il s&#8217;avère qu&#8217;encore [&#8230;]</p>
  129. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/dans-a-10-des-enfants-guineens-vont-dans/">Dans à 10% des enfants guinéens vont dans</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  130. ]]></description>
  131. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Dans les années 50,<br />
  132. malgré le fait que la guinée est toujours une colonie française  et que les meurs, l&#8217;habillement, la langue,<br />
  133. le système politique et économique guinéens sont dictés par le régime au<br />
  134. pouvoir qu&#8217;est la France, une grande majorité de guinéens ignore encore<br />
  135. totalement le system éducatif français. En effet, il s&#8217;avère qu&#8217;encore moins de<br />
  136. 0.5% des enfants guinéens sont inscrit et reçoivent une éducation provenant des<br />
  137. écoles françaises et ceci jusqu&#8217;au derniers instant de la colonisation française<br />
  138. en guinée ou seulement 5 à 10% des enfants guinéens vont dans une école française.<br />
  139. En 1958, Les relations entre la France et la guinée se sont détériorées du a un<br />
  140. conflit politique qui est survenue lorsque la guinée fut la seul colonie ayant<br />
  141. refusé une communauté franco africaine ce qui menât a son Independence<br />
  142. prématurée cette même année. Cet acte eu des conséquences graves sur la<br />
  143. situation économique en guinée vu que la France, à travers son leader de Gaulle<br />
  144. privât brusquement la guinée de tous les techniciens français qui apportaient<br />
  145. une assistance à  la guinée, laissant l&#8217;économie<br />
  146. guinéenne dans la tourmente. Vu que la France suspendit toute sorte de dons et<br />
  147. de crédit a la guinée, l&#8217;argent devint rare et l&#8217;achat des matériaux qui<br />
  148. assurait le bon fonctionnement de l&#8217;économie guinéens devint difficile.<br />
  149. Difficile de vraiment mettre un accent et de penser à  l&#8217;éducation dans ce contexte-là. Alors que la<br />
  150. guinée est dans une des périodes les plus difficiles de son histoires, Sékou Toure<br />
  151. qui se veut visionnaire décides alors de ne pas complètement couper les<br />
  152. relations avec la France et  trouve un<br />
  153. accord avec quelques professeurs français qui n&#8217;étais pas d&#8217;accord avec la<br />
  154. politique de la France a cette époque et ils participèrent a la réhabilitation<br />
  155. du système éducatif en guinée. Apres l&#8217;indépendance, le président guinéen décidât<br />
  156. de mettre un terme au rapport colonisateur et colonie entretenue par la France<br />
  157. et la guinée depuis plus d&#8217;une demi-décennie. Dans cette même lancée, une<br />
  158. campagne d&#8217;abandon de la culture française et du retour aux sources, cette a<br />
  159. dire à la culture guinéenne est lancée à travers toute la guinée. Cependant, la<br />
  160. langue française est maintenu comme langue d&#8217;instruction dans les écoles<br />
  161. guinéenne, s&#8217;en doute pour ne pas complétement couper les ponts avec la France,<br />
  162. leur colonisateur qui leur a tant donne. C&#8217;est dans ce contexte très<br />
  163. particulier que Camara laye décidât décrire son roman à succès &#8221;l&#8217;enfant noir&#8221;.   </p>
  164. <p>Contexte<br />
  165. historique sénégalais :</p>
  166. <p>L&#8217;indépendance<br />
  167. sénégalaise arrivait au moment où la nation possède le système éducatif le plus<br />
  168. développé et le taux de scolarisation le plus élevé (27%) des colonies françaises<br />
  169. d&#8217;Afrique de l&#8217;Ouest de l&#8217;époque. Dans la période post première guerre mondial,<br />
  170. l&#8217;état sénégalais encore colonise soutien massivement l&#8217;éducation dans les régions<br />
  171. dites difficile à pacifier. Louverture de ces écoles permettait ainsi le maintien<br />
  172. de l&#8217;influence de l&#8217;état sur cette partie du pays. Le rôle principale de<br />
  173. l&#8217;éducation était de transmettre la langue, la culture et les valeurs du<br />
  174. colonisateur qu&#8217;étais la France. Dans les années 50, l&#8217;importance de l&#8217;école<br />
  175. avait augmenté car les populations sénégalaises avait pris conscience du fait<br />
  176. que l&#8217;ascension social était belle et bien possible, mais devra passer par l&#8217;éducation.<br />
  177.  Un des objectif majeur de l&#8217;État<br />
  178. sénégalais après l&#8217;acquisition de son Independence était de rendre plus proche,<br />
  179. plus accessible, et moins chère l&#8217;accès a l&#8217;enseignement  primaire, secondaire et supérieur pour sa<br />
  180. population. Par conséquent, le nombre de sénégalais voulant éduquer leurs<br />
  181. enfants avait significativement augment. Ceci n&#8217;étais pas uniquement pour la<br />
  182. raison citée si dessus, mais aussi du au faites que la perception de l&#8217;école<br />
  183. laissé par le colon, qui était celle d&#8217;un endroit où on faisait plus de taches<br />
  184. qu&#8217;on apprenait avait totalement changé. L&#8217;engouement autour de l&#8217;école était<br />
  185. tels que les infrastructures primaires et secondaire dévirent très vite<br />
  186. insuffisantes comparé a la demande. La crise économique qui frappe le Sénégal<br />
  187. dans les années 60 réduit la capacité financière du pays et par conséquent le<br />
  188. budget accorde à l&#8217;éducation dans le pays. L&#8217;état se retrouvait donc dans une<br />
  189. situation où elle  ne pouvait pas<br />
  190. respecter ces engagements pris vis-à-vis des populations. Ceux-ci incluaient la<br />
  191. fin des disparités de sexe et de régions et la promotion de l&#8217;éducation en tant<br />
  192. qu&#8217;ascenseur social.</p>
  193. <p> </p>
  194. <p>Perception de<br />
  195. l&#8217;éducation occidentale chez l&#8217;africain indépendant</p>
  196. <p> </p>
  197. <p>Cas de la société sénégalaise:</p>
  198. <p>Cas de la femme :</p>
  199. <p>La société<br />
  200. sénégalaise dans laquelle a grandi Marriama Ba est une qui a une vision très<br />
  201. paradoxale de l&#8217;éducation. D&#8217;un cote, elle est vue comme un signe de réussite<br />
  202. et de prospérité chez L&#8217;homme, tandis que de l&#8217;autre côté  de l&#8217;autre côté elle est vue comme un frein au<br />
  203. maintien de la culture africaine chez la femme. La société sénégalaise était<br />
  204. une société traditionnelle ou tout tourner au tour de la tradition et elle dictait<br />
  205. les pensées, actions, et réactions de la population. Dans cette société,<br />
  206. l&#8217;homme régnait en maitre et y faisait la loi. Selon la dit tradition, la femme<br />
  207. était vouée a obéir complètement a ses parents et a être soumise aveuglement a<br />
  208. son mari. La femme, un peu comme un être inférieur, était dépendante de Lhomme<br />
  209. et il pouvait presque lui faire subir tout ce qu&#8217;il voulait. Rajouté à cela, la<br />
  210. femme n&#8217;avait pas droit à la parole et son avis était très rarement pris en<br />
  211. considération. Ceci peut être expliqué mais pas justifié  par le faite qu&#8217;elles n&#8217;avaient pas beaucoup à<br />
  212. dire du au faite quelles étaient prive d&#8217;éducation par leur maris, parents et communautés<br />
  213. en général. L&#8217;homme sénégalais percevait l&#8217;école comme un danger qui causait<br />
  214. l&#8217;anéantissement des tabous, la dégradation des meurs africaines et l&#8217;amalgame<br />
  215. entre ce qu&#8217;ils considéraient comme les rôles, droits, et devoirs de Lhomme et<br />
  216. ceux de la femme. Ainsi, le rôle de la femme était de s&#8217;occuper de la propreté<br />
  217. de sa maison, la sante de sa famille, la nutrition de son mari et ses enfants,<br />
  218. le bien être de son mari et sa belle-famille.</p>
  219. <p>Une si<br />
  220. longue lettre de Mariama Ba est un reflet de la société sénégalaise comme décrite<br />
  221. si dessus.   </p>
  222. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/dans-a-10-des-enfants-guineens-vont-dans/">Dans à 10% des enfants guinéens vont dans</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  223. ]]></content:encoded>
  224. </item>
  225. <item>
  226. <title>At a thief. This essay will explain how</title>
  227. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/at-a-thief-this-essay-will-explain-how/</link>
  228. <pubDate>Mon, 10 Jun 2019 23:21:45 +0000</pubDate>
  229. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  230. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  231.  
  232. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://thebooksummary.com/?p=4</guid>
  233. <description><![CDATA[<p>At the beginning of the story, Bilbo is hired as an expert burglar by the dwarves regardless of the fact that he has no prior experience as a burglar and has never stolen a thing in his life. When Thorin remarks that he does not think Bilbo is up to the task of being a [&#8230;]</p>
  234. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/at-a-thief-this-essay-will-explain-how/">At a thief. This essay will explain how</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  235. ]]></description>
  236. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>At the beginning of the story, Bilbo is hired as an expert burglar by the dwarves regardless of the fact that he has no prior experience as a burglar and has never stolen a thing in his life. When Thorin remarks that he does not think Bilbo is up to the task of being a burglar, Bilbo is offended. It is a bad thing. He does however accept the role and on numerous occasions demonstrates his qualities as a thief. This essay will explain how Bilbo changed during this quest to the lonely mountain. When Bilbo and friends start going through the Misty Mountains, they found themselves facing trolls and tied up aside from Bilbo. The trolls start arguing from the sounds that Gandalf made, and when the trolls started scuffling, William (one of the trolls) drop the key for all of their treasure. Bilbo manages to get the key before the trolls turn into stone. And when he unlocks the treasure, he finds his soon to be called sword &#8220;Sting&#8221;. This is the first and second time we&#8217;ve ever seen Bilbo steal anything, the key to the treasure and the key from William, and the sword he found in the treasure in the same chapter. After Bilbo wakes up from his unconscious nap with a nasty headache he finds himself damp and cold in the tunnels of goblins, and when he finally finds the energy to get up, he sees a little metal ring so he put it in pocket and started walking and walking, until he saw a creature which swam up to him, and his name is named gollum. Gollum offered to help Bilbo if Gollum couldn&#8217;t guess the riddles but, if Bilbo doesn&#8217;t guess his riddles Gollum. After a few riddles, Bilbo wonders what was in his pocket, so Bilbo says &#8220;what&#8217;s in my pocket?&#8221; Gollum says &#8221; not fair&#8221; and after a few minutes, Gollum checks for his Precious ( The ring Bilbo has in his pocket) and accuses Bilbo for stealing it, even though Bilbo didn&#8217;t know that it was his. When the Dwarves got imprisoned by the Mirkwood Elves, Bilbo had a plan to get his friends back. Wearing the ring, Bilbo waiting for the guard to become drunk to steal their keys. It was a good thing that the alcohol </p>
  237. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/at-a-thief-this-essay-will-explain-how/">At a thief. This essay will explain how</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  238. ]]></content:encoded>
  239. </item>
  240. <item>
  241. <title>Evolution cars in high schools and universities, with</title>
  242. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/evolution-cars-in-high-schools-and-universities-with/</link>
  243. <pubDate>Mon, 10 Jun 2019 22:43:37 +0000</pubDate>
  244. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  245. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  246.  
  247. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://thebooksummary.com/?p=4</guid>
  248. <description><![CDATA[<p>Evolution of Solar Automobiles Solar energy has been around since the eighties and has been a growing interest for many people. People who are trying to go green will usually give up on their electric bill and move to solar energy. It may be expensive initially to pay for, but in the end the investment [&#8230;]</p>
  249. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/evolution-cars-in-high-schools-and-universities-with/">Evolution cars in high schools and universities, with</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  250. ]]></description>
  251. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Evolution of Solar Automobiles</p>
  252. <p>Solar energy has been around since the eighties and has been a growing interest for many people. People who are trying to go green will usually give up on their electric bill and move to solar energy. It may be expensive initially to pay for, but in the end the investment will pay for itself. Solar energy has also evolved in the automobile industry beginning with solar cars in high schools and universities, with the future of mass public solar powered transportation on the horizon. In the following report, the history and future of solar cars for individuals and mass transportation will be explored.</p>
  253. <p>
  254. The way solar energy works is quite simple. It turns the sun&#8217;s rays into electricity using an effect called the photovoltaic effect. The electricity powers a certain appliance, such as a motor, a light fixture, or an entire home. There are some solar panels that are so strong and efficient that there is no need for batteries. Instead of the electricity going from the array to the battery and to the appliance, it will go directly from the array to the appliance. If this were in a solar car, then the solar array would be directly connected to the motor (dasolar.com)</p>
  255. <p>One distinguished solar car was created by the University of California Berkeley&#8217;s solar car team. California Dreamin&#8217; was constructed between the summers of 1990 and 1993. The team raced in the Sunrayce after the completion of the car. In 1994, California Dreamin&#8217; raced in the Disneyland World Clean Air Road Rally. Its final race was in 1995 when it ran in the Suzuka Solar Car Race in Japan. Then in 1995 to 1997 Cal Sol&#8217;s third car was constructed, Afterburner II. This car was the second generation of Afterburner Cal Sol had made. Afterburner had a brand new motor with outrageously good efficiency of 90%. Even though it was only an eight-horse power motor, with that efficiency, the driver was able to go full throttle for hours before the car started to slow down. Afterburner II raced at the FIA Electro – Solar Cup in Suzuka, Japan. It averaged fifty miles per hour and reached a top speed of seventy-four miles per hour. In 2005, Cal Sol completely reinvented the solar car with Beam Machine. This car featured a sleek smooth carbon fiber and fiberglass body and chassis. The car also featured an innovative battery protection system, which awarded the team with the Best Stock Array award. It was light and sleek, and quite maneuverable for its time. In 2005, Cal Sol placed second at the American Solar Car Challenge (Cal Sol Solar Team).</p>
  256. <p>
  257. Another solar car team who has made a mark in history is the Purdue Team. They have made many different cars that have progressively gotten better as time goes on. Purdue&#8217;s 2011 car, Celeritas, which means swift or speed in Latin, was the correct term for this car because it flew down the road like a hot knife through butter. It featured an extremely smooth streamline design that allowed it to cut through air. Celeritas was Purdue&#8217;s first urban concept solar car released. Celeritas design was much like that of current production electric vehicles on the market. The car had many new features, such as regenerative braking and a plug-in charging capability. The car&#8217;s unveiling was covered by WFLI AM news in 2011. Its power output was also significantly altered from its predecessors, releasing approximately 600 watts. Celeritas&#8217;s successor was introduced in 2013. Navitas was the next generation solar car Purdue had showcased. Purdue really focused on overall efficiency for Navitas. They upgraded their motor, solar array, wheels, outer and inner frame and the batteries to attain maximum performance. With an equivalent efficiency of 2,630 mpg, it could not be compared with any car on the market. The captain of the team said, &#8220;There were major efficiency gains coming from the addition of carbon fiber wheels, and space – grade solar array, and solar concentrators to maximize energy collection&#8221; (Purdue Solar Team). </p>
  258. <p>Many of the solar cars that have been made are by students in a University or engineering group. They will have a set goal: to plan for it, build it, test it, and race it. These are not cars that will be normally seen on the road to work. Heliatek, a German solar company, has been developing a car that has organic solar panels on it. Heliatek is not the first company to attempt mass production of solar vehicles. Audi announced that they would be working with a Chinese solar manufacturer to create a new charging concept for their new electric vehicles: solar cells integrated into the car&#8217;s glass. Tesla&#8217;s CEO, Elon Musk, explained that this type of model is not sustainable for charging cars, but sustainable for charging car chargers. Like Heliatek, Audi does not plan to have the solar cells charge the whole car, but to power smaller features, such as the A/C, headlights, or the radio (Stumpf). They have recently made a big step forward with the efficiency of its organic solar cells. The main difference between the normal silicone panels and the organic counterpart is the overall efficiency. The base average for the silicone is around 15 percent, which would come from a low to mid-range solar panel. Organic solar cells were introduced a little more than ten years ago and were deemed to have a miserable efficiency of three percent. As of 2016, Heliatek&#8217;s efforts at making the cells more efficient paid off. In 2013 they reported a solar conversion efficiency of 12 percent. Finally, in 2014 they clocked the highest efficiency yet, 13.2 percent. Even though their end goal was 15 percent they were still greatly satisfied (Casey).</p>
  259. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/evolution-cars-in-high-schools-and-universities-with/">Evolution cars in high schools and universities, with</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  260. ]]></content:encoded>
  261. </item>
  262. <item>
  263. <title>Bouncer the individual on entry, individual&#8217;s age, searching</title>
  264. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/bouncer-the-individual-on-entry-individuals-age-searching/</link>
  265. <pubDate>Mon, 10 Jun 2019 22:04:56 +0000</pubDate>
  266. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  267. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  268.  
  269. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://thebooksummary.com/?p=4</guid>
  270. <description><![CDATA[<p>  Bouncer Services: Sivdan security services provide better quality security services in Jaipur. We at sivdan security services provide all kind of civil security guards, such as Bouncers, Gun Man, Lady Guard, and Ex-serviceman. We provide the bouncer service at different areas, such as Hotels, Colleges, Residential Apartment, Constructions Sides and Industries. Responsibilities of a [&#8230;]</p>
  271. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/bouncer-the-individual-on-entry-individuals-age-searching/">Bouncer the individual on entry, individual&#8217;s age, searching</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  272. ]]></description>
  273. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p> </p>
  274. <p>Bouncer<br />
  275. Services:</p>
  276. <p>Sivdan security<br />
  277. services provide better quality security services in Jaipur. We at sivdan<br />
  278. security services provide all kind of civil security guards, such as Bouncers,<br />
  279. Gun Man, Lady Guard, and Ex-serviceman. We provide the bouncer service at<br />
  280. different areas, such as Hotels, Colleges, Residential Apartment, Constructions<br />
  281. Sides and Industries.</p>
  282. <p>Responsibilities<br />
  283. of a bouncer: </p>
  284. <p>The duties of bouncer<br />
  285. are to check or confirm the individual on entry, individual&#8217;s age, searching<br />
  286. weapons, any drug before the entrance and to deal individuals with irregular<br />
  287. (forceful) conduct. Bouncers are utilized at the spots where the strength of the<br />
  288. group is high and utilization of liquor is permitted. Bouncers don&#8217;t do battle<br />
  289. with the forcefulness and arguing individuals, however, they attempt to<br />
  290. determine their concern and keep them far from the security territory.</p>
  291. <p>Hire<br />
  292. a bouncer:</p>
  293. <p>To hire bouncer in<br />
  294. Jaipur and in some other area the checking (for truth) procedure of bouncer<br />
  295. must be done before contracting a bouncer. The nature of the bouncers is very<br />
  296. cool and quiet, they don&#8217;t wind up (in an obvious way) forceful on anyone. They<br />
  297. mostly keep their habit/desire of security benefits high at their different<br />
  298. district. We have experience bouncers that can take responsibility of any type<br />
  299. of security services at any function.</p>
  300. <p>Experience<br />
  301. and Selection of bouncers:</p>
  302. <p>We give careful<br />
  303. consider the prior preparing of the bouncers they may need to manage safety<br />
  304. efforts and weapon taking care of. We do finish the check of bouncer before<br />
  305. enlisting any bouncer, that they should be all around acted, physically fit,<br />
  306. very much prepared under troublesome circumstances and accomplished so they can<br />
  307. manage to confuse circumstances. After every one of these claims, we pick our staff<br />
  308. that is the reason our staff is experts, prepared and experienced in dealing<br />
  309. with unordered group.</p>
  310. <p>The cost of bouncers<br />
  311. depends upon the arranging and the region for such security need. Much of the<br />
  312. time the bouncer is seen as used for the whole day and does not get the<br />
  313. opportunity to work elsewhere.</p>
  314. <p>We know all the safety dimensions<br />
  315. of the city, so we follow the guidelines of the functions and the safety is to<br />
  316. be kept at its best so that no one get harmed and in any issue.</p>
  317. <p> </p>
  318. <p> </p>
  319. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/bouncer-the-individual-on-entry-individuals-age-searching/">Bouncer the individual on entry, individual&#8217;s age, searching</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  320. ]]></content:encoded>
  321. </item>
  322. <item>
  323. <title>Scheduling generate new technique that behaves well effective.</title>
  324. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/scheduling-generate-new-technique-that-behaves-well-effective/</link>
  325. <pubDate>Mon, 10 Jun 2019 21:26:26 +0000</pubDate>
  326. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  327. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  328.  
  329. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://thebooksummary.com/?p=4</guid>
  330. <description><![CDATA[<p>Scheduling is the technique used to enhance the performance of the CPU. To increase the CPU utilization and reduced the average waiting time, average turnaround time and average response time.CPU scheduling algorithm worked on maximize throughput. I used two CPU scheduling algorithms and combined them in one that is SJF and round robin. Both can [&#8230;]</p>
  331. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/scheduling-generate-new-technique-that-behaves-well-effective/">Scheduling generate new technique that behaves well effective.</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  332. ]]></description>
  333. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Scheduling<br />
  334. is the technique used to enhance the performance of the CPU. To increase the<br />
  335. CPU utilization and reduced the average waiting time, average turnaround time<br />
  336. and average response time.CPU scheduling algorithm worked on maximize<br />
  337. throughput. I used two CPU scheduling algorithms and combined them in one that<br />
  338. is SJF and round robin. Both can combine and generate new technique that<br />
  339. behaves well effective. In this Technique, the processor is in ready queue in<br />
  340. according to CPU burst length, Shortest burst length is at the top of the<br />
  341. queue. We tend to assume two numbers to represent the burst length of the<br />
  342. largest PCB within the queue and the second one to represent the running time<br />
  343. of all the processes respectively. A Process control block (PCB) of a process<br />
  344. is often submitted to the system which is connected to the ready queue in<br />
  345. according to the CPU.</p>
  346. <p>The<br />
  347. proposed algorithm that is executed by the CPU linked to the process from the<br />
  348. top of the queue. Executed Process is expired after a given time quantum, which<br />
  349. is defined by the system. After that, new preemption is as follow:</p>
  350. <p>te<br />
  351. = te + quantum time    </p>
  352. <p>Time<br />
  353. quantum applies to boost the efficiency and minimize the average waiting time<br />
  354. average turnaround time and average waiting and context switching between the<br />
  355. processes.</p>
  356. <p>In<br />
  357. that case, five states are in the process which is new, ready, running, block<br />
  358. and complete state. The new state admitted the process and dispatch to the<br />
  359. ready state. The ready queue then moves forwards the process to the running<br />
  360. state. If an interrupt occur on ready state then it will back to the ready<br />
  361. state if the processor requires an I/O device then it moves to the block state<br />
  362. and if the process completed then it moves to the complete state. Block State<br />
  363. complete the requirement for the processor such that I/O and then moved to the<br />
  364. ready queue. Comparison of two numbers is as fellow:</p>
  365. <p>If<br />
  366. execution time of a process te is less than the largest burst length of the PCB<br />
  367. to then the preempted process PCB is joined to the tail of the ready queue.<br />
  368. After that, the next process is then dispatched from the top of the ready<br />
  369. queue.</p>
  370. <p>If   te ? to </p>
  371. <p>Then<br />
  372. the Process control block (PCB) of the process with the largest CPU burst<br />
  373. length is to start the execution. </p>
  374. <p>In<br />
  375. Preemption, SJF is in the ready queue that&#8217;s why shortest job entertained<br />
  376. first. The value of te is reset to 0 and the value of the CPU burst length of<br />
  377. the largest PCB is reset that is lying at the tail of the queue. After that,<br />
  378. the next process is then moving towards from the head of the ready queue.</p>
  379. <p>When<br />
  380. a process has accomplished its task it terminates and deleted from the system.<br />
  381. Then te will be:</p>
  382. <p>te<br />
  383. = te  + time to complete process</p>
  384. <p>Method<br />
  385. and actions are same as a preempted process.</p>
  386. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/scheduling-generate-new-technique-that-behaves-well-effective/">Scheduling generate new technique that behaves well effective.</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  387. ]]></content:encoded>
  388. </item>
  389. <item>
  390. <title>1.1 semua jenis kebutuhan manusia, dari kebutuhan dasar</title>
  391. <link>https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/1-1-semua-jenis-kebutuhan-manusia-dari-kebutuhan-dasar/</link>
  392. <pubDate>Mon, 10 Jun 2019 20:47:37 +0000</pubDate>
  393. <dc:creator><![CDATA[admin]]></dc:creator>
  394. <category><![CDATA[Scholarship Essay]]></category>
  395.  
  396. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://thebooksummary.com/?p=4</guid>
  397. <description><![CDATA[<p>1.1  Latar Belakang Plastik merupakan salah satu bahan yang banyak digunakan untuk pembuatan peralatan rumah tangga, otomotif dan sebagainya. Penggunaan bahan plastik semakin lama semakin meluas karena sifatnya kuat dan tidak mudah rusak oleh pelapukan. Perkembangan produk plastik di Indonesia sangat pesat pada dua dekade terakhir dengan merambah hampir di semua jenis kebutuhan manusia, dari [&#8230;]</p>
  398. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/1-1-semua-jenis-kebutuhan-manusia-dari-kebutuhan-dasar/">1.1 semua jenis kebutuhan manusia, dari kebutuhan dasar</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
  399. ]]></description>
  400. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>1.1  Latar<br />
  401. Belakang</p>
  402. <p>Plastik merupakan salah satu bahan yang banyak digunakan untuk<br />
  403. pembuatan peralatan rumah tangga, otomotif dan sebagainya. Penggunaan bahan<br />
  404. plastik semakin lama semakin meluas karena sifatnya kuat dan tidak mudah rusak<br />
  405. oleh pelapukan. Perkembangan produk plastik di Indonesia sangat pesat pada dua<br />
  406. dekade terakhir dengan merambah hampir di semua jenis kebutuhan manusia, dari<br />
  407. kebutuhan dasar seperti kebutuhan rumah tangga sampai aksesoris pada<br />
  408. mobil-mobil mewah. Produk barang plastik selain sangat dibutuhkan oleh<br />
  409. masyarakat juga mempunyai dampak buruk terhadap lingkungan.?Plastik bekas cukup sulit untuk dikendalikan. Sebagai contoh,<br />
  410. pembakaran plastik seperti PVC dapat menimbulkan asap yang mengandung khlorin.<br />
  411. Sampah plastik sangat potensial mencemari lingkungan karena plastik merupakan<br />
  412. bahan yang sulit terdegradasi sehingga jika ditimbun dalam penimbunan akhir<br />
  413. akan memberikan banyak masalah antara lain : (1) sampah plastik akan menempati<br />
  414. bagian yang seharusnya dapat digunakan oleh sampah lainnya, (2) karena ringan,<br />
  415. dengan tanah penutup akhir yang tidak baik, plastik cenderung terangkat ke<br />
  416. permukaan dan mengotori lingkungan sekitar, dan (3) jika terjadi kebakaran<br />
  417. plastik menimbulkan zat-zat yang berbahaya bagi kesehatan. Sementara itu, jika<br />
  418. tercecer di badan air, plastik cenderung menyumbat aliran. Pemerintah dan<br />
  419. Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (KLHK) menetapkan atau menguji coba<br />
  420. di beberapa daerah untuk melakukan penguji cobaan plastik berbayar. Pada zaman<br />
  421. sekarang manusia tidak dapat lepas dari yang namanya plastik. Plastik selalu<br />
  422. digunakan dalam berbagai keperluan sehari-hari. Misalnya untuk tempat minuman,<br />
  423. membungkus makanan, tampat belanjaan dan masih banyak lagi. Plastik dipakai<br />
  424. karena ringan, tidak mudah pecah, harganya murah, dan mendapatkannya pun sangat<br />
  425. mudah. Tetapi banyak dari masyarakat tidak menyadari bahaya yang akan<br />
  426. ditimbulkan akibat penggunaan plastik terhadap kesehatan mereka sendiri dan<br />
  427. terhadap lingkungan sekitar. </p>
  428. <p> </p>
  429. <p>1.2  Tujuan</p>
  430. <p>a.      <br />
  431. Untuk<br />
  432. mengetahui alasan Pemerintah menerapkan kantong plastik berbayar</p>
  433. <p>b.     <br />
  434. Untuk<br />
  435. mengetahui keefektifan kebijakan pemerintah untuk membayar kantong plastik pada<br />
  436. usaha ritel modern</p>
  437. <p>1.3    Pertanyaan</p>
  438. <p>a.      <br />
  439. Mengapa<br />
  440. Pemerintah menerapkan plastik bebayar?</p>
  441. <p>b.     <br />
  442. Apakah<br />
  443. sudah efektif jika pemerintah menerapkan kebijakan kantong plastik berbayar pada<br />
  444. usaha ritel modern?</p>
  445. <p>                                                                                                                                         </p>
  446. <p> </p>
  447. <p>BAB II.</p>
  448. <p>ISI</p>
  449. <p> </p>
  450. <p>Plastik dapat diartikan sebagai polimer yang bercabang<br />
  451. atau linear uang dapat di lelehkan atau dilunakkan dengan menggunakan apo atau<br />
  452. suhu panas laiinya. Plastik merupakan material yang baru secara luas<br />
  453. dikembangkan dan digunakan sejak abad ke-20 yang berkembang secara luar biasa.<br />
  454. Hal ini dapat terlihat dari banyaknya plastik yang dibuat dan dicetak. Pada<br />
  455. tahun 1990-an plastic menjadi bahan atau bagian kebutuhan yang sangat<br />
  456. diinginkan. Hai ini dapat dilihat penggunaan plastic mencapai 150  juta ton. Tiap tahun kebutuhan akan plastic<br />
  457. semakin bertambah. Pada tahun 2005 menjadi 220 juta ton per-tahun. </p>
  458. <p>Penggunaan plastik di Indonesia perlu dilakukan<br />
  459. pembatasan karena masuk perimngkat nomor-2 dunia penghasil sampah. Salah satu<br />
  460. upaya Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (KLHK) adalah penerapan<br />
  461. kantong plastik berbayar. Namun apakah kebijakan tersebut sudah efektik di<br />
  462. terapkan sekarang?</p>
  463. <p>Penanganan limbah plastik yang paling ideal adalah<br />
  464. dengan mendaur ulang. Akan tetapi, hal itu tampaknya tidak mudah dijalankan.<br />
  465. Proses daur ulang melalui tahap-tahap pengumpulan, pemisahan (sortir),<br />
  466. pelelehan, dan pembentukan ulang. Tahapan paling sulit adalah pengumpulan dan<br />
  467. pemisahan. Kedua tahapan ini akan lebih mudah dilakukan jika masyarakat dengan<br />
  468. disiplin ikut berpartisipasi, yaitu ketika membuang sampah plastik. Namun<br />
  469. limbah plastik hitam merupakan produk daur ulang, maka daur ulang bukanlah<br />
  470. penanganan yang tepat. Dengan cara melakukan plastik berbayar kami<br />
  471. berharap bahwa sampah plastik bisa berkurang.</p>
  472. <p>Sampah plastik merupakan salah satu faktor penyebab<br />
  473. pencemaran lingkungan. Pencemaran darat yang dapat ditimbulkan oleh sampah<br />
  474. misalnya ditinjau dari segi kesehatan sebagai tempat bersarang dan menyebarnya<br />
  475. bibut penyakit, sedangkan dari segi keindahan, tentu saja menurunnya estetika<br />
  476. (tidak sedap dipandang mata). Sampah plastik juga daoat mencemari sumur dan air<br />
  477. apabila cairan sampah plastik ini <br />
  478. merembes ke dalam tanah. Oleh karena itu Pemerintah menerapkan kebijakan<br />
  479. plastic berbayar agar dapat mengurangi penggunakan plastik</p>
  480. <p>Bayak orang mengira bahwa kebijakan pemerintah untuk<br />
  481. membayar kantong plastik pada usaha ritel modern itu efektif. Padahal<br />
  482. kenyataanya tidak, karena masyarakat tidak akan peduli dan akan tetap membeli<br />
  483. karena harganya hanya Rp.200,- untuk selembar kantong plastik. Masyarakat<br />
  484. berfikir akan tetap menggunakan plastic berbayar karena praktis untuk<br />
  485. digunakan. Tetapi akan menyebabkan sampah plastik akan semakin menumpuk dan<br />
  486. akan mencemari lingkungan, karena sampah plastik akan terurai dalam kurun waktu<br />
  487. ratusan tahun</p>
  488. <p> </p>
  489. <p> </p>
  490. <p>BAB III.</p>
  491. <p>PENUTUP</p>
  492. <p>3.1 Kesimpulan</p>
  493. <p>Menurut<br />
  494. Saya kebijakan kantong plastik berbayar ini masih belum efektif untuk bisa<br />
  495. mengurangi sampah plastik.. Masyarakat tidak<br />
  496. akan peduli dan akan tetap membeli karena harganya hanya Rp.200,- untuk<br />
  497. selembar kantong plastik. Masyarakat berfikir akan tetap menggunakan plastik<br />
  498. berbayar karena praktis untuk digunakan. </p>
  499. <p> </p>
  500. <p>3.2 Saran/Solusi</p>
  501. <p>Sebagaimana<br />
  502. yang telah kita ketahui bahwa sampah plastik itu sangat berdampak amat<br />
  503. berbahaya bagi masyarakat dan lingkungan. Saran saya yaitu menganti nya dengan<br />
  504. bahan yang bisa di daur ulang seperti Eco Bag atau melakukan gerakan 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) untuk mengurangi<br />
  505. penggunaan plastik yang setiap hari meningkat.</p>
  506. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com/1-1-semua-jenis-kebutuhan-manusia-dari-kebutuhan-dasar/">1.1 semua jenis kebutuhan manusia, dari kebutuhan dasar</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="https://firstyearschildrenscenter.com">First Years Children&#039;s Center</a>.</p>
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