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  8. <title type="text">Rad Geek People&#039;s Daily</title>
  9. <subtitle type="text">official state media for a secessionist republic of one</subtitle>
  10.  
  11. <updated>2017-07-08T22:26:20Z</updated>
  12.  
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  18. <link rel="license" type="text/html" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/" /> <entry>
  19. <author>
  20. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  21. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  22. </author>
  23. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Bolivarian Process (Cont&#8217;d)]]></title>
  24. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/07/08/bolivarian-process-contd/" />
  25. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8853</id>
  26. <updated>2017-07-08T22:26:20Z</updated>
  27. <published>2017-07-08T22:09:58Z</published>
  28. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Abroad" label="Abroad"/>
  29. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Civil Liberties" label="Civil Liberties"/>
  30. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  31. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Power to the People" label="Power to the People"/>
  32. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  33. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Terror" label="Terror"/>
  34. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Bolivarian National Guard" label="Bolivarian National Guard"/>
  35. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Bolivarian Process" label="Bolivarian Process"/>
  36. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Nicolas Maduro" label="Nicolas Maduro"/>
  37. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Venezuela" label="Venezuela"/>
  38. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[CARACAS – Pro-government militias wielding wooden sticks and metal bars stormed congress on Wednesday, attacking opposition lawmakers during a special session coinciding with Venezuela’s independence day. Four lawmakers were injured and blood was splattered on the neoclassical legislature’s white walls. One of them, Americo de Grazia, had to be removed in a stretcher while suffering [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  39. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/07/08/bolivarian-process-contd/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  40. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from The Japan Times</h3>
  41. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/07/06/world/politics-diplomacy-world/maduro-backing-militias-storm-caracas-congress-rough-opposition-lawmakers/#.WWFNK1dKaCg"><img src="http://www.japantimes.co.jp/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/f-caracas-a-20170707-870x580.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  42. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/07/06/world/politics-diplomacy-world/maduro-backing-militias-storm-caracas-congress-rough-opposition-lawmakers/#.WWFNK1dKaCg">Maduro-backing militias storm Caracas congress, rough up opposit…</a></strong></p>
  43. <p style="margin: 0em;">Pro-government militias wielding wooden sticks and metal bars stormed congress on Wednesday, attacking opposition lawmakers during a special session c…</p>
  44. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">japantimes.co.jp</span></p>
  45. <br style="clear: both" />
  46. </div>
  47.  
  48.  
  49.  
  50. <blockquote>
  51.  <p>CARACAS – Pro-government militias wielding wooden sticks and metal bars stormed congress on Wednesday, attacking opposition lawmakers during a special session coinciding with Venezuela’s independence day.</p>
  52.  
  53.  <p>Four lawmakers were injured and blood was splattered on the neoclassical legislature’s white walls. One of them, Americo de Grazia, had to be removed in a stretcher while suffering from convulsions.</p>
  54.  
  55.  <p>“This doesn’t hurt as much as watching how every day how we lose a little bit more of our country,” Armando Arias said from inside an ambulance as he was being treated for head wounds that spilled blood across his clothes.</p>
  56.  
  57.  <p>The unprecedented attack, in plain view of national guardsmen assigned to protect the legislature, comes amid three months of often-violent confrontations between security forces and protesters who accuse the government of trying to establish a dictatorship by jailing foes, pushing aside the opposition-controlled legislature and rewriting the constitution to avoid fair elections.</p>
  58.  
  59.  <p><ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> Later Maduro condemned the violence, but complained that the opposition doesn’t do enough to control “terrorist attacks” committed against security forces by anti-government protesters.</p>
  60.  
  61.  <p class="attribution">&#8212;&#8201;<a href="http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/07/06/world/politics-diplomacy-world/maduro-backing-militias-storm-caracas-congress-rough-opposition-lawmakers/#.WWFNK1dKaCg">Maduro-backed militias storm Caracas congress, rough up opposition lawmakers</a><br><cite>The Japan Times</cite> (July 6, 2017)</p>
  62. </blockquote>
  63.  
  64. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  65. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Reuters</h3>
  66. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-venezuela-idUSKBN19A2IO"><img src="https://s2.reutersmedia.net/resources/r/?m=02&d=20170619&t=2&i=1189669609&w=&fh=545px&fw=&ll=&pl=&sq=&r=LYNXMPED5I1ZH" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  67. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-venezuela-idUSKBN19A2IO">Brazil bans tear gas exports to Venezuela due to violence: sourc…</a></strong></p>
  68. <p style="margin: 0em;">Brazil's government has halted exports of tear gas for use in Venezuela due to violent repression of protests there, two sources familiar with the dec…</p>
  69. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">reuters.com</span></p>
  70. <br style="clear: both" />
  71. </div>
  72.  
  73.  
  74.  
  75. <blockquote>
  76.  <p>Brazil&#8217;s government has halted exports of tear gas for use in Venezuela due to violent repression of protests there, two sources familiar with the decision said on Monday, a move that added to the diplomatic isolation of Venezuela President Nicolas Maduro.</p>
  77.  
  78.  <p>Brazil&#8217;s Defense Ministry and Ministry of Foreign Relations made the joint decision in response to appeals by the Venezuelan opposition, the sources said.</p>
  79.  
  80.  <p>The Defense Ministry said on Friday that Rio de Janeiro-based Condor Tecnologias Não-Letais had not shipped tear gas canisters to Venezuela&#8217;s armed forces as negotiated in April, without giving a reason.</p>
  81.  
  82.  <p>Condor confirmed on Friday that it had two active contracts in Venezuela, but declined to comment on specific shipments.</p>
  83.  
  84.  <p>The company and ministries did not immediately respond to requests for comment on Monday.</p>
  85.  
  86.  <p>The involvement of the Ministry of Foreign Relations underscores the role of diplomacy in the decision, as Brazil&#8217;s armed forces usually take responsibility for licensing the export of &#8220;controlled products&#8221; such as the stun grenades, rubber bullets, pepper spray and tear gas made by Condor.</p>
  87.  
  88.  <p>&#8220;The (Brazilian) government decided to accept the opposition&#8217;s request because there&#8217;s a massacre in Venezuela,&#8221; said one of the sources, who requested anonymity to speak freely. The other source, a senior government official, said export of other crowd control equipment would also be denied.</p>
  89.  
  90.  <p class="attribution">&#8212;&#8201;<a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-venezuela-idUSKBN19A2IO">Brazil bans tear gas exports to Venezuela due to violence: sources</a><br><cite>Reuters</cite> (June 19, 2017)</p>
  91. </blockquote>
  92.  
  93. <h3>See also.</h3>
  94.  
  95. <ul>
  96. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2016/05/15/state-of-emergency/">GT 2016-05-15: State of Emergency</a></li>
  97. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2016/05/13/bolivarian-process/">GT 2016-05-13: Bolivarian Process</a></li>
  98. <li><a href="http://elsewhere.radgeek.com/2015/09/02/venezuelan-farmers-ordered-to-hand-over-produce-to-state-via-facebook/">Elsewhere 2015-09-02: Venezuelan farmers ordered to hand over produce to state</a></li>
  99. <li><a href="http://elsewhere.radgeek.com/2014/08/26/venezuela-to-fingerprint-shoppers-via-facebook/">Elsewhere 2014-08-26: Venezuela &#8220;to fingerprint shoppers&#8221;</a></li>
  100. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/02/26/one-comrade-merida-got-the-desirin-el-libertario/">GT 2014-02-26: Translation of “One comrade from Mérida sounds off: Oh I’ve got the desire” (Viento sin Fronteras, in EL LIBERTARIO)</a></li>
  101. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/02/23/chile-anarcho-madurism-el-libertario/">GT 2014-02-23: Translation of “From Chile, a pitch for the foundation of anarcho-Madurism” (Armando Vergueiro, from El Libertario)</a></li>
  102. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/02/22/a-comrade-sounds-off-happening-now-venezuela-victor-camacho-el-libertario/">GT 2014-02-22: Translation of “One comrade sounds off: What’s happening now in Venezuela?” (Victor Camacho, in El Libertario)</a></li>
  103. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/02/22/quick-overview-venezuela-rafael-uzcategui-el-libertario/">GT 2014-02-22: Translation of “Quick Overview of the Situation in Venezuela for the Curious and Ill-informed” (Rafael Uzcategui, El Libertario)</a></li>
  104. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/02/22/message-cdh-ucab-torture-detainees-venezuela-el-libertario/">GT 2014-02-22: Translation of Message from CDH-UCAB: on torture and cruel and inhuman treatment of the detainees from 12-F (Centro de DDHH de la UCAB, reprinted in EL LIBERTARIO)</a></li>
  105. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/02/21/report-san-cristobal-tachira-anonymous-el-libertario/">GT 2014-02-21: Translation of Report from San Cristobal, Tachira (Anonymous, reprinted by El Libertario)</a></li>
  106. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/02/21/caracas-15-f-impressions-from-the-street-el-libertario/">GT 2014-02-21: Translation of Caracas, 15-F: Impressions from the street (Humberto Decarli, in El Libertario)</a></li>
  107. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2013/03/11/hugo-chavez-in-4-questions/">GT 2013-03-11: Hugo Chávez in 4 questions (Rafael Uzcátegui, from Periódico El Libertario)</a></li>
  108. <li><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2008/03/12/que_se/">GT 2008-03-12: Que se vayan todos.</a></li>
  109. </ul>
  110.  
  111. ]]></content>
  112. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/07/08/bolivarian-process-contd/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  113. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/07/08/bolivarian-process-contd/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  114. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  115. </entry>
  116. <entry>
  117. <author>
  118. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  119. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  120. </author>
  121. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Planet Money #381: When Business Loves Regulation]]></title>
  122. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/21/planet-money-381-when-business-loves-regulation/" />
  123. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8839</id>
  124. <updated>2017-06-21T13:11:37Z</updated>
  125. <published>2017-06-21T10:06:00Z</published>
  126. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Fellow Workers" label="Fellow Workers"/>
  127. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  128. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  129. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="What I&#039;m Reading" label="What I&#039;m Reading"/>
  130. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Free Market Anti-Capitalism" label="Free Market Anti-Capitalism"/>
  131. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Hair braiding" label="Hair braiding"/>
  132. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Institute for Justice" label="Institute for Justice"/>
  133. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Scratching By" label="Scratching By"/>
  134. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[The problem is not freed markets; the problem is what Molinari described as owned markets. Owned not because the owners bought them, or won them in competition; but rather through the proprietors&#8217; exploitation of the political process of state regulation.]]></summary>
  135. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/21/planet-money-381-when-business-loves-regulation/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  136. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from NPR.org</h3>
  137. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/money/2017/04/14/524007928/episode-381-when-business-loves-regulation"><img src="https://media.npr.org/assets/img/2017/04/14/jestinaclayton_wide-6c3f779e4e38754de96d46a14795586d6f5bb232.jpg?s=1400" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  138. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.npr.org/sections/money/2017/04/14/524007928/episode-381-when-business-loves-regulation">Episode 381: When Business Loves Regulation</a></strong></p>
  139. <p style="margin: 0em;">One in three American jobs require a license. Today on the show, why those licensing rules hurt the U.S. economy.</p>
  140. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">
  141.      Jacob Goldstein
  142.     @ npr.org</span></p>
  143. <br style="clear: both" />
  144. </div>
  145.  
  146.  
  147.  
  148. <p>The problem is not freed markets; the problem is what Molinari described as <q>owned markets.</q> Owned not because the owners bought them, or won them in competition; but rather through the proprietors&#8217; exploitation of the political process of state regulation.</p>
  149.  
  150. ]]></content>
  151. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/21/planet-money-381-when-business-loves-regulation/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  152. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/21/planet-money-381-when-business-loves-regulation/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  153. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  154. </entry>
  155. <entry>
  156. <author>
  157. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  158. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  159. </author>
  160. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Sartwell, the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence and Actually-Existing Socialism]]></title>
  161. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/20/sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism/" />
  162. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8835</id>
  163. <updated>2017-06-20T11:47:01Z</updated>
  164. <published>2017-06-20T11:43:09Z</published>
  165. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Fellow Workers" label="Fellow Workers"/>
  166. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  167. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Power to the People" label="Power to the People"/>
  168. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  169. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Anarchism" label="Anarchism"/>
  170. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Bernie Sanders" label="Bernie Sanders"/>
  171. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Crispin Sartwell" label="Crispin Sartwell"/>
  172. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Jeremy Corbyn" label="Jeremy Corbyn"/>
  173. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Socialism" label="Socialism"/>
  174. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[Crispin Sartwell has a great new article recently at Splice, on &#8220;The Newnew Left and the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence.&#8221; Quoth he: The classical socialism of people like Corbyn and Sanders had been developed, in detail, by the middle of the 19th century. It was designed as a response to the rise of rapacious industrial [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  175. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/20/sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism/"><![CDATA[<p class="first">Crispin Sartwell has a great new article recently at <cite>Splice</cite>, on <a href="http://www.splicetoday.com/politics-and-media/the-newnew-left-and-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence">&#8220;The Newnew Left and the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence.&#8221;</a> Quoth he:</p>
  176.  
  177. <blockquote>
  178.  <p>The classical socialism of people like Corbyn and Sanders had been developed, in detail, by the middle of the 19th century. It was designed as a response to the rise of rapacious industrial capitalism, and it specifically proposed to rein in capital by vast expansions of state power, or the annexation of more and more resources, powers, segments of the culture by government.<ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> The concrete proposals amount to increased state control of many or even all segments of human life, from cradle to grave.</p>
  179.  
  180.  <p>I think you’re going to need some new ideas, because there’s one breathtaking theoretical and practical problem with classical socialism. It proceeds in massive unawareness of a fundamental principle in political theory and political reality, which I call <em>the principle of hierarchical coincidence</em> (PHC): the idea that, in more or less every case and in the long run, political and economic hierarchies tend to coincide. Economic power leads to political power; political power leads to economic power.</p>
  181.  
  182.  <p><ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> For this reason, and for the most part and in the long run, ever-increasing state power as recommended in socialism will tend to increase rather than ameliorate economic inequality. And though governments do sometimes and to some extent reduce economic inequality, they do so in a situation in which the seemingly intractable political/economic structure is largely produced, held in place, and enforced by these governments themselves. The structure of economic inequality rests to a large extent on political and police power, and certainly couldn’t be maintained without it.</p>
  183.  
  184.  <p>This is the incoherence at the heart of classical socialism: that intensifying political power, at least of a certain kind, will in the long run reduce economic inequality. But if you start <q>nationalizing</q> or <q>socializing</q> various segments of the economy—that is, if you give these powers to the state&#8211;you don’t move toward an egalitarian paradise, you simply create a new ascendant class. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins></p>
  185.  
  186.  <p>&#8211;Crispin Sartwell, <a href="http://www.splicetoday.com/politics-and-media/the-newnew-left-and-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence"><cite>The Newnew Left and the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence</cite></a><br><cite>SpliceToday</cite>, 13 June 2017.</p>
  187. </blockquote>
  188.  
  189. <p><a href="http://www.splicetoday.com/politics-and-media/the-newnew-left-and-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence">Read the whole thing.</a></p>
  190.  
  191. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  192. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from SpliceToday</h3>
  193. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.splicetoday.com/politics-and-media/the-newnew-left-and-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence"><img src="ttps://splicetoday.imgix.net/uploads/posts/photos/21786/rsz_sanders_corbyn-620x412.jpg?ixlib=rails-2.1.2&w=1200&h=630&s=3a9b84a57b9001e4340828bbeaea5863" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  194. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.splicetoday.com/politics-and-media/the-newnew-left-and-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence">The Newnew Left and the Principle of Hierarchical Coincidence</a></strong></p>
  195. <p style="margin: 0em;">There’s one breathtaking theoretical and practical problem with classical socialism. </p>
  196. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Crispin Sartwell @ splicetoday.com</span></p>
  197. <br style="clear: both" />
  198. </div>
  199.  
  200.  
  201.  
  202. <p>What I want to add here some responses to the pat rejoinders that I think are most likely to get thrown out quickly in response to the problem Sartwell raises, but which are really idle as objections to Sartwell&#8217;s point.</p>
  203.  
  204. <p>First, it is entirely idle to point out that state socialism is <em>intended</em> to combat hierarchical coincidence, and if only it could be properly politically implemented, it would tend to reduce inequality more and more and hence more and more make the problem evaporate rather than stabilizing or spiraling out of control. Whatever its theoretical <em>intent</em>, the <em>effect</em> in actually-existing state socialism is entirely different.</p>
  205.  
  206. <p>If there were some way to implement state socialist programs exactly to the ideological socialist&#8217;s specification, without serious political complication, bureaucratic redirection and mission creep, or unintended consequences, then sure, we&#8217;d have to hash out whether the total effects of the system tend to reinforce or to weaken the problem of hierarchical coincidence, on net, over short-term and long-term time spans. But there is no such way.<sup>[<a href="#sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism-n-1" class="footnoted" id="to-sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism-n-1">1</a>]</sup></p>
  207.  
  208. <p>Second, there&#8217;s a lesson which many socialists today might take from a point like Sartwell&#8217;s, which does represent some progress, but which really goes a lot less far than they might think. In particular, it&#8217;s really easy to look at Sartwell&#8217;s discussion of the problems posed by increased state economic control, and conclude that the easy solution to the problem is to become an <em>anarchistic socialist</em>, instead of a <em>state socialist.</em> No state, no state power to back up economic power. And of course I&#8217;d hardly want to ward anyone off of anarchistic socialism &#8212; since that is, after all, <a href="http://praxeology.net/BT-SSA.htm">what I believe in some forms</a>.</p>
  209.  
  210. <p>But if you think of the structure of a socialistic anarchy as combating inequality with more or less the same sorts of socialization and collectivization proposed by state socialists &#8212; just in the hands of <em>grassroots</em> collectives, administered locally and democratically without state power by the same people who work in them &#8212; then I would argue that you have not eliminated the problem of hierarchical coincidence by eliminating the state police power, or by moving from electoral power to social capital as your means of administering the distribution of economic resources. Because, of course, there are such things as hierarchies of social power and prestige, even outside of state structures. Substituting social capital for political power brings some obvious benefits, because political power involves greater institutionalization, more formalized excuses for legitimacy, literally lethal repertoires of force to exert, etc. But the ability to wield social power within collectivized economic institutions, and so to continuously reinforce economic and social power, does not easily disappear even with the removal of the state. It becomes easier to combat; and maybe an easier fight is the best we can realistically hope for. But maybe, on the other hand, the goal should be to make sure that realistic alternatives to existing collective entities, dissent, exit, open competition, and other routes for <em>centrifugal</em> economic and social forces to dynamically express themselves, are firmly incorporated into our economic activities and our socio-economic institutions.</p>
  211.  
  212. <ol class="footnotes">
  213. <li class="footnote" id="sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism-n-1"><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong>You might say, &#8220;but the lack of immaculate conception is a problem for any duty proposing serious changes to the political system &#8212; including libertarianism, including market anarchism, including everything.&#8221; And you&#8217;d be right. It&#8217;s a really serious problem for any form of reformist libertarianism, and a major explanation for why it often degrades into standard right-wing business regulation politics. Anarchism doesn&#8217;t eliminate the problem; but it ameliorates it, precisely to the extent that the anarchist deliberately breaks from political strategies that open up the largest opportunities for political complication, bureaucratic redirection and mission creep, or unintended consequences. But if solving the problem were easy, revolution would be easy, and it&#8217;s no surprise that it isn&#8217;t.<a class="note-return" href="#to-sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism-n-1">&#x21A9;</a></li></ol>
  214. ]]></content>
  215. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/20/sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  216. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/20/sartwell-the-principle-of-hierarchical-coincidence-and-actually-existing-socialism/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  217. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  218. </entry>
  219. <entry>
  220. <author>
  221. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  222. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  223. </author>
  224. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Coalition of Immokalee Workers launches Wendy&#8217;s Boycott Fund]]></title>
  225. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/coalition-of-immokalee-workers-launches-wendys-boycott-fund/" />
  226. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8830</id>
  227. <updated>2017-06-08T11:41:25Z</updated>
  228. <published>2017-06-08T11:40:11Z</published>
  229. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  230. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Coalition of Immokalee Workers" label="Coalition of Immokalee Workers"/>
  231. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[]]></summary>
  232. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/coalition-of-immokalee-workers-launches-wendys-boycott-fund/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  233. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from ciw.givingfuel.com</h3>
  234. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://ciw.givingfuel.com/boycott-wendys-fund"><img src="https://s3.amazonaws.com/uploads.webconnex.com/2880/boycott_fund.jpg?1493871672265" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  235. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://ciw.givingfuel.com/boycott-wendys-fund">Wendy's Boycott Fund</a></strong></p>
  236. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">ciw.givingfuel.com</span></p>
  237. <br style="clear: both" />
  238. </div>
  239.  
  240.  
  241.  
  242. ]]></content>
  243. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/coalition-of-immokalee-workers-launches-wendys-boycott-fund/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  244. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/coalition-of-immokalee-workers-launches-wendys-boycott-fund/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  245. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  246. </entry>
  247. <entry>
  248. <author>
  249. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  250. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  251. </author>
  252. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Rad Geek status update (8 Jun 2017, 6:39am)]]></title>
  253. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/radgeek-status-update-20170608063915/" />
  254. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8827</id>
  255. <updated>2017-06-08T11:39:15Z</updated>
  256. <published>2017-06-08T11:39:15Z</published>
  257. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  258. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[What I&#8217;m Reading: Pekka Hamalainen, COMANCHE EMPIRE, Neil Foley, THE WHITE SCOURGE: Mexicans, Blacks and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture.]]></summary>
  259. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/radgeek-status-update-20170608063915/"><![CDATA[<p><strong>What I&#8217;m Reading:</strong></p>
  260.  
  261. <p>Pekka Hamalainen, COMANCHE EMPIRE, </p>
  262.  
  263. <p>Neil Foley, THE WHITE SCOURGE: Mexicans, Blacks and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture.</p>
  264.  
  265. ]]></content>
  266. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/radgeek-status-update-20170608063915/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  267. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/08/radgeek-status-update-20170608063915/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  268. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  269. </entry>
  270. <entry>
  271. <author>
  272. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  273. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  274. </author>
  275. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Free Claudia Rueda &#8212; Border Patrol targets DACA youth activist]]></title>
  276. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/01/free-claudia-rueda-border-patrol-targets-daca-youth-activist/" />
  277. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8817</id>
  278. <updated>2017-06-01T12:04:25Z</updated>
  279. <published>2017-06-01T11:57:32Z</published>
  280. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Civil Liberties" label="Civil Liberties"/>
  281. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Immigration" label="Immigration"/>
  282. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  283. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  284. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Border Patrol" label="Border Patrol"/>
  285. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="BorderPatroloutLosAngeles" label="BorderPatroloutLosAngeles"/>
  286. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Claudia Rueda" label="Claudia Rueda"/>
  287. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="FreeClaudia" label="FreeClaudia"/>
  288. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[A couple weeks ago on May 18, Border Patrol agents in Los Angeles swept a neighborhood in Boyle Heights, raiding houses and an apartment complex and arresting seven Mexican-American and Guatemalan-American immigrants. It appears the reason behind the raid was a deliberate effort to target Claudia Rueda Vidal, a 22 year old DACA-eligible student at [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  289. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/01/free-claudia-rueda-border-patrol-targets-daca-youth-activist/"><![CDATA[<p>A couple weeks ago on May 18, <a href="http://www.latina.com/lifestyle/our-issues/immigrant-rights-activist-claudia-rueda-detained-border-patrol">Border Patrol agents in Los Angeles swept a neighborhood in Boyle Heights</a>, raiding houses and an apartment complex and arresting seven Mexican-American and Guatemalan-American immigrants.</p>
  290.  
  291. <p>It appears the reason behind the raid was a deliberate effort to target <a href="http://action.ndlon.org/c/1509/p/dia/action4/common/public/?action_KEY=24880">Claudia Rueda Vidal</a>, a 22 year old DACA-eligible student at Cal State LA. Claudia has been an immigrant rights activist since she was 17, previously got <a href="http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-immigration-arrest-20170425-story.html">her mother Teresa Vidal-Jaime</a> released from immigration lockup, and has publicly denounced the abusive practices of the Border Patrol. Throughout the raids, Border Patrol agents repeatedly interrogated community members asking for Claudia Rueda by name until they found her outside on the street and surrounded her. She is currently detained at Otay Mesa Detention Center.</p>
  292.  
  293. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  294. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Take Action: Urge ICE to Grant Prosecutorial Discretion to Claudia</h3>
  295. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://action.ndlon.org/c/1509/p/dia/action4/common/public/?action_KEY=24880"><img src="http://action.ndlon.org/c/1509/images/Free%20Claudia%20R%20/Free%20Claudia%20Call%20to%20ICE%20Director%20Graphic.png" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  296. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://action.ndlon.org/c/1509/p/dia/action4/common/public/?action_KEY=24880">Take Action: Urge ICE to Grant Prosecutorial Discretion to Claud…</a></strong></p>
  297. <p style="margin: 0em;">Claudia is an immigration activist, DACA eligible youth and student at Cal State LA</p>
  298. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">action.ndlon.org</span></p>
  299. <br style="clear: both" />
  300. </div>
  301.  
  302.  
  303.  
  304. <blockquote>
  305.  <h3>Support Local Los Angeles Action: Press Conference to Denounce Border Patrol Raids and Abuses</h3>
  306.  
  307.  <ul>
  308.  <li>When: Thursday, June 1st, 2017</li>
  309.  <li>Where: End of S Bernal Ave (Intersections: S Bernal Ave &amp; E Sabina Street, 90023)</li>
  310.  <li>Time: 10am </li>
  311.  <li>Organizations present will include: Union de Vecinos, Los Angeles Immigrant Youth Coalition, Ovarian Psyco-Cycles, Serve the People, Defend Boyle Heights, NDLON, Cal State Students </li>
  312.  </ul>
  313.  
  314.  <p>&#35;BorderPatroloutLosAngeles </p>
  315.  
  316.  <p><a href="http://org2.salsalabs.com/dia/track.jsp?v=2&amp;c=WnU%2Fi8Sp9tcfudb1faCCLIKTRmIy2TgK">Facebook Event</a></p>
  317. </blockquote>
  318.  
  319. ]]></content>
  320. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/01/free-claudia-rueda-border-patrol-targets-daca-youth-activist/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  321. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/06/01/free-claudia-rueda-border-patrol-targets-daca-youth-activist/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  322. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  323. </entry>
  324. <entry>
  325. <author>
  326. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  327. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  328. </author>
  329. <title type="html"><![CDATA[That&#8217;s not a recreation. (As-yet unnamed Nodosaur, 110 Mya.)]]></title>
  330. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/16/thats-not-a-recreation/" />
  331. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8812</id>
  332. <updated>2017-05-16T10:58:55Z</updated>
  333. <published>2017-05-16T10:55:34Z</published>
  334. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Science" label="Science"/>
  335. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Dinosaurs" label="Dinosaurs"/>
  336. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Nodosaurs" label="Nodosaurs"/>
  337. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Paleontology" label="Paleontology"/>
  338. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[That preview image is NOT an artist&#8217;s recreation. It is a photograph. As yet unnamed Nodosaur, mid-/late-K, ca. 110,000,000 ya &#8230; The body sank back-first onto the ocean floor, kicking up soupy mud that engulfed it. Minerals infiltrated the skin and armor and cradled its back, ensuring that the dead nodosaur would keep its true-to-life [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  339. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/16/thats-not-a-recreation/"><![CDATA[<p>That preview image is NOT an artist&#8217;s recreation.</p>
  340.  
  341. <p>It is a photograph.</p>
  342.  
  343. <p>As yet unnamed Nodosaur, mid-/late-K, ca. 110,000,000 ya</p>
  344.  
  345. <blockquote>
  346.  <p>&#8230; The body sank back-first onto the ocean floor, kicking up soupy mud that engulfed it. Minerals infiltrated the skin and armor and cradled its back, ensuring that the dead nodosaur would keep its true-to-life form as eons’ worth of rock piled atop it.</p>
  347.  
  348.  <p>&#8230; But already the fossil is providing new insights into the structure of nodosaurs’ armor. Reconstructing armor usually requires educated guesswork, as the bony plates, called osteoderms, scatter early in the decaying process. Not only did the osteoderms on this nodosaur preserve in place, but so did traces of the scales in between.</p>
  349.  
  350.  <p>What’s more, sheaths once made of keratin—the same material that’s in human fingernails—still coat many of the osteoderms, letting paleontologists see precisely how these sheaths exaggerated the armor’s size and shape. “I’ve been calling this one the Rosetta stone for armor,” says Donald Henderson, curator of dinosaurs at the Royal Tyrrell Museum.</p>
  351. </blockquote>
  352.  
  353. <p>The universe is awesome.</p>
  354.  
  355. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  356. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from National Geographic</h3>
  357. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/06/dinosaur-nodosaur-fossil-discovery"><img src="http://www.nationalgeographic.com/content/dam/magazine/rights-exempt/2017/06/Nodosaur/nodosaur-fossil-canadian-mine-face.ngsversion.1494561733267.adapt.1900.1.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  358. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/06/dinosaur-nodosaur-fossil-discovery">This Is the Best Dinosaur Fossil of Its Kind Ever Found</a></strong></p>
  359. <p style="margin: 0em;">The 110 million-year-old fossil of a nodosaur preserves the animal’s armor, skin, and what may have been its final meal.</p>
  360. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Michael Greshko and Robert Clark @ nationalgeographic.com</span></p>
  361. <br style="clear: both" />
  362. </div>
  363.  
  364.  
  365.  
  366. ]]></content>
  367. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/16/thats-not-a-recreation/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  368. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/16/thats-not-a-recreation/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  369. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  370. </entry>
  371. <entry>
  372. <author>
  373. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  374. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  375. </author>
  376. <title type="html"><![CDATA[They Did Nothing Wrong.]]></title>
  377. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/05/they-did-nothing-wrong/" />
  378. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8803</id>
  379. <updated>2017-05-05T20:42:28Z</updated>
  380. <published>2017-05-05T20:41:51Z</published>
  381. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  382. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="War on Drugs" label="War on Drugs"/>
  383. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Auburn" label="Auburn"/>
  384. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Auburn University" label="Auburn University"/>
  385. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="marijuana" label="marijuana"/>
  386. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Opelika-Auburn News" label="Opelika-Auburn News"/>
  387. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="War on Drugs" label="War on Drugs"/>
  388. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[I am sorry to hear that the three Auburn University women&#8217;s softball players who were arrested last month for marijuana possession and drug paraphenalia possession have been pressured into making a public apology. I&#8217;m sorry to hear it because, of course, despite the arrest, despite all the moralistic posturing of the Auburn athletics bureaucracy, and [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  389. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/05/they-did-nothing-wrong/"><![CDATA[<p class="first">I am sorry to hear that the three Auburn University women&#8217;s softball players who were arrested last month for marijuana possession and <q>drug paraphenalia</q> possession <a href="http://www.oanow.com/sports/college/auburn/softball/auburn-softball-players-fagan-martin-maresette-issue-apologies-after-arrests/article_a04b5212-2c45-11e7-b7b3-67dfac87d174.html?utm_source=WhatCountsEmail&amp;utm_medium=Breaking%20News%20Alerts&amp;utm_campaign=Breaking%20News#utm_source=oanow.com&amp;utm_campaign=%2Fnewsletter%2Fbreaking%2F&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_content=headline">have been pressured into making a public apology</a>.</p>
  390.  
  391. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  392. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from OANow.com</h3>
  393. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.oanow.com/sports/college/auburn/softball/auburn-softball-players-fagan-martin-maresette-issue-apologies-after-arrests/article_a04b5212-2c45-11e7-b7b3-67dfac87d174.html?utm_source=WhatCountsEmail&#038;utm_medium=Breaking%20News%20Alerts&#038;utm_campaign=Breaking%20News#utm_source=oanow.com&#038;utm_campaign=%2Fnewsletter%2Fbreaking%2F&#038;utm_medium=email&#038;utm_content=headline"><img src="http://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/oanow.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/0/f0/0f0341fa-2634-11e7-b86d-a33a039cb7c2/58f9645b86c63.image.jpg?resize=1200%2C528" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  394. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.oanow.com/sports/college/auburn/softball/auburn-softball-players-fagan-martin-maresette-issue-apologies-after-arrests/article_a04b5212-2c45-11e7-b7b3-67dfac87d174.html?utm_source=WhatCountsEmail&#038;utm_medium=Breaking%20News%20Alerts&#038;utm_campaign=Breaking%20News#utm_source=oanow.com&#038;utm_campaign=%2Fnewsletter%2Fbreaking%2F&#038;utm_medium=email&#038;utm_content=headline">Auburn softball players Fagan, Martin, Maresette issue apologies…</a></strong></p>
  395. <p style="margin: 0em;">Suspended Auburn softball players Haley Fagan, Makayla Martin and Brittany Maresette, who were arrested in the early morning hours on April 20 for pos…</p>
  396. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Josh Vitale @ oanow.com</span></p>
  397. <br style="clear: both" />
  398. </div>
  399.  
  400.  
  401.  
  402. <p>I&#8217;m sorry to hear it because, of course, despite the arrest, despite all the moralistic posturing of the Auburn athletics bureaucracy, and despite the completely pointless humiliation of these three young women, they did absolutely nothing wrong. They have nothing to apologize for. There&#8217;s nothing wrong with smoking marijuana. There&#8217;s nothing wrong with having <q>drug paraphenalia</q> to help you smoke marijuana. It&#8217;s a common hobby, it&#8217;s certainly not the most harmful vice on the market, a lot of people do it, and people who do it aren&#8217;t hurting anybody. Haley Fagan, Makayla Martin, and Brittany Maresette should never have been arrested. What they did should not be a crime. There&#8217;s no need to apologize, and those who posture about it are next to impossible to take seriously; the fact is, there is nothing wrong with it. The only people who ought to be ashamed here are the cops and the bureaucrats who intend on punishing them for blowing off a bit of steam in a way that does not do a lick of harm to any identifiable victim.</p>
  403.  
  404. <p>End the War on Drugs. Release all political prisoners.</p>
  405.  
  406. ]]></content>
  407. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/05/they-did-nothing-wrong/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  408. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/05/05/they-did-nothing-wrong/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  409. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  410. </entry>
  411. <entry>
  412. <author>
  413. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  414. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  415. </author>
  416. <title type="html"><![CDATA[I&#8217;ve Been Reading: Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, &#8220;The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment&#8221;]]></title>
  417. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/" />
  418. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8790</id>
  419. <updated>2017-04-25T15:02:21Z</updated>
  420. <published>2017-04-25T14:56:57Z</published>
  421. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  422. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  423. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="The Long Memory" label="The Long Memory"/>
  424. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Conscription" label="Conscription"/>
  425. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Draft" label="Draft"/>
  426. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="history" label="history"/>
  427. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="J.R. Hummel" label="J.R. Hummel"/>
  428. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Militia" label="Militia"/>
  429. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, Journal of Libertarian Studies 15, no. 4 (Fall 2001): 29-77. According to established mythology, American citizens were not conscripted until the Civil War. First the Confederacy and then the Union resorted to the draft to fill their depleting armies. Prior to that, [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  430. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  431. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Journal of Libertarian Studies</h3>
  432. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/"><img src="http://radgeek.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Jeffrey-Rogers-Hummel-The-American-Militia-and-the-Origin-of-Conscription-A-Reassessment-pdf.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  433. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/">Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, "The American Militia and the Origin of C…</a></strong></p>
  434. <p style="margin: 0em;">According to established mythology, American citizens were not conscripted until the Civil War....</p>
  435. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Jeffrey Rogers Hummel @ radgeek.com</span></p>
  436. <br style="clear: both" />
  437. </div>
  438.  
  439.  
  440.  
  441. <blockquote>
  442.  <h3><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/">The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment</a></h3>
  443.  
  444.  <p>Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, <cite>Journal of Libertarian Studies</cite> 15, no. 4 (Fall 2001): 29-77.</p>
  445.  
  446.  <p>According to established mythology, American citizens were not conscripted until the Civil War. First the Confederacy and then the Union resorted to the draft to fill their depleting armies. Prior to that, this mythology holds, no draft existed in the United States. The U.S. government fought the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the Mexican War solely with volunteers. Toward the end of the War of 1812, the Madison administration did call for conscription, but this request failed due to Daniel Webster’s stirring and frequently reprinted denunciation of the draft on the floor of Congress.</p>
  447.  
  448.  <p>Unfortunately, this halcyon portrait is false in nearly every respect. The only U.S. war fought without conscripts before the Civil War was the Mexican War. American governments, state or national, drafted men not only to fight the Revolution and the War of 1812, but also to wage Indian wars and to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion. Because they employed decentralized militia drafts, however, this fact has often escaped notice. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins></p>
  449. </blockquote>
  450.  
  451. ]]></content>
  452. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  453. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  454. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  455. </entry>
  456. <entry>
  457. <author>
  458. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  459. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  460. </author>
  461. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Rad Geek Reader Questions: Did World War I end in November 1918?]]></title>
  462. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/11/rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918/" />
  463. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8786</id>
  464. <updated>2017-04-11T17:22:06Z</updated>
  465. <published>2017-04-11T16:19:44Z</published>
  466. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  467. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[When did the first World War end? The standard, encyclopaedia answer is that the War began in August 1914, and it ended in November 1918 with the Armistice. Is that right? Robert Gerwarth&#8217;s recent book argues that November 1918 only looks like the end of the first World War if you&#8217;re looking at a very [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  468. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/11/rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918/"><![CDATA[<p><strong>When did the first World War end?</strong> The standard, encyclopaedia answer is that the War began in August 1914, and it ended in November 1918 with the Armistice. Is that right?</p>
  469.  
  470. <p><a href="http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=48663">Robert Gerwarth&#8217;s recent book</a> argues that November 1918 only looks like the end of the first World War if you&#8217;re looking at a very narrow slice of the world map &#8212; mainly, the Western Front in Europe. If you&#8217;re looking at the Balkans, or Eastern Europe, or the Middle East, or if you&#8217;re looking inside of the new nation-states created at the supposed end of the war, the picture looks very different. Here&#8217;s an excerpt from Richard Fulton&#8217;s review</p>
  471.  
  472. <blockquote>
  473.  <p>Of the six great European empires in 1914, four were continental, counting the Ottomans as a European empire. The two empires (three counting the United States) who managed the disastrous peace process from Versailles to Lausanne had very little imperial skin in the game where it counted: in central and eastern Europe, and around Turkey. Did that make a difference in how borders were redrawn and reparations were managed? Undoubtedly, as Gerwarth makes clear in The Vanquished: Why the First World War Failed to End, because the “end of the war” in November of 1918 was not really the end of the war. Gerwarth illustrates that “as civil wars overlapped with revolutions, counter-revolutions and border conflicts between emerging states without clearly defined frontiers or internationally recognized governments, ‘post-war’ Europe between the official end of the Great War in 1918 and the Treaty of Lausanne in July 1923 was the most violent place on the planet” (p. 7).</p>
  474.  
  475.  <p>Gerwarth opens his study of the stretch of time beginning with the 1917 Russian Revolution and ending with the Treaty of Lausanne (1923) with a summary description of Smyrna’s descent into hell and chaos in September of 1922. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> The chaos in the vanquished lands was made more deadly by the presence of large numbers of armed, trained, technically defeated soldiers itching to find some measure of honor—or at the very least, revenge—after their demobilization. The most active of these were Germans from the western front <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins>&#160;. Still armed and still in uniform and more often than not unemployed, they formed the Freikorps and set out to obliterate Bolshevism, not only in Germany but also in Poland, the Baltic states, and anywhere else their ruthless efficiency and penchant for violence was welcomed by someone. Victorious soldiers in Italy, facing unemployment and a peace that Mussolini told them didn’t honor their sacrifice, marched on Rome. Greek soldiers deposed their own government after the debacle at Smyrna. Turkish forces opposed to the Treaty of Sevrés overthrew their own government and forced a new treaty at Lausanne. For most of the 1920s, internationally recognized governments in central and eastern Europe and the former Ottoman Empire waged war against populist armed uprisings of their own people. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins></p>
  476. </blockquote>
  477.  
  478. <p>Fulton notes that Gerwarth&#8217;s book would have benefited from greater attention to the former Ottoman states in the Middle East; I&#8217;ll only note that the record there is one of repeated ethnic conflict, civil wars and revolts against the new colonial authorities throughout the 1920s.</p>
  479.  
  480. <p>So &#8212; is it accurate to say that the first World War ended in 1918, or should we choose a different date? If so, where <em>should</em> we date it? 1923? 1927? 1945?<sup>[<a href="#rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1" class="footnoted" id="to-rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1">1</a>]</sup> Has the World War ever ended? If we set a date other than November 1918, why that date; what are the standards you&#8217;d use to draw the line?</p>
  481.  
  482. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  483. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from h-net.org</h3>
  484. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=48663"><img src="http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51AFoWTYaZL._SL160_.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  485. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=48663">Review of Gerwarth, Robert, The Vanquished: Why the First World …</a></strong></p>
  486. <p style="margin: 0em;">Scholarly review published by H-Net Reviews</p>
  487. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Richard Fulton @ h-net.org</span></p>
  488. <br style="clear: both" />
  489. </div>
  490.  
  491.  
  492.  
  493. <ol class="footnotes">
  494. <li class="footnote" id="rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1"><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong>At the far extreme, according to Fulton, Gerwarth argues that <q>the Great War didn&#8217;t really end until 1945,</q> merging the two World Wars in much the same way that we standardly refer to <q>the Peloponnesian War</q> as a single, 27 year war rather, rather than two 10-year wars separated by a 7-year truce in between.<a class="note-return" href="#to-rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1">&#x21A9;</a></li></ol>
  495. ]]></content>
  496. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/11/rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
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  499. </entry>
  500. </feed>
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