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  11. <title>Wild About Utah</title>
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  13. <link>http://wildaboututah.org</link>
  14. <description>A weekly nature series produced by Utah Public Radio in cooperation with Stokes Nature Center, Bridgerland Audubon Society, Utah Master Naturalists Program and the Quinney College of Natural Resources at Utah State University.</description>
  15. <lastBuildDate>Thu, 22 Jun 2017 01:41:53 +0000</lastBuildDate>
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  23. <title>Wild About Utah</title>
  24. <link>http://wildaboututah.org</link>
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  28. <item>
  29. <title>June Fireflies</title>
  30. <link>http://wildaboututah.org/june-fireflies/</link>
  31. <pubDate>Mon, 19 Jun 2017 13:41:59 +0000</pubDate>
  32. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Ron Hellstern]]></dc:creator>
  33. <category><![CDATA[Insects]]></category>
  34. <category><![CDATA[Invertebrates]]></category>
  35. <category><![CDATA[Fireflies]]></category>
  36.  
  37. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://wildaboututah.org/?p=7288</guid>
  38. <description><![CDATA[<p>Most people are fascinated by unusual displays of light. Meteor showers, solar eclipses, and the stunning Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, are grandiose in scale and mesmerize onlookers. But people are also enchanted with the small life-forms that create their own light. Bioluminescence, the production of light by living creatures, is an incredible phenomenon produced &#8230; </p>
  39. <p class="link-more"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/june-fireflies/" class="more-link">Continue reading<span class="screen-reader-text"> "June Fireflies"</span></a></p>
  40. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/june-fireflies/">June Fireflies</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
  41. ]]></description>
  42. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p><figure style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Photuris_lucicrescens.jpg"><img title="Click for a larger view of a firefly, Courtesy Wikimedia, Bruce Marlin, Photographer, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/52/Photuris_lucicrescens.jpg" alt="Click for a larger view of a firefly, Courtesy Wikimedia, Bruce Marlin, Photographer, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license" width="250" height="188" align="right" border="0" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text"><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Photuris_lucicrescens.jpg">Firefly<i></i></a><br /><cite><a href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camelops.jpg">Courtesy Wikimedia,</a><br />Bruce Marlin, Photographer<br /><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/deed.en">Licensed under<br />Creative Commons Attribution-<br />Share Alike 2.5 Generic license</a></p>
  43. <p></cite><br /></figcaption></figure>Most people are fascinated by unusual displays of light.  Meteor showers, solar eclipses, and the stunning Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, are grandiose in scale and mesmerize onlookers.  But people are also enchanted with the small life-forms that create their own light.</p>
  44. <p>Bioluminescence, the production of light by living creatures, is an incredible phenomenon produced by certain mushrooms, scorpions, millipedes, bacteria, snails, worms, beetles, and nearly half of marine life including single-celled plankton, jellyfish, octopi, and fish.  Some are also fluorescent by absorbing light rays and then emitting them as a different color. </p>
  45. <p>But today we will focus on fireflies, also known as lightning bugs, which are actually beetles.</p>
  46. <p>How, and why, do these creatures produce their own light?  Scientists are still learning how the process works, but basically it is a chemical reaction involving luciferin, a light-emitting compound, being catalyzed by an enzyme and reacting with oxygen to release cool, light photons.  </p>
  47. <p>The “why” part is primarily for locating mates.  But other species could also use it to lure prey, as a method of escape, and to warn predators.</p>
  48. <p>The nighttime hours of late Spring and early Summer months are prime time for firefly activity.  They live around wetland areas where the soil is moist and will start flashing when the sky is dark.  Females remain fairly stationary atop tall grass and watch for males who fly around flashing various light signals.  When a female approves of a suitor’s signal, she will respond with her own glow pattern which allows the male to find her.  After mating, the female will lay eggs in the moist soil or leaf litter where they won’t dry out.  The eggs usually hatch in 3-4 weeks.</p>
  49. <p>The larvae live in the soil hunting worms, snails or slugs.  At this stage they may actually begin glowing.  They live in the soil for one or two winters before pupating and undergoing metamorphosis into the adult stage.  And the purpose of the adult stage is primarily breeding.</p>
  50. <p>While we enjoy seeing these insect “shooting stars” it is critical to avoid trying to capture them since the Utah populations are small and fragile.  (Photos are available online on many websites if one needs to see them closeup.)  Walking on the soil can kill the eggs or larvae, and light from automobiles, street lights and flashlights can disrupt their ability to see the flashing of their prospective mates.  While the “Firefly Citizen-Science Project” from the Natural History Museum of Utah indicates sightings at more than 50 locations, careless actions, as well as loss of critical habitat, are actually causing a decrease in populations across the country.</p>
  51. <p>Let’s do our best to be good stewards of the earth and only “observe” the amazing firefly.  </p>
  52. <p>This is Ron Helstern with Wild About Utah.</p>
  53. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Credits:</span></span></p>
  54. <p>Image: Courtesy Wikimedia, Bruce Marlin, Photographer, Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license<br />
  55. Text:  Ron Hellstern</p>
  56. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Additional Reading</span></span></p>
  57. <p>Holly Strand, Firefly Light, Wild About Utah, 20 June 2013, <a href="http://wildaboututah.org/firefly-light/" target="newWindow">http://wildaboututah.org/firefly-light/</a></p>
  58. <p>Clayton Gefre, Sparks Fly: Researchers track firefly populations across Utah, The Herald Journal, <a href="http://news.hjnews.com/allaccess/sparks-fly-researchers-track-firefly-populations-across-utah/article_270ac8b9-3d3f-5a01-9b5b-ac22e89a54bb.html" target="newWindow">http://news.hjnews.com/allaccess/sparks-fly-researchers-track-firefly-populations-across-utah/article_270ac8b9-3d3f-5a01-9b5b-ac22e89a54bb.html</a></p>
  59. <p>Natalie Crofts, New Website Tracks Utah Firefly Sightings, KSL, <a href="https://www.ksl.com/?sid=34439516" target="newWindow">https://www.ksl.com/?sid=34439516</a></p>
  60. <p>Utah Museum of Natural History, Firefly Citizen Science Project, <a href="https://nhmu.utah.edu/fireflies" target="newWindow">https://nhmu.utah.edu/fireflies</a></p>
  61. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/june-fireflies/">June Fireflies</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
  62. ]]></content:encoded>
  63. </item>
  64. <item>
  65. <title>Greater Sage-Grouse in Utah</title>
  66. <link>http://wildaboututah.org/greater-sage-grouse-in-utah/</link>
  67. <pubDate>Mon, 12 Jun 2017 13:41:39 +0000</pubDate>
  68. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Shauna Leavitt]]></dc:creator>
  69. <category><![CDATA[Biome]]></category>
  70. <category><![CDATA[Birds]]></category>
  71. <category><![CDATA[Desert]]></category>
  72.  
  73. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://wildaboututah.org/?p=7250</guid>
  74. <description><![CDATA[<p>Utah’s dry, sagebrush covered landscapes are home to one of North American’s largest grouse species, commonly known as the greater sage-grouse. The females are attractive chicken-size birds with gently curved bodies. Their feathers show streaks of black, brown and gray. This pattern acts as a natural camouflage in their sagebrush habitat to help protect them &#8230; </p>
  75. <p class="link-more"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/greater-sage-grouse-in-utah/" class="more-link">Continue reading<span class="screen-reader-text"> "Greater Sage-Grouse in Utah"</span></a></p>
  76. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/greater-sage-grouse-in-utah/">Greater Sage-Grouse in Utah</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
  77. ]]></description>
  78. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p><figure id="attachment_7278" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-femalesage-grouseflying-winter.jpg" target="newWindow"><img src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-femalesage-grouseflying-winter.250x167.jpg" alt="Female Sage-Grouse Flying in Winter, Courtesy &amp; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer" width="250" height="167" class="size-full wp-image-7278" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">Female Sage-Grouse Flying in Winter, Courtesy &#038; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer</figcaption></figure>Utah’s dry, sagebrush covered landscapes are home to one of North American’s largest grouse species, commonly known as the greater sage-grouse.</p>
  79. <p>The females are attractive chicken-size birds with gently curved bodies.  Their feathers show streaks of black, brown and gray.  This pattern acts as a natural camouflage in their sagebrush habitat to help protect them from predators.</p>
  80. <p><figure id="attachment_7276" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-sagegrouse-male-onlek3.jpg" target="newWindow"><img src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-sagegrouse-male-onlek3.250x201.jpg" alt="Male Sage-Grouse on Lek, Courtesy &amp; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer" width="250" height="201" class="size-full wp-image-7276" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">Male Sage-Grouse on Lek, Courtesy &#038; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer</figcaption></figure>Males are distinguished from females by their majestic form and decorative feather patterns. They are often twice the size of females and can weigh over seven pounds.  A thick layer of white plumage covers the males’ breast and wraps up around both sides of their thick necks.  Their tails are a long spray of pointy feathers, which rise into a beautiful fan during courting season and provide the basis for their scientific name Centrocercus urophasianus derived from the Greek word “kentron” meaning spiny, “kerkos” meaning tail, and urophasianus meaning tail of a pheasant.</p>
  81. <p>To help protect against predators their wing and back feathers have streaks of black, grey, and brown &#8211; similar to the females.</p>
  82. <p>Buried under the male’s white breast feathers are two air sacs that remain concealed until mating season begins.<br />
  83. The greater sage-grouse are probably best known, by most, for their extravagant courtship rituals.</p>
  84. <p>Around the beginning of March, the male grouse return to their communal mating grounds called a lek where they compete with other males to attract and breed with the females.  The ritual is called lekking. The lek is in an open area where visibility is good &#8211; such as a dry lakebed.</p>
  85. <p><figure id="attachment_7273" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-dominatemale-withfemales-displaying-onlek.jpg" target="newWindow"><img src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-dominatemale-withfemales-displaying-onlek.250x167.jpg" alt="Dominate Male Sage-Grouse with Females, Courtesy &amp; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer" width="250" height="167" class="size-full wp-image-7273" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">Dominate Male Sage-Grouse with Females, Courtesy &#038; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer</figcaption></figure>To show their dominance, the males raise their tail feathers in a magnificent fan, fill their breast sacs with air then thrust the air out of the sacs making a popping/bubbling sound as they strut around the lek in a regal fashion.</p>
  86. <p>The females are attracted to the leks by the calls of the males, which can carry for over 1.5 miles.  When they arrive, they roost among the males to watch their strutting performances.  The hens may visit the lek several times during the breeding season before nesting.</p>
  87. <p>During the courtship rituals, the females will begin searching for a nesting site.  Most will choose to build their nests under the protective cover of a sagebrush bush.  The female lines the bowl-shaped nest with dead grass and a few feathers.  When she sits on her nest of 6-8 eggs, her camouflage colors go to work and make her nearly invisible from her surroundings.  A potential predator may often pass by her as she sits motionless and in silence on her nest for a 30-day incubation period.</p>
  88. <p><figure id="attachment_7280" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-weekoldchick-withtransmitteronback.jpg" target="newWindow"><img src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/black-todd-weekoldchick-withtransmitteronback.250x188.jpg" alt="Week-old Sage-Grouse Chick with Transmitter, Courtesy &amp; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer" width="250" height="188" class="size-full wp-image-7280" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">Week-old Sage-Grouse Chick with Transmitter, Courtesy &#038; Copyright Todd Black, Photographer</figcaption></figure>Dr. Terry Messmer, Utah State University Extension wildlife specialist and director of the Berryman Institute explains, “Greater sage-grouse do not have a muscular crop and are not able to digest hard seeds like other upland game species such as the ring-necked pheasant… they depend on sagebrush for their survival. In fact, during the winter sage-grouse survive by only eating sagebrush. They are the only species that can gain weight during the winter by [consuming] sagebrush.”</p>
  89. <p>Biologists estimate that since the European settlement of North America there has been a 50% decline of the sage-grouse sagebrush habitat and population.</p>
  90. <p>In the late 1990’s, in an effort to reverse this trend, Messmer through Utah State University entered into a collaboration with the State of Utah and numerous other stakeholders to develop a community-based conservation plan.  Its purpose was to bring local communities, agencies, and researchers together to determine the best methods to preserve sage-grouse, their sagebrush habitats, and benefit the local community – without having to list it for protection under the federal Endangered Species Act.</p>
  91. <p>After two decades of hard work, the partners have witnessed a resurgence of the greater sage-grouse as their habitats have been protected, enhanced and expanded.</p>
  92. <p>If you’d like to see greater sage-grouse, the largest populations are found in western Box Elder County, on Blue and Diamond Mountains in Uintah County in northeastern Utah, in Rich County, and on Parker Mountain in south central Utah.   Just remember to bring your binoculars.</p>
  93. <p>This is Shauna Leavitt for Wild About Utah.</p>
  94. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Credits:</span></span><br />
  95. Photos: All photos courtesy of and used with permission of Todd A. Black.<br />
  96. Text: Shauna Leavitt, USGS Utah Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Quinney College of Natural Resources, Utah State University</p>
  97. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Additional Reading</span></span></p>
  98. <p>To learn more about Utah sage-grouse conservation, please go to <a href="http://www.utahcbcp.org/" target="newWindow">www.utahcbcp.org</a>.</p>
  99. <p><a href="" target="newWindow"></a></p>
  100. <p><a href="" target="newWindow"></a></p>
  101. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/greater-sage-grouse-in-utah/">Greater Sage-Grouse in Utah</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
  102. ]]></content:encoded>
  103. </item>
  104. <item>
  105. <title>Conserving Water</title>
  106. <link>http://wildaboututah.org/conserving-water/</link>
  107. <pubDate>Mon, 05 Jun 2017 13:41:41 +0000</pubDate>
  108. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Ron Hellstern]]></dc:creator>
  109. <category><![CDATA[Springs, Rivers, Lakes and Streams]]></category>
  110. <category><![CDATA[Water]]></category>
  111.  
  112. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://wildaboututah.org/?p=7248</guid>
  113. <description><![CDATA[<p>Liquid water is essential to life as we know it on planet Earth. With rising temperatures ahead, our water resources are critical to us all. Whether nations contain hot-desert areas or not, the appropriate management of water is essential. In fact, life-sustaining water is literally far more important and valuable than oil. While most Americans &#8230; </p>
  114. <p class="link-more"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/conserving-water/" class="more-link">Continue reading<span class="screen-reader-text"> "Conserving Water"</span></a></p>
  115. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/conserving-water/">Conserving Water</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
  116. ]]></description>
  117. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p><figure id="attachment_7261" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/IMG_5206.jpg"><img src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/IMG_5206.250x167.jpg" alt="A Flowing Stream, Conserving Water Starts at Home, Courtesy and Copyright Ron Hellstern, Photographer" width="250" height="167" class="size-full wp-image-7261" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">A Flowing Stream, Conserving Water Starts at Home, Courtesy and Copyright Ron Hellstern, Photographer</figcaption></figure>Liquid water is essential to life as we know it on planet Earth.  With rising temperatures ahead, our water resources are critical to us all.  Whether nations contain hot-desert areas or not, the appropriate management of water is essential.  In fact, life-sustaining water is literally far more important and valuable than oil.  While most Americans generally take clean water for granted, the current generation may see unprecedented changes in water policy, development of desalinization plants, and the distant transport of water through major pipelines.  While the “amount” of Earth’s water remains stable, its accessibility and distribution may change dramatically.  A current example is truckloads of water being hauled from California to the Crater Lake National Park system in Oregon.</p>
  118. <p>As good Earth Stewards, what can/should we do to use water responsibly?  Here are 25 ideas:  </p>
  119. <ul>
  120. <li> Run kitchen-tap water into pitchers until it is hot before you start your dishwasher.  Use that water later for your houseplants or garden.</li>
  121. <li> If washing dishes by hand, use a container of rinse water rather than letting it run over dishes.</li>
  122. <li> Try a Navy Shower: Get wet, turn water off, lather up, rinse.  Two minutes of water use is all you’ll need.</li>
  123. <li> Install a water-saver showerhead.</li>
  124. <li> Keep a pitcher of cold drinking water in the fridge instead of letting the water run down the drain while waiting for it to cool.</li>
  125. <li> Wash your car on the lawn.</li>
  126. <li> Use a pistol-nozzle on your garden hose rather than letting it run open ended.</li>
  127. <li> Use a bucket in your bathtub to catch water until it warms, then use it on plants later.</li>
  128. <li> Water plants with runoff caught from rinsing fruit and vegetables under your faucet.</li>
  129. <li> See if your community allows plumbing your gray water directly to your outdoor plants.</li>
  130. <li> Use a broom, not water, to clean sidewalks and driveways.</li>
  131. <li> Turn running water off while shaving, washing hands, or brushing teeth.</li>
  132. <li> Water lawns only in the early morning or late evening, and preferably on windless days.</li>
  133. <li> Compost fruit &#038; vegetable waste rather than using the garbage disposal.</li>
  134. <li> Consider replacing your lawn with water-wise plants.  If you live in a desert, grow desert plants.</li>
  135. <li> Run dishwashers and clothes-washers only with full loads.</li>
  136. <li> Upgrade old toilets with the newer water-saving models</li>
  137. <li> Make sure that lawn sprinklers never hit driveways, sidewalks, buildings, fences, etc.</li>
  138. <li> Put your lawn mower on the “highest setting” to conserve water and strengthen grasses.</li>
  139. <li> Check the policy in your area about using barrels to catch rainwater from your roof to use later on flower beds and gardens.</li>
  140. <li> Never use running water to thaw frozen foods.  Plan ahead, and defrost it in the fridge.</li>
  141. <li> Fix plumbing leaks immediately.</li>
  142. <li> Don’t use toilets as garbage cans.</li>
  143. <li> Save money and resources by avoiding plastic water-bottles.  Use your own refillable container for meetings, hiking, etc.</li>
  144. <li> If you have a pool, cover it when it’s not in use to reduce evaporation loss.</li>
  145. <li> For dozens of other water-saving ideas go to www.wateruseitwisely.com</li>
  146. </ul>
  147. <p><figure id="attachment_7263" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/IMG_5207.jpg"><img src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/IMG_5207.250x375.jpg" alt="A Flowing Stream, Home for Wildlife, Courtesy and Copyright Ron Hellstern, Photographer" width="250" height="375" class="size-full wp-image-7263" srcset="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/IMG_5207.250x375.jpg 250w, http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/IMG_5207.250x375-200x300.jpg 200w" sizes="(max-width: 250px) 100vw, 250px" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">A Flowing Stream, Home for Wildlife, Courtesy and Copyright Ron Hellstern, Photographer</figcaption></figure>This is Ron Helstern with Wild About Utah.</p>
  148. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Credits:</span></span></p>
  149. <p>Images:<br />
  150. Courtesy &amp; Copyright Ron Hellstern, Photographer<br />
  151. Text:     Ron Hellstern</p>
  152. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Additional Reading</span></span></p>
  153. <p>Conservation Program, Utah Division of Water Resources,<br />
  154. <a href="https://conservewater.utah.gov/" target="newWindow">https://conservewater.utah.gov/</a></p>
  155. <p>Waterwise Utah, Utah Education Network &#038; Partners, <a href="http://waterwiseutah.org/" target="newWindow">http://waterwiseutah.org/</a></p>
  156. <p>Water Quality-Conservation, USU Extension, <a href="http://extension.usu.edu/waterquality/conservation/" target="newWindow">http://extension.usu.edu/waterquality/conservation/</a></p>
  157. <p>Slow the Flow, Jordan Valley Water Conservancy District &#038; Partneres, <a href="http://www.slowtheflow.org/" target="newWindow">http://www.slowtheflow.org/</a></p>
  158. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/conserving-water/">Conserving Water</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
  159. ]]></content:encoded>
  160. <enclosure url="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/WildUtah060517.mp3" length="" type="" />
  161. </item>
  162. <item>
  163. <title>Green Canyon and Clean Drinking Water</title>
  164. <link>http://wildaboututah.org/green-canyon-and-clean-drinking-water/</link>
  165. <pubDate>Mon, 29 May 2017 13:41:13 +0000</pubDate>
  166. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Brad Hansen]]></dc:creator>
  167. <category><![CDATA[Springs, Rivers, Lakes and Streams]]></category>
  168. <category><![CDATA[Water]]></category>
  169. <category><![CDATA[culinary water]]></category>
  170. <category><![CDATA[domestic water]]></category>
  171.  
  172. <guid isPermaLink="false">http://wildaboututah.org/?p=7207</guid>
  173. <description><![CDATA[<p>If you’ve ever hiked or driven up Green Canyon near the City of North Logan, you’ve probably noticed the dried-up streambed. It wasn’t always dry, however. In fact, if you turn back the pages of history you’ll find water, and the story of why the stream no longer flows. In the 1920s several families living &#8230; </p>
  174. <p class="link-more"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/green-canyon-and-clean-drinking-water/" class="more-link">Continue reading<span class="screen-reader-text"> "Green Canyon and Clean Drinking Water"</span></a></p>
  175. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/green-canyon-and-clean-drinking-water/">Green Canyon and Clean Drinking Water</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
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  177. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<figure id="attachment_7211" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/USUarchives-Digging-Waterline-Trenches-Green-Canyon-ca.-1935.png"><img class="size-full wp-image-7211" src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/USUarchives-Digging-Waterline-Trenches-Green-Canyon-ca.-1935.250x161.png" alt="Digging waterline trenches in Cache Valley, circa 1935. Photo: Utah State University Special Collections and Archives." width="250" height="161" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">Digging waterline trenches in Cache Valley, circa 1935. Photo: Utah State University Special Collections and Archives.</figcaption></figure>
  178. <p>If you’ve ever hiked or driven up Green Canyon near the City of North Logan, you’ve probably noticed the dried-up streambed. It wasn’t always dry, however. In fact, if you turn back the pages of history you’ll find water, and the story of why the stream no longer flows.</p>
  179. <p>In the 1920s several families living in North Logan contracted meningitis from drinking contaminated canal water. The townspeople had tried drilling wells, but each time the water emerged from the ground warm and metallic. Farres Nyman, an early resident of North Logan recorded that during winter her father would chop holes in the frozen Logan-Hyde-Park Canal to retrieve drinking water. Her mother would then “take a little strainer and strain out the wrigglers and boil our drinking water.”<a href="#1"><sup>1</sup></a> One of the people infected was Utah State Agricultural College engineering professor Orson W. Israelsen. His bout with the illness left him completely deaf.<a href="#2"><sup>2</sup></a> The meningitis outbreak motivated the community, and especially Israelsen, to find a clean source of water for North Logan.</p>
  180. <p>With the help of his students at the Agricultural College, Israelsen explored Green Canyon. Sometime in 1928, the group located a spring five miles up in a narrow adjacent canyon (now called Water Canyon). From 1928&#8211;1934 Israelsen sent students, often on snowshoes, to gather flow data from the spring. He determined that the spring’s average discharge of around 88 gallons per minute was sufficient to meet the needs of the community.<a href="#3"><sup>3</sup></a></p>
  181. <p>The spring was already spoken for by a local power company and the Little Flower Mine, who owned rights to the water jointly, but in 1928, the power company decided not to re-file. And so on October 1st of the same year (when the water rights came up for renewal) North Logan resident Robert Burns Crookston camped out near the state offices in Salt Lake City and claimed the water for North Logan before a representative for the Little Flower Mine had a chance to re-file.<a href="#4"><sup>4</sup></a></p>
  182. <figure id="attachment_7213" style="width: 250px" class="wp-caption alignright"><a href="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/USUarchive-Concrete-equalizing-reservoir-Green-Canyon.png"><img class="size-full wp-image-7213" src="http://wildaboututah.org/wp-content/uploads/USUarchive-Concrete-equalizing-reservoir-Green-Canyon.250x160.png" alt="Concrete equalizing reservoir for North Logan Waterworks at the Mouth of Green Canyon, circa 1935. Photo: Utah State University Special Collections and Archives" width="250" height="160" /></a><figcaption class="wp-caption-text">Concrete equalizing reservoir for North Logan Waterworks at the Mouth of Green Canyon, circa 1935. Photo: Utah State University Special Collections and Archives</figcaption></figure>
  183. <p>With the water now theirs, residents of North Logan decided to incorporate as a town. In 1934 town leaders laid out their plan to construct a waterline to bring the spring water in Green Canyon to their homes in the valley. Orson W. Israelsen was put in charge of the project. He estimated it would cost $24,000$35,000 to build the waterline. To defray costs, the city sought help from the Federal Government. Through the Works Progress Administration (WPA), Uncle Sam contributed $32,850 while North Logan City raised another $28,800. Surveying took place during November 1934 and men began digging trenches in Green Canyon during the winter of 1935.<a href="#5"><sup>5</sup></a> Israelsen described the work:</p>
  184. <blockquote style="border-left: 20px;">
  185. <p style="padding-left: 30px; line-height: 0.9 em; ">There was no digging equipment at that time, a pick and shovel and crowbar were used. When they came to a level, a plow or root digger was used, which was drawn by a team of horses. This loosened the soil, which the men lifted out of the trenches with a shovel… They were interested in their town welfare and did the job on the 5 miles of pipe in the canyon and 8 miles in the valley. What a joy it was to turn a tap and get a clear cold drink of pure water<a href="#6"><sup>6</sup></a>.</p>
  186. </blockquote>
  187. <p>Despite the difficult work, the men made good time. By June 1935 water was flowing from the spring in Green Canyon to residents in North Logan.</p>
  188. <p>Not much has changed since 1935. The spring continues to send clean water to homes in North Logan, just as Israelsen and the WPA workers hoped it would. Until 1984 North Logan City used the original pipe. However, severe flooding during the winter of 1983&#8211;84 washed out sections of the old pipe, requiring installation of new pipe.<a href="#7"><sup>7</sup></a> The new pipe is even more efficient, capturing all the spring water that once tumbled down Green Canyon spreading life. These days the streambed is full of dusty hikers and mountain bikers instead of water. And, the cottonwoods and willows that made Green Canyon so green have dried up, reminding us of our history and the cost of clean drinking water.</p>
  189. <p>For Wild About Utah, I’m Brad Hansen</p>
  190. <p>Footnotes:</p>
  191. <p><a id="1"></a>1.</p>
  192. <ol compact="compact">
  193. <li style="list-style-type: none;">
  194. <ol compact="compact">Jesse L. Embry, North Logan Town: 1934-1970. (North Logan, Utah: North Logan City, 2000), 25.</ol>
  195. </li>
  196. </ol>
  197. <p><a id="2"></a>2.</p>
  198. <ol compact="compact">
  199. <li style="list-style-type: none;">
  200. <ol compact="compact">“Biographical Sketch,” Orson Winso Israelsen Papers, (1894-1966), (Available at Special Collections and Archives, Utah State University), accessed April 25, 2012, http://library.usu.edu/specol/manuscript/collms31.html</ol>
  201. </li>
  202. </ol>
  203. <p><a id="3"></a>3.</p>
  204. <ol compact="compact">
  205. <li style="list-style-type: none;">
  206. <ol compact="compact">Lydia Thurston Nyman and Venetta King Gilden, Miscellaneous Papers on the History of North Logan, Utah. (Published by Authors: 1998), 60.</ol>
  207. </li>
  208. </ol>
  209. <p><a id="4"></a>4.</p>
  210. <ol compact="compact">
  211. <li style="list-style-type: none;">
  212. <ol compact="compact">Don Younker Oral History, interviewed by Jessie Embry, 1998, 6.</ol>
  213. </li>
  214. </ol>
  215. <p><a id="5"></a>5.</p>
  216. <ol compact="compact">
  217. <li style="list-style-type: none;">
  218. <ol compact="compact">Thurston and Nyman, 61.</ol>
  219. </li>
  220. </ol>
  221. <p><a id="6"></a>6.</p>
  222. <ol compact="compact">
  223. <li style="list-style-type: none;">
  224. <ol compact="compact">Ibid, 61.</ol>
  225. </li>
  226. </ol>
  227. <p><a id="7"></a>7.</p>
  228. <ol compact="compact">
  229. <li style="list-style-type: none;">
  230. <ol compact="compact">Al Moser Oral History, Interviewed by Daniel Franklin and Sean Harvey, February, 2012.</ol>
  231. </li>
  232. </ol>
  233. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Credits:</span></span><br />
  234. Photo: Courtesy Utah State University Special Collections and Archives<br />
  235. Text: Brad Hansen</p>
  236. <p><span style="font-family: Verdana; font-size: 10pt;"><span style="color: #2a7f55; font-weight: bold;">Sources &amp; Additional Reading</span></span></p>
  237. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org/green-canyon-and-clean-drinking-water/">Green Canyon and Clean Drinking Water</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="http://wildaboututah.org">Wild About Utah</a>.</p>
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