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  12. <title>Tristan Louis (</title>
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  15. <description>Tristan Louis on Technology, Media, and Politics</description>
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  24. <title>Tristan Louis (</title>
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  30. <title>17</title>
  31. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=17</link>
  32. <pubDate>Tue, 11 Sep 2018 13:01:28 +0000</pubDate>
  33. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  34. <category><![CDATA[Personal]]></category>
  35. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  37. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  38. <description><![CDATA[<p>9/11 at 17</p>
  39. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">17</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  40. ]]></description>
  41. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<blockquote><p>&#8220;I hereby declare, on oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform noncombatant service in the Armed Forces of the United States when required by the law; that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by the law; and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so help me God.&#8221;</p>
  42. <p>&#8211; US Oath of Allegiance</p></blockquote>
  43. <p>The enemy that struck 17 years ago was clearly foreign. But what do you do when the enemy is within?</p>
  44. <h2>The enemy of my enemy is?</h2>
  45. <p>The <a href="">recent editorial by an anonymous senior government official in the New York Times</a> left me uneasy. While it&#8217;s been clear for some time that I may not share the same political agenda as the person currently occupying the office of the president, I do believe in the presidency.</p>
  46. <p>So when a senior government official claims to operate outside of the constraints of government and/or the administration he/she is supposed to support, I have grave concerns. Many will say that unusual times require unusual steps but what I worry about is the future. What precedent does this set for future administration? Does it mean that people in the cabinet get to choose and pick which policies they decide to support and which ones they do not?</p>
  47. <p>As surprising as it may sound, earlier generations actually anticipated times like ours and created the appropriate mechanisms to deal with issues that would throw one branch of government in imbalance with the other ones. Whether it is the 25th amendment or the emolument clause or impeachment, there are many tools to deal with a sitting president. So if one believes that the current president is unfit for office, there are many mechanisms in place to deal with such effect.</p>
  48. <p>And if those in power are unable or unwilling to do their duty, there is also a mechanism in place called elections (Few may remember that 9/11 was actually a New York primary). Going beyond my feelings about 9/11, I believe that it is your duty, if you can, to vote. Get informed and get out to the polls as it is the most basic way in which you can engage.</p>
  49. <h2>Apathy: The new enemy of Democracy</h2>
  50. <p>In the <a href="">2016 presidential election, 58%</a> of eligible voters went to the polls. And in the <a href="">mid-term elections of 2014, a mere 36.4%</a> of eligible voters showed up. That is barely 1 in 3 eligible voters.</p>
  51. <p>In a world where 2 out of 3 people fail to engage in even the most basic of civic duties, the single biggest domestic enemy to the United States democratic ideals is <strong>APATHY</strong>.</p>
  52. <p>While millions have died to ensure that most citizens in this country could vote, the vast majority of the country is ignoring their duty to do so.</p>
  53. <p>On 9/11, when flight 93 was taken over by terrorists, some of the passengers did not stand by, they did not yield, and they saved countless lives by taking on the enemy, sacrificing themselves so others would not die. They could have sat by and done nothing. But they did not remain apathetic and THEY saved untold numbers of lives and other potential scars from the American psyche.</p>
  54. <p>If you are eligible to vote, it is now your turn to honor those heroes by doing a simple thing: by going out and voting. By choosing participation in our democracy and putting in office the people who best reflect your ideals.</p>
  55. <p>Note that I&#8217;m not advocating for one party over another. It is because ultimately, while I do have certain political preferences, I do not want to impose them on you. What I DO want is for you to participate. If your political views are aligned with mine, great: you will help my side represent and hopefully win. If your political views are not aligned with mine, great: you will take a step for your own principles and I respect that. But if you fail to participate, you will not only fail those who have died to give you the right to vote but also all those who were sacrificed because others believed that our free elections are a plague on their worldview.</p>
  56. <p>9/11 was a day when terrorist attempted to attack the very foundation of our belief because they saw the right to vote as counter to their autocratic view. This 9/11 think hard about what that right is and consider what people want to do with it. And once you have, remember to either register if you haven&#8217;t yet and, mark election day on your calendar, and make sure that you show up at the poll.</p>
  57. <p>So if you believe in honoring the fallen, if you believe in defending democracy, if you believe in America, go out and vote. If you believe in the values that make America great, get others to go out and vote. If you believe in the future of democracy, get involved in voting drives.</p>
  58. <p>Whatever you do, honor those who died on 9/11 with the most powerful tool in your hands: your vote!</p>
  59. <h2>In Memoriam</h2>
  60. <p class="selectionShareable">Car­los Dominguez, Mark Ellis, Melissa Vin­cent, Michael DiPasquale, Cyn­thia Giugliano, Jeremy Glick, David Hal­der­man, Steve Wein­berg, Ger­ard Jean Bap­tiste, Tom McCann, David Vera.</p>
  61. <p class="selectionShareable">This post is part of a continuing series in which I remember those I knew who were lost on that day. Here are the previous years: <a href="">2017</a>, <a href="">2016</a>, <a href="">2015</a>, <a href="">2014</a>, <a title="12" href="">2013</a>, <a title="11, no 9" href="">2012</a>, <a title="A decade" href="">2011</a>, <a title="Nine" href="">2010</a>, <a title="Waiting" href="">2009</a>, <a title="7" href="">2008</a>, <a title="6 observations about 9/11" href="">2007</a>, <a title="5 years" href="">2006</a>, <a title="9/11 at 4" href="">2005</a>, <a href="">2004</a>, <a title="Two years" href="">2003</a>, and <a title="In Memoriam" href="">2002</a>. For context, you might want to read <a title="The day after" href="">The day after</a>, which is about as raw as one can get about that day as I wrote that piece less than 36 hours after the first plane hit. This is the longest series I’ve ever written and I expect to continue yearly until I can no longer write.</p>
  62. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">17</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  63. ]]></content:encoded>
  64. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">7168</post-id> </item>
  65. <item>
  66. <title>RIP John Barlow</title>
  67. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=rip-john-barlow</link>
  68. <pubDate>Thu, 08 Feb 2018 13:00:32 +0000</pubDate>
  69. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  70. <category><![CDATA[Personal]]></category>
  71. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  72. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  74. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  75. <description><![CDATA[<p>The conscience of the Internet suffers a substantial blow as John Perry Barlow leaves us.</p>
  76. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">RIP John Barlow</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  77. ]]></description>
  78. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>This week, the internet and the world got a little darker as one of the most optimistic and loving advocates of the potentials of the Internet passed away.</p>
  79. <p>John Perry Barlow was many things and many contradictions.</p>
  80. <p>His <a href="">declaration of the independence of cyberspace</a> (followed by <a href="">The Economy of Ideas</a>) became the rallying cry for those who looked to build a better future rooted in the power of the Internet and is still as relevant today as it was 22 years ago when he wrote it. It was the organizing document of much of the optimism we, as a young generation of dot-commoners, embraced. It was a document that was all about the hopes and promises of a world WE could build. It was a repudiation of the traditional order&#8230; and it was presented at Davos, ground-zero for the powers-that-be.</p>
  81. <p>A Republican and hardcore Libertarian, John was the man who could get a crowd together to dance in the New York City streets during a Republican convention, using the most natural of efforts as a peaceful mean of protest against war and oppression.</p>
  82. <p>A man with a full agenda, John could always spend time with anyone who had a new idea of how to make the world a better place, help them refine their efforts by challenging their assumptions and trying to open their eyes to the potentials of love and connectivity. And yet, John forced those of us who saw technology as the force that would change the world to rethink our assumption and look at the internet as a social movement, something that went beyond the bits and bytes and sites and apps we were building.</p>
  83. <p>In many ways, John could be seen as part of a small elite group of people we could call &#8220;the conscience of the internet&#8221;. It&#8217;s a small group that, unfortunately, seems to get smaller day by day as a  dystopian view of what this network could be slowly replaces the vision of unlimited connection and communication potential John first heralded.</p>
  84. <p>40 years ago, he drew up a list of what he called Principles of Adult Behavior and, <a href="">as Jason Kottke found out</a>, this is what they meant to him.</p>
  85. <blockquote><p>I don’t expect the perfect attainment of these principles. However, I post them as a standard for my conduct as an adult. Should any of my friends or colleagues catch me violating one of them, bust me.</p></blockquote>
  86. <p>John saw the future and believed, until the end, that we could build a better world with the new technologies we had&#8230; and he tried to will that world into reality. Now that he&#8217;s left us, it is up to every single ones of us to pick up the torch of optimism and youthfulness that John always carried and bring it forward until we do reach the Utopia he once envisioned.</p>
  87. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">RIP John Barlow</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  88. ]]></content:encoded>
  89. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">7119</post-id> </item>
  90. <item>
  91. <title>16</title>
  92. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=16</link>
  93. <pubDate>Mon, 11 Sep 2017 11:20:44 +0000</pubDate>
  94. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  95. <category><![CDATA[Personal]]></category>
  96. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  97. <category><![CDATA[9/11]]></category>
  99. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  100. <description><![CDATA[<p>9/11 at 16</p>
  101. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">16</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  102. ]]></description>
  103. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<blockquote><p>&#8220;Today, we are all Americans&#8221;</p></blockquote>
  104. <p>That quote is from French president Jacque Chirac, on a day, 16 years ago, that defied and defined who we are. The awful attacks on the World Trade Center left a scar for many of us.</p>
  105. <p>And yet, 16 years later, it appears that the American experience is convulsing in ways we did not expect back then. Wars and financial crisis did not undo the pioneering optimistic and inclusive spirit of this nation. In fact, they seemed to strengthen it.</p>
  106. <p>But in the last few months, the country seems to have fallen into the trap of division, turning into the kind of place where people scream at each other but do not listen to other viewpoints; the kind of place where blame is assigned on the others (Muslim ban, walls against Mexicans, ending DACA) but solutions are not presented; the kind of place where a president can claim that there could be &#8220;some fine people&#8221; in a crowd of Nazis.</p>
  107. <p>This is NOT America. This is not the picture of America that the rest of the world woke up to 16 years ago before people filled with hatred drove planes into symbolic buildings.</p>
  108. <p>This is not the picture of America that the rest of the world woke up to 16 years ago before people filled with hatred drove planes into symbolic buildings. This is not the kind of inclusive place the world has long looked up to. This is not the kind of country that people seek to join.</p>
  109. <p>America is about optimism; America is about inclusion; America is about &#8220;We&#8221; not &#8220;Me&#8221;. THAT is what the terrorists wanted to destroy and THAT is what we must preserve.</p>
  110. <p>I am feeling grateful and optimistic that this is a temporary dark period (America has had others, like the Civil War and the rise of the KKK in the 1920s) and that this country will find its mojo again.</p>
  111. <p>We owe it to the people who have died on this horrible day, if for no other reason than to make their sacrifice meaningful. Failure to do so would mean that we are no better than the people who attacked us.</p>
  112. <h2>In Memoriam</h2>
  113. <p class="selectionShareable">Car­los Dominguez, Mark Ellis, Melissa Vin­cent, Michael DiPasquale, Cyn­thia Giugliano, Jeremy Glick, David Hal­der­man, Steve Wein­berg, Ger­ard Jean Bap­tiste, Tom McCann, David Vera.</p>
  114. <p class="selectionShareable">This post is part of a continuing series in which I remember those I knew who were lost on that day. Here are the previous years: <a href="">2016</a>, <a href="">2015</a>,  <a href="">2014</a>,  <a title="12" href="">2013</a>, <a title="11, no 9" href="">2012</a>, <a title="A decade" href="">2011</a>, <a title="Nine" href="">2010</a>, <a title="Waiting" href="">2009</a>, <a title="7" href="">2008</a>, <a title="6 observations about 9/11" href="">2007</a>, <a title="5 years" href="">2006</a>, <a title="9/11 at 4" href="">2005</a>, <a href="">2004</a>, <a title="Two years" href="">2003</a>, and <a title="In Memoriam" href="">2002</a>. For context, you might want to read <a title="The day after" href="">The day after</a>, which is about as raw as one can get about that day as I wrote that piece less than 36 hours after the first plane hit. This is the longest series I’ve ever written and I expect to continue yearly until I can no longer write.</p>
  115. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">16</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  116. ]]></content:encoded>
  117. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">7089</post-id> </item>
  118. <item>
  119. <title>We The People</title>
  120. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=we-the-people</link>
  121. <pubDate>Mon, 14 Aug 2017 04:59:05 +0000</pubDate>
  122. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  123. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  125. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  126. <description><![CDATA[<p>What happened in Charlottesville was Un-American</p>
  127. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">We The People</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  128. ]]></description>
  129. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>I went through the weekend in a stunned haze, trying to understand that which cannot be understood. The events in Charlottesville defy understanding because they are so closely related to events we collectively thought had ended in the past.</p>
  130. <p>While this may seem insensitive, the Tiki Torch Rally, to me, felt more dangerous than the terrorist event of Saturday (when a car is deliberately rammed into a crowd, it is a terrorist event. That&#8217;s what we learned from Nice; That&#8217;s what we learned from London; That&#8217;s what we should know about Charlottesville). The rally reminded me of those black and white reels of lynchings in an earlier ugly era of American history. The rally reminded me of the Nazis marching against Jews in pre-WW2 Germany; The rally reminded me of hatred, purely distilled to its rawest form; The rally reminded me that for all progress, there is a fight.</p>
  131. <p>And then, there was the presidential response to what happened. While much has been made of the &#8220;violence on many sides,&#8221; a clear move off message from the man who is supposed to unite us, the tone of the official statement was much much worse. It was a tone that harkened back to the dog-whistling era of segregation, a clear &#8220;sorry, not sorry&#8221; approach to dealing with the situation.</p>
  132. <p>But going deeper, going further than the last weekend, and trying to understand what Trump means by sides, there is only one possibility: There are many sides. And it is true as long as you consider &#8220;many&#8221; to mean more than one: There is the side of hatred and bigotry that was clearly exemplified this weekend and then there&#8217;s the side of hope and promise that America has always stood for; There is the side of economic failure that has hurt people of all races, and the side of silence to historical wrong-doings; There is the side that turns a blind eye to the substantial imbalance in incarcerations and the death penalty; There is the side that makes it that much harder to get to the starting line if your color is less than white.</p>
  133. <p>And then there is the question that has trumped me since the election: Why is it that poor white people vote differently from poor non-white people?</p>
  134. <p>But this weekend, the answer became clear. The answer is that the solution to everyone&#8217;s problem is not one that is currently highlighted in polite political discussion (assuming there is still such a thing as polite political discussion). It is something that only a few month ago served as a beacon for what America was and something that president Barack Obama so clearly articulated.</p>
  135. <p><strong>THE AUDACITY OF HOPE</strong></p>
  136. <p>In our hyper-charged times, we have turned politics into a death match, where showing people below us is seen as a win, even as we are collectively sinking deeper and deeper into a hole.</p>
  137. <h4><strong>THE AUDACITY OF HOPE</strong></h4>
  138. <p>A term that not only speaks to building a better place but acknowledging that things are not as good as we&#8217;d like them to be.</p>
  139. <h3><strong>THE AUDACITY OF HOPE</strong></h3>
  140. <p>The very foundation of America. A term that has been the animus of the American revolution for so long and seems at risk today.</p>
  141. <p>In our bubble-driven world, we have given up on talking to each other and this has allowed cynical politicians to use our differences as a wedge distracting us from the very things that are in front of us: poor people will remain poor not because of the color of their skin or the jobs they have lost but because they have been abandoned by a society that used to believe that a rising tide lifted all boats.</p>
  142. <p>Where lack of support for things like the &#8220;war on poverty&#8221; arose, cynicism grew and old hatred re-emerged. And who is easier to blame than the other? The one that looks different?</p>
  143. <p>Remember that the Nazi ideology was not created in a vacuum. It was born out of a substantial economic depression and a whole nation fell for the trap of blaming the other for issues they could not control. Back then, it was Jews and Gypsies, and now it&#8217;s Jews, Hispanics and African-Americans.</p>
  144. <p>It is easy to blame the other and so it is the pattern that the downtrodden fall to. What is missing from the conversation, however, is a separate narrative: a narrative of hope.</p>
  145. <p>I became an American citizen because I saw in America the very idea of pulling together to pull forward and this is what we need at this time. We need White, Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and anyone else to join and say we all stand on one side: we stand on the side that pulls everyone up; we stand on the side that believes that it is not the color of your skin that makes you who you are but the willingness you have in doing the work, no matter what the work is; we stand on the side that says that if one of us falls, we all fall.</p>
  146. <p>On the day the founding fathers signed the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Franklin said &#8220;<strong>We must, indeed, all hang together, or most assuredly we shall all hang separately.</strong>&#8220;</p>
  147. <p>This weekend, we saw a country on the brink of hanging separately and as someone who took an oath to &#8220;defend our Constitution against all enemies, foreign <strong>and</strong> domestic,&#8221; it is clear to me that those who stand against &#8220;We, the people of the United States&#8221; are enemies of the state and, as such, should be marked as traitors to the cause of America.</p>
  148. <p>To fail to see that is to be on the wrong side of America.</p>
  149. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">We The People</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  150. ]]></content:encoded>
  151. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">7081</post-id> </item>
  152. <item>
  153. <title>Fighting for Things That Matter</title>
  154. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=fighting-for-what-matters</link>
  155. <pubDate>Fri, 02 Jun 2017 13:00:36 +0000</pubDate>
  156. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  157. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  158. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  160. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  161. <description><![CDATA[<p>Fighting the good fight to keep our web and our society open.</p>
  162. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Fighting for Things That Matter</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  163. ]]></description>
  164. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>In a corner of the web, there is noise brewing as defenders of the open web are continuing to fight the good fight.</p>
  165. <p>It all started when David Winer, who has made substantial contributions to the open web over the last few decades, said that <a href="">he would not post to blog posts on Facebook</a>. In a well-reasoned stand, he highlighted that the Facebook system does not allow all users to see the same thing, which means that it is difficult to assess if your reader could access the content (the same can be said of publishing companies that put their content behind a pay wall).</p>
  166. <p>His post was followed by <a href="">a colorfully-titled post by John Gruber</a>, the go-to-blogger for anything Apple, who picked up the question of whether Facebook is trying to kill the open web.</p>
  167. <p>In response to this, Joe Hewitt, who once worked on the Firefox browser and later worked for Facebook, fired back saying that no one cared, leading Gruber to <a href="">answer about why HE cared</a>.</p>
  168. <p>There&#8217;s a lot to unwrap in this but I feel that the most important question is one around collective responsibility. Hard to believe but it was 6 years ago that <a href="">I demonstrated how our individual actions led to the death of the open Internet</a>. When I screamed that I killed the Internet, it was because my acceptance of those systems went the way of aiding and abetting the enemies of the open web.</p>
  169. <p>And <a href="">when I asked, more recently, if we were breaking the Internet</a>, it is because a lot of the ideals that made the Internet what it seems to be increasingly getting chipped at.</p>
  170. <p>Some could argue that a lot of the discussion is an academic one or, as Hewitt puts it:</p>
  171. <blockquote><p><a href="">Seriously guys, nobody gives a sh*t about the open web. Only your clique.</a></p></blockquote>
  172. <p>But here&#8217;s the thing: there are some people who do care about the open web. And those people are fighting this fight because they know what communication was like when we were trapped under the weight of proprietary networks.</p>
  173. <p>Today, <a href="">technology is no longer just a question of technical issues but increasingly a political viewpoint</a> and open vs. closed is a debate that is older than the Internet as it is a fundamental component of a discussion about what kind of society we want to have.</p>
  174. <p>On one side, there are people who believe in an orderly and managed world, where individual convenience is traded in exchange for loss of control. In this world, individual effort is limited but <a href="">the right to free expression can be limited by the gatekeepers</a>. So if you are using a mobile app, you&#8217;ve agreed that either Apple or Google has some level of control over what you&#8217;re doing (through their app store terms). In the same way, if you post on Facebook, Twitter,</p>
  175. <p>If you are using a mobile app, you&#8217;ve agreed that either Apple or Google has some level of control over what you&#8217;re doing (through their app store terms). In the same way, if you post on Facebook, Twitter, Medium, or any other proprietary platform, you give up some rights as to what is and isn&#8217;t acceptable. If you watch something on Netflix, Hulu, or Amazon, you use the Internet more like a television, through proprietary offerings that are not available to all.</p>
  176. <p>On the other side, there are people, like me, who believe in a free and open world, one where personal effort and alliances allow for the best solutions. This open world values information exchange and personal responsibility in order to follow a shared purpose of giving anyone an equal footing. But open also means a lot more personal effort and personal work. To keep and open web open means that you often have to delve into things like maintaining your own domain, keeping track of the software that you use to push things on the web, and generally become a deeper technologist</p>
  177. <p>To keep and open web open means that you often have to delve into things like maintaining your own domain, keeping track of the software that you use to push things on the web, and generally become a deeper technologist (or hire technologist) in order to keep your infrastructure going.</p>
  178. <p>It takes effort but it&#8217;s effort that is worth it as it preserves a world where others can play and build on top of your effort, a world that iterates through progress and allows for the next group to build something even better.</p>
  179. <p>The world of the past was more closed but through an accident of history, the Internet created a substantial opening, one that powered incredible innovation for the last few decades, giving anyone with a computer a chance to make and share the things they built without having to worry about gatekeepers. If you think of a bit of internet-connected technology that you use today, it probably would not exist if it weren&#8217;t for the openness of the internet.</p>
  180. <p>Ever since this pandora box of openness opened up (pun intended), incumbents have been trying to close it back down. Meanwhile, younger generations who haven&#8217;t experienced a closed world have been lured into a state of complacency due to our failure, as proponents of an open world, to articulate why open is better.</p>
  181. <p>In a way, Hewitt is right: no one cares about the open web outside of a small group of people because few have been properly educated. That said, <a href="">when SOPA tried to lock things down, people activated</a>.</p>
  182. <p>If you believe in the Internet, take pause and reflect on what you do when you post to Facebook or other proprietary networks. I&#8217;m not saying don&#8217;t post there but realize that when you do so in an exclusive way, you are breaking the internet a little more. And consider coming back to the open web as it&#8217;s not that hard. This note, for example, has many homes. You may be reading in an email you&#8217;ve received, on my own site (, on Medium, on Facebook, or on LinkedIn. You may notice that a number of those are the closed networks that people like Winer and Gruber won&#8217;t link to and I think that&#8217;s OK as long as the post also lives on the open web where they could link to it.</p>
  183. <p>The open web is too important to the stability of a free and open society so please do your best to support it and do read/follow people like <a href="">Winer</a> and <a href="">Gruber</a> as they continue to fight the good fight. They are the true resistance in a world where too many people are trying to close minds.</p>
  184. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Fighting for Things That Matter</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  185. ]]></content:encoded>
  186. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">7071</post-id> </item>
  187. <item>
  188. <title>Are We Breaking the Internet?</title>
  189. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=are-we-breaking-the-internet</link>
  190. <pubDate>Sat, 04 Mar 2017 01:58:12 +0000</pubDate>
  191. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  192. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  193. <category><![CDATA[cloud services]]></category>
  194. <category><![CDATA[tech]]></category>
  196. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  197. <description><![CDATA[<p>Whether it is the recent S3 outage or the recent cloudflare security bug, we're learning about the dangers of over-centralization.</p>
  198. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Are We Breaking the Internet?</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  199. ]]></description>
  200. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Recent outages from critical services across the net have created massive disruption over the last few days: Whether it was Amazon’s S3 service failure, which took down thousands of sites, Cloudflare’s “Cloudbleed” security issue, which forced many sites to ask users to reset their passwords, or Google WiFi’s accidental reset, which wiped out customer’s internet profile, it seems the Internet infrastructure has been getting substantially more unstable recently.</p>
  201. <p>The packetized technology that underlies most of the Internet was created by Paul Baran as part of <a href="">an effort to protect communications by moving from a centralized model of communication to a distributed one</a>. While the Internet Society questions whether the creation of the Internet was in direct response to concerns about nuclear threat, it clearly agrees that <a href="">“later work on Internetting did emphasize robustness and survivability, including the capability to withstand losses of large portions of the underlying networks.”</a></p>
  202. <p>From there, the foundation was laid for an Internet that treated the distributed model as a key component to ensuring reliability. Almost 50 years later, consolidation around hosting and the development of the cloud have created a model that increases concentration on top of few key players: Amazon, Microsoft, and Google now host a large number of sites across the web. Many of those companies customers have opted to host their infrastructure in <a href="">a single set of data centers</a>, potentially increasing the frailty of the web by re-centralized large portion of the net.</p>
  203. <p>That’s what happened when Amazon’s S3 service, essentially a large hard drive used by companies like Spotify, Pinterest, Dropbox, Trello, Quora, and many others, <a href="">lost one of its data centers</a>. Companies that had stored their content in that one data center essentially stopped functioning properly, <a href="">prompting experts to recommend that companies look at storing data across multiple data centers to increase reliability</a>.</p>
  204. <p>On a different end of the spectrum, other services that are being used for reliability purpose have been experiencing their own issues. <a href="">Cloudflare, which provides security and hosting services for thousands of web sites</a>, <a href="">revealed last week that its service had a security bug which could leak passwords from its customers’ sites</a>, forcing thousands of sites to ask their customers to change their passwords.</p>
  205. <p>While those issues may only be fixed by the owners of the respective sites, the problem of centralization is one that is slowly expanding back into the consumer realm. People using Google Wifi and Google Chromecast found themselves forced to reinstall their systems last week as <a href="">a bug wiped out centralized configuration files for many of those devices</a>, forcing them offline for a period of time.</p>
  206. <p>As more people and more devices get connected to the Internet, the lure of centralizing control to make it easier for companies to manage them is bumping its head against the initial design of the Internet to drive reliability and scalability. With every new largely centralized system that comes online, the Internet becomes more brittle, as centralization creates an increased number of single points of failure. In a world where hackers are looking for new ways to take down infrastructures, those centralized services must double down on increasing security and reliability if we want the Internet to survive.</p>
  207. <p>Startups relying on standardized infrastructures can easily go to market but complete reliance on a single set of servers is akin to <a href="">building a castle on a swamp</a>. While companies like Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and others have a responsibility to ensure the infrastructures they provide remain stable, it is important for any company to consider how to best balance their offerings across different data centers and how to adapt in case of failures.</p>
  208. <p>The challenges presented in those recent outages are nothing new to the Internet and many of the smarter companies have taken lessons from history and built their offering in a way that ensures reliability and stability. For example, while many companies were flailing because of this week’s S3 failure, <a href="">Netflix, one of the poster boys for Amazon services, was fine</a>. In 2012, the company suffered from a major outage and learned its lesson. <a href="">It built a set of tools to ensure that content keeps streaming even if the underlying data centers go dark</a> and created a bunch of programs called “the Simian Army” to disrupt its own services.</p>
  209. <p>Having successfully proven them to work, <a href="">the company now open sourced that software</a> so anyone can use and improve it. Many of the companies which failed yesterday may be well served to take advantage of it to avoid the next infrastructure failure.</p>
  210. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Are We Breaking the Internet?</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  211. ]]></content:encoded>
  212. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">7033</post-id> </item>
  213. <item>
  214. <title>Internet 4.0: The Ambient Internet is Here</title>
  215. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=internet-4-0</link>
  216. <pubDate>Sat, 11 Feb 2017 13:00:43 +0000</pubDate>
  217. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  218. <category><![CDATA[Business]]></category>
  219. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  220. <category><![CDATA[Ambient Internet]]></category>
  221. <category><![CDATA[Internet 4.0]]></category>
  223. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  224. <description><![CDATA[<p>With Internet 4.0, the Internet disappears in the background and becomes an Ambient Internet. Are you ready for it?</p>
  225. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Internet 4.0: The Ambient Internet is Here</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  226. ]]></description>
  227. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Technology takes the Internet through different steps of growth and we&#8217;re on the cusp of a revolutionary set of changes that will accelerate and modify how we interact with the network. To understand Internet 4.0 or the Ambient Internet, it&#8217;s important to first look at the previous shift and what it means for the next generation.</p>
  228. <h3>Internet 1.0: The pre-web Internet (1968-1995)</h3>
  229. <p><img class="alignright size-full wp-image-6971" src="" alt="" width="306" height="165" srcset=" 306w, 300w" sizes="(max-width: 306px) 100vw, 306px" data-recalc-dims="1" />During its initial couple of decades, the Internet was a relatively unknown phenomenon, connecting geeks in academia, some corporations, and the government in a mostly text-only type of environment. The initial focus was on sharing computing resources (think of it as cloud computing long before the term took hold) and exchanging information, mostly in a textual form, over email and discussion groups called Usenet newsgroups.</p>
  230. <p>Because it was born out of concerns about nuclear attacks during the cold war, development of the Internet was largely driven by concerns over resiliency, redundancy, and a general ability to work even if large portions of the network were taken offline.</p>
  231. <p>In those days, the Internet was a complex system to use and operate, leading to slow user adoption and a somewhat collegial environment where a large part of the community knew each other and worked closely together.</p>
  232. <h3><img class="aligncenter wp-image-6973 size-full" src="" alt="Web 1.0 / Internet 2.0" width="1260" height="708" srcset=" 1260w, 300w, 768w, 1024w, 600w" sizes="(max-width: 1000px) 100vw, 1000px" data-recalc-dims="1" /></h3>
  233. <h3>Internet 2.0: Rise of the Web (1995-mid 2010s)</h3>
  234. <p>There is no argument that the appearance of the web in the early 1990s democratized usage of the Internet. In fact, it was so successful in that integration that for many people the Internet and the Web were seen as one and the same. Other services provided on top of the Internet lost their dedicated client and, over time, were replaced by web applications.</p>
  235. <p>This era saw the growth of e-commerce as a new form of purchasing goods, and the rise of online media as the way to consume information and entertainment.</p>
  236. <p>The initial promise of the web era gave rise to the idea of democratizing access to communication tools so that anyone could set up their offering online without a high starting cost: on the Internet, two people in a garage could easily compete with some of the largest corporations and create a massive business.</p>
  237. <p>Amazon established itself as one of the large players in e-commerce first by selling books and later by expanding into a general online store. Meanwhile, the rest of the web needed organizing and many companies built advertising backed search engines, with Google becoming the dominant player in that space.</p>
  238. <p>Initial collateral damage to many existing businesses started impacting a lot of traditional industries, with retail, media, finance, and others being completely transformed by this first phase.</p>
  239. <p>Later in that cycle, the social web (often referred to as Web 2.0) created a set of tools and modes of interaction that drove individual people to share information about themselves and chat with friends, co-workers, fellow students and/or family, on increasingly centralized platforms. Facebook bested its competitors to become the dominant player in managing daily social life while LinkedIn established itself as the network for work.</p>
  240. <h3><img class="aligncenter wp-image-6974 size-full" src="" width="770" height="285" srcset=" 770w, 300w, 768w, 600w" sizes="(max-width: 770px) 100vw, 770px" title="" alt="" data-recalc-dims="1" /></h3>
  241. <h3>Internet 3.0: The Mobile Internet (2008-present)</h3>
  242. <p>The introduction of the Apple app store really marks the debut of the mobile Internet era. While the iPhone had been launched a year earlier, it wasn&#8217;t until the app store appeared that a new mode of interaction with the Internet was seen.</p>
  243. <p>The app store model further recentralized the Internet as developers had to distribute their wares through primarily a limited set of app stores. The iPhone app store and Google&#8217;s Android Play store are the single points of control for much of the Internet (some countries like China have a more diverse set of app stores on Android devices but they represent the exception more than the rule).</p>
  244. <p>In putting a computer in everyone&#8217;s pocket, Apple and Google (and Google&#8217;s distribution partners like Samsung, LG, Motorola and others) fundamentally changed the way a majority of users interacted with the Internet. With rapid acceptance of mobile devices in markets where the Internet had not gotten widespread acceptance, the balance of usage tilted from a computer/web browser based model to one that favored mobile device/apps.</p>
  245. <p>This also unshackled the Internet, making many services that leveraged the mobility of the devices to create new business models. It also created the initial conditions for the Internet that is now coming. In putting a device in everyone&#8217;s pocket, the industry created large amounts of data about who, where, and when users were on the Internet.</p>
  246. <p>This led to an increase in deployment of an infrastructure to make the Internet more available on a continuous basis. If the previous phase was defined by having to go to a place (wherever a computer and internet access was available), this new era could be defined as having the Internet available wherever you are and whenever you need it.</p>
  247. <h3><img class="aligncenter size-full wp-image-6975" src="" alt="Ambient Internet" width="2080" height="990" srcset=" 2080w, 300w, 768w, 1024w, 600w, 2000w" sizes="(max-width: 1000px) 100vw, 1000px" data-recalc-dims="1" /></h3>
  248. <h3>Internet 4.0: The Ambient Internet (2017-future)</h3>
  249. <p>With mobile devices now representing a majority of Internet traffic, the Ambient Internet is taking in historical information based on where your device has been, combining that with information that is coming off nearby sensors (eg. location sensors, smart home components, etc&#8230;) and layering in artificial intelligence to drive new experiences that can be embedded into existing devices.</p>
  250. <p>In this next phase, the Internet will move from being available anywhere and anytime through a specific device to being available in all places and at all times through most devices. Interactions will move away from the single screen of your mobile phone or computer to interfaces you interact with naturally. Home assistants like Amazon Alexa and Google Home are early representatives of this trend but present only a cursory view of what the future will look like.</p>
  251. <p>When taken to its logical conclusion, the Ambient Internet is the final stage of Internet penetration that leads to the Internet disappearing in the background. Like electricity and running water, the Internet is rapidly becoming a core service that is connected to everything around you.</p>
  252. <p>The Ambient Internet, or Internet 4.0 takes historical data gathered through your interactions with multiple touchpoints (eg. lights, cars, speakers, chatbots, etc&#8230;), merges it with contextual information gathered through sensors you may either be wearing or see installed where you are, and uses Artificial Intelligence to establish guesses as to what you are most likely to need.</p>
  253. <p>In private spaces, Internet 4.0 is fully customized to your specific needs and wants. In public spaces, Internet 4.0 is about driving a personalized Internet where the experience of any given space and/or product is optimized to please the majority of the people in that location right now.</p>
  254. <p>A couple of years ago, I helped define the specifications around a new form of outdoor display advertising that adapted itself to the nearby audience, presenting the most relevant content to users without any specific interaction from the user. The idea is to make the environment subtly react its participants without making the participants aware of those adaptations.</p>
  255. <p>Key to the Internet 4.0 is state of ambient computing it creates. While previous phases of the Internet have required some level of training (either learning to operate a computer, a web browser, a mobile device or an app), this next phase of the Internet is using natural interactions, either via spoken dialogue (using voice recognition as assistants like Amazon&#8217;s Alexa, Apple&#8217;s Siri, Microsoft&#8217;s Cortana or Google&#8217;s&#8230; OK Google) or text embedded into tools you already use (eg. chatbots in slack or other messaging programs, smart agents interacting via email like Amy from</p>
  256. <p>With Internet 4.0, the goal is to make the Internet mostly disappear. Today, when you take an Uber, there is still a human element processing information that has been given to him/her by a computer using large amounts of data to find the quickest route from point A to point B. Tomorrow, Internet 4.0 will leverage the same power and distribute the same information to fleets of completely autonomous vehicles that interact with each other to get out of each other&#8217;s way and move people faster.</p>
  257. <p>Right now, different players are starting to align their capabilities to drive this new Internet. If history is right, only some of the incumbents will make the transition but the big question that remains is who will be the new player who will be able to leverage these trends into a dominant position in the future.</p>
  258. <p>Soon, as the Internet disappears, it will become another core infrastructure powering our world in the background and this next generation company may already exist or be in the birth process. Watch for clear signals around new entrants as this represents the next big growth phase for the Internet.</p>
  259. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Internet 4.0: The Ambient Internet is Here</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  260. ]]></content:encoded>
  261. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6955</post-id> </item>
  262. <item>
  263. <title>When Silence is Not an Option</title>
  264. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=when-silence-is-not-an-option</link>
  265. <pubDate>Sat, 28 Jan 2017 12:00:47 +0000</pubDate>
  266. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  267. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  268. <category><![CDATA[Freedom of expression]]></category>
  269. <category><![CDATA[Hate speech]]></category>
  270. <category><![CDATA[politics]]></category>
  272. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  273. <description><![CDATA[<p>History will be harsh to those who stay quiet</p>
  274. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">When Silence is Not an Option</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  275. ]]></description>
  276. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p><em>A note to readers: Politically charged content ahead. We&#8217;ll return to regularly scheduled tech coverage next week.</em></p>
  277. <p>I am an American and I cannot stand behind my president&#8217;s action discriminating against entire groups from entering the country.</p>
  278. <p>The founding document of the United States, <a href="">the Declaration of Independence</a>, starts with:</p>
  279. <blockquote><p>&#8220;When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature&#8217;s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.</p>
  280. <p>We hold these truths to be self-evident, <strong>that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.</strong>&#8220;</p></blockquote>
  281. <p>In this initial declaration, our founding fathers not only started by declaring their intent to voice discontent but to register the reason for which they considered the creation of the United States as something that followed the laws of nature.</p>
  282. <p>And one of the laws they put up front was the idea of a new nation where all men are created equal. History has shown these ideals to be the source of a constant national fight and national search to create a more inclusive  society, starting with granting protection from religious persecution and moving on to an expanding set of rights that allowed racial minorities, women, and the LGBT community rights they are still not afforded in many other countries.</p>
  283. <p>But at times, the nation has stumbled. In the early 1800s, the Alien and Sedition Acts repressed domestic protest and gave the new country powers to deport foreigners and make it harder for new immigrants to vote. During World War II, Japanese-Americans were forcibly relocated and interned in prison camps for several years. Prior to World War II, the rights of minorities fleeing from persecution in their own Asian countries was severely restricted. Those are seen as dark stains on American history, the kind of actions that betrayed the true meaning of our country.</p>
  284. <p>Yesterday, our president signed an executive order, entitled &#8220;<em><a href="">Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States</a>,&#8221; </em>that will sit in the annals of history alongside those dark times. Invoking the specter of 9/11, this order suspended the right to enter the country from both visitors and permanent US residents yielding from a group of countries.</p>
  285. <p>Most egregious is the presentation of such discrimination as based in rational behavior. Among the justifications given is:</p>
  286. <blockquote><p>&#8220;In order to protect Americans, the United States must ensure that those admitted to this country do not bear hostile attitudes toward it and its founding principles. The United States cannot, and should not, admit those who do not support the Constitution, or those who would place violent ideologies over American law.&#8221;</p></blockquote>
  287. <p>In excluding a complete set of individuals from legal entry into the country, this administration is bearing a hostile attitude towards its founding principles: those of inclusiveness and protection for all people. While I agree with the sentiment that the US should not support those who place violent ideologies over American law, this executive order stems from a violent ideology that it places over the principles of American law. By assuming that all coming from a given set of countries are guilty until proven innocent, this order sets our precious bill of rights on fire.</p>
  288. <p>This is not what the American people should think of as America.</p>
  289. <p>This is not what the world should see in America.</p>
  290. <p>This is not the natural law our nation was founded on.</p>
  291. <p>This is not natural.</p>
  292. <p>If you do not stand against this unnatural act and voice your fierce opposition to it then, sadly, you stand in support of it. I, for one, cannot be silent about this and I dare hope against hope that you won&#8217;t be either.</p>
  293. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">When Silence is Not an Option</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  294. ]]></content:encoded>
  295. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6957</post-id> </item>
  296. <item>
  297. <title>A Call for Ethical Tech</title>
  298. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=ethical-technology</link>
  299. <pubDate>Sat, 21 Jan 2017 13:00:43 +0000</pubDate>
  300. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  301. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  302. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  303. <category><![CDATA[Ethics]]></category>
  304. <category><![CDATA[politics]]></category>
  305. <category><![CDATA[Responsibility]]></category>
  307. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  308. <description><![CDATA[<p>Software developers must consider the ethical impact of their actions or risk dire consequences.</p>
  309. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">A Call for Ethical Tech</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  310. ]]></description>
  311. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Many commentators have highlighted that one of the factors that put Mr. Trump in the White House was the concern around eroding jobs in the mainland. A large source of that jump disappearance has been rapid technology changes so today, I&#8217;d like to explore areas where the technology industry needs to start developing a code for more ethical practices being embedded into our offerings. This is an industry-wide call for more ethical technology.</p>
  312. <h3>Tech and Politics</h3>
  313. <p>At the risk of shocking many my readers, let me state that to date, there&#8217;s been a lack of political involvement from the tech community in the world of politics. Over the years, a large political divide seems to have opened up between the culture of Silicon Valley and the culture of other technology centers. A large portion of that divide is due to the isolated nature of Silicon Valley, where tech people spend time with other tech people and driving is the main way to get from point A to point B.</p>
  314. <p>I&#8217;ve <a href="">discussed this phenomenon in the past</a> but it is one that is worth reinvestigating as the disease has only spread wider. When one creates a community of like-minded individuals, the kind of thinking that arises from said community pushes unpopular ideas out of the way.</p>
  315. <p>For Silicon Valley, the basic truth of politics has broken along two paths: On one side is the idea that technology will solve all ills and regulations are largely a constraint to be routed around (the corollary being that getting involved in politics or policy is inefficient and thus should be avoided); On the other side is the idea that large companies can leverage policy to either block competitors or gain some other advantage (the corollary being that involvement in politics is a game best left to the bigger companies).</p>
  316. <p>Outside of Silicon Valley, in places like Boston, New York, or Seattle, the lack of dominance from the tech industry has meant that companies born or run in those cities tend to be managed by individuals with more civic mindfulness.</p>
  317. <h3>Increased Isolation</h3>
  318. <p>Both of those views are rough archetypes but they are important ones to understand because they dictate the kind of companies that are built. The valley&#8217;s blind belief in technology as the savior leads to solutions that drive to increase individualization and customization. That drive leads to sorting of people in sub-groups and sub-sets consuming a personalized diet of products, entertainment, and news. The personalization that arises leads to increased isolation from people who are not following a profile similar to yours.</p>
  319. <p>So today, the largest show on TV has 19 million viewers, a number that would not have placed it in the top 10 a decade ago. The shared experience of 3 broadcast TV channels or a few large newspapers and magazines are arbitrators of the mainstream is dead.</p>
  320. <p>Cable TV news offering different channels for people on the right (Fox News) and the left (MSNBC and in a lot of cases CNN). And online news, which is in large part replacing traditional newspapers and magazines, has sliced the pie so thin through micro-targeting for advertising purpose that your news may be radically different from mine. Combined with analysis that presents what appeals to people and eliminates what doesn&#8217;t this result in a million spaces where like-minded individuals gather with other like-minded individuals and are &#8220;protected&#8221; from other groups.</p>
  321. <p>Today, as a somewhat privileged member of the tech class, I can live in an enclave like New York or Silicon Valley, take an Uber to and from the airport (largely avoiding mingling with &#8220;locals&#8221;) while watching shows or listening to music that has been customized to my taste and reading or watching news targeted to provide me with the greatest entertainment and the least amount of pain.</p>
  322. <p>This total isolation results in shock when the bubble gets popped.</p>
  323. <h3>Breaking the Bubble</h3>
  324. <p>The election of Donald Trump came as a shock to people in the technology world largely because it presented a vote from people who were not part of the same bubble. While the tech industry has seen increased growth, a large part of the blue collar class has seen its job disappear as a result of increased globalization (made possible by great technology tools like the Internet) and automation.</p>
  325. <p>But let&#8217;s not just indict Silicon Valley here. That would be too easy.</p>
  326. <p>While the Valley&#8217;s game has been to largely say &#8220;forget politics, we know better,&#8221; other technology centers fell under the slightly modified version of this by thinking &#8220;government can fix the big things so we&#8217;ll narrow our focus to things the government hasn&#8217;t fixed.&#8221; Both are trapped in their own type of bubbles. Here in New York, we&#8217;ve long thought of ourselves as more enlightened because we focused on issues of inclusion in our industry (that&#8217;s not to say that those issues are unimportant).</p>
  327. <p>The challenge is that we&#8217;re all trapped looking at the world through the prism of navel gazing that has resulted from filter bubbles.</p>
  328. <p>We must reinstate a world where it is OK to sit down with people you disagree with, converse, and find common ground with them. Disagreement breeds dialogue; dialogue breeds progress.</p>
  329. <h3>A Call for Ethical Technology</h3>
  330. <p>There is a long-held belief among technologists that &#8220;code is law.&#8221; In a world where artificial intelligence is increasingly a driver of dialogue, the urgency of defining what that means is increasing. I cannot claim to have the full answer for this but I&#8217;d like to propose a basic set of questions technologists should use when assessing how to move forward with a new technology:</p>
  331. <ol>
  332. <li>What does the technology improve? Does the improvement consider humanity?</li>
  333. <li>In the improvement(s) the technology makes, could there be unintended consequences? If yes, what are they?</li>
  334. <li>Are those unintended consequences hurting anyone? If yes, who, and why? If no, how are you sure or why not?</li>
  335. <li> Are there laws that are related to those unintended consequences? If yes, can the laws be evolved to balance the need for protection with the advance of technology?</li>
  336. <li>As the creator of the technology, are you willing to stand behind it 100% and be held accountable for the harm it may create? Have you taken all the necessary steps to avoid harm and unintended consequences?</li>
  337. </ol>
  338. <p>Or maybe one can turn to a paraphrase of <a href="">Asimov&#8217;s 3 laws of robotics</a> and turn them into technology ones:</p>
  339. <ul>
  340. <li>A technology may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.</li>
  341. <li>A technology must obey orders given it except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.</li>
  342. <li>A technology can protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.</li>
  343. </ul>
  344. <p>By applying such filters, we may be able to not only build new paths but do so in a way that works for everyone.</p>
  345. <p>As technologists, we have a mission of building the future. Over the last few years, we&#8217;ve been tested in terms of building a better world and sadly I must report that, as an industry, we have failed. The disconnect highlighted by the recent election should serve as a wake-up call to all developers: the era of developing software without thinking of its ethical implications is over. It&#8217;s time to &#8220;pivot&#8221; to ethical technology if we want the march of progress to continue.</p>
  346. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">A Call for Ethical Tech</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  347. ]]></content:encoded>
  348. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6946</post-id> </item>
  349. <item>
  350. <title>Amazon&#8217;s Quest to Become the Retail Operating System</title>
  351. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=amazon-quest-retail-operating-system</link>
  352. <pubDate>Sat, 14 Jan 2017 13:00:55 +0000</pubDate>
  353. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  354. <category><![CDATA[Business]]></category>
  355. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  356. <category><![CDATA[amazon]]></category>
  357. <category><![CDATA[]]></category>
  358. <category><![CDATA[AWS]]></category>
  359. <category><![CDATA[retail]]></category>
  360. <category><![CDATA[retail OS]]></category>
  362. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  363. <description><![CDATA[<p>Amazon is on a quest to build THE retail operating system, powering every aspects of the retail world in the future.</p>
  364. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Amazon&#8217;s Quest to Become the Retail Operating System</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  365. ]]></description>
  366. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Next week, in New York, the retail industry will meet at the <a href="">National Retail Federation &#8220;Big Show&#8221;</a>. There will be much talk about the continued impact technology is having on them. One of the topics surely being discussed will be recent announcements made by Amazon about its <a href="">Amazon Go grocery stores</a>, which is presented as the future of grocery shopping.</p>
  367. <p>While there may be worries about Amazon looking to displace existing incumbents,  what we may see here is the 4th step in Amazon&#8217;s continuous effort to become the retail operating system.</p>
  368. <h3>Amazon 1.0: The General Store</h3>
  369. <p>In its first iteration, Amazon was like most other online retailers, sticking to a set of products (initially books) until it eventually extended to a wider set of categories to become a general store.</p>
  370. <p>Under this model, Amazon was primarily a version of Sears or Walmart, selling products electronically as opposed to selling them in physical stores and leveraging its lack of physical space as a way to present a broader set of products.</p>
  371. <h3>Amazon 2.0: The Mall</h3>
  372. <p>In the early 2000s, Amazon started showing its wider game, as it created a marketplace allowing 3rd parties to set up shop on the site. By 2002, companies like Target and ill-fated bookseller Borders hosted their digital infrastructure on Amazon, loaning digital retail capabilities from the Seattle company.</p>
  373. <p>This shift represented the beginning of a larger strategy for Amazon, which moved from being an online store to something different, something more like an online version of a mall, giving other shops the ability to sell their products on top of Amazon&#8217;s infrastructure and at a convenient address. It also set things up for the next phase of Amazon</p>
  374. <h3>Amazon 3.0: The Digital Infrastructure</h3>
  375. <p>In a little-noticed announcement in 2006, Amazon moved to leverage extra capacity it had built by renting it out to anyone who wanted to use it. The company started giving third party access to its massive data centers for a fee through a program called &#8220;Amazon Web Services.&#8221; The initial concept came as a way to lower the cost of rolling out data centers as the company rented out spare capacity it had built with plans for future growth.</p>
  376. <p>Amazon Web Services proved to be a very successful offering, and can now be credited for powering the infrastructure of a large number of internet services ranging from small startups to companies as large as GE, Netflix, AirBnB, Spotify, and Reddit. This success led the company</p>
  377. <p>This success led the company to start launching a series of services mirroring its existing capabilities, moving it from retail mall to full digital infrastructure provider. Amazon can not only host your online presence, either through Amazon marketplace or by hosting your site on Amazon Web Services but retailers can also <a href="">have Amazon take care of the complete fulfillment of order, for a fee</a>.</p>
  378. <p>This is where Amazon sits today but recent developments seem to point to a wider future.</p>
  379. <h3>Amazon 4.0: The Retail Operating System</h3>
  380. <p>With the release of Amazon Go, it appears Amazon is expanding into the physical retail space. While the creation of physical by a digital player seem to be out of step with what you might expect from one of the largest e-tailers in the world, the model seems to follow what has now become a routine approach for Amazon:</p>
  381. <ul>
  382. <li>Step 1: Demonstrate a new technology capability through the use of technology under your own brand.</li>
  383. <li>Step 2: Provide the technology, for a fee, to other parties so they can mimic what you offer by sitting on your infrastructure</li>
  384. <li>Step 3: Expand the capabilities and make more services available to increase the stickiness of your platform with those other parties.</li>
  385. <li>Step 4: Repeat</li>
  386. </ul>
  387. <p>I would contend that the introduction of Amazon Go and of the Amazon bookstores is only the first step in demonstrating how Amazon thinks a physical store should be running. From a store standpoint, they present capabilities that are currently unheard of in the retail world: the ability to walk into a store, pick up physical goods and just walk out without having to deal with the friction of cashier lines and payment takes the Uber experience into retail. But the magic required to make such an experience happen demands the installation of sensors in a very precise order.</p>
  388. <p>I would not be surprised if, within the next couple of years, we heard about grocery stores partnering with Amazon to use Amazon Go on a leased basis. The new model would be one where Amazon employees deploy and manage &#8220;Amazon Go&#8221; infrastructures in other grocery stores, working as infrastructure providers to the retailers.</p>
  389. <p>When combined with their existing service, Amazon would then be embedded in every aspect of the retail world, recasting itself as the retail operating system.</p>
  390. <p>Why would Amazon go this way?</p>
  391. <p>First of all: Margin. The growth of Amazon Web Services and related offerings has shown to be a much more successful offering for Amazon than its own retail presence. It turns out that providing product and services to third parties is much more lucrative than by the initial seller.</p>
  392. <p>The second reason for the Amazon Retail Operating System is that Amazon may be readying for the end of its dominance in the e-tail space. With companies like Alibaba and Walmart (through the acquisition of gunning for Amazon&#8217;s top spot, the battle is about to get very tough. But in the infrastructure world, Amazon is still quite a distance ahead of its competitors. And that may be the big strategic advantage the company wants to retain, as physical integration could mean a decades-long sustainable gain over anyone else trying to follow suit.</p>
  393. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">Amazon&#8217;s Quest to Become the Retail Operating System</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  394. ]]></content:encoded>
  395. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6933</post-id> </item>
  396. <item>
  397. <title>5 Predictions for 2017</title>
  398. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=5-predictions-2017</link>
  399. <pubDate>Tue, 10 Jan 2017 22:41:37 +0000</pubDate>
  400. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  401. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  402. <category><![CDATA[predictions]]></category>
  404. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  405. <description><![CDATA[<p>Predictions for 2017</p>
  406. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">5 Predictions for 2017</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  407. ]]></description>
  408. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Many of you have asked me to make predictions for the upcoming years so I&#8217;m pulling out the dusty old glass ball and presenting to you the things I will look at in the coming year. The prediction game is a dangerous game as one steers into trends and tries to pull out short insights into grand theories. That said, here&#8217;s what I&#8217;m keeping an eye on.</p>
  409. <h3>The Post-app World Enters its Growth Phase</h3>
  410. <p>With app stores now clogged by millions of apps and users generally not downloading them, smart companies will look to grow in user&#8217;s existing workflows. For the past year, the rise of chatbots has shown that light context-aware applications can win without having an app in place.</p>
  411. <p>Meanwhile, smart assistants like Amazon Echo (or Alexa), Google Home, and Siri are making voice an important interface component for consumers. Expect those trends to start filtering back into the business world, with conversation either through a chat interface or through a voice-driven tool to grow this year. Much as the iPhone and smartphones were not dominant players in 2007-2008, you will see early adopters move to those tools ahead of the mainstream. Expect strong growth in that area where companies are laying the groundwork for what I call Internet 4.0 (a term I will write more about this year).</p>
  412. <h3>AI Everywhere</h3>
  413. <p>With the rise of those interfaces, Artificial Intelligence will become a required component of every technology offering. As app give way to platform-based interactions, the need for intelligence will increase. Expect 2017 to be the year when more and more companies are asked about their AI strategy. Much as 2009-2011 were the years when investors and consumers starting wondering about everyone&#8217;s mobile strategy, 2017-2019 are going to be the years when increasing questions about artificial intelligence strategies will arise.</p>
  414. <p>As a result of this new trend, expect enterprise software as a service (SaaS) to experience a rebirth, as existing SaaS models will be refreshed with a dose of AI. Those new systems will be characterized by dramatically simpler front-end interfaces that gather data from a variety of source to help them anticipate and help perform specific tasks.</p>
  415. <h3>New Financial Models</h3>
  416. <p>2017 will also be the year when new financial models will appear for a variety of offering.</p>
  417. <p>In the digital media space, some companies will move beyond the advertising-backed model as revenues from traditional advertising continue to decline. Increased adoption of ad blockers will drive increased techniques to stop users from using ad blockers, leading to audience leakage and the realization that the advertising-supported model of media may not be applicable in a lot of cases.</p>
  418. <p>In the Internet of Things world, many companies will realize that consumers are not necessarily interested in purchasing products directly from them. The result will be an increase in the subsidized model of deployment where insurance companies, utilities, and other service providers will underwrite the deployment of those technologies in exchange for access to the data those devices are generating.</p>
  419. <h3>The Great Tech Backlash</h3>
  420. <p>Following an almost giddy decade when the tech world has been seen as new masters of the universe, 2017 will be the year when a large consumer backlash will take hold.</p>
  421. <p>The usual valley swagger that shirks the rules in order to create a new world order may suffer some setback as people angry with automation and continued sluggish employment for blue collars will start to lash out at the world we&#8217;re trying to build. Systems like the gig economy, blockchains, and autonomous vehicles will bump into social resistance and politicians will work on painting the tech world as out of touch with the real world. They will still progress but the pace of that progress will be slower as a result of external opposition.</p>
  422. <p>Two events will mark a turn in consumer acceptance and they will be around VR and Apple.</p>
  423. <p>The hype over VR will die as the first products to enter the market fail to wow users. Unfortunately, the attempts at driving VR at a low cost, combined with a set of promises around mixed reality that cannot yet be fully achieved will lead to consumer questioning whether the technology makes sense at all. This will generate a pull-back and some of the companies leading the charge in the space will be painted as out of touch.</p>
  424. <p>On the other side (or possibly on the same side), Apple will introduce a product that fails to wow consumers. 2016 marked controversies surrounding the launch of the iPhone 7 (&#8220;no headset plug&#8221;) and of the new Macbook Pro (&#8220;USB C as the only connectors&#8221;). These have led to rumbles of unhappiness among a lot of the initial fan base. The narrative of an organization that fans had heralded as infallible seems to be replaced by that of a company that is not that innovative. Many may discuss the fairness of that point but I am hearing, for the first time, an increasing chorus from long-time fans who feel the company is abandoning them. While many despair about that state of affairs, Apple does not yet have to worry about any mass exodus yet as it is still perceived as producing a higher quality product than what its competitors offer. Those cracks in Apple&#8217;s perception will lead to a mainstream belief that since Apple is broken, the rest of the tech world may be too.</p>
  425. <h3>I will be wrong</h3>
  426. <p>One thing that is clear is that some sub-components of those predictions will be wrong. By predicting that I will be wrong on some of this, I ensure that whatever way these predictions go, I get to have at least a right one.</p>
  427. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">5 Predictions for 2017</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  428. ]]></content:encoded>
  429. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6927</post-id> </item>
  430. <item>
  431. <title>The new command line</title>
  432. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=new-command-line</link>
  433. <pubDate>Tue, 10 Jan 2017 00:28:38 +0000</pubDate>
  434. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  435. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  437. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  438. <description><![CDATA[<p>Technology has gone full circle as conversational interfaces are the rise of the new command line.</p>
  439. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">The new command line</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  440. ]]></description>
  441. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Long before Windows, long before MacOS, there was the command line. Long before iOS, and long before Android, the only way to bend a computer to your will was to give short commands that could be interpreted by the operating system.</p>
  442. <p>Today, that world has become mostly invisible to regular users, who generally tap or point and click their way to information. The command line has all but disappeared from the public consciousness, with the exception of power users and programmers, who face it on a daily basis.</p>
  443. <p>But while a whole generation or two of computer users have grown without understanding the command line, it is primed for a comeback in a big way over the next few years.</p>
  444. <p>Hard to believe but millions of users have already made the move through simple invocations like &#8220;Alexa, do this&#8221; or &#8220;OK Google, do that.&#8221; In doing so, the computing world is going full circle, creating new challenges for product designers.</p>
  445. <p>For the last 20 years, people involved in developing software products have been able to rely on visual cues as a way to train consumers in sending servers the information they need. In the new world of voice or text-driven interfaces, user interface designers will have to start thinking about conversations as the way to direct the user. Whether it is a bot running on slack or your messaging client of choice, a voice recognition agent like Siri, Echo, or Google Home, the smartest developers will have to find ways to make the path easy to understand for even the most basic of customers.</p>
  446. <p>At CES last week, a new rule of computing appeared to have been born: &#8220;if it can be connected to Amazon Echo, it will be.&#8221; By opening up access to its platform through &#8220;Amazon Skills,&#8221; the retail giant has created what could be the next big platform. Just as mobile devices running iOS and Android have taken precedence over computers runnings Windows and OSX, devices like Amazon Echo and Google Home are presenting a different version of the future that could supplant the one we currently know. A few years ago, the internet 3.0 era got every technology product to think about the move to mobile; In the next couple of years, expect to see the rise of internet 4.0, which will require every system to have an artificial intelligence layer.</p>
  447. <p>Here&#8217;s why? Today&#8217;s conversational interfaces are still relatively basic and will need to increase the level of context they understand in order for greater power. Alexa and Siri can easily find and play a particular song but can easily get tripped up when queries become more complex. As a result, the age of artificial intelligence, coupled with a conversational interface, is upon us. To do so will require scientists who can converse as normal human beings and product designer who think hard about artificial intelligence.</p>
  448. <p>Over the next year, you can expect to see me return to this theme on a regular basis as we explore the rise of Internet 4.0.</p>
  449. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">The new command line</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  450. ]]></content:encoded>
  451. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6922</post-id> </item>
  452. <item>
  453. <title>The Electoral College Test</title>
  454. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=electoral-college-test</link>
  455. <pubDate>Tue, 15 Nov 2016 05:12:45 +0000</pubDate>
  456. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  457. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  459. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  460. <description><![CDATA[<p>Did Hamilton set up the electoral college to deal with the current situation?</p>
  461. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">The Electoral College Test</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  462. ]]></description>
  463. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>Much like a large part of the country, I was in shock last week over the results of the election. As happened with Brexit a few months ago in the United Kingdom, a wave of populism mixed with nationalism is leading to a surprising result that baffled the pundits and left a majority of voters unhappy with the ultimate results.</p>
  464. <p>As often happens in such times, questions about the legitimacy of our election arose and this year, the validity of the electoral college is being questioned. For the second time in my lifetime (and the fifth time in US history), the current representations made in the electoral college as a result of the winner-take-all approach of state elector assignments has left us, as a country, with the possibility of seeing someone sworn in as president even though fewer people voted for him than his opponent.</p>
  465. <h3>An unfair system?</h3>
  466. <p>Many see this system as unfair and are calling for the electoral college abolition, replacing with something that will align with the popular vote instead. I have to admit that it is a tempting idea because history teaches us that the electoral college disfavors democrats. Every presidential candidate who won the popular vote but lost the electoral college has been from the democratic party (in fact, the democratic party itself was created as a result of Andrew Jackson&#8217;s defeat against John Quincy Adams).</p>
  467. <p>But why would the founding fathers, who have managed to establish an amazing balance of power across the rest of our system, create something that would be so unbalanced? Why would they build something that fundamentally appears to undermine the will of the people at a time when they were avoiding the rise of tyrants.</p>
  468. <p>At its most fundamental level, the electoral college was the result of political expediency, as <a href=";fileName=002/llfr002.db&amp;recNum=60&amp;itemLink=r?ammem/hlaw:@field%[email protected]%28fr00218%29%29%230020061&amp;linkText=1">the matter of slavery could not be resolved</a> during the constitutional convention. Madison noted that:</p>
  469. <blockquote><p>There was one difficulty however of a serious nature attending an immediate choice by the people. The right of suffrage was much more diffusive in the Northern than the Southern States; and the latter could have no influence in the election on the score of Negroes. The substitution of electors obviated this difficulty and seemed on the whole to be liable to the fewest objections.</p></blockquote>
  470. <p>This would seem to present a solid argument for rejecting the electoral college as a vestige of our slave owning days but that may be oversimplifying things. In fact, one has to go into the arguments over the creation of the electoral college to fully understand its relevance.</p>
  471. <p>And for that, we have to revisit the federalist papers, written by the geniuses who saw the future as it would be, not as it was.</p>
  472. <h3>Fight for the Future</h3>
  473. <p>At the birth of our new country, a dialogue started among the founding fathers as to what the future republic would look like. Great care was spent on figuring out how to ensure a proper balance and appropriate representation for all people. In <a href="">Federalist Paper 10</a>, Madison worries about &#8220;the mischiefs of factions&#8221;:</p>
  474. <blockquote><p>By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.</p></blockquote>
  475. <p>Now we start seeing echoes of the past apply to today&#8217;s political environment: two factions were fighting for power. The first one, united in its desire to see a change for America, is arguing against a whole religion (Islam) and a whole subset of our community (immigrants). The other, which won the popular vote, failed to &#8220;win&#8221; electoral college votes.</p>
  476. <p>Madison believed in some kind of check against the tyranny of the majority. He also believed in a balance acknowledging minority opinions. It would come down to Alexander Hamilton to find the actual remedy: the electoral college.</p>
  477. <p>In <a href="">Federalist Paper #68</a>, Hamilton lays out the logic and mechanics for our electoral college and sets its duties in a very specific fashion :</p>
  478. <blockquote><p>The process of election affords a moral certainty, that the office of President will never fall to the lot of any man who is not in an eminent degree endowed with the requisite qualifications. Talents for low intrigue, and the little arts of popularity, may alone suffice to elevate a man to the first honors in a single State; but it will require other talents, and a different kind of merit, to establish him in the esteem and confidence of the whole Union, or of so considerable a portion of it as would be necessary to make him a successful candidate for the distinguished office of President of the United States.</p></blockquote>
  479. <p>This clearly set the responsibility of the electors to make a decision as to whether a person is &#8220;endowed with the requisite qualifications&#8221; for the office of the President.</p>
  480. <p>What this essentially means is that the role of electoral college is to choose people who will need to vote in good conscience on the basis that they believe a given person is the most qualified person for office.</p>
  481. <h3>Historical challenge for the electoral college</h3>
  482. <p>In an election year that has already defied history, a &#8220;faction&#8221; acting on some &#8220;common impulse of passion&#8221; is presenting electoral college voters with a tough question: is a man who has never held office or served in the military &#8220;endowed with the requisite qualifications&#8221;? Does he have &#8220;the esteem and confidence of the whole Union, or of so considerable a portion of it as would be necessary to make him a successful candidate for the distinguished office of President of the United States.&#8221;</p>
  483. <p>The electoral college was designed to prevent from unqualified people reaching the White House. And with the least qualified candidate in US history, electoral college voters are faced with a question of grave consequence: will they do their constitutional duty and vet Donald Trump based on his qualifications, or will they rubber stamp the vote that was cast last week?</p>
  484. <p>When all is said and done, Donald Trump could still challenge their challenge their decision in front of the Supreme Court: If he were to win his challenge, it would amount to an abolition of the electoral college and if not, it would reinforce the important check and balance role that mechanism set by the founding fathers was put in place for.</p>
  485. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">The Electoral College Test</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  486. ]]></content:encoded>
  487. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6897</post-id> </item>
  488. <item>
  489. <title>15</title>
  490. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=15</link>
  491. <pubDate>Sun, 11 Sep 2016 13:20:44 +0000</pubDate>
  492. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  493. <category><![CDATA[Personal]]></category>
  494. <category><![CDATA[9/11]]></category>
  496. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  497. <description><![CDATA[<p>9/11 at 15</p>
  498. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">15</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  499. ]]></description>
  500. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>I went to the World Trade Center yesterday&#8230; to get my son&#8217;s mac fixed and was at pains to explain what happened on that day, 15 years ago, when I, along with a whole generation, was forced to grow up.</p>
  501. <p>The strange normalcy of walking into an Apple store only steps away from hallowed ground presented me with a set of mixed feelings, highlighting that life moves on but the scars still exist. <a href="">Last year, I talked about a return to normalcy</a>. But truth be told, that return is still only a surface one for most of us.</p>
  502. <p>For the first time in nearly 15 years, I returned to a part of New York I had not visited. Tentatively, over memorial day, I tried to make it to the WTC memorial, a place where I hoped I could grieve and relieve. But while intellectually, time has passed, being there brought feelings that were long buried. I am not proud of the fact that I could not spend more than 10 minutes there, the pain overtaking my body still so intense after all those years.</p>
  503. <p>In an odd parallel, I found myself visiting the Pompeii and Herculaneum ruins on the day of the most recent Italian earthquake. On the one hand, 9/11 was human made and what happened in Italy came from nature but in either case, no one saw things coming. In Herculaneum, skeletons remain, 2000 years in repose, waiting for the storm to pass; In New York, only the ground and the memories remain.</p>
  504. <p>Every year, those of us who were affected may choose to take pause but for a new generation, 9/11 is a part of history, as far removed from their reality as is Pompeii or some other man-made or nature-made disaster. It&#8217;s been said that outside of your neurons and your central nervous system, every cell in your body gets replaced every 7-10 years. The cells powering memories and the nerves that got those of us who were there through these terrible days are the only things that remain of those days. That, and the wheels of commerce that sat under the world trade center and are now back only a few paces away.</p>
  505. <h2>In Memoriam</h2>
  506. <p>Car­los Dominguez, Mark Ellis, Melissa Vin­cent, Michael DiPasquale, Cyn­thia Giugliano, Jeremy Glick, David Hal­der­man, Steve Wein­berg, Ger­ard Jean Bap­tiste, Tom McCann, David Vera.</p>
  507. <p>This post is part of a continuing series in which I remember those I knew who were lost on that day. Here are the previous years: <a href="">2015</a>,  <a href="">2014</a>,  <a title="12" href="">2013</a>, <a title="11, no 9" href="">2012</a>, <a title="A decade" href="">2011</a>, <a title="Nine" href="">2010</a>, <a title="Waiting" href="">2009</a>, <a title="7" href="">2008</a>, <a title="6 observations about 9/11" href="">2007</a>, <a title="5 years" href="">2006</a>, <a title="9/11 at 4" href="">2005</a>, <a href="">2004</a>, <a title="Two years" href="">2003</a>, and <a title="In Memoriam" href="">2002</a>. For context, you might want to read <a title="The day after" href="">The day after</a>, which is about as raw as one can get about that day as I wrote that piece less than 36 hours after the first plane hit. This is the longest series I’ve ever written and I expect to continue yearly until I can no longer write.</p>
  508. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">15</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  509. ]]></content:encoded>
  510. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">6795</post-id> </item>
  511. <item>
  512. <title>An internet thanksgiving</title>
  513. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=an-internet-thanksgiving</link>
  514. <pubDate>Wed, 25 Nov 2015 13:00:33 +0000</pubDate>
  515. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  516. <category><![CDATA[Personal]]></category>
  517. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  518. <category><![CDATA[Thanksgiving]]></category>
  520. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  521. <description><![CDATA[<p>Thanksgiving is here in the US so to all those who made the internet what it is, thank you.</p>
  522. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">An internet thanksgiving</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  523. ]]></description>
  524. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>This week, in the United States, people will be celebrated Thanksgiving, a time to eat turkey and look at the things we&#8217;re all thankful for. With this in mind, I&#8217;d like to thank the people who make one of the most revolutionary communication medium, the internet, work.</p>
  525. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank pioneers like Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf who brought us TCP/IP and didn&#8217;t patent it, ensuring that anyone could use it. While they are not household names, they should be as everything that came after is thanks to those early moves. Today, your computer or your smartphone can connect to the internet because of a set of open technologies that made it possible to have different devices exchange data over a global telecommunication network.</p>
  526. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank all the people who&#8217;ve laid down copper and fiber cable, allowing for the infrastructure of the internet to exist. While most computers gets their internet access over WiFi and mobile phones are not attached to any wires, there is generally a base station somewhere nearby that connects to cables either on poles or underground. Those cables then connect all over the place, forming the nearly invisible infrastructure of the internet. We often forget how massive an undertaking this has been: just think of all the wires required to connect your house, your neighbor&#8217;s house, your office or any other location to the vast server farms that serve internet content on a daily basis. This infrastructure sits there, silently, and it is thanks to the work of many blue collar workers that it exists, thanks to the hard work they put in digging trenches or putting up poles and throwing wires around them. Most people think of the internet as the kind of place where only white collar workers do the work but, before anyone can sit down to code a new internet app, those physical cables need to show up.</p>
  527. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank all the networking engineer who look over the fiber optic and copper cable, toiling in the dark to ensure software packets travel at ever increasing speed towards my computer. While the cables exist, there is a vast network of individuals ensuring that traffic on those cables flows evenly and without any major issues. Those people figure out where traffic is stuck in bottlenecks and how to best reroute it so everyone gets access to the latest pictures of cats published online (or more significant pursuits.)</p>
  528. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank all the system administrators who build the data centers and monitor their operations to ensure that servers are running smoothly. Whether an application is sitting in &#8220;the cloud&#8221; or stands alone on some dedicated server, there are people out there who&#8217;s responsibility is to ensure that hackers stay away, that software patches are updated, that configuration files are kept in line, that code is deployed properly (and code that doesn&#8217;t work is pulled back to return sites and apps to their previous working state), that new servers come online to deal with extra traffic, that old servers go offline when they&#8217;ve been upgraded, and so on. Once again, these are the kind of people no one thinks about until something goes wrong: when they do their job well, they are part of the invisible hands that keep things running smoothly.</p>
  529. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the software architects, who figure out where things are going to go wrong and provide a roadmap to their developers to ensure that those issues won&#8217;t affect users because they will have been dealt with before the user realizes the issue exists.</p>
  530. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the software developers, who bend bits to their will, turning out applications and sites that make us all more efficient, giving us more time to be entertained by other apps and sites. Whether they are using pre-existing frameworks or coding things from the ground up, they help turn new ideas into running code. Often lauded as hackers, they make it possible to remove inefficiencies from our world and, thanks to the internet&#8217;s global reach, make it possible for more people to pull themselves out of poverty.</p>
  531. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the product managers, who study the data and talk to customers in order to figure out the right color or right kind of button needed on an app. Their work lives in the myriad of details that go intro creating a product. Whenever you look at an app, stop and consider a particular icon or button: what went into making it the way it is? Why is it there? What decisions led to making this seemly insignificant piece of the screen better than what similar offerings have? For everyone of those questions, there&#8217;s a product manager out there who&#8217;s worked hard on figuring the best answer based on market data, customer input, discussion with developers, and study of related products.</p>
  532. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the user interface experts, for working with developers and product managers to give application a heart, to make the experience of using software a memorable one but all without overwhelming the user with something overly different. Their work is is in the evolution of design and the spit and polish that makes the difference between an average application and a great one.</p>
  533. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the founders,  the people who most would consider crazy for daring to go where no one else has gone before, for spending every waking minutes (and even some sleeping ones) thinking about how to perfect their offering to make it better for customers or end users, for looking at a challenge not as a mean to stop but as a stepping stone to something greater. They work hard every day to get people together to realize their vision. Companies are not formed in a vacuum and those founders are the people who help get the first group of people together and orchestrate the birth of new software.</p>
  534. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the users and customers, without whom a product is only a piece of code. Their queries, their support, their use of the product is what helps shape the direction of a set of loose ideas into what eventually becomes something used and beloved by many. Their satisfaction with the product or service offered is ultimately what makes or breaks a company and without them, companies couldn&#8217;t exist and founders would not be able to share their ideas with the world.</p>
  535. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the service providers like HR specialists, accountants and lawyers, who make sure that essential services to a company are running without anyone having to worry too much about it. Paperwork needs to be filed, employee benefits needs to be managed, accounting needs to be done, taxes need to be filed, incorporations and contracts need to be managed and all those services are provided by a large ecosystem of companies and individuals who make it possible for companies to exist.</p>
  536. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the angel investors and venture capitalists who provide support to startups in getting initial cash to make great ideas a reality, and then provide expertise in recruiting, management, sales, product development, and even engineering, to help turn ideas into companies. They are part of the glue that ties it all together.</p>
  537. <p>I&#8217;d like to thank the activists who help maintain a balance of power on the internet, ensuring that equal access, a major tenet of what has made internet great, continues to exist. They may win some fights, they may lose some but ultimately it is thanks to their effort that a teenager can have as much power on the net as a multi-billion dollar corporation. The internet has leveled the playing field but it&#8217;s up to all of us to ensure that it remains that way.</p>
  538. <p>But more important than all the other categories combined, I&#8217;d like to thank the families of all the kinds of people mentioned earlier. When a father has to leave the house before his significant other and kids are awake to make sure a system is repaired, when a mother has to stay in the office late to monitor a code release, when one half of a couple has to break off a date to deal with a work-related crisis, when the other half of a couple has to travel to a far-off place to make an idea happen, a family is impacted. But thanks to the kind of support that children, wives, husbands, boyfriends, girlfriends, and family members provide, our world runs, with new ideas flowering.</p>
  539. <p>The internet works because of all those people and if you&#8217;re reading this, you fall into at least one of the categories I&#8217;ve highlighted above. The internet works because of us all and, most importantly, it works because of you.</p>
  540. <p>So on this Thanksgiving, I&#8217;d like to thank you for all you&#8217;ve made possible and all that has yet to happen.</p>
  541. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">An internet thanksgiving</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  542. ]]></content:encoded>
  543. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">3436</post-id> </item>
  544. <item>
  545. <title>There&#8217;s no app for that</title>
  546. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=theres-no-app</link>
  547. <pubDate>Fri, 02 Oct 2015 13:00:37 +0000</pubDate>
  548. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  549. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  550. <category><![CDATA[post-app]]></category>
  552. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  553. <description><![CDATA[<p>The future of mobile is going  beyond the apps</p>
  554. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">There&#8217;s no app for that</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  555. ]]></description>
  556. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>The next generation of successful services may not come up as individual apps.</p>
  557. <p>In the past few months, Uber has quietly started embedding itself beyond its own app (you can now order an Uber from <a href="">Foursquare</a>, <a href="">Google Maps</a>, <a href="">OpenTable</a>, <a href="">Hilton</a>, and others). This approach is pointing to a potential future where there is no specific app involved in delivering a specific service, just a simple interaction that is driven by large amounts of cloud information.</p>
  558. <p>This revolution is being driven by a world of SDKs that push interactions to the cloud, leading to a low friction interaction model that lets the user get in, do their task, and get out.</p>
  559. <p>Look around you and you see a lot of different companies tackling hard problems that are solved without delivering a solution through an individual app.</p>
  560. <p><a href=""></a> handles your calendaring issues through a simple email. Dennis Mortensen, founder of the company, proudly points out that “there’s no app for it.” After a few months, I’ve stopped consciously thinking of Amy, the AI assistant powering the service, as worth mentioning as an AI when I book meetings and few people have asked me about my assistant. The service has just embedded itself into the fabric of my scheduling life.</p>
  561. <p>Similarly, <a href="">Magic</a> brings you anything over SMS. The first time you use the service, it asks you for a credit card. After that, you can order just about any legal thing over it with only a quick text message. In a sign the idea is good, Rocket Internet execs have decided to copy the service, launch <a href="">GoButler</a> as a competitor.</p>
  562. <p>Each of those companies has moved into the post-app world, where they are leveraging the wider context to embed themselves into existing workflows and that is increasingly where the future of our world is heading. As the number of apps continues to increase and the cost of acquiring users is getting higher and higher, the new roadmap to successfully delivering a solution is to tie one’s offering in apps people are already using.</p>
  563. <p>Let’s return to the Uber example for a second. Consider how the company has moved from being a service that was delivered through an app, to one that integrated with some extra features (eg. <a href="">Spotify</a>), to now being delivered through other apps. It is possible to see a future where the Uber app no longer is necessary and where users get all of Uber’s offering as buttons embedded into other apps. In doing so, the company not only ensures that it develops a whole ecosystems that is now somewhat dependent on it but also gives you a glimpse at a future where new apps may become less relevant.</p>
  564. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">There&#8217;s no app for that</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  565. ]]></content:encoded>
  566. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">5653</post-id> </item>
  567. <item>
  568. <title>14</title>
  569. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=14</link>
  570. <pubDate>Fri, 11 Sep 2015 13:20:38 +0000</pubDate>
  571. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  572. <category><![CDATA[Personal]]></category>
  573. <category><![CDATA[9/11]]></category>
  575. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  576. <description><![CDATA[<p>14 years of 9/11</p>
  577. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">14</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  578. ]]></description>
  579. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>It turns out it takes about 14 years for things to return to normalcy after a substantial crisis.</p>
  580. <p>For the first time in 14 years, I didn&#8217;t approach this week with the same level of dread I have for over a decade. The new World Trade Center even stands, in my mind and my heart, as a proud new icon for our city, a beautiful beacon to be proud of.</p>
  581. <p>And yet, I have not made it back there in 14 years. Close but never so close as to be there. But this year may be the year when this part of town, this part of time, gets reconnected into my life.</p>
  582. <p>I have a 10 year old son and talking about 9/11 with him is talking about a history that predates his birth. To him, 9/11 is no more tragic or personal than Pearl Harbor or the Civil War. And to many people around me, that is just the case.</p>
  583. <p>9/11, a date that is personal in so many ways and public in a few. But the interesting thing is that to millennials, it is just something that happened while they were young, not something as scarring as it was to Generation X, that demographic gap between baby boomers and millennials, that blip no one in the media ever cared much about.</p>
  584. <p>I found myself in an airport yesterday and had to admit some level of concern about being in the air on 9/11. Not a rational thing but rather the ghost of a scar etched in my mind, a hole forever burnt by flying objects and burning towers. But beyond that, it was a nice day. Blue skies, warm but not too warm, just as it was 14 years ago.</p>
  585. <h2>In Memoriam</h2>
  586. <p>Car­los Dominguez, Mark Ellis, Melissa Vin­cent, Michael DiPasquale, Cyn­thia Giugliano, Jeremy Glick, David Hal­der­man, Steve Wein­berg, Ger­ard Jean Bap­tiste, Tom McCann, David Vera.</p>
  587. <p>This post is part of a continuing series in which I remember those I knew who were lost on that day. Here are the previous years: <a href="">2014</a>,  <a title="12" href="">2013</a>, <a title="11, no 9" href="">2012</a>, <a title="A decade" href="">2011</a>, <a title="Nine" href="">2010</a>, <a title="Waiting" href="">2009</a>, <a title="7" href="">2008</a>, <a title="6 observations about 9/11" href="">2007</a>, <a title="5 years" href="">2006</a>, <a title="9/11 at 4" href="">2005</a>, <a href="">2004</a>, <a title="Two years" href="">2003</a>, and <a title="In Memoriam" href="">2002</a>. For context, you might want to read <a title="The day after" href="">The day after</a>, which is about as raw as one can get about that day as I wrote that piece less than 36 hours after the first plane hit. This is the longest series I’ve ever written and I expect to continue yearly until I can no longer write.</p>
  588. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">14</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  589. ]]></content:encoded>
  590. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">5235</post-id> </item>
  591. <item>
  592. <title>The Incumbent Challenge</title>
  593. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=incumbent-challenge</link>
  594. <pubDate>Fri, 17 Oct 2014 04:16:10 +0000</pubDate>
  595. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  596. <category><![CDATA[Media]]></category>
  597. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  598. <category><![CDATA[wearables]]></category>
  600. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  601. <description><![CDATA[<p>You can't lead an insurgency from the top</p>
  602. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">The Incumbent Challenge</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  603. ]]></description>
  604. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<blockquote><p><a href="">&#8220;I&#8217;ve got a feeling&#8230; that tonight&#8217;s gonna be a good night&#8221; &#8211; Black eyed peas</a></p></blockquote>
  605. <p>In the fight for wearable, a challenge has come totally from left field, and is being executed in a way that is oddly familiar. Last night, at Dreamforce, Black Eyed Peas frontman <a href=""></a> introduced Puls, a new wristband that combines communication (phone, email, SMS), music, social networking (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram), health tracking and GPS-mapping into a single device.</p>
  606. <p>To date, all offerings in the wearable market have been focused on packing a small square similar to a watch with electronics without looking at the band as a part of the offering. The net result is that sacrifices had to be made, forcing those devices to be accessories to your mobile phone. But Puls rethinks the approach, making a bold fashion statement that moves away from the established approach. Using something that is more akin to a bracelet, this new device packs the battery, phone antenna and radio into a portion of the offering that extends far beyond the surface area of a watch.</p>
  607. <p>It&#8217;s a re-imagination of the approach to wearables. was trained as a fashion designer (he went to the <a href="">Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandising</a>) and while not everyone will like the look and feel of the wristband (he seems to be intent to not position it as a watch), it is clear that he is going for a market that may be seeking to be different.</p>
  608. <p>And the funny thing is that, to those of us who are tracking tech, it feel oddly familiar. Let&#8217;s take a quick look at the video that is positioning the Puls:</p>
  609. <p><iframe class='youtube-player' type='text/html' width='640' height='360' src=';rel=1&#038;fs=1&#038;autohide=2&#038;showsearch=0&#038;showinfo=1&#038;iv_load_policy=1&#038;wmode=transparent' allowfullscreen='true' style='border:0;'></iframe></p>
  610. <p>Just listen to the copy:</p>
  611. <blockquote><p>There are leaders and there are followers and followers follow leaders. And leaders are followers too. But they don&#8217;t follow the crowd. They follow their gut; they follow their instinct; they dance to the beat of their own drum. They have the Puls because they follow their dream. They go against all odds. They&#8217;re the oddballs, the bizarre, the weirdos, the freaks, the dreamers, the unique. They&#8217;re hip-hop; they&#8217;re punk rock; they&#8217;re geek; they&#8217;re chic; They are artists; the black sheep&#8230; and a lot of people think they are outcasts, cast from society, but the reality is, they are an army, a strange imaginative wild and complex and beautiful people. And they are leaders. They are cultural taste makers; they&#8217;re trailblazers. These are the people that set the stage. These are the people that rock the stage. They&#8217;re the ones who think of things you can&#8217;t fathom and imagine the things that have not been imagined. I am will and we are fashionology.</p></blockquote>
  612. <p>People who follow technology will get a sense that there&#8217;s something familiar here. To me, this ad sounds suspiciously like another, older ad, one that came up in 1997:</p>
  613. <p><iframe class='youtube-player' type='text/html' width='640' height='360' src=';rel=1&#038;fs=1&#038;autohide=2&#038;showsearch=0&#038;showinfo=1&#038;iv_load_policy=1&#038;wmode=transparent' allowfullscreen='true' style='border:0;'></iframe></p>
  614. <p>Here&#8217;s the copy from that ad:</p>
  615. <blockquote><p>Here’s to the crazy ones. The misfits. The rebels. The troublemakers. The round pegs in the square holes. The ones who see things differently. They’re not fond of rules. And they have no respect for the status quo. You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them. But the only thing you can’t do is ignore them. Because they change things. They push the human race forward. And while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius. Because the people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world, are the ones who do.</p></blockquote>
  616. <p>In 1997, when Apple created it, they were the underdog, the company that was appealing to the edge, to the people who weren&#8217;t part of the mainstream, the ones who didn&#8217;t use a Windows PC. Fast forward to 2014 and Apple is the mainstream. The battle is between Apple and Google, with no one else being part of the dialogue. So to pick an iPhone or an Android device is the kind of thing that doesn&#8217;t differentiate you any more.</p>
  617. <h2>You can&#8217;t lead an insurgency from the head of the pack</h2>
  618. <p>While Google and Apple work hard on filling the gap each of their product has and seem increasingly similar, there is room for something new.</p>
  619. <p>Microsoft tried a new approach with their operating system and largely influenced the dialogue, bringing us a design sensibility that is flatter in both iOS and Android. Unfortunately for Microsoft, the baggage they carried as the incumbent from a previous era meant they could not be seen as an insurgency candidate. And the overly corporate tone of their messaging did not tug at people&#8217;s heart chords.</p>
  620. <p>To unveil something different, a new player would have to be different. It would have to be someone who would lead you with a story, something to believe in. Steve Jobs could do that. He could make users yearn for a new piece of electronic by just giving it a feeling. It wasn&#8217;t a story led by technology, but one led by fashion.</p>
  621. <p>So the insurgent would have to understand fashion. And this is where comes in. He&#8217;s the kind of guy who understand fashion, a man with his own label, a man who is closely following trends in order to influence popular culture. Not only did he turn the Black Eyed Peas into a critical and popular hip hop band but he also helped turn political speech into something cool and relevant, as he did when he produced the &#8220;Yes, We Can&#8221; video for Obama.</p>
  622. <p><iframe class='youtube-player' type='text/html' width='640' height='360' src=';rel=1&#038;fs=1&#038;autohide=2&#038;showsearch=0&#038;showinfo=1&#038;iv_load_policy=1&#038;wmode=transparent' allowfullscreen='true' style='border:0;'></iframe></p>
  623. <p>Leveraging the power of music, combined with political speech, that&#8217;s how one can influence. Of course, it didn&#8217;t hurt that he could leverage his friends in the music and movie industry to attract a younger demographic towards the polls.</p>
  624. <p>The Puls, as it is presented in its intro video, lives in a Peter Pan world, where those over 30 are not admitted. This is not your father&#8217;s wearables, it screams, this is a device for us cool kids. And in the same way sold a candidate, he&#8217;s now selling a different approach to technology. It&#8217;s not a world where we are tethered to our phones but a world where are phones are accessories, in our lives but not central to it. This is not your father&#8217;s phone, this is different. And different is cool. That&#8217;s the message is packaging.</p>
  625. <h2>David vs. Goliath</h2>
  626. <p>For a performer, he seems superbly humble, the little guy who reluctantly went into the space, someone who was just &#8220;encouraged&#8221; to get out there among the giants.</p>
  627. <p><iframe class='youtube-player' type='text/html' width='640' height='360' src=';rel=1&#038;fs=1&#038;autohide=2&#038;showsearch=0&#038;showinfo=1&#038;iv_load_policy=1&#038;wmode=transparent' allowfullscreen='true' style='border:0;'></iframe></p>
  628. <p>&#8220;To develop something like what we developed&#8230; it&#8217;s something that a giant would do, something that big companies do, not a company of awesome people from Bangalore, India and Singapore (but I&#8217;ve got a f*ing awesome team),&#8221; he says. The presentation seems awkward, a reluctant revolutionary, the kind of guy that you want to root for, the ultimate underdog in a clash of titans.</p>
  629. <p>In 1997, Apple is hurting. They need to change the dialogue and reintroduce themselves to the world so Steve Jobs went on a rethinking that led to the ad you see above. Here&#8217;s what he had to say at the time:</p>
  630. <p><iframe class='youtube-player' type='text/html' width='640' height='360' src=';rel=1&#038;fs=1&#038;autohide=2&#038;showsearch=0&#038;showinfo=1&#038;iv_load_policy=1&#038;wmode=transparent' allowfullscreen='true' style='border:0;'></iframe></p>
  631. <p>It&#8217;s a more quiet Jobs that makes this intro. <a href="">The swagger of his youth</a> is gone. He seems downright humble, a trait not often associated with the master showman. A simple slogan (&#8220;Think Different&#8221;) and the Apple logo grace the final shot of that campaign. It is the scream that leads Apple&#8217;s revival and embeds it with everything it does for the next decade and a half.</p>
  632. <p>In 2014, Apple sits on top of the world. It makes billions of dollars in revenue, is recognized as a world-class influence in what the tech industry will do, as its iPhone and iPad dominate thinking about mobile. And so it announces a watch. The Apple way is a nice accessory but it&#8217;s exactly that, an accessory. While it is bound to be successful, it is not truly groundbreaking, as it presents only a different iteration of what others have done, not so much a departure as much as a refinement of what&#8217;s on the market instead of a radical force for change.</p>
  633. <h2>Innovation makes us uncomfortable</h2>
  634. <p>The first iPhone reshaped the system because it was so different from anything before it: it was a piece of glass where all the interaction happened; it wrestled control of the &#8220;deck&#8221;, the things that were on the phone, from the carrier, leaving only Apple in charge; it didn&#8217;t hobble the internet experience; and it was a beautiful fashion item, the kind of thing you wanted to be seen holding, unlike most phones before it.</p>
  635. <p>It redefined the category and forced everyone to rethink what a phone should be.</p>
  636. <p>The Puls is similar. To date, we&#8217;ve been presented with the idea that a wearable is something that attaches to your phone and works as an accessory to it. To date, we&#8217;ve been told that the primary device, the one the experience would be centered around, should be the phone. To date, we&#8217;ve established that you need a camera on your phone. The Puls says &#8220;the heck with that.&#8221;</p>
  637. <p>Because he&#8217;s a new insurgent, does not have a mobile phone business to protect. He does not need to ensure that his shiny glass rectangle sells and thus can go in a totally different direction. Jackets that work as batteries? backpacks as blue-tooth speakers? Glasses doubling up as cameras? All ideas he&#8217;s talked about. This is a man who&#8217;s thinking about wearables as fashion and electronic, a man who&#8217;s had a foot in both fields (<a href="">a music artist, movie and TV star,</a> and <a href="">clothing designer</a> who also happens to have serious geek cred, <a href="">working as director of creative innovation for Intel</a>, streaming music to and from Mars, and pushing robotics competitions.)</p>
  638. <p>Now I&#8217;m not saying it is guaranteed to win as a product or a company. But one thing is clear: the design of the puls will influence the debate from now on. The question after the Puls&#8217; unveiling is not whether it will beat Apple or not but whether Apple will consider its design and &#8220;evolve&#8221; it.</p>
  639. <p>When he worked on Beats, pushed for turning a headphone company into a fashion statement and the star-branded headphones quickly became the strongest alternatives to Apple&#8217;s white earbuds. Apple, a company that rarely does big acquisition, went in and bought the company for over $3 billion and, for the first time in its history, is now running a separate brand altogether. It would not be all that surprising if, in a few years, Apple decides that Puls is a brand it needs to own&#8230; unless Google beats it to the party.</p>
  640. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">The Incumbent Challenge</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  641. ]]></content:encoded>
  642. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">4870</post-id> </item>
  643. <item>
  644. <title>13</title>
  645. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=13</link>
  646. <pubDate>Thu, 11 Sep 2014 05:01:19 +0000</pubDate>
  647. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  648. <category><![CDATA[Personal]]></category>
  649. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  650. <category><![CDATA[Technology]]></category>
  651. <category><![CDATA[9/11]]></category>
  653. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  654. <description><![CDATA[<p>13 years since 9/11</p>
  655. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">13</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  656. ]]></description>
  657. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<dl id="attachment_4360" class="wp-caption aligncenter" style="width: 910px;">
  658. <dt class="wp-caption-dt"><a ref="magnificPopup" href=""><img class="size-full wp-image-4360" src="" alt="New York City Skyline" width="900" height="365" srcset=" 900w, 300w, 600w" sizes="(max-width: 900px) 100vw, 900px" data-recalc-dims="1" /></a></dt>
  659. <dd class="wp-caption-dd">The Manhattan Skyline, as seen from Queens</dd>
  660. </dl>
  661. <p>Relentlessly time marches on. Today marks 13 years since the frightful day the redefined America in the 21st century. And with new conflicts in eastern Europe and the middle east, a deadly Ebola epidemic in Africa, and racial tensions in the heartland of America, it almost seems quaint to spend the time to stop and think about events that happened so long ago.</p>
  662. <p>9/11</p>
  663. <p>It&#8217;s a date that sits in the history books for most. And yet, it&#8217;s still a date that feels deeply personal. At the same time, this marker makes me realize that all wounds do heal over time.</p>
  664. <p>9/11</p>
  665. <p>A series of events that use to make it difficult to think of labor day as merely the end of summer, as a time to get into the fall. So overwhelming was the pain of those early September days that it kept repeating itself, increasing one&#8217;s level of anxiety as the calendar made another turn to its 9th month.</p>
  666. <p>9/11</p>
  667. <p>The beginning of a war that seems to see no end. While Orwell talked about always being at war with Oceania (or was it Eurasia), it seems that yesterday&#8217;s enemy seen in Al Qaeda has been replaced by today&#8217;s new ISIS forces. It seems that a war that started with a few radicals on our doorsteps in lower Manhattan has now turned into a global conflict where good and evil are hard to differentiate, where our very own nature is reshaped, turning us into a more repressive, more suspicious, and more cynical world.</p>
  668. <p>9/11</p>
  669. <p>A tag used to justify our own torturing of our enemies; A tag that used to justify spying on our own people. A tag that used to paint our political opponents as weak and the people we support as strong; A tag that has been manipulated, sliced, and thrown around so much that it&#8217;s been drained of its own meaning.</p>
  670. <p>9/11</p>
  671. <p>A marker of things that existed before and things that existed after. But most of all a question that has been left unanswered.</p>
  672. <p>In the days after the attacks, there were calls for justice and calls for restraints; In the days after the attacks, there were questions about how and why this happened; In the days after the attacks, there were rushes to judgements and mistakes were made, mistakes that were meant to be corrected.</p>
  673. <p>But since 9/11, there has been a question left uneasily asked and hardly answered: What kind of society do we want to be?</p>
  674. <p>With the hindsight of years, that question has taken on a new nuance. As the historical record, it has become clearer that a large part of the terrorists&#8217; goal on that day was to scare us and turn us into a society that was more in line with their world view. Today, as we dutifully take off our shoes before getting in an airport, as we look over our shoulder when we do an internet search that could be controversial, as we wonder if we or anyone we know ended up being spied on by our own government, we have become our own worst enemy. We are more scared and less hopeful than we were 13 years and 1 day ago. But in the same way, we have seen other types of disaster strike our country, increasing the level of distrust in our institutions: if they cannot protect us, who can?</p>
  675. <p>At the same time, those 13 years have marked amazing leaps in the world&#8217;s knowledge.</p>
  676. <p>13 years ago, the Martian landscape was the stuff of Sci-Fi book and today, <a href="">we have a robot there telling us about the daily state of the red planet</a>; <a href="">Mars and the moon are known to have had (and possibly still have) water</a>, another amazing development in our understanding of nearby astral objects. And <a href="">somewhere beyond the edge of our solar system, a man-made ship continues its journey</a>, having pushed beyond it in the past 13 years. <a href="">We&#8217;ve kicked Pluto out of the planetary club</a> and <a href="">private entities are now routinely delivering equipment</a> (<a href="">and soon people</a>) in space. And technology has gotten so cheap that hobbyist can now take pictures from the edge of our atmosphere for a few hundred bucks.</p>
  677. <p>13 years ago, the Higgs boson was only a theory but we now have gone a deeper level in understanding the forces that shape our universe; Closer to the self, <a href="">we&#8217;ve sequenced the human genome</a> with 99.99% accuracy, opening up a new era for medical research.</p>
  678. <p>13 years ago, those of us who had mobile phones used them to make phone calls, or maybe text; today, our phones are so powerful that they are starting to replace traditional computing devices (odds are that you are reading this on one right now); 13 years ago, the idea of electric cars that could drive by themselves was the kind of stuff you only saw in movies about the future; today, they&#8217;re almost there, with the only question being whether they are a better mode of transportation than drones, another set of robots which didn&#8217;t exist beyond sci-fi circles.</p>
  679. <p>13 years ago, AOL and Yahoo were hot companies and Apple was a minor player in the computing industry. The iPod (<a href="">remember that classic iPod wheel? It died this week, short of its 13th birthday</a>), iPhone, iPad, and app stores didn&#8217;t exist. Nor did Facebook, Twitter, Spotify, Uber, or AirB&amp;B. Netflix was famous for its DVD delivery service (DVDs were those plastic discs you got movies on, because streaming movies was uncommon back then); and Amazon was famous as a company only focused on selling physical goods (The Kindle, Amazon web services, Prime, streaming services, etc&#8230; were way off in the distance).</p>
  680. <p>We routinely talk to our computers (&#8220;OK Google&#8221;, &#8220;<a href="">Hey Siri</a>&#8220;), so much so in fact that <a href="">a love story between a man and an artificial intelligence entity</a> doesn&#8217;t feel completely futuristic.</p>
  681. <p>So we&#8217;re short on flying cars but yesterday&#8217;s future is today&#8217;s present and it seems that every day, the gap between what is imagined and what is possible shrinks at an accelerating rate. Is it a failure of imagination on our part? Or an acceleration in making the surreal real? I don&#8217;t know. But what I do know is that we live in exciting times and we live in scary times. Maybe we always have but in marking the 13th anniversary of the lowest day of collective pain in my lifetime, I realize that the future belongs to us, that we are the ones who can make it better or worse, and that it comes down not only to our leaders but to our own personal choices. &#8220;We will never forget&#8221; was the easy sentence thrown around after 9/11. Today, I say let&#8217;s not forget that the future of America was built on a sense of hope and potential, a sense of accountability from those in power, and let&#8217;s rekindle that flame and drive forward to a better world and a better future.</p>
  682. <p>&nbsp;</p>
  683. <h2>In Memoriam</h2>
  684. <p>Car­los Dominguez, Mark Ellis, Melissa Vin­cent, Michael DiPasquale, Cyn­thia Giugliano, Jeremy Glick, David Hal­der­man, Steve Wein­berg, Ger­ard Jean Bap­tiste, Tom McCann, David Vera.</p>
  685. <p>This post is part of a continuing series in which I remember those I knew who were lost on that day. Here are the previous years: <a title="12" href="">2013</a>, <a title="11, no 9" href="">2012</a>, <a title="A decade" href="">2011</a>, <a title="Nine" href="">2010</a>, <a title="Waiting" href="">2009</a>, <a title="7" href="">2008</a>, <a title="6 observations about 9/11" href="">2007</a>, <a title="5 years" href="">2006</a>, <a title="9/11 at 4" href="">2005</a>, <a href="">2004</a>, <a title="Two years" href="">2003</a>, and <a title="In Memoriam" href="">2002</a>. For context, you might want to read <a title="The day after" href="">The day after</a>, which is about as raw as one can get about that day as I wrote that piece less than 36 hours after the first plane hit. This is the longest series I’ve ever written and I expect to continue yearly until I can no longer write.</p>
  686. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">13</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  687. ]]></content:encoded>
  688. <post-id xmlns="com-wordpress:feed-additions:1">4852</post-id> </item>
  689. <item>
  690. <title>My choice is the internet</title>
  691. <link>;utm_medium=rss&#038;utm_campaign=my-choice-is-the-internet</link>
  692. <pubDate>Tue, 24 Jun 2014 12:44:43 +0000</pubDate>
  693. <dc:creator><![CDATA[Tristan Louis]]></dc:creator>
  694. <category><![CDATA[Politics]]></category>
  695. <category><![CDATA[Activision]]></category>
  697. <guid isPermaLink="false"></guid>
  698. <description><![CDATA[<p>What internet do you want?</p>
  699. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">My choice is the internet</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  700. ]]></description>
  701. <content:encoded><![CDATA[<p>It was a year ago that revelation the NSA spying on internet data came about. And since then, more has been revealed and activists have tried to fight back. Meanwhile, the FCC unveiled a proposal to alter the way the internet works to give those with money an ability to distribute their content more efficiently than those without and more activists have tried to fight that proposal.</p>
  702. <p>But unfortunately, as technology activists, we have failed to talk about how all those fights connect to each other and to everyday life. To many people living in democratic countries, the debates around net neutrality or NSA surveillance are interesting news item but things that only geeks worry about.</p>
  703. <p>And while coalitions are built to fight the latest threat to the Internet, whether it is government surveillance, telecom or cable mergers, net neutrality, or something else, there has not been a unifying force tying all of those discussions together into a message that is easily understood by anyone outside of the technology world.</p>
  704. <p>And that unifying force is <strong>choice</strong>.</p>
  705. <p>This choice is about debating whether we want an internet where we give up a right to personal privacy in exchange for the promise of potential security from terrorist or whether we want policing forces to be under the same kind of check and balances as they are in the real world, requiring warrants before searches, but somewhat slowed down by the process.</p>
  706. <p>This choice is about debating whether we believe that the convenience of faster access to content should be traded in in exchange for letting the cable/phone/wireless company decide which site or app goes faster (based on financial arrangement with the provider of said app/site) or whether we want to retain the existing level playing field where every site/app works at the same speed albeit a potentially slightly slower one that could lead to an occasional hiccup when watching a movie on Netflix/YouTube/Hulu/Amazon/Vudu/Aero or whatever new video service pops up.</p>
  707. <p>This choice is about deciding whether we want our internet to be more like a television, where tight regulations and a limited set of suppliers control what can and cannot be seen but also provide higher production value content or whether we want it to be more like our real world mailboxes, where pamphleteers have similar rights to express their opinions as newspapers do but the flood of content can also mean seeing things that you were not expecting.</p>
  708. <p>This choice is about whether we think the internet we have today fosters creativity and the development of new products and services or whether we believe that the internet is fundamentally broken and should be fixed by giving a small set of people/companies/organizations a large amount of control over its future.</p>
  709. <p>This choice is about defining whether we want an internet that is more messy but more free, creating a level-playing ground for anyone with an idea and the willingness to work hard on making that idea a possibility or whether we want an internet that is more convenient but less diverse, creating a more homogenous experience while granting the right to distribute new products and services only to those who can afford it.</p>
  710. <p>And in this fight, there are two sides: do you believe in the internet or do you want something else?</p>
  711. <p>If you choose the internet, you choose an internet where you have rights to free speech and privacy that is no different than the ones you have offline (in the US, those rights are covered under the first and fourth amendments to the US constitution); If you choose the internet, you choose an internet where all products and services are delivered at the same speed;</p>
  712. <p>Of course, that choice does not come without some costs: If you choose the internet, there is a chance that some illegal activities will be performed on it; If you choose the internet, there is a chance that some things you disagree with will be appearing on it; If you choose the internet, there is a chance that your convenience will be impeded by that of other people.</p>
  713. <p>Those are the trade offs you have to make. I know which ones I’m willing to make: for over two decades, I’ve seen an internet where thousands of businesses have flourished, creating billions (or maybe even trillions) of dollars in value for millions of people; I’ve seen millions of voices being given a chance to rise up against injustice, organize themselves, and share their message through the tools that are available on the internet.</p>
  714. <p>As a result, I stand with the internet and I proclaim on high “<b>my choice in the internet.</b>”</p>
  715. <p>My choice is the internet because I believe that the traditional system of search warrants is strong enough not to have mass capture of data by the NSA. The government may want access to my data but I should have a right to fight it publicly in court if I disagree with their reasoning.</p>
  716. <p>My choice is the internet because I believe that every entrepreneur should have a level playing field against the established online players. How fast my internet hookup is based on my willingness as a consumer to buy a faster line and when I do, all providers benefit equally, whether it is one guy with a personal app or a multi-billion dollar corporation.</p>
  717. <p>My choice is the internet because I believe that all voices, even the ones I disagree with, have a right to be heard. I may make a personal choice to not go to those sites or download those apps but I do not believe in anyone else making that choice for me.<br />
  718. My choice is the internet. What’s yours?</p>
  719. <p>The post <a rel="nofollow" href="">My choice is the internet</a> appeared first on <a rel="nofollow" href="">Tristan Louis (</a>.</p>
  720. ]]></content:encoded>
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