Congratulations!

[Valid Atom 1.0] This is a valid Atom 1.0 feed.

Recommendations

This feed is valid, but interoperability with the widest range of feed readers could be improved by implementing the following recommendations.

Source: http://radgeek.com/feed/

  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><feed
  2.  xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"
  3.  xmlns:thr="http://purl.org/syndication/thread/1.0"
  4.  xml:lang="en-US"
  5.  xml:base="http://radgeek.com/wp-atom.php"
  6.  xmlns:wpcf="http://github.com/radgeek/export-custom-fields-to-feeds/"
  7.   >
  8. <title type="text">Rad Geek People&#039;s Daily</title>
  9. <subtitle type="text">official state media for a secessionist republic of one</subtitle>
  10.  
  11. <updated>2017-04-25T15:02:21Z</updated>
  12.  
  13. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com" />
  14. <id>http://radgeek.com/feed/</id>
  15. <link rel="self" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/feed/" />
  16.  
  17. <generator uri="https://wordpress.org/" version="4.7.3">WordPress</generator>
  18. <link rel="license" type="text/html" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/" /> <entry>
  19. <author>
  20. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  21. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  22. </author>
  23. <title type="html"><![CDATA[I&#8217;ve Been Reading: Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, &#8220;The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment&#8221;]]></title>
  24. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/" />
  25. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8790</id>
  26. <updated>2017-04-25T15:02:21Z</updated>
  27. <published>2017-04-25T14:56:57Z</published>
  28. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  29. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  30. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="The Long Memory" label="The Long Memory"/>
  31. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Conscription" label="Conscription"/>
  32. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Draft" label="Draft"/>
  33. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="history" label="history"/>
  34. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="J.R. Hummel" label="J.R. Hummel"/>
  35. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Militia" label="Militia"/>
  36. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, Journal of Libertarian Studies 15, no. 4 (Fall 2001): 29-77. According to established mythology, American citizens were not conscripted until the Civil War. First the Confederacy and then the Union resorted to the draft to fill their depleting armies. Prior to that, [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  37. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  38. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Journal of Libertarian Studies</h3>
  39. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/"><img src="http://radgeek.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Jeffrey-Rogers-Hummel-The-American-Militia-and-the-Origin-of-Conscription-A-Reassessment-pdf.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  40. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/">Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, "The American Militia and the Origin of C…</a></strong></p>
  41. <p style="margin: 0em;">According to established mythology, American citizens were not conscripted until the Civil War....</p>
  42. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Jeffrey Rogers Hummel @ radgeek.com</span></p>
  43. <br style="clear: both" />
  44. </div>
  45.  
  46.  
  47.  
  48. <blockquote>
  49.  <h3><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/">The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment</a></h3>
  50.  
  51.  <p>Jeffrey Rogers Hummel, <cite>Journal of Libertarian Studies</cite> 15, no. 4 (Fall 2001): 29-77.</p>
  52.  
  53.  <p>According to established mythology, American citizens were not conscripted until the Civil War. First the Confederacy and then the Union resorted to the draft to fill their depleting armies. Prior to that, this mythology holds, no draft existed in the United States. The U.S. government fought the American Revolution, the War of 1812, and the Mexican War solely with volunteers. Toward the end of the War of 1812, the Madison administration did call for conscription, but this request failed due to Daniel Webster’s stirring and frequently reprinted denunciation of the draft on the floor of Congress.</p>
  54.  
  55.  <p>Unfortunately, this halcyon portrait is false in nearly every respect. The only U.S. war fought without conscripts before the Civil War was the Mexican War. American governments, state or national, drafted men not only to fight the Revolution and the War of 1812, but also to wage Indian wars and to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion. Because they employed decentralized militia drafts, however, this fact has often escaped notice. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins></p>
  56. </blockquote>
  57.  
  58. ]]></content>
  59. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  60. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/25/reading-jeffrey-rogers-hummel-the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  61. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  62. </entry>
  63. <entry>
  64. <author>
  65. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  66. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  67. </author>
  68. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Rad Geek Reader Questions: Did World War I end in November 1918?]]></title>
  69. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/11/rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918/" />
  70. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8786</id>
  71. <updated>2017-04-11T17:22:06Z</updated>
  72. <published>2017-04-11T16:19:44Z</published>
  73. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  74. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[When did the first World War end? The standard, encyclopaedia answer is that the War began in August 1914, and it ended in November 1918 with the Armistice. Is that right? Robert Gerwarth&#8217;s recent book argues that November 1918 only looks like the end of the first World War if you&#8217;re looking at a very [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  75. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/11/rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918/"><![CDATA[<p><strong>When did the first World War end?</strong> The standard, encyclopaedia answer is that the War began in August 1914, and it ended in November 1918 with the Armistice. Is that right?</p>
  76.  
  77. <p><a href="http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=48663">Robert Gerwarth&#8217;s recent book</a> argues that November 1918 only looks like the end of the first World War if you&#8217;re looking at a very narrow slice of the world map &#8212; mainly, the Western Front in Europe. If you&#8217;re looking at the Balkans, or Eastern Europe, or the Middle East, or if you&#8217;re looking inside of the new nation-states created at the supposed end of the war, the picture looks very different. Here&#8217;s an excerpt from Richard Fulton&#8217;s review</p>
  78.  
  79. <blockquote>
  80.  <p>Of the six great European empires in 1914, four were continental, counting the Ottomans as a European empire. The two empires (three counting the United States) who managed the disastrous peace process from Versailles to Lausanne had very little imperial skin in the game where it counted: in central and eastern Europe, and around Turkey. Did that make a difference in how borders were redrawn and reparations were managed? Undoubtedly, as Gerwarth makes clear in The Vanquished: Why the First World War Failed to End, because the “end of the war” in November of 1918 was not really the end of the war. Gerwarth illustrates that “as civil wars overlapped with revolutions, counter-revolutions and border conflicts between emerging states without clearly defined frontiers or internationally recognized governments, ‘post-war’ Europe between the official end of the Great War in 1918 and the Treaty of Lausanne in July 1923 was the most violent place on the planet” (p. 7).</p>
  81.  
  82.  <p>Gerwarth opens his study of the stretch of time beginning with the 1917 Russian Revolution and ending with the Treaty of Lausanne (1923) with a summary description of Smyrna’s descent into hell and chaos in September of 1922. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> The chaos in the vanquished lands was made more deadly by the presence of large numbers of armed, trained, technically defeated soldiers itching to find some measure of honor—or at the very least, revenge—after their demobilization. The most active of these were Germans from the western front <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins>&#160;. Still armed and still in uniform and more often than not unemployed, they formed the Freikorps and set out to obliterate Bolshevism, not only in Germany but also in Poland, the Baltic states, and anywhere else their ruthless efficiency and penchant for violence was welcomed by someone. Victorious soldiers in Italy, facing unemployment and a peace that Mussolini told them didn’t honor their sacrifice, marched on Rome. Greek soldiers deposed their own government after the debacle at Smyrna. Turkish forces opposed to the Treaty of Sevrés overthrew their own government and forced a new treaty at Lausanne. For most of the 1920s, internationally recognized governments in central and eastern Europe and the former Ottoman Empire waged war against populist armed uprisings of their own people. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins></p>
  83. </blockquote>
  84.  
  85. <p>Fulton notes that Gerwarth&#8217;s book would have benefited from greater attention to the former Ottoman states in the Middle East; I&#8217;ll only note that the record there is one of repeated ethnic conflict, civil wars and revolts against the new colonial authorities throughout the 1920s.</p>
  86.  
  87. <p>So &#8212; is it accurate to say that the first World War ended in 1918, or should we choose a different date? If so, where <em>should</em> we date it? 1923? 1927? 1945?<sup>[<a href="#rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1" class="footnoted" id="to-rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1">1</a>]</sup> Has the World War ever ended? If we set a date other than November 1918, why that date; what are the standards you&#8217;d use to draw the line?</p>
  88.  
  89. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  90. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from h-net.org</h3>
  91. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=48663"><img src="http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51AFoWTYaZL._SL160_.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  92. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=48663">Review of Gerwarth, Robert, The Vanquished: Why the First World …</a></strong></p>
  93. <p style="margin: 0em;">Scholarly review published by H-Net Reviews</p>
  94. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Richard Fulton @ h-net.org</span></p>
  95. <br style="clear: both" />
  96. </div>
  97.  
  98.  
  99.  
  100. <ol class="footnotes">
  101. <li class="footnote" id="rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1"><strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong>At the far extreme, according to Fulton, Gerwarth argues that <q>the Great War didn&#8217;t really end until 1945,</q> merging the two World Wars in much the same way that we standardly refer to <q>the Peloponnesian War</q> as a single, 27 year war rather, rather than two 10-year wars separated by a 7-year truce in between.<a class="note-return" href="#to-rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918-n-1">&#x21A9;</a></li></ol>
  102. ]]></content>
  103. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/11/rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  104. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/11/rad-geek-reader-questions-did-world-war-i-end-in-november-1918/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  105. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  106. </entry>
  107. <entry>
  108. <author>
  109. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  110. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  111. </author>
  112. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Triple Play]]></title>
  113. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/10/triple-play/" />
  114. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8783</id>
  115. <updated>2017-04-10T23:04:41Z</updated>
  116. <published>2017-04-10T23:02:20Z</published>
  117. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  118. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  119. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  120. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Alabama" label="Alabama"/>
  121. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Impeach Everybody" label="Impeach Everybody"/>
  122. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Impeachment" label="Impeachment"/>
  123. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Robert Bentley" label="Robert Bentley"/>
  124. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[Here&#8217;s a happy sentence to read to-day: &#8220;Robert Bentley is no longer governor of Alabama.&#8221; The ex-Gov has resigned in disgrace in the face of an impeachment hearing. From the OA News: .&#160;.&#160;. Bentley&#8217;s resignation would follow the ouster of former House Speaker Mike Hubbard, who left office in 2016 after being convicted on ethics [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  125. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/10/triple-play/"><![CDATA[<p>Here&#8217;s a happy sentence to read to-day:</p>
  126.  
  127. <p><a href="http://www.oanow.com/news/robert-bentley-resigns-as-governor-of-alabama/article_2e40e69e-1e28-11e7-b9cb-dbc9dd375d0f.html">&#8220;Robert Bentley is no longer governor of Alabama.&#8221;</a></p>
  128.  
  129. <p>The ex-Gov has resigned in disgrace in the face of an impeachment hearing. From the <cite>OA News</cite>:</p>
  130.  
  131. <blockquote>
  132.  <p><ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> Bentley&#8217;s resignation would follow the ouster of former House Speaker Mike Hubbard, who left office in 2016 after being convicted on ethics charges, and former state Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore, who was suspended from his post last year over an order opposing same-sex marriage.</p>
  133. </blockquote>
  134.  
  135. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  136. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from OANow.com</h3>
  137. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.oanow.com/news/robert-bentley-resigns-as-governor-of-alabama/article_2e40e69e-1e28-11e7-b9cb-dbc9dd375d0f.html?utm_source=WhatCountsEmail&#038;utm_medium=Breaking%20News%20Alerts&#038;utm_campaign=Breaking%20News#utm_source=oanow.com&#038;utm_campaign=%2Fnewsletter%2Fbreaking%2F&#038;utm_medium=email&#038;utm_content=headline"><img src="http://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/oanow.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/1/91/19164760-1e36-11e7-ae02-e35ccb9028d9/58ebfb981da9c.image.jpg?resize=504%2C630" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  138. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.oanow.com/news/robert-bentley-resigns-as-governor-of-alabama/article_2e40e69e-1e28-11e7-b9cb-dbc9dd375d0f.html?utm_source=WhatCountsEmail&#038;utm_medium=Breaking%20News%20Alerts&#038;utm_campaign=Breaking%20News#utm_source=oanow.com&#038;utm_campaign=%2Fnewsletter%2Fbreaking%2F&#038;utm_medium=email&#038;utm_content=headline">BREAKING: Robert Bentley resigns as governor of Alabama</a></strong></p>
  139. <p style="margin: 0em;">MONTGOMERY — Robert Bentley is no longer governor of Alabama.</p>
  140. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Staff and Wire Reports @ oanow.com</span></p>
  141. <br style="clear: both" />
  142. </div>
  143.  
  144.  
  145.  
  146. ]]></content>
  147. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/10/triple-play/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  148. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/10/triple-play/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  149. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  150. </entry>
  151. <entry>
  152. <author>
  153. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  154. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  155. </author>
  156. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Jeffrey Tucker at FEE.org: Why Open Borders?]]></title>
  157. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/02/8775/" />
  158. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8775</id>
  159. <updated>2017-04-02T12:20:38Z</updated>
  160. <published>2017-04-02T12:18:17Z</published>
  161. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  162. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[]]></summary>
  163. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/02/8775/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  164. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from fee.org</h3>
  165. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://fee.org/articles/why-open-borders/"><img src="https://fee.org/media/12066/shutterstock_49320484.jpg?anchor=center&mode=crop&height=466&widthratio=2.0171673819742489270386266094&rnd=131303465070000000" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  166. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://fee.org/articles/why-open-borders/">Why Open Borders? - Foundation for Economic Education - Working …</a></strong></p>
  167. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">
  168. Jeffrey A. Tucker
  169. @ fee.org</span></p>
  170. <br style="clear: both" />
  171. </div>
  172.  
  173.  
  174.  
  175. ]]></content>
  176. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/02/8775/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  177. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/04/02/8775/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  178. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  179. </entry>
  180. <entry>
  181. <author>
  182. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  183. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  184. </author>
  185. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Rad Geek status update (31 Mar 2017, 11:49am)]]></title>
  186. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/31/radgeek-status-update-20170331114946/" />
  187. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8771</id>
  188. <updated>2017-03-31T16:49:46Z</updated>
  189. <published>2017-03-31T16:49:46Z</published>
  190. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  191. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[]]></summary>
  192. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/31/radgeek-status-update-20170331114946/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  193. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from YouTube</h3>
  194. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SndQr_0IxVI"><img src="https://i.ytimg.com/vi/SndQr_0IxVI/maxresdefault.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  195. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SndQr_0IxVI">"Oregon Trail" - Marian Call - YouTube</a></strong></p>
  196. <p style="margin: 0em;">"Oregon Trail" by Marian Call Album: Standing Stones https://mariancall.bandcamp.com/album/standing-stones A song for the Oregon Trail generation. LYR…</p>
  197. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">youtube.com</span></p>
  198. <br style="clear: both" />
  199. </div>
  200.  
  201.  
  202.  
  203. ]]></content>
  204. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/31/radgeek-status-update-20170331114946/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  205. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/31/radgeek-status-update-20170331114946/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  206. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  207. </entry>
  208. <entry>
  209. <author>
  210. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  211. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  212. </author>
  213. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Tyrannicide Day MMLX]]></title>
  214. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/15/tyrannicide-day-mmlx/" />
  215. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8763</id>
  216. <updated>2017-03-15T15:52:38Z</updated>
  217. <published>2017-03-15T15:41:17Z</published>
  218. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  219. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[Happy Tyrannicide Day (observed)! To-day, March 15th, commemorates the assassination of two notorious tyrants. On the Ides of March in 2017 CE, we mark the 2,060th anniversary &#8212; give or take the relevant calendar adjustments &#8212; of the death of Gaius Julius Caesar, the ambitious raider, war-monger, ruthless mass murderer, slave-trader, usurper and military dictator, [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  220. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/15/tyrannicide-day-mmlx/"><![CDATA[<p><a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2004/03/15/happy_tyrannicide">Happy Tyrannicide Day (observed)!</a> To-day, March 15<sup>th</sup>, commemorates the assassination of two notorious tyrants.</p>
  221.  
  222. <p>On the Ides of March in 2017 CE, we mark the 2,060th anniversary &#8212; give or take the relevant calendar adjustments &#8212; of the death of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Caesar">Gaius Julius Caesar</a>, the ambitious raider, war-monger, ruthless mass murderer, slave-trader, usurper and military dictator, who rose to power in the midst of Rome&#8217;s most violent civil wars, who boasted of butchering and enslaving two million Gauls, who set fire to Alexandria, who battered and broke through every last restraint that lingered in Roman politics and civil society against unilateral military rule and executive power. Driving his enemies before him in triumphs, having himself proclaimed Father of His Country, <span lang="la">dictator perpetuo</span>, censor, supreme pontiff, imperator, the King of Rome in all but name, taking unilateral command of all political power in Rome and having his images placed among the statues of the kings of old and even the gods themselves, he met his fate at the hands of a group of republican conspirators. Led by <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Plutarch/Lives/Brutus*.html">Marcus Junius Brutus</a> and Gaius Cassius Longinus, calling themselves the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberatores"><q>Liberators</q></a>, on 15 March 44 BCE, they surrounded Caesar and put an end to his reign of terror by stabbing him to death on the floor of the Senate.</p>
  223.  
  224. <div class="figure" style="max-width: 700px; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; position: relative;">
  225. <a href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Karl_Theodor_von_Piloty_Murder_of_Caesar_1865.jpg"><img src="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/03/assassination-of-julius-caesar.jpg" alt="Here's a painting of" style="max-width: 98%; height: auto;" /></a>
  226.  
  227. <p class="caption">Die Ermordung Cäsars, Karl von Piloty (1865)</p>
  228.  
  229. </div>
  230.  
  231. <p>By a coincidence of fate, or a work of Nemesis, March 13<sup>th</sup> <em>also</em> marks the anniversary (the 136<sup>th&amp;</sup> this year) of the assassination of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_II_of_Russia">Alexander II Nikolaevitch Romanov</a>, the self-styled Imperator, Caesar and Autocrat of All the Russias. A group of Narodnik conspirators, acting against the ongoing repression and violence that they faced at the hands of the autocratic state, put an end to the Czar&#8217;s reign by throwing grenades underneath his carriage on March 13<sup>th</sup>, 1881 CE, in an act of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_of_the_deed">propaganda by the deed</a>.</p>
  232.  
  233. <div class="figure" style="max-width: 700px; position: relative; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;">
  234. <a href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Attentat_auf_Zar_Alexander_II_1881_19Jh.jpg"><img src="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/03/Attentat_auf_Zar_Alexander_II_1881_19Jh.jpg" alt="Here's a color drawing of" style="max-width: 90%; height: auto;" /></a>
  235.  
  236. <p class="caption">Das Attentat auf Zar Alexander II. am 13. März 1881 in St. Petersburg. Anonymous.</p>
  237.  
  238. </div>
  239.  
  240. <p>In honor of the coinciding events, the Ministry of Culture in this secessionist republic of one, together with fellow republics and federations of the free world, proclaims the 15<sup>th</sup> of March <strong>Tyrannicide Day (observed)</strong>, a commemoration of the death of two tyrants at the hands of their enraged victims, people choosing to defend themselves even against the violence and oppression exercised by men wrapped in the bloody cloak of the State, with the sword of the Law and in the name of their fraudulent claims to higher authority. It&#8217;s a two-for-one historical holiday, kind of like President&#8217;s Day, except cooler: instead of another dull theo-nationalist hymn on the miraculous birth of two of the canonized saints of the United States federal government, we have instead one day on which we can honor the memory, and note the cultural celebrations, of men and women who defied tyrants&#8217; arbitrary claims to an unchecked power that they had neither the wisdom, the virtue, nor the right to wield against their fellow creatures.</p>
  241.  
  242. <div class="illustration" style="width:265px;">
  243.  
  244. <a href="https://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/cm/s/silver_denarius_of_marcus_juni.aspx"><img src="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/03/brutus-eid-mar-denarius-reverse.jpg" alt="Here's a photo of a silver coin with the caption EID MAR. Above the caption are two daggers, flanking a Liberty Cap to the left and the right." ></a>
  245.  
  246. <p>My favorite collectible coin. This <a href="https://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/silvercm/s/silver_denarius_of_marcus_juni.aspx">silver denarius was actually minted and circulated in Macedonia by M. Junius Brutus</a> after he and his fellow conspirators stabbed Caesar to death. The obverse features Brutus&#8217;s head in profile. The thing in the middle, above EID MAR (Ides of March) and flanked by the two daggers, is a Liberty Cap, traditionally given to emancipated slaves on the day of their freedom.</p>
  247.  
  248. </div>
  249.  
  250. <p>There are actually many reasons to set aside tyrannicide as a <em>political tactic</em>. After all, these two famous cases each ended a <em>tyrant</em> but not the tyrannical <em>regime</em>; Alexander II was replaced by the even more brutal <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_III_of_Russia">Alexander III</a>, and Julius Caesar was replaced by <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Triumvirate">his former running-dogs</a>, one of whom would emerge from the carnage that followed as <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustus">Imperator Gaius Julius Son-of-God Caesar Octavianus Augustus</a>, beginning the long Imperial nightmare in earnest. But it&#8217;s also important to recognize that these failures were <em>strategic</em> failures, not <em>moral</em> ones; the regicides were doing what they had every right to do, even though their acts of resistance proved ultimately suicidal.</p>
  251.  
  252. <p>What we celebrate on the Ides of March is not the practice of tyrannicide as a strategy, but rather the reality of tyrannicide as a <em>moral fact</em>. Putting a diadem on your head and wrapping yourself in the blood-dyed robes of the State confers neither the virtue, the knowledge, nor the right to rule over anyone, anywhere, for even one second, any more than you had naked and alone. Tyranny is nothing more and nothing less than organized crime executed with a pompous sense of entitlement and a specious justification; the right to self-defense applies every bit as much against the person of some self-proclaimed <q>sovereign</q> as it does against any other two-bit punk who might attack you on the street.</p>
  253.  
  254. <p>Every victory for human liberation in history &#8212; whether against the crowned heads of Europe, the cannibal-empires of modern Fascism and Bolshevism, or the age-old self-perpetuating oligarchies of race and sex &#8212; has had these moral insights at its core: the <em>moral right</em> to deal with the princes and potentates of the world as nothing more and nothing less than <em>fellow human beings</em>, to address them as such, to challenge them as such, and &#8212; if necessary &#8212; to <em>resist</em> them as such.</p>
  255.  
  256. <div class="figure" style="max-width: 700px; position: relative; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"&gt;
  257.  
  258. <a href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/03/tyrannicide-day-table-set.jpg"><img src="http://radgeek.com/gt/2014/03/tyrannicide-day-table-set.jpg" alt="" style="max-width: 85%; height: auto;" /></a>
  259.  
  260. <p class="caption">Toasting the Ides at home. . .</p>
  261.  
  262. </div>
  263.  
  264. <p>Thus always to tyrants. And many happy returns!</p>
  265.  
  266. <p>Beware the State. Celebrate the Ides of March!</p>
  267.  
  268. ]]></content>
  269. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/15/tyrannicide-day-mmlx/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  270. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/15/tyrannicide-day-mmlx/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  271. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  272. </entry>
  273. <entry>
  274. <author>
  275. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  276. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  277. </author>
  278. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Rad Geek status update (14 Mar 2017, 7:08am)]]></title>
  279. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/14/radgeek-status-update-20170314070854/" />
  280. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8757</id>
  281. <updated>2017-03-14T12:10:55Z</updated>
  282. <published>2017-03-14T12:08:54Z</published>
  283. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  284. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[O.K., admittedly, I want to print out a giant poster of this for my wall. A Map of Lexical Distances Between Europe&#8217;s Languages]]></summary>
  285. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/14/radgeek-status-update-20170314070854/"><![CDATA[<p>O.K., admittedly, I want to print out a giant poster of this for my wall.</p>
  286.  
  287. <p>A Map of Lexical Distances Between Europe&#8217;s Languages</p>
  288.  
  289. <div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  290. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from Big Think</h3>
  291. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://bigthink.com/strange-maps/a-map-of-lexical-distances-between-europes-languages"><img src="http://assets1.bigthink.com/system/idea_thumbnails/62524/primary/Cropped_Euro_Languages.jpg?1488906890" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  292. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://bigthink.com/strange-maps/a-map-of-lexical-distances-between-europes-languages">A Map of Lexical Distances Between Europe's Languages
  293.        </a></strong></p>
  294. <p style="margin: 0em;">A Finn and a Spaniard walk into a bar...</p>
  295. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">Frank Jacobs @ bigthink.com</span></p>
  296. <br style="clear: both" />
  297. </div>
  298.  
  299.  
  300.  
  301. ]]></content>
  302. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/14/radgeek-status-update-20170314070854/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  303. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/14/radgeek-status-update-20170314070854/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  304. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  305. </entry>
  306. <entry>
  307. <author>
  308. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  309. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  310. </author>
  311. <title type="html"><![CDATA[ICE raids have &#8220;blown up&#8221; in Alabama]]></title>
  312. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/11/ice-raids-have-blown-up-in-alabama/" />
  313. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8755</id>
  314. <updated>2017-03-10T13:42:00Z</updated>
  315. <published>2017-03-11T13:41:13Z</published>
  316. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  317. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[]]></summary>
  318. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/11/ice-raids-have-blown-up-in-alabama/"><![CDATA[<div style="background-color: #ddd; border-radius: 5px; padding: 0.5em 1.0em; margin: 1.0em 3.0em;">
  319. <h3 style="font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase; margin: 0em; padding-bottom: 0.5em; text-align: center;">Shared Article  from AL.com</h3>
  320. <div style="float: left; margin-right: 10px; min-height: 156px;"><a href="http://www.al.com/news/index.ssf/2017/03/ice_raids_have_blown_up_in_ala.html"><img src="http://image.al.com/home/bama-media/width620/img/news_impact/photo/22171814-standard.jpg" style="max-width: 200px; height: auto;" /></a></div>
  321. <p style="margin: 0em; font-size: 1.1em;"><strong><a href="http://www.al.com/news/index.ssf/2017/03/ice_raids_have_blown_up_in_ala.html"> ICE raids have 'blown up' in Alabama since Trump immigration or…</a></strong></p>
  322. <p style="margin: 0em;">ICE agents are conducting raids and detaining undocumented immigrants in Alabama at a higher rate than elsewhere in the Deep South.</p>
  323. <p style="margin: 0em; "><span style="color: #666; font-size: 90%; text-transform: uppercase;">al.com</span></p>
  324. <br style="clear: both" />
  325. </div>
  326.  
  327.  
  328.  
  329. ]]></content>
  330. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/11/ice-raids-have-blown-up-in-alabama/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  331. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/11/ice-raids-have-blown-up-in-alabama/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  332. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  333. </entry>
  334. <entry>
  335. <author>
  336. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  337. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  338. </author>
  339. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Meetinghouse]]></title>
  340. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/meetinghouse/" />
  341. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8751</id>
  342. <updated>2017-03-10T13:07:15Z</updated>
  343. <published>2017-03-10T13:05:26Z</published>
  344. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="In Memoriam" label="In Memoriam"/>
  345. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Politics" label="Politics"/>
  346. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Smash the State" label="Smash the State"/>
  347. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Terror" label="Terror"/>
  348. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="The Long Memory" label="The Long Memory"/>
  349. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="World War II" label="World War II"/>
  350. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="1945" label="1945"/>
  351. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Curtis LeMay" label="Curtis LeMay"/>
  352. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Firebombing" label="Firebombing"/>
  353. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Franklin Roosevelt" label="Franklin Roosevelt"/>
  354. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Japan" label="Japan"/>
  355. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Operation Meetinghouse" label="Operation Meetinghouse"/>
  356. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=post_tag" term="Tokyo" label="Tokyo"/>
  357. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[Seventy-two years ago last night, on the night of March 9 and the early morning of March 10, 1945, the United States government ordered 334 B-29 bombers, commanded by Curtis LeMay, to drop 1,665 tons of napalm, white phosphorus and explosives on the most densely-populated residential neighborhoods throughout Tokyo. Within the first two hours of [&#8230;]]]></summary>
  358. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/meetinghouse/"><![CDATA[<p class="first">Seventy-two years ago last night, on the night of March 9 and the early morning of March 10, 1945, the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Meetinghouse">United States government ordered</a> 334 B-29 bombers, commanded by Curtis LeMay, to drop 1,665 tons of napalm, white phosphorus and explosives on the most densely-populated residential neighborhoods throughout Tokyo. Within the first two hours of low-altitude firebombing the city&#8217;s fire defenses were completely overwhelmed. The burning ignited a firestorm that blew through the city streets at 600-1800 degrees Fahrenheit. Over 200,000 buildings were reduced to ash. Over 1,000,000 people were left homeless. About 100,000 Japanese civilians burned to death in a single night on the orders of General Curtis LeMay and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.</p>
  359.  
  360. <p>From <a href="https://www.jacobinmag.com/2015/03/tokyo-firebombing-world-war-ii/"><cite class="article">The Firebombing of Tokyo,</cite></a> by Rory Fanning, in <cite>Jacobin</cite>:</p>
  361.  
  362. <blockquote>
  363.  <p>Toshiko Higashikawa, who was twelve at the time of the bombing, recalled: <q>There was fire everywhere. I saw one person caught by the claws of the fire dragon before you could say Jack Robinson! Her clothes just went up in flames. Another two people were caught and burned up. The bombers just kept coming.</q> Toshiko and her family fled to a neighborhood school, seeking shelter from fire. The family bottlenecked in a doorway, and Toshiko could hear children shouting: <q>Gya. Help! Its Hot! Moma! Uwa! Daddy! It hurts! Help!</q></p>
  364.  
  365.  <p>Moments later, Toshiko lost the grip of her father’s hand in the frantic crowd. Her father was holding her younger brother Eichi in his other arm. Toshiko and her sister made it out of the schoolhouse alive. She never saw her father and brother again.</p>
  366.  
  367.  <p>Koji Kikushima, who was thirteen at the time, tells the story of running down a street as fire chased her family and hundreds of others. The heat was so intense she instinctively jumped off a bridge into a river below. She survived the fall. In the morning she emerged from the river to see a “mountain of corpses” on the bridge. She never saw her family again.</p>
  368.  
  369.  <p>Sumiko Morikawa was twenty-four that day. Her husband was off fighting in the war. She had a four-year-old son Kiichi, and twin eight-month-old girls Atsuko and Ryoko. As the fire began to burn the homes in her neighborhood, Sumiko ran towards a park pool with her kids. Nearing the pool’s edge, four-year-old Kiichi’s jacket caught fire. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins></p>
  370.  
  371.  <p><ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> There were nearly a million casualties that day in Tokyo and countless stories like the ones above. However what is mostly absent from Hoyet’s book are personal reflections from men about what it was like that day. It’s because cities like Tokyo and Nagasaki were essentially devoid of them. <ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> The remaining population, and hence the main targets of the bombing, were disproportionately women, children, and the elderly. The majority of the military-age men were away fighting in the war.</p>
  372.  
  373.  <p><ins class="ellipsis editorial" title="[Elision by the editor.]">.&#160;.&#160;.</ins> World War II was carried out with brutality on all fronts. The Japanese military murdered nearly six million Chinese, Korean, and Filipino civilians by the end of it. However, to argue that Japanese civilians deserved to die — that children deserved to die — at the hands of the US military because their government killed civilians in other Asian countries is an indefensible position, in any moral or ethical framework.</p>
  374.  
  375.  <p>&#8211;Rory Fanning, <a href="https://www.jacobinmag.com/2015/03/tokyo-firebombing-world-war-ii/"><cite class="article">The Firebombing of Tokyo</cite></a><br><cite>Jacobin</cite>, March 9, 2015</p>
  376. </blockquote>
  377.  
  378. ]]></content>
  379. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/meetinghouse/#comments" thr:count="0"/>
  380. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/meetinghouse/feed/" thr:count="0"/>
  381. <thr:total>0</thr:total>
  382. </entry>
  383. <entry>
  384. <author>
  385. <name>Rad Geek</name>
  386. <uri>http://radgeek.com/</uri>
  387. </author>
  388. <title type="html"><![CDATA[Rad Geek Reader Questions: Herodotus of Halicarnassus]]></title>
  389. <link rel="alternate" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/rad-geek-reader-questions-herodotus-of-halicarnassus/" />
  390. <id>http://radgeek.com/?p=8742</id>
  391. <updated>2017-03-10T12:51:31Z</updated>
  392. <published>2017-03-10T12:41:59Z</published>
  393. <category scheme="http://radgeek.com?taxonomy=category" term="Misc" label="Misc"/>
  394. <summary type="html"><![CDATA[Is Herodotus of Halicarnassus a Greek historian of the Persian Wars, or a Persian historian of the Greek Wars, or a Turkish historian of the Graeco-Persian Wars, or something else? Show your work.]]></summary>
  395. <content type="html" xml:base="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/rad-geek-reader-questions-herodotus-of-halicarnassus/"><![CDATA[<p>Is <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herodotus">Herodotus</a> of <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halicarnassus">Halicarnassus</a> a Greek historian of the Persian Wars, or a  Persian historian of the Greek Wars, or a Turkish historian of the Graeco-Persian Wars, or something else? Show your work.</p>
  396.  
  397. ]]></content>
  398. <link rel="replies" type="text/html" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/rad-geek-reader-questions-herodotus-of-halicarnassus/#comments" thr:count="4"/>
  399. <link rel="replies" type="application/atom+xml" href="http://radgeek.com/gt/2017/03/10/rad-geek-reader-questions-herodotus-of-halicarnassus/feed/" thr:count="4"/>
  400. <thr:total>4</thr:total>
  401. </entry>
  402. </feed>
  403.  
  404. <!-- Dynamic page generated in 0.040 seconds. -->
  405. <!-- Cached page generated by WP-Super-Cache on 2017-04-30 21:26:04 -->
  406.  

If you would like to create a banner that links to this page (i.e. this validation result), do the following:

  1. Download the "valid Atom 1.0" banner.

  2. Upload the image to your own server. (This step is important. Please do not link directly to the image on this server.)

  3. Add this HTML to your page (change the image src attribute if necessary):

If you would like to create a text link instead, here is the URL you can use:

http://www.feedvalidator.org/check.cgi?url=http%3A//radgeek.com/feed/

Copyright © 2002-9 Sam Ruby, Mark Pilgrim, Joseph Walton, and Phil Ringnalda